Leveraging High Technology to Drive Innovation & Competitiveness




НазваниеLeveraging High Technology to Drive Innovation & Competitiveness
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The World Bank

Finance and Private Sector Development

South Asia Region

50280


Leveraging High Technology to Drive Innovation & Competitiveness

&

Build the Sri Lankan Knowledge Economy


June 2009
vv

Contents




Contents 2

List of Figures 5

Acronyms and Abbreviations 2

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 6

I. High Technology-led Economic Growth: A Global Perspective 12

1.General 12

2.Global Scenario 12

3.Asian Scenario (The data in this section come from http://www.globalinsight.com/WorldIndustry) 13

4.Sri Lanka and High-tech Exports 15

II. Lessons for Sri Lanka 17

Malaysia 18

Singapore 19

Korea 20

Taiwan 22

III. Specific High Technologies for Value Addition to Exports and Local Manufacturing 25

Biotechnology 25

1.General 25

2.Lessons from Indian Biotechnology 26

3.The Status of Biotechnology in Sri Lanka 28

Mechatronics 29

1.General 29

2.Sri Lankan Initiatives in Mechatronics 30

Electronics 31

1.General 31

2.Current Status of the Electronics Industry in Sri Lanka 32

Post-harvest Technologies 33

1.General 33

2.Sri Lankan Initiatives and Challenges in Post-harvest Technology 34

Nanotechnology 35

1.General 35

2.Emerging Nanotechnology Applications and Global Markets 36

3.Current and Potential Uses of Nanotechnologies 37

1.General 42

2.Higher Education and Supply of R&D Personnel in Sri Lanka 44

3.Investments in R&D 44

4.Sri Lanka S&T Policy 45

5.Implementation Agencies for S&T Policy 46

6.Sri Lankan IP System & Structure 47

7.From Brain Drain to Brain Gain: The New Sri Lankan Opportunity 48

8.Establishing a National Innovation Ecosystem 48

9.Integrating S&T into National Planning and Development 49

10.The “Proposed Strategy” to Meet the Challenges of Human Capital Deficit 49

V. Sri Lanka Institute of Nanotechnology 50

1.General 50

2.SLINTec Structure and Programs 50

3.Evaluation of the SLINTec Initiative 50

4.Challenges to Moving Forward the SLINTec Initiative 51

VI. Conclusions and Recommendations 53

1.General 53

2.Recommendations 53

Assessing Sri Lanka’s current S&T capabilities and designing a road map to build S&T capacity 53

Increasing the supply of researchers and scientists 53

Enhancing investments in R&D 54

Upgrading Research, Technology, and Innovation Infrastructure 55

Implementing the Key Lessons from Good Policy Practices 55

Malaysia 57

1.Overview 57

2.Role of Leadership and Public Policies 58

3.Moving Toward High-technology Industries 61

4.Human Resource and Institutional Capacity-building Strategies 61

5.R&D in Universities 64

6.Infrastructure for Development of High-tech Industries 64

7.Investments: R&D, Centers of Excellence, International Linkages and Learning Opportunities 67

Singapore 72

1.Overview 72

2.Public Policy and Regulatory Enablers 72

3.Singapore’s Strategy for Future Development (2003) 73

4.Government’s Role in Promoting S&T 74

5.Singapore’s Thrust on IP Protection and Commercialization 77

6.Human Resource and Capacity-building Strategies 77

7.R&D Infrastructure 78

8.Investments – R&D, Centers of Excellence, International Linkages, and Learning Opportunities 79

Korea 81

1.Overview 81

2.The Financial Crisis of 1997 81

3.Role of Political Leadership and Government 82

4.Human Resource and Institutional Capacity-building Strategies 83

5.Investments: R&D, Centers of Excellence, International Linkages and Learning Opportunities 84

6.Infrastructure: High Bandwidth Connectivity 86

Taiwan 88

1.Overview 88

2.Public Policies 90

3.Regulatory Enablers 91

4.Human Resource and Institutional Capacity-building Strategies 91

5.Promoting S&T Interchange and Cooperation 92

6.Infrastructure: Science Parks, Intellectual Infrastructure and Connectivity 93

7.High Bandwidth Connectivity 96

8.Intellectual Property 96

9.Investments: R&D, Centers of Excellence, International Linkages, and Learning Opportunities 97
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