1 introduction to property as a relationship, and introduction to property claims 1




Название1 introduction to property as a relationship, and introduction to property claims 1
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1) INTRODUCTION TO PROPERTY AS A RELATIONSHIP, AND INTRODUCTION TO PROPERTY CLAIMS 1

Other People 1

Types of Objects 1

Real Property: rights in relation to land 1

Types of Subject 1

Victoria Park Racing and Recreation Grounds Co. Ltd. v. Taylor (Australian case 1973): deals with establishing/protecting property claim 1

International New Service v. Associated Press (US case 1918): new property claims 2

2) ALTERNATIVE VISIONS AND PROPERTY CLAIMS; THE CONCEPT OF FIRST POSSESSION 6

Moore v. Regents of the Uni. of California (Calif. Sup. Ct. 1990, p.63): using property to address new issues (body parts), do we own our body/body parts? 6

Mabo v. Queensland (1992, p.81) 9

The Concept of First Possession (p.91) – Sources of Interests 10

Pierson v. Post: the principles of possession-> physical control and intent to possess 11

Finders and First Possession (p.100) 14

Armory v. Delamirie (p.100): Finders are Keepers except w.r.t. T.O. 15

Hibbert v. McKiernan: trespassers don’t get finders rights 15

South Staffordshire Water Co. v. Sharman: chattels attached to building 15

Bridges v. Hawkesworth: factors that indicate degree of intention to control for determining possession 15

Parker v. British Airways Board (CA, 1982) 16

City of London Corporation v. Appleyard 17

Possession in relation to land, Possession and Aboriginal Title (p.135) 18

Asher v. Whitlock (1865, QB p.136) 18

Historical Development Of Principles Of Possession And Seisin (p.138) 19

Aboriginal Title (p.142) 19

Possible underlying justifications to the statutes of limitations that bar actions by the T.O. 20

Carol Rose, “Possession as the Origin of Property” (p.149) 21

Ontario Limitations Act 23

Policy reasons for Adverse possession and criticisms: Ziff 23

Rationale for the adverse possession: 24

Piper v. Stevenson (1913, p. 154) 24

Possessory Claims Among Co Owners (p.162) 26

Possessory Claims and Tenancy at will (p.163) 26

MacLean v. Reid (1978, p.163) 27

Fairweather v. Marylebone Property Co. Ltd (1963 HL, p. 168) 28

Madison Investments v. Ham (1958): intention to exclude T.O from intended use 28

Keefer v. Arillotta (CA 1976, p.170) 29

Brian Bucknall “The Two Roads Diverged: Recent Decision On Possessory Title” (p.177) 30

Beudoin v. Aubin: 30

Brian Bucknall “The Two Roads Diverged: Recent Decision On Possessory Title’ 31

Doctrine of Tenure and Doctrine of Estates 33

The Doctrine of Tenure – where it came from (history of seisin, escheats, etc) 33

Statute of Qui Emptores: abolished subinfeudiation. Upholds substitution 34

Tenure and Native Title (history and rights of aboriginals) p. 231 35

Royal Proclamation Act : aboriginal rights existed before declaration of British sovereignty 36

St. Catherine Milling and Lumber Company v. The Queen 36

Calder v. British Columbia (1973 SCC, p.242) 36

Guerin v. the Queen (1984 SCC, p. 243) 37

R v. Sparrow (1990 SCC, p.243) 37

Delgamuukw et al v. British Columbia (1993 BCCA, p.243) (1997 3 SCR 1010 Lamer J.) 37

The Doctrine of Estates 38

Conveyance And Law Of Property Act, RSO 1990: abolishes ‘heirs’ requirement, 40

Ontario Succession Law Reform Act, RSO 1990, s.26 (applicable to devises) 40

Ontario Conveyancing of Law of Property Act, RSO 1990. c.34 s.4 (abolishes Fee Tail and applied to devises/grants) 40

Qualified Estates 41

Remoteness -> Rule against perpetuities 42

Factors that may void conditions 42

The Effect of a Void Condition on each type of qualified estate (p.260) 43

Re Waters (1978 HC, p. 279) 45

Re McColgan (1969 Ont.HC, p.282) 46

Bailment, License and Leases (p. 347) 58

Heffron v. Imperial Parking Co. (1974 Ont. C.A., p. 350) 59

Bata v. city Parking 61

Burden of Proof: on the bailee unless bailee dissappeared 61

Those who are suing (bailor) they have to prove 61

1. Authorized subbailment 62

2. Unauthorized sub-bailment 62

Bailment and the employment relationship 62

Bailment and injury to third parties 63

What happens if the chattel is negligently damaged by the third party? 63

Leases and Licenses 64

Highway Properties Ltd. V. Kelly Douglas and Co. 65

Lightman’s article: A Community of Interests: Nursing Home article 66

Re British American Oil Co. and DePass (1959 Ont. CA, p.374) 67

Addiscombe Garden Estates v. Crabbe 67

Shell-Mex and BP Ltd. V. Manchester Garages Ltd. (1971 CA, p. 381) 68

Metro-Matic Services Ltd v. Hulmann (1973 Ont. CA, p. 381) 68

Residential leaseholds 69

Kay v. Parkway Forest Developments (p. 410) 71

Peel Non profit housing v. McNamara and Cherry (1990 Ont. Dist. Ct., p. 425) 72

CAN A TENANT TERMINATE A TENANCY? 73

Gifts 75

Cochrane v. Moore (1890 CA, p. 436) 75

Policy Reasons for Maintaining Delivery as a requirement for an oral gift: 76

Constructive Trust (p.445) 77

Irons v. Smallhorse: there must have been a deed of gift or actual delivery by donor 77

Re Cole (1964 CA, p. 447) 77

PRIORITIES AND REGISTRATION 78

Conveyances and Contracts for sale 79

Lysaght v. Edwards (1876 Ch.D, p. 483) 80

Rights of each party between K of sale and closing 81

Semelhago v. Paramadevan (1996 SCR, p.486) 81

Non-Possessory Interests in Land: Easements, covenants, profit a prendre 83

Easement 83

Gypsum Carrier Inc v. The Queen (p. 537) 83

The 4 requirements for Creating an Easement 84

Akroyd v. Smith (1850 p. 539) 84

Re Ellenborough Park (1956, p. 542) 85

Hill v. Tupper (p. 543) 85

Jengle v. Keetch (p. 545) 86

Legal Easements (p. 555) 86

Equitable Easements 87

The Creation and Transfer of Easements 87

Hill v. Attorney General of Nova Scotia (1997 p. 555) 87

Implied grants: necessity, common intention and Non-Derogation 87

Hirtle v. Ernst (1991, p. 556) 87

Wong v. Beaumont (p.) 88

Principle of Wheeldon v. Burrows (p. 560) 88

Barton v. Raine (p. 560) 89

Prescriptive Easements 89

Phipps v. Pears (p.) 90

Covenants 92

Austerberry v. Corporation of Oldham (p.580) 94

Policy reasons as to why burdens should not run: 94

4. Principle of Halsall v. Brizell (1957): 95

Tito v. Waddell (1977): 95

Government Insurance Office v. K.A. Reed Services Pty Ltd (1988, p. 585 *) 95

Tulk v. Moxhay 96

Policy rationale for enforcing covenants 97

Concurrent Interests and “Family” Property 97

McEwen v. Ewers and Ferguson (1946 Ont. HCJ, p.634) 98

Robichaud v. Watson (1983, p.646): 101

Morgan v. Davis (1984, p. 646) 101

What happens when one joint tenant murders another? use of constructive trust (p. 647) 101

Knowlton v. Bartlett (1984, p. 649) 101

Policy Argument- should you be allowed to sever JT w/out the others’ notice or consent? 102

Accounting principles, Statute of Anne, when a co owner has to pay another 103

Cook v. Johnston ( 1970, p. 656) 103

Knowlton v. Bartlett (1984, p. 658) 103

Murdoch v. Murdoch (1975, p. 668) 105

Caratun v. Caratun (1992, p. 672) 105

Charles Reich Article: The New Property (p. 741) 106



PROPERTY SUMMARY

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