The Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea: New challenges for marine biodiversity research and monitoring’




НазваниеThe Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea: New challenges for marine biodiversity research and monitoring’
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MARBENA



Electronic conference on

The Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea: New challenges for marine biodiversity research and monitoring’



6 to 24 September 2004


Summary of discussions




An activity of: Organized by:


The European Marine Research Stations Network (MARS)




Foundation International Marine Centre (IMC)





National Institute of Biology; Marine Biological Station Piran (NIB)






Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; Institute of Oceanology (IO-BAS)





Centre for Estuarine and Marine Ecology (NIOO-CEME)





Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ)









Supported by the European Commission under the Fifth Framework Programme and contributing to the implementation of the key action ‘Sustainable Marine Ecosystems’ within ‘Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development’

Conference organization:


Paolo Magni Alenka Malej Snejana Moncheva

Foundation International Marine National Institute of Biology Bulgarian Academy of

Centre (IMC) Marine Biological Station Piran Sciences; Institute of

IMC Località Sa Mardini Fornace 41, SI-6330 Piran Oceanology

IT-09072 Torregrande Oristano Slovenia PO Box 152

Italy BG-9000 Varna

Bulgaria


General co-ordinators:


Carlo Heip, co-ordinator

Herman Hummel and Pim van Avesaath, assistant co-ordinators

Centre for Estuarine and Marine Ecology/Netherlands Institute of Ecology

(CEME/NIOO), Korringaweg 7, PO Box 140

NL-4400 AC Yerseke, The Netherlands


Website and practical organization:


Edward Vanden Berghe, Ward Appeltans, Jan Mees, Francisco Hernandez and Daphne Cuvelier

Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ)

Vismijn, Pakhuizen 45-52

B-8400 Oostende, Belgium


The topics and issues raised in the electronic conference have been presented to the Marbena Workshop in Piran (Slovenia) held on 27 November – 1 December 2004. This volume includes introductions and summaries of discussions. All the discussion points raised during the conference can be reviewed by registering onto http://www.vliz.be/marbena


This publication should be cited as follows:


Magni, P.; Malej, A.; Moncheva, S.; Vanden Berghe, E.; Appeltans, W.; Cuvelier, D.; van Avesaath, P.H.; Hummel, H.; Heip, C.H.R.; Mees, J., eds (2004). Electronic conference on ‘The Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea: New challenges for marine biodiversity research and monitoring’ - Summary of discussions, 6 to 24 September, 2004. Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ): Oostende, Belgium. viii, 108 pp.


Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ)

Flanders Marine Institute

Vismijn, Pakhuizen 45-52

B-8400 Oostende, Belgium

Tel. +32-(0)59-34 21 30

Fax +32-(0)59-34 21 31

E-mail: info@vliz.be

http://www.vliz.be


The authors and editors are responsible for the contents of this publication; it does not represent the opinion of the European Community, and the European Community is not responsible for any use that might be made of the information appearing herein.


No part of this volume may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photographic or otherwise, without the prior permission of the original copyright owner.

Electronic conference on ‘The Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea: New challenges for marine biodiversity research and monitoring’ - Summary of discussions, 6 to 24 September, 2004



Table of contents




Welcome and introduction 4

Introduction to Topic 1.1: The role of top predators (incl. gelatinous organisms) and large nekton (incl. whales & dolphins, seals, sharks, turtles) in biodiversity 6

Introduction to Topic 1.2: Monitoring studies on marine biodiversity in the Mediterranean, with special reference to Southern and Eastern countries 9

Introduction to Topic 1.3: Historical data sets and grey literature: the value of ‘real’ data and the need for quality control 11

Assurance of sustainability of surveillance plans would guarantee the chronological data required to control environmental quality. In this respect, new coordinating mechanisms aiming to reach the requested objectives in environmental performance in general, and in the coastal marine domain in particular, need to be invented. This progress will have the advantage of regaining control on critical processes, which produce a rapid degradation of the Mediterranean coastal marine ecosystems. 12

Introduction to Topic 1.4: New techniques, tools and approaches to study marine biodiversity at the regional (Mediterranean) scale 13

Introduction to Topic 1.5: Do we need a revision of our biodiversity research agenda? 16

Introduction to Topic 2.1: Endangered biodiversity and management of marine protected areas, wetlands, lagoons, estuaries and seagrass meadows 19

Introduction to Topic 2.1 part Black Sea: Ecological changes in the Black Sea 21

Introduction to Topic 2.2: Biodiversity conservation, impact of human activities, environmental policy and public awareness 26

Introduction to Topic 2.3: Climate change and exotic/invasive species (including lessepsian migration) 30

Introduction to Topic 2.3 part Black Sea: Climate change and exotic/invasive species 33

Introduction to Topic 2.4: Environmental variability and biodiversity predictability: data collection and ocean models– what to do? 37

Introduction to Topic 2.5: Regional and international cooperation and comparative situations in the Mediterranean and Black Seas 40

Introduction to Topic 3.1: From taxonomy to patterns and processes – the problem of “classical taxonomist guild extinction” and the need to advance biodiversity research in the Black Sea 43

Introduction to Topic 3.2: Microbiota, deep sea biodiversity and unexploited habitats – the neglected biodiversity 46

Introduction to Topic 3.3: In search of pressure-state-response biodiversity indicators - extending science to policy 49

Summary of discussions on Topic 1.1: The role of top predators (incl. gelatinous organisms) and large nekton (incl. whales & dolphins, seals, sharks, turtles) in biodiversity 54

Summary of discussions on Topic 1.2: Monitoring studies on marine biodiversity in the Mediterranean, with special reference to Eastern and Southern countries 62

Summary of discussions on Topic 1.3: Historical data sets and grey literature: the value of "real" data and the need for quality control 65

Summary of discussions on Topic 1.4: New techniques, tools and approaches for the study of marine biodiversity on the regional (Mediterranean) scale 68

Summary of discussions on Topic 1.5: Do we need a revision of our biodiversity research agenda? 70

Summary of discussions on Topic 2.1: Endangered biodiversity and management of marine protected areas, wetlands, lagoons, estuaries and seagrass meadows 74

Summary of discussions on Topic 2.2: Biodiversity conservation, impact of human activities, environmental policy and public awareness 77

Summary of discussions on Topic 2.3: Climate change and exotic/invasive species (Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea) 79

Summary of discussions on Topic 2.4: Environmental variability and biodiversity predictability: data collection and ocean models – what to do? 82

Summary of discussions on Topic 2.5: Regional and international cooperation and comparative situations in the Mediterranean and Black Seas 84

Summary of discussions on Topic 3.1: From taxonomy to patterns and processes - the problem of "classical taxonomist guild extinction" and the need to develop advance biodiversity research in the Black Sea 89

Summary of discussions on Topic 3.2: Microbiota, deep sea biodiversity and unexploited habitats – the neglected biodiversity 93

Summary of discussions on Topic 3.3: In search of pressure-state-response biodiversity indicators: extending science to policy 94

Common discussion and synthesis 97

Summary 97

Practical organisation and statistics 101

List of contributors 104



Report of the MARBENA e-conference on ‘The Southern and Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea: New challenges for marine biodiversity research and monitoring’

Conference chairs:


Paolo Magni

Foundation IMC, Italy – (p.magni@imc-it.org)


Alenka Malej

National Institute of Biology, Marine Biological Station Piran, Slovenia – (malej@mbss.org)


Snejana Moncheva

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; Institute of Oceanology, Bulgaria – (snejm@mail.varna.techno-link.com)


Izdihar Ammar

Tishreen University; High Institute of Marine Research, Syria – (izdi5@scs-net.org)


Lovrenc Lipej

National Institute of Biology, Marine Biological Station Piran, Slovenia – (lipej@mbss.org)


Conference co-chairs:


Christos Arvanitidis

Hellenic Centre of Marine Research; Environmental Technology and Management Group, Greece – (arvanitidis@imbc.gr)


Ferdinando Boero

Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze del Mare; University of Lecce; Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche e Ambientali; Laboratory of Zoology and Marine Biology, Italy – (boero@unile.it)


Alessandro De Maddalena

Mediterranean Shark Research Group, Italy – (a-demaddalena@tiscali.it)


Andreas Demetropoulos

Cyprus Wild Life Society, Cyprus – (andrecws@logos.cy.net)


Jakov Dulcic

Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries; Laboratory of Ichthyology and Coastal Fishery, Croatia – (dulcic@izor.hr)


Serena Fonda-Umani

University of Trieste; Marine Biology Laboratory, Italy – (labbioma@univ.trieste.it)


Samir Grimes

Institut des Sciences de la Mer et de l'Aménagement du Littoral, Algeria – (grimessamir@yahoo.fr)


Marian Gomoiu

National Institute of Marine Geology and Ecology; Constantza Branch: 304, Romania – (mtg@datanet.ro)


Ahmet Kideys

Middle East Technical University; Institute of Marine Sciences, Turkey – (kideys@ims.metu.edu.tr)


Luydmila Kamburska

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; Institute of Oceanology; Marine Biology and Ecology, Bulgaria – (liydmilk@mail.varna.techno-link.com)


Temel Oguz

Middle East Technical University; Institute of Marine Sciences, Turkey – (oguz@ims.metu.edu.tr)


Chedly Rais

Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas, Tunesia – (rais.c@planet.tn)


Andreja Ramsak

National Institute of Biology; Marine Biological Station Piran, Slovenia – (andreja.ramsak@nib.si)


Tamara Shiganova

Russian Academy of Sciences; P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russia – (shiganov@sio.rssi.ru)


Valentina Todorova

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; Institute of Oceanology; Marine Biology and Ecology, Bulgaria – (vtodorova@io-bas.bg)


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