Study programme: Nuclear and Sub-nuclear Physics




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Master Study

Branch of Study: 4.1.1 Physics

Study programme: Nuclear and Sub-nuclear Physics

Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

2-FJF-134 Application Software for Physical Computations

Mgr. Pavel Šťavina, PhD., doc. RNDr. Peter Chochula, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % individual work

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 1/S

Subject aim: Improvement of the capabilities to work with the basic software.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Basic software under Windows 2000-XP and UNIX.

Text and graphics processing.

Office applications.

Basic software tools.

Basic internet applications. Security of the network computers.

Basic sound and video applications.

Literature:

Manuals and helps available on internet.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak (or English if required)

2-FJF-205 Applications of Radioisotopes and Particle Beams in Practice

doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test

Concluding evaluation: 70 % examination

3 credits; obligatory-optional in 2/W

Subject aim: To obtain knowledge concerning the use of radioisotopes and particle beams in industry, medicine, geology and archaeology. To familiarize with special nuclear analytical methods.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Special methods of elements and isotopes analyses: CPAA, NRM, RBS, ERD, TLA and XRF. Principal methods of radioactive dating and their applications. Radioisotopic tracers of atmosphere, waters and rocks motion. Industrial non-destructive testing and sterilisation methods. Influence of material properties by particle beams. Radiation gauges. Radioisotope production by use of accelerators. The use of radioisotopes in medical diagnosis. Principles of radiation therapy.

Literature:

D.A.Bromley:Treatise on Heavy-Ion Science. Vol. 7. Plenum Press, New York,1986.

V.Salamovic a ďaľší :Metódy analýzy povrchov.Academia Praha,2002.

P.Pospíšil a ďalší:Využitie nuklidov v hydrogeológii

W.Kutchera et al.:Accelerator Mass Spectrometry .NIM B,2000

S.R.Cherry et al.:Physics in Nuclear Medicine.SAUNDERS,2003.

Actual scientific publications.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-204 Applied Nuclear Physics

prof. RNDr. Pavel Povinec, DrSc., RNDr. Vladimír Hlinka, doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test

Concluding evaluation: 70 % examination

3 credits; obligatory in 2/S

Subject aim: To familiarize with sources of radiation and with interactions processes of radiation with matter. To obtain knowledge concerning the use of detection methods of radiation in practice.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Natural and anthropogenic sources of radioactivity. Sources of charged particles, neutrons and gamma rays. Nuclear reactions by neutrons and charged particles. X-ray production by charged particles. Radionuclide production by use of reactors and accelerators. Radioisotopic generators. Positron annihilation and its applications. Methods of radioactivity measurement and study of nuclear decays. Statistics at low radioactivity measurement. Sources of detectors background and methods its mitigation. Methods of low radioactivity measurements. Utilization of these methods for radioactive dating.

Literature:

P. Povinec a kol. : Aplikovaná jadrová fyzika. Skriptá MFF UK, Bratislava, 1985

Š.Šáro, J.Tolgyessy: Rádioaktivita prostredia. Alfa, Bratislava, 1985

K.S.Krane: Introductory nuclear physics. John Willey and Sons,1988

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-238 Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

RNDr. Radoslav Böhm, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % individual task

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 2/S

Subject aim: To receive basic knowledge of ionizing radiation effects on cellular and subcellular structure.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

The temporal course of radiation effects. Cellular and subcellular radiobiology. Theories and models for cell survival. Radiation effects of particles with high linear energy transfer (LET, Bragg peak, dependence RBE on LET, direct and indirect action, fractionation of exposure). Late effects of radiation on tissue (stochastic and nonstochastic effects). Radiation biology of normal and neoplastic tissue systems.

Literature:

Alpen E.L.: Radiation Biophysics, Academic Press, San Diego, 1998

Nias A.H.W.: An introduction to radiobiology, Wiley, Chichester, 2000

Alberts B., Bray D., Lewis J., Raff M., Roberts K., Watson J.D.: Molecular Biology of the Cell, Garland Publ., NY 1994

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-130 Computer and Experimental Equipment Interface

doc. Ing. Dušan Kollár, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % individual task

Concluding evaluation: 30 % final theses

3 credits; elective in 1/W

Subject aim: : To familarize with fundamentals of digital and pulse electronics, with basic hardware of computers and useful user interfaces in computers for data processing.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

The Lecture deals with basic information about computers architecture and with explanation of computers circuits functioning in data acquisition systems. Functionality of important interfaces (parallel and serial ports, timer, ADC, DAC interrupt system circuits) are checked in working condition proximal to real physical experiment by means of assembler and debugger language programs. Accent on use standardized modular measuring system, (such as CAMAC, IEEE488, Demand for using LabView interface) in Computer controlled physical equipment is emphasized.

Literature:

Comments to the lectures on web URL - http://www.dnp.fmph.uniba.sk/~kollar/navodnik.html.

D. Kollár: Elektronika a automatizácia II, Textbook MFF UK 1990

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-230 Computer Networks

Mgr. Pavel Šťavina, PhD., doc. RNDr. Peter Chochula, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % individual work

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 2/W

Subject aim: Introduction to the computer networks.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Computer networks architecture concepts. Network protocols. ISO/OSI model. Physical layer. Data link, MAC, LLC. Network and transport layer - address, routing, transferred information integrity. Presentation layer – conections, protocols, applications. TCP/IP implementation, address, DNS, router, internet. Computer network security (crypting, monitoring, firewall).

Literature:

D.C. Naik: INTERNET standardy a protokoly. Computer Press, Praha, 1999

Š. Benyovszky: NetWare 4.1 (kap. 3-6), vyd. PLUS, Praha 1995

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-236 Detection Methods in High Energy Physics

prof. RNDr. Branislav Sitár, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % test

3 credits; elective in 2/W

Subject aim: Basic information on detection methods used in high energy physics.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Detectors for high energy physics. Magnetic spectrometers. Detectors used in colliders. Gas tracking detectors: proportional, drift and streamer chambers. Vertex detectors. Semiconductor and scintillating detectors. Gas coordinat detectors. Metods for particle identification. Measurements of ionization losses in the gas. Čherenkov detectors a hodoscopes. RIČH detectors. Transition radiation detectors. Callorimeters: electromagnetic and hadron.

Literature:

S.Usačev a kol. Experimentálna jadrová fyzika, SNTL, Bratislava, 1982

I.Úlehla, M.Suk, Z.Trka: Atomy, jádra, častice, Academie, Praha, 1990

B.Sitár, G.I.Merzon, V.A.Chechin, Yu.A.Budagov: Ionization measurements in high Energy physics. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1993

C.Grupen: Particle detectors. London, 1996.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak / English

2-FJF-910 Diploma Thesis (1)

doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: diploma thesis - D3

Evaluation during the course: 100 % individual task

Concluding evaluation: 0 %

3 credits; obligatory-optional in 1/S

Subject aim: To start working on diploma thesis.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Student works according to instructions given by his/her diploma supervisor.

Literature:

Recommended by diploma supervisor.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-911 Diploma Thesis (2)

doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: diploma thesis - D5

Evaluation during the course: 100 % individual task

Concluding evaluation: 0 %

5 credits; obligatory-optional in 2/W

Subject aim: To continue in the work on diploma thesis.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Student works according to instructions given by his/her diploma supervisor.

Literature:

Recommended by diploma supervisor.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-912 Diploma Thesis (3)

doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: diploma thesis - D16

Evaluation during the course: 100 % individual task

Concluding evaluation: 0 %

16 credits; obligatory-optional in 2/S

Subject aim: Student finishes his/her diploma thesis.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Student works according to instructions given by his/her diploma supervisor.

Literature:

Recommended by diploma supervisor.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-920 Diploma Thesis Seminar (1)

prof. RNDr. Štefan Šáro, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: seminar - S1

Evaluation during the course: 80 % self-reliant performance of a diploma thesis

Concluding evaluation: 20 % closing discussion

1 credit; obligatory in 1/S

Subject aim: To learn methods of preparation and presentation of a seminar appearance - diploma thesis.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

The first public presentation of the diploma thesis, formulation of the aims of the diploma thesis and the chosen way of realisation. Concluding analysis of the seminar talk.

Methodical advancement at the preparation of the structure and duration of the given seminar thesis, the use of references and possible ways to obtain needed informations.

Literature:

According to the given diploma thesis.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-921 Diploma Thesis Seminar (2)

prof. RNDr. Štefan Šáro, DrSc., prof. RNDr. Jozef Masarik, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: seminar - S2

Evaluation during the course: 80 % advanced performance of a diploma thesis

Concluding evaluation: 20 % closing discussion

2 credits; obligatory in 2/W

Subject aim: The check the progress on the diploma thesis, examination of the possibility of successful completion, to learn to write a scientific article.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Common principles how to write a scientific particle, particulary a diploma thesis. Graifcal arrangement, segmentation, correct use of references etc. Seminar talk in a given time-frame, the use of different techniques at presentation. Concluding evaluation of the presented talk.

Literature:

According to the given diploma thesis.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-922 Diploma Thesis Seminar (3)

prof. RNDr. Štefan Šáro, DrSc., doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: seminar - S2

Evaluation during the course: 80 % self-reliant performance of the diploma thesis

Concluding evaluation: 20 % closing discussion

2 credits; obligatory in 2/S

Subject aim: To learn to present a diploma thesis in 15 – 20 min time limit, taking care to keep the standard structure with respect to present the main results of the diploma project.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

To prepare the diploma thesis in the form, which is commonly used for this type of scintific publications. Analyses of the diploma thesis presentation, reccomendations for eventual corrections, modifications and structure of the text, figure and table insertion and conformity with the text etc.

Common principles and reccomendations to present the diploma thesis at the session of the examiantion cometee in 15 – 20 min time limit.

Literature:

The given diploma thesis.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-233 Electromagnetic Radiation of Elementary Particles

prof. RNDr. Ján Ružička, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 2/W

Subject aim: Acquaintance with various types of electromagnetic radiations

Brief curriculum of the subject:

The lecture is aimed at various types of electromagnetic radiations and their application in practice.The content of the lecture: bremstrahlung, synchrotron radiation, ondulatory radiation, transition radiation, Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation, and etc.The use of these various types of radiation in physics and technics, for example for manufacturing of detection systems or at production of microchips.

Literature:

Actual scientific publications

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-240 Experimental Methods in Heavy Ion Physics

doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 2/S

Subject aim: To obtain knowledge concerning equipments and methods used in heavy ion physics and their applications in practice.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Accelerators of heavy ions. Heavy ion sources: PIG, ECR and sources of polarized ions. Storage rings. Gaseous ionization detectors for heavy ions. Position-sensitive detectors. Start and stop detectors. Time-of –flight systems for heavy ions. Heavy-ion identification using detector telescopes. Bragg spectrometry. Magnetic spectrometers. Accelerator ultrasensitive mass spectrometry.

Literature:

D. A. Bromley: Treatise on Heavy – Ion Science, Vol. 7. Plenum Press, New York,1986.

W. R. Leo: Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990.

W.Kutchera et al.:Accelerator Mass Spectrometry .NIM B, 2000.

Actual scientific publications.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-104 Experimental Methods in Nuclear Physics (1)

doc. RNDr. Ivan Sýkora, PhD., RNDr. Vladimír Hlinka

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 0 %

Concluding evaluation: 100 % exam

3 credits; obligatory in 1/W

Subject aim: Explain physical principles and operation of detectors for registration and identification of nuclear radiation, elementary particles and heavy ions.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Interaction of charged particles, neutrons and gamma rays with matter. Characteristic principles of gass detectors. Ionization chambers, proportional counters, Geiger counters, corona and spark counters. Scintillation, semiconductor, cryogenic, Cherenkov and various tracking detectors. Position-sensitinve and track detectors, cloud and bubble chambers. Proportional, drift, streamer and spark chambers. Microstrip gass and semiconductor detectors. Hodoskops, TPC chambers.

Literature:

S.Usačev a kol.: Experimentálna jadrová fyzika, Alfa, Bratislava, 1982

Š.Šáro : Detekcia a spektrometria žiarenia alfa a beta. Alfa, Bratislava, 1983

G.F. Knoll : Radiation detection and measurements, J. Wiley&Sons, New York, 2000

C. Gruppen: Particle detectors, Cambridge University Press, 1996

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-105 Experimental Methods in Nuclear Physics (2)

doc. RNDr. Ivan Sýkora, PhD., doc. RNDr. Martin Chudý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test

Concluding evaluation: 70 % examination

3 credits; obligatory in 1/S

Subject aim: Toobtain the knowledge about the nuclear spectrometry methods and their using in radionuclides applications

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Specifics of the nuclear physics measurements, the base structure of the measuring equipment, the detector response function, energy resolution (limits, Fano factor), time characteristics (pile-up, the spectrum distortion). Magnetic methods of spectrometry, using magnetic field to separation of particle beam, the magnetic field focusation, the classification of the spectrometers. Ionization methods of charge particles spectrometry, ionization chamber with grid, principles of using the proportional counters, semiconductors detectors in the spectrometry, detectors with compensation and HPGe detectors. Scintillation spectrometry methods, treating of instrumental spectra, peak efficiency, multiple detectors gamma-ray spectrometry. The high resolution spectrometer electronic circuits scheme. The liquid scintillation spectrometry applications (3H a 14C analysis). Applications scintillations methods in radionuclide diagnostics (gammagraphic methods and PET, principles of imaging using the thin scintillator)

Literature:

Usačev S., a kol.: Experimentálna jadrová fyzika, ALFA Bratislava, 1982

Abramov A. I.: Osnovy experimentalnych metodov jadernoj fyziky, Atmizdat Moskva 1980

W.R. Leo, Techniques for nuclear and particle physics, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1996

K. Debertin and R.G. Helmer: Gamma-and X-ray spectrometry with semiconductor detctors, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1988

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-136 Feynman Diagrams

prof. RNDr. Jozef Masarik, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % exam

3 credits; elective in 1/S

Subject aim: Introduce students to the basics of Feynman diagrams and their applications in particle physics.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Particle scattering on potential in quantum mechanics, relativistic equations and their propagators, scattering of electron and positon on potential field, intercations of electrons, muons and photons, second approach to Feynman diagram – quntum field theory.

Literature:

J. Pišút, Introduction to Feynam diagrams, Study texts UK Bratislava, (1984) (in Slovak)

J.D. Bjorken, S.D. Drell, Relativistc quantum mechanics, McGraw-Hill, New York, (1976)

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak, English

2-FJF-120 Interaction of Radiation with Matter

prof. RNDr. Branislav Sitár, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % test

3 credits; obligatory in 1/S

Subject aim: Basic information on interactions of charged particles and photons with matter in different energy ranges.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Elastic scattering, Rutherford nad Mott formulas, electron scattering, Bremstrahlung, inization and excitation, Bethe-Bloch formula. Ionization energy losses. Particle range. Delta electrons. Fluctuations of ionization losses. Čherenkov radiation. Transition radiation. Photon Interaction with matter. High energy interactions.

Literature:

S.Usačev a kol. Experimentálna jadrová fyzika, SNTL, Bratislava, 1982

I.Úlehla, M.Suk, Z.Trka: Atomy, jádra, častice, Academie, Praha, 1990

B.Sitár, G.I.Merzon, V.A.Chechin, Yu.A.Budagov: Ionization measurements in high Energy physics. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1993

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-137 Introduction to Digital and Pulse Electronic

doc. Ing. Dušan Kollár, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % individual task

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 1/S

Subject aim: . To familarize with fundamentals of digital and pulse electronics circuits.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

The Lecture explain basic information about pulse signal transfer in logic and digital circuits, about characteristic parameters of the electronic switches based on diodes, transistors and integrated circuits, about pulse shaping, explain how to use trigger, latch, parallel, serial and shift register, up/down counter, memory and others programmable large scale integrated circuits. The lecture is combined with practical demo exercises for better explanation of the lecture.

Literature:

D.Kollár: Elektronika a automatizácia II. Textbook MFF UK 1990.

D.Kollár: Praktikum z elektroniky a automatizácie. Textbook á MFF UK 1991.

Comments to the lectures on web URL – http://www.dnp.fmph.uniba.sk/~kollar/navodnik.html.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-108 Introduction to Dosimetry

doc. RNDr. Martin Chudý, CSc., doc. RNDr. Karol Holý, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture, practicals - L2,P1

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test

Concluding evaluation: 70 % examination

4 credits; obligatory in 2/W

Subject aim: To obtain basic knowledge from dosimetry of ionizing radiation.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Basic dosimetric quantities and their relation. Dosimetric methods. Absolute methods of activity and dose measurement. Linear energy transfer. Fano theorem. Bragg-Gray theory. Ionization methods in dosimetry. Tissue equivalence, energy dependence of dosimeters. Integral methods of dosimetry, film and TL dosimeters, solid-state nuclear track detectors. New principles of dosimetry. Biological effects of radiation. Radiation sensitivity of cell, repair processes, stochastic and non-stochastic effects. Principles of radiation protection.

Literature:

Šeda J. a kolektív, Základy dozimetrie záření, Academia Praha,1983.

J.Kiefer :Biological Radiation Effects. Springer-Verlag Berlin,1990.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-131 Kinematics of Elementary Particles

doc. RNDr. Július Vanko, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % individual task

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 1/W

Subject aim: Acquainting with fundamental regularities of the motion of elementary particles which are needed for processing of data from accelerator experiments.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Lorentz transformations, relativistic invariants. Transition between frames. Kinematic invariants in interactions and decays. Energy and momentum conservation laws, formulations by invariants. Phase volume, decay probability and effective cross section. Decays on two and three particles. Elastic and quasielastic twoparticle scattering. Multiparticle processes.

Literature:

V.I.Goľdanskij, J.P.Nikitin, I.L.Rozentaľ: Kinematičeskije metody v fizike vysokich energij, Nauka, Moscow 1987

E.Byckling, K.Kajantie: Particle Kinematics, Wiley 1973 (Mir, Moscow 1975)

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-125 Modelling Experimental Set-Ups

doc. RNDr. Stanislav Tokár, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % individual task, test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % test

3 credits; obligatory-optional in 1/S

Subject aim: Give students foundations of distribution function modelling with aplication on simulation of physical transport processes. Enable detector response simulation.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Basic terms of the probability theory and mathematical statistics. Important distributions. General scheme of Monte Carlo methods. Sampling of distribution functions. Specific methods for sampling of irregular distributions. Stochastic processes. Imitation of physical process. Structure of transport equation for hadronic and elektromagnetic cascade. Solution of transport equation using Monte Carlo. Basic scheme of GEANT package. Definition of materials, medii, geometry of experiment. Volume, subvolume and their positioning. Detector response. Storing of information in data structure. Simulated physical processes and their control. Passage of particle through volume, detector and set. GEANT data struktures. Graphics. Interactive GEANT.

Literature:

A. Rényi, Teorie pravdepodobnosti, ACADEMIA, Praha 1972

J. Spanier, E.M. Gebard, Monte Carlo principles and Neutron transport Problems, Edison Wesley Pub. Comp., Massachusets 1969.

S.M. Jermakov, Metod Monte Carlo i smezhnyje voprosy, Nauka Moskva 1975

R. Brun et al., GEANT-CERN Program Library D506

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-242 Neutrino Physics

doc. RNDr. Július Vanko, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 2/S

Subject aim: Extension of the special knowledges about elementary particles.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Historical introduction. Neutrino sources, properties. Lepton generations, two-component neutrino. Dirac and Majorana neutrino. Mixing of neutrinos. Neutrino oscillation in vacuum and MSW model. Double beta decay. Direct measurement of the neutrino mass. Massive neutrinos in weak decays. Detecting methods. Solar, atmospheric and cosmic neutrinos. Dark mass problem. Interactions of neutrinos with leptons and quarks. Neutrino beams on accelerators.

Literature:

R.N.Mohapatra, P.B.Pal: Massive neutrinos in physics and astrophysics, World Scientific 1998.

M.Fukugita, T.Yanagida: Physics of neutrinos and application to astrophysics, Springer 2003.

Current papers (http://www.arxiv.org/).

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-221 Neutron Physics and Reactor Systems

doc. RNDr. Matej Florek, CSc., doc. RNDr. Jaroslav Staníček, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; obligatory-optional in 2/W

Subject aim: The aim is to obtain a basic information of the peculiarities interaction neutrons with nuclei and mater, to acquaint with using of neutrons in fundamental and application research fields, to give information about the contructions, types and safety of fission reactors and the operation nuclear power plant.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Neutron sources, detectors and spectrometers. The neutron as an elementary particle. Neutron-nuclei and neutron-matter interactions. Scattering and absorption cross section. Types of reactions and conservation lows. Interference and diffraction of neutron waves. Neutron activation analysis. Nuclear fission. Moderation and diffusion of neutrons. Controlled fission reactions. Types of fission reactors. Radioactive fission products. Fission explosives. Kinetics, operation and safety of reactors. Research reactors. Nuclear power plant.

Literature:

M.Florek. Experimentálna jadrová a subjadrová fyzika (časť neutrónová fyzika). Skriptá, Edičné stredisko UK, 1992 (In Slovak).

B. Heřmanský. Jaderné reaktory. SNTL, 1981 (In Czech).

Low energy neutron physics. Ed. H. Shopper. ISBN 3-540-60857-5 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-102 Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics (1)

doc. RNDr. Jaroslav Staníček, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture, practicals - L2,P1

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test

Concluding evaluation: 70 % examination

4 credits; obligatory in 1/W

Subject aim: To guarantee the foundations of nuclear physics for stable and excited nuclei and foundations of radioactive processes in nuclei.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Basic properties of atomic nuclei: mass and atomic numbers, mass, binding energy, radius of nuclei, charge distributions of electric charge and density, spin, magnetic dipole moment and hyper-fine structure of spectra, electric quadru-pole moment, atomic nucleus in electric and magnetic fields, parity, isospin. Basic properties of radioactive nuclei. Types of radioactive transition (α, β and γ decays, electron capture, nuclear isomery, internal and pair conversion) and their basic characterization.

Literature:

K.N.Muchin: Eksperimentaľnaja jadernaja fizika I.

A.Beiser:Úvod do moderní fyziky

H.Frauenfelder, E.M.Henley: Subatomic Physics.

I.E.Irodov: Sbornik zadač po atomnoj i jadernoj fizike.

T.Mayer-Kuckuk: Fyzika atomového jádra.

S.Usačev: Experimentálna jadrová fyzika.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-103 Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics (2)

prof. RNDr. Jozef Masarik, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture, practicals - L2,P1

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test

Concluding evaluation: 70 % examination

4 credits; obligatory in 1/S

Subject aim: Introduce students to particle physics and teach them basic quantitative methods used in the field.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Symmetries and conservation laws, strong interactions, weak interactions, and electromagnetic interactions. Unification of interactions. Detectros and accelerators used in particle physics and their basic charcteristics.

Literature:

B.E. Martin a G. Shaw, Particle physics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, (1997)

D. Griffiths, Introduction to elementary particle physics, Harper & Row Publishers, (2001)

G. Kane, Modern elementary particle physics, Addison-Wesley Pub. Corp. (1998)

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak, English

2-FJF-206 Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics (3)

doc. RNDr. Július Vanko, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture, practicals - L2,P1

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test, individual task

Concluding evaluation: 70 % examination

4 credits; obligatory in 2/W

Subject aim: By the conceptions of the ralativistic quantum mechanics and fundamentals of the field theory to introduce to quantum electrodynamics, electroweak model and quantum chromodynamics.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Relativistics formalism. Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, solving for free particle, particle in electromagnetic field and neutrino. Scalar, vector and Dirac quantum field. Photons. Green functions, propagators. Fundamental processes of the quantum electrodynamics, Feynman rules. Renormalization. Weak interactions. Nonabelian symmetries. Electroweak unification, Higgs mechanism. Introduction to quantum chromodynamics. Standard model. Grand unification, supersymmetry and strings.

Literature:

F. Halzen, A. D. Martin: Quarks and leptons, Wiley 1984 (Mir, Moscow 1987).

L. B. Okuň: Leptony i kvarki, Nauka, Moscow 1990.

T-P. Cheng, L-F. Li: Gauge theory of elementary particle physics, Oxford 1984

M. Peskin, D. Schroeder: An introduction to quantum field theory, Westview Press 1995.

W. Greiner, A. Schäfer: Quantum chromodynamics, Springer 1995.

I. Aitchison, A. Hey: Gauge theories in particle physics, v.I, II, IOP Publ. 2003/4.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-122 Nuclear Electronics

doc. Ing. Dušan Kollár, CSc., Ing. Peter Strmeň, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; obligatory-optional in 1/W

Subject aim: To familarize with characteristic parameters of electronics circuits using in nuclear detectors signal processing and analyses.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

The lecture deals: with basic information about methods using in linear circuits analyses, about circuits with semiconductors elements (- transistors, operational amplifiers, fast pulse amplifiers, linear amplifier with low noise level), about others circuits useful in pulse high digitization techniques and in coincidence timing measurement (- Pulse shapers and amplitude discriminators, Methods to generate fast-time pick-off signal from input pulse, coincidence and anticoincidence circuits and automation of data processing).

Literature:

D.Kollár: Elektronika a automatizácia I. Textbook MFF UK 1990.

D.Kollár: Elektronika a automatizácia II. Textbook MFF UK 1990.

A. P. Citovič: Jadernaja elektronika,Energoatomizdat, Moskva 1984.

U. Tietze, Ch. Schenk: Halbleiter-schaltungstechnik, MIR, Moskva 1982.

J. Šeda, J. Sabol, J. Kubánek: Jaderná elektronika, SNTL, Praha 1977.

Comments to the lectures on web URL -- http://www.dnp.fmph.uniba.sk/~kollar/navodnik.htm.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-133 Nuclear Energetics and Environment

doc. RNDr. Martin Chudý, CSc., RNDr. Alexander Šivo, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % examination

3 credits; elective in 1/W

Subject aim: To obtain knowledge about one of anthropogenic sources of environmental radioactivity.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Energetics as source of environmental contamination. Physical processes in the nuclear reactor. Overal diagram of a nuclear power station. Sources of the radioactivity in nuclear reactors, barriers of the radionuclides ecsape, containment. Fuel cycle, influence its phasis on a environment. The ways of human irradiation, radionuclides in food chain products, critical ways of the irradiation. Radioactive wastes. Irradiation hazard for population in nuclear power plant neighbourhood. Accidents in the operation of a nuclear power plant.

Literature:

Šáró Š., Tőlgyessy J., Rádioaktivita prostredia, Alfa Bratislava, 1985

Eisenbud M., Gesell T., Environmental Radioactivity, Academic Press, London, 1997

Bodansky D., Nuclear Energy (Principles, Practices and Prospects), American Institute of Physics (AIP Press) New York, 1996

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-138 Nuclear Geophysics and Astrophysics

prof. RNDr. Jozef Masarik, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % exam

3 credits; elective in 1/S

Subject aim: Explain basic nuclear methods used in geophysics, explain practical applications of selected methods.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Basics theory of nucleosynthesis, primordial, antropogenic and cosmogenic nuclides. Principles of nuclear radiometric methods, dating, erosion study, catastrophic events and their investigation by nuclear methods. Position of the Earth in the Solar system. Isotpos and their applications in Solar system formation chronometry.Space, chemical elemnts in it and their abundances in various objects of Solar system.

Literature:

W.S. Broecker, How to built a habitable planet, Eldigia press, Pallisades, (1988)

D. Lal and B. Peters, Handbuch der Physik, Springer-Verlag, (1967)

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak, English

2-FJF-202 Nuclear Reactions

prof. RNDr. Štefan Šáro, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test

Concluding evaluation: 70 % examination

3 credits; obligatory in 2/W

Subject aim: To learn the physical basis of nuclear reactions and to understand the role of nuclear reactions in fundamental and applied nuclear physics.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

General principles of nuclear reactions (NRs), reaction kinematics, the role of orbital momentum, rotational potential, types of NRs, reaction cross section, elastic and inelastic scattering, neutron induced NRs, nucleon transfer reactions, deep inelastic reactions, reactions of γ-quant, compound nucleus reactions, heavy ion reactions, fission reactions, thermonuclear reactions, synthesis of superheavy nuclei, nuclear reactions at relativistic energies, applications of NRs, experimental basis of NRs.

Literature:

Full text of the subject manuscript in MS Words and hardcopy.

Recommended aditional reading: P.E. Hodgson, e. Gadioli, E. Gadioli Erba, Introductory Nuclear Physics, Oxford U.P. 2000.

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-139 Nuclear Spectroscopy

Mgr. Stanislav Antalic, PhD.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 %

Concluding evaluation: 30 %

3 credits; elective in 1/S

2-FJF-107 Nucleus Theory

doc. RNDr. Fedor Šimkovic, CSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 30 % test

Concluding evaluation: 70 % exam

3 credits; obligatory in 1/S

Subject aim: Introduction to nuclear theory. A presentation of phenomenological and microscopical nuclear models.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

History and success of nuclear physics, basic characteristics of nucleus (mass, dimension, spin, magnetic and electric moments, quadrupole moments, nuclear deformation), models of strong interacting particles (drop model, nuclear matter, nuclear stars), models of independent particles (Fermi model), nuclear shell model (harmonic oscillator potential, Woods-Saxon potential, spin-orbit interaction), generalized models

(single particle states in non-sphericals – Nilsson model, roational bands, vibrational states, resonances), optical model, Pauli exclusion principle and isospin, Nucleon-nucleon interaction, phase analysis of scattering angles, two-particle wave function, deuteron, nuclear Hamiltonian, microscopical models (Hartree and Hartree-Fock methods), nuclear interactions (α-, β-, γ- nuclear transitions).

Literature:

K. Heyde: Basic Ideas and Concepts in Nuclear Physics

P.E. Hodgson, E. Gadioli and E. Gadioli Erba: Introductory Nuclear Physics

J.M.Eisenberg, W.Greiner: Nuclear Theory

B.L.Cohen: Concepts of Nuclear Physics

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak

2-FJF-124 Numerical Methods in Nuclear Physics

prof. RNDr. Jozef Masarik, DrSc.

Form and extent of the course: lecture - L2

Evaluation during the course: 70 % test

Concluding evaluation: 30 % exam

3 credits; obligatory-optional in 1/S

Subject aim: Introduce students to the numerical methods and their utilization in nuclear physics.

Brief curriculum of the subject:

Approximation by rational fucntions, approximation by trigionometric functions, solution of linear algebric equations, solution of nonlinear equations, interpolation and extrapolation, numerical integration, special functions (gamma, beta factorials), random numbers, minimization and maximization of functions. Error propagation. Fourier transformation. Ordinary and partial differential equations.

Literature:

P.L. DeVries, A first course in computational physics, John Wiley, Miami (1984)

S.S.M. Wong, Compuational methods in physics and engineering, Prentice Hall, Englewwod Cliffs, (1992)

K. Langanke, J.A. Maruhn, S.E. Koonin, Computational nuclear physics 1,2, Springer/Verlag, New York, (1993)

Language in which the subject is taught: Slovak, English

2-FJF-132
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