Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry




НазваниеInnovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry
страница22/54
Дата конвертации02.02.2013
Размер1.77 Mb.
ТипДокументы
1   ...   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   ...   54

5.4R&D and innovation in the UK regions




Table : Innovation and R&D in UK regions, 2004


GOR

Selected innovation indicators by GOR, weighted data

R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP

Innovation Active

Product Innovation

Process Innovation

Wider Innovation

BERD

HERD

GovRD

GERD

Scotland

56.3

22.1

16

31.8

0.52

0.65

0.29

1.46

North East

57

25.4

16.1

29.9

0.39

0.43

0.01

0.82

North West

58

24.1

14.8

32.9

1.5

0.34

0.07

1.91

Yorkshire & Humberside

58.3

25.2

14.8

32.1

0.41

0.43

0.06

0.89

East Midlands

57

27.2

15.7

32.8

1.24

0.3

0.1

1.64

West Midlands

55.5

24

16.1

30.5

0.83

0.28

0.05

1.15

East England

55

26.2

16.8

33.2

2.64

0.43

0.36

3.42

London

56.5

27

16.5

37

0.36

0.51

0.13

1

South East

59.6

27.5

15.9

36.3

1.88

0.38

0.3

2.57

South West

57.4

24.8

15.5

32.7

1.4

0.23

0.34

1.97

Wales

56.6

24.2

16.1

29.5

0.51

0.42

0.11

1.04

Northern Ireland

56.5

27

16.5

37

0.43

0.44

0.08

0.95

Table created from CIS4 data (Scottish Government, 2007)


Table 1 depicts values of four indicators of innovation in twelve UK government regions in terms of percentage of innovation active enterprises and four measures of R&D in terms of R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP.


If innovation is indeed R&D dependant, we should find businesses in regions spending proportionally more on R&D in various forms, exhibiting correspondingly high innovation. This, however, is not the case and as shown by the correlation matrix in Table 2, correlation between various measures of R&D and innovation is less than benchmark 0.5 in all the cases and negative or near zero, in most. What is most important, however, is that not a single set of correlation from the possible 16 parings is statistically significant either at 1% or at 5% level. This means unequivocally that regional innovation performance of businesses in U.K. does not depend on the corresponding extent of R&D investment.


Table : Innovation versus R&D  Correlation Matrix






BERD

HERD

GovRD

GERD

Innovation Active

 

Pearson Correlation

0.06

-0.19

0.00

0.03

Sig. (2-tailed)

0.86

0.55

0.99

0.92

Product Innovation

 

Pearson Correlation

0.42

-0.28

0.17

0.38

Sig. (2-tailed)

0.17

0.38

0.60

0.23

Process Innovation

 

Pearson Correlation

-0.14

0.24

-0.01

-0.10

Sig. (2-tailed)

0.66

0.44

0.98

0.77

Wider Innovation

 

Pearson Correlation

0.41

0.01

0.43

0.45

Sig. (2-tailed)

0.19

0.98

0.17

0.14



1   ...   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   ...   54

Похожие:

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconProject full title: Conceptual Design of a Food Manufacturing Research Infrastructure to boost up innovation in Food Industry

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconAhrweiler P, Pyka A, Gilbert n (2011) a new Model for University-Industry Links in Knowledge-Based Economies. Journal of Product Innovation Management

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconInnovation Australia aims to promote the development, and improve the efficiency and international competitiveness of Australian industry by encouraging

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconJournal of product innovation management

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconNon-food Crops-to-Industry schemes in eu27”

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconNon-food Crops-to-Industry schemes in eu27”

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconDepartment of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconNew Product Development and Its Applications in Textiles

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry iconThe Interplay between Innovation and Production Systems at Various Levels: The case of the Hungarian automotive industry

Innovation and New Product Development in smes: An Investigation of the Scottish Food Industry icon19th International Product Development Management Conference


Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
lib.convdocs.org


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.convdocs.org 2012
обратиться к администрации
lib.convdocs.org
Главная страница