The Dark Matter is the Black Hole(s) and the Dark Energy is the Magnetic and Electric fields of the Black Holes, quasars, Neutron Stars, Pulsars, Stars, etc

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НазваниеThe Dark Matter is the Black Hole(s) and the Dark Energy is the Magnetic and Electric fields of the Black Holes, quasars, Neutron Stars, Pulsars, Stars, etc
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Dark Matter...

"According to observations of structures larger than galaxies, as well as Big Bang cosmology, dark matter accounts for 23% of the mass-energy density of the observable universe, while the ordinary matter accounts for only 4.6% (the remainder is attributed to dark energy).[2]

Dark matter was postulated by Fritz Zwicky in 1934, to account for evidence of "missing mass" in the orbital velocities of galaxies in clusters. Subsequently, other observations have indicated the presence of dark matter in the universe, including the rotational speeds of galaxies, gravitational lensing of background objects by galaxy clusters such as the Bullet Cluster, and the temperature distribution of hot gas in galaxies and clusters of galaxies."(

That says to me that Gravity accounts for only 4.6% of the Forces holding the Stars and Galaxies together. The other 95.6 Percent is from the Electrical and Magnetic Fields of the Black Holes, Stars, and Planets. The magnetic fields push and pull, on the Nieghboring Masses, and the Electric/Particle winds push. The pushes also keep the inner bodies in, and the outer stars should have greater magnetic fields and less orbiting planets as a result.

The Magnetic Fields would account for why the outer Stars spin faster than Gravity Could cause.

The Dark Matter is the Black Hole(s) and the Dark Energy is the Magnetic and Electric fields of the Black Holes, quasars, Neutron Stars, Pulsars, Stars, etc.

Also, Powerful Magnetic Fields have been observed bending Light. (Harley Borgais)


"This sequence begins with the Chandra data, which show the ripples inthe hot gas that fills the Perseus cluster. The features were discovered by using a special image-processing technique to bring outsubtle changes in brightness. These sound waves are thought to have been generated by cavities blown out by jets from a supermassive black hole(bright white spot) at the center of the Perseus cluster. The Chandra image then dissolves into an artist's illustration of the system, which labels the important features, before returning to the original Chandra data. X-ray Image: NASA/CXC/IoA/A.Fabian et al. Illustration: NASA/CXC/M.Weiss"(

"It is one of the closest of such clusters, yet is still at the staggering distance of 300 million light years from Earth. "(

"This is part of why Galaxies have flat spins. It is the push of the Jets and winds, and the pull of the Magnetic Fields and Gravity."(Harley Borgais)


Dark Matter Proof Found, Scientists Say

John Roach

for National Geographic News

August 22, 2006

Dark matter does not absorb or emit light. So far, astronomers have inferred its presence only indirectly by measuring the effects of its gravity.

But now, by observing a massive collision between two large clusters of galaxies, astronomers have detected what they say could only be the signature of dark matter.

The scientists used optical and x-ray telescopes to measure the location of mass in the collided formation, known as the "bullet cluster" because of its shape.

More than 90 percent of the visible mass in a galaxy cluster is hot gas. The rest is stars located within individual galaxies.

The composite image at left shows that this hot gas (red) was dragged away from the stars and galaxies (blue) during the collision (see bigger photo).

But most of the mass—and thus matter—is located within the galaxies, or the blue areas, scientists say.

In other words, the bulk of visible matter in the clusters has been separated from the majority of mass—which therefore must be dark matter.

"This proves in a simple and direct way that dark matter exists," Maxim Markevitch of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Massachusetts, said in a telephone briefing Monday with reporters.

Scientists calculate that dark matter makes up about 25 percent of the universe.

By contrast, ordinary matter—the stuff that makes up stars, planets, and everything on Earth—makes up no more than about 5 percent of the universe.

The other 70 percent of the universe, scientists believe, is made of dark energy, an even more elusive force that is pushing the universe apart at an ever increasing rate.


Meanwhile, the Hubble Space Telescope, European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope, and Magellan optical telescopes were used to determine the location of mass in the cluster.

The mass was determined using a phenomenon called gravitational lensing, which occurs when, as predicted by Einstein's theory of general relativity, the path of light is distorted by gravity. The amount of mass can be calculated from the amount of distortion.

The composite image of the galaxy clusters shows that the majority of the mass is centered over the galaxies (blue), away from most of the ordinary matter—the hot gas (red) (see bigger photo).

"If there was no dark matter, then the blue and the red clouds would be on top of each other, as the hot gas has most of the visible mass which we see in the system," the University of Arizona's Clowe said.

"What you can see clearly, though, is that the gravitational lensing signal is located near the galaxies and is not located near the gas clouds. What this tells us is there has to be dark matter present to explain this," he continued.

Clowe is the lead author of a paper on this research accepted for publication in an upcoming issue of the Astrophysical Journal Letters.


A team of researchers has found the first direct proof for the existence of dark matter, the mysterious and almost invisible substance thought to make up almost a quarter of the universe.

In this composite image, two clusters of galaxies are seen after a collision. Hot gas, seen in red, was dragged away from the galaxies during the collision. That gas makes up more than 90 percent of the mass of normal, or visible, matter. But most of the mass—and thus matter—is located in the galaxy portions of the clusters, shown in blue, scientists say.

In other words, the bulk of visible matter in the clusters has been separated from the majority of mass—which therefore must be dark matter.

X-ray: NASA/CXC/CfA/M.Markevitch et al.; Optical: NASA/STScI; Magellan/U.Arizona/D.Clowe et al.; Lensing Map: NASA/STScI; ESO WFI; Magellan/U.Arizona/D.Clowe et al.

I think that this provides evidence for my theory, that the extra gravity comes from the centers of black holes and stars.

In my opinion, when a star explodes (and its core still remains), it reforms in a way that compresses matter into a smaller volume than normal. I believe this happens as a result of super-cooling and expansion caused by the vacuuming effect of the outward expanding shock wave, followed by a super compression from the returning pressure once the spherical blast wave reaches a certain point (where the shock wave force is weakened to be roughly equal to the ambient forces).

The experiments at MIT with super-cold 'Bose-Einstein Condensate' gave me the idea that this is possible; the atoms can be forced to overlap in a way that can only occur when their constituent particles are slowed to a crawl, and then the entire area is rapidly super-compressed.

This is what I think accounts for dark matter, and

If the dark matter were free particles like the gas, and they were mostly gravitational in nature, then wouldnt the dark matter be mostly in the cloud in the middle also?

(Harley Davidson Borgais)


Dark matter maps reveal cosmic scaffolding : Article : Nature

by R Massey - 2007 - Cited by 125 - Related articles

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS) is the ... Figure 1: Map of the dark matter distribution in the two-square-degrees COSMOS field. ..... of the entire COSMOS collaboration, consisting of more than 70 scientists. ... These links to content published by NPG are automatically generated. ...


HubbleSite - NewsCenter - Hubble Celebrates Its 19th Anniversary ...

Apr 21, 2009 ... Astronomers using Hubble data have published more than 7500 ... Dark matter makes up most of the total mass of the universe and ... Astronomers also used Hubble to make the first three-dimensional map of dark matter, ... Some of the galaxies existed when the cosmos was only 700 million years old. ...


Dark matter is of no consequence on scales of the solar system. All planetary motions are accountable without it.

Dark matter's presence is revealed in the movement of stars in the galaxy, the movement of galaxies in galaxy clusters, and the large scale structure of the universe.

Black holes have nothing to do with what we call dark matter. They are made of ordinary matter.



Neil deGrasse Tyson


...."The nature of this dark matter or "missing mass" is unknown. There are theories ranging from the bizzare to the mundane, none of which successfully answer all of the questions. "...

..."The most attractive possibility is that the Dark Matter lies in some form of compact non-luminous object:

* Planets - but the mass of planets is a small fraction of the mass of the Solar System. Are there free-roaming planets like Jupiter out there?

* Brown Dwarfs - down to 0.085M the number of stars increases dramatically as you go to stars of lower mass. Does this trend continue as one goes below the cutoff for the ignition of nuclear reactions? If so, failed stars, called Brown Dwarfs, might account for a significant fraction of the Dark Matter. Brown Dwarfs are hard to spot since they are cool and very low in luminosity. Recent infrared studies are finding Brown Dwarfs, but not in sufficient numbers to make up the dark matter needed in the Milky Way.

* Stellar Remnants - Dead stars, in the form of white dwarfs, neutron stars or black holes, could make up the Dark Matter, but our understanding of the history of the Milky Way makes it unlikely that stars could have formed and died sufficiently rapidly in the past to make up the necessary mass of 10 or more times the current mass of stars." ...



A 3D map of dark matter shows how its distribution has changed over time. The left hand side is the most recent, and shows a greater number of clumps than does the right hand side. The largest structures visible here are about 60 million light-years wide (Image: NASA/ESA/R Massey/Caltech)

Dark matter mapped in 3D for first time

* 23:27 07 January 2007 by David Shiga, Seattle

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Surprising Second Black Hole Found in Milky Way's Center

Nov 15, 2004 ... Astronomers think they have found a rare if not unique black hole very near the center of the Milky Way. That would make two of the beasts ... - Cached - Similar

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- New Twists on the Milky Way's Big Black Hole

Nov 24, 2003 ... The supermassive black hole at the center of our Milky Way Galaxy is heftier than ... In the left one, no evidence for spin was found. ... - Cached - Similar


BBC NEWS | Science & Environment | Black hole confirmed in Milky Way

Dec 9, 2008 ... There is a giant black hole at the centre of our galaxy, a study by German astronomers has confirmed.


Milky Way enigma: Why galaxy's central black hole is silent / The ...

Jan 7, 2010 ... The black hole at the center of the Milky Way, called Sag A*, ... They found that only 0.01 percent of the material one would expect to see ... -


NASA - Milky Way's Giant Black Hole Awoke from Slumber 300 Years Ago

Apr 15, 2008 ... The finding helps resolve a long-standing mystery: why is the Milky Way's black hole so quiescent? The black hole, known as Sagittarius A* ... - Cached - Similar


Milky Way May Be Teeming With Black Holes : Discovery News

May 11, 2009 ... Milky Way May Be Teeming With Black Holes. Irene Klotz, Discovery News ... A pesticide is found to promote parasites among amphibians. ... -


The Milky Way Galaxy

Apr 28, 1999 ... The Milky Way system is a spiral galaxy consisting of over .... She found the stars are orbiting at speeds up to 1000 km/s (3 million miles per hour)! ... The evidence is mounting that Sag A* is indeed a black hole of ... -


Black hole found in enigmatic Omega Centauri

Apr 2, 2008 ... News Release - heic0809: Black hole found in enigmatic Omega Centauri ... located just above the plane of the Milky Way, it appears almost ...


In mechanics, the virial theorem provides a general equation relating the average over time of the total kinetic energy, of a stable system consisting of N particles, bound by potential forces, with that of the total potential energy, , where angle brackets represent the average over time of the enclosed quantity. Mathematically, the theorem states.

where Fk represents the force on the kth particle, which is located at position rk. The word "virial" derives from vis, the Latin word for "force" or "energy", and was given its technical definition by Clausius in 1870.[1]


Effect of Sun and Planet-Bound Dark Matter on Planet and Satellite Dynamics in the Solar System

Authors: Lorenzo Iorio

(Submitted on 11 Jan 2010 (v1), last revised 23 Jan 2010 (this version, v4))

Abstract: We apply our recent results on orbital dynamics around a mass-varying central body to the phenomenon of accretion of Dark Matter-assumed not self-annihilating-on the Sun and the major bodies of the solar system due to its motion throughout the Milky Way halo. We inspect its consequences on the orbits of the planets and their satellites over timescales of the order of the age of the solar system. It turns out that a solar Dark Matter accretion rate of \approx 10^-12 yr^-1, inferred from the upper limit \Delta M/M= 0.02-0.05 on the Sun's Dark Matter content, assumed somehow accumulated during last 4.5 Gyr, would have displaced the planets faraway by about 10^-2-10^1 au 4.5 Gyr ago. Another consequence is that the semimajor axis of the Earth's orbit, approximately equal to the Astronomical Unit, would undergo a secular increase of 0.02-0.05 m yr^-1, in agreement with the latest observational determinations of the Astronomical Unit secular increase of 0.07 +/- 0.02 m yr^-1 and 0.05 m yr^-1. By assuming that the Sun will continue to accrete Dark Matter in the next billions year at the same rate as in the past, the orbits of its planets will shrink by about 10^-1-10^1 au (\approx 0.2-0.5 au for the Earth), with consequences for their fate, especially of the inner planets. Dark Matter accretion on planets has, instead, less relevant consequences for their satellites.

Indeed, 4.5 Gyr ago their orbits would have been just 10^-2-10^1 km wider than now. Dark Matter accretion is not able to explain the observed accelerations of the orbits of some of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter, the secular decrease of the semimajor axis of the Earth's artificial satellite LAGEOS and the secular increase of the Moon's orbit eccentricity.


Physics Letters A

Volume 171, Issues 5-6, 14 December 1992, Pages 275-277

doi:10.1016/0375-9601(92)90642-Y | How to Cite or Link Using DOI

Copyright © 1992 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

The influence of dark matter on the motion of planets and satellites in the solar system

V. B. Braginskya, A. V. Gurevichb and K. P. Zybinb

a Physical Department, Moscow State University, 119889 GSP-3, Moscow, Russian Federation

b Theoretical Department, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, 117924 GSP-1, Moscow, Russian Federation

Received 10 August 1992;

accepted 14 September 1992

Communicated by V.M. Agranovich

Available online 16 September 2002.


Two effects of the influence of dark matter on planets and satellites are predicted and analyzed. If the existing accuracy of planet tracking will be improved by only several times then one of these effects may be observed.

Article Outline



Neutrinos ...

Missing Solar Neutrinos Found


by Dr. Hugh Ross

What makes the Sun shine? Where does Earth’s life-sustaining radiation originate? Astronomers answered these questions in part with the discovery of nuclear fusion, the same process that powers the hydrogen bomb.

To test the theory that hydrogen’s fusion into helium powers the Sun, astronomers spent the last thirty years searching for exotic particles dubbed neutrinos, a by-product of the fusion reaction. Once generated, neutrinos stream out and away from the Sun in all directions at nearly the speed of light. Detecting them requires painstaking efforts, but scientists succeeded in doing so. They captured neutrinos in underground detectors,1 only to discover two-thirds of their expected number missing. This “solar neutrino problem” persisted for 30 years, eluding careful experiments until now.2

The problem arose when physicists calculated (using standard equations) that nuclear fusion in the Sun would send 5.1 million neutrinos to every square centimeter of Earth’s surface per second.3 However, observatories designed to detect solar neutrinos found only about 1.7 million neutrinos per cm2 per second.4

No physicist or astronomer, however, really believed that the Sun fell two-thirds short in its neutrino production. So, they altered their hypothesis. The initial hypothesis treated neutrinos as massless particles, but if neutrinos possess a tiny mass, they could “oscillate,” or transform into alternate neutrino “flavors,” namely tau and muon neutrinos. The flow of solar neutrinos arriving at Earth, then, would be split among electron, tau, and muon flavors.

Since neutrino observatories were originally designed to find only electron neutrinos, the detected 1.7 million neutrinos per cm2 per second would actually prove consistent with the revised hypothesis (1.7 is one-third of 5.1). Discoveries made three years ago by two independent teams using different detectors confirmed that neutrinos do indeed oscillate from one flavor into another.5 These discoveries indirectly solved the solar neutrino problem. But researchers hungered for direct proof.

To get it, the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) was built in Ontario, Canada. There a collaboration of Canadian, American, and British physicists can use 1,000 tons of heavy water (water molecules in which the hydrogen atoms contain an extra neutron) and for two experiments. The first sensed only electron neutrinos. The second will measure the flux of all three types of neutrinos.

To date, only the first experiment has collected data. However, the team has compared its results with the results of a Japanese experiment dubbed “Super-Kamiokande,” which detected all three varieties of neutrinos.6 The data showed that the so-called missing neutrinos were not really missing after all but had simply converted from electron neutrinos into tau and muon neutrinos. The two studies indicate that solar neutrinos flow at 5.4 ±1.0 million neutrinos cm-2 sec-1, a measurement close enough to resolve the neutrino problem.7

Solving the solar neutrino problem gives astronomers confidence in their understanding of the Sun. The neutrino flux shows physicists how the Sun’s output of light has remained very steady over the last 50,000 years, and will continue to do so for the next 50,000 years—a requirement for human existence.

The solution also affirms the nuclear fusion model for other stars. This confirms that the oldest stars in Earth’s galaxy are about 13 billion years old, as the big bang creation model predicts.

Astronomers and physicists can now state with greater certainty that the Sun is 4.60 billion years old. This age implies that the 4.57-billion-year-old Earth formed relatively quickly. These findings about the Sun—and their implications for life on Earth—powerfully suggest the involvement of a divine designer.


1. Neutrinos flow quite freely through Earth, just as they stream through the Sun. Experiments to capture them must be carried out deep under Earth’s surface to avoid interfering cosmic radiation. One such laboratory, the Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Italy, operates 3,800 meters underground.

2. Sudbury Neutrino Observatory home page ( contains the first science results, which are described in a technical paper submitted to the Physical Review Letters. Links from this page lead to other articles describing neutrinos, the standard solar model, and the solar neutrino problem in detail.

3. This occurs when the incidental solar radiation is perpendicular to Earth’s surface. S. Brun, S. Turck-Chieze, and J. P. Zahn, “Standard Solar Models in the Light of New Helioseismic Constraints. II. Mixing Below the Convective Zone,” Astrophysical Journal 525 (1999): 1032-41; John N. Bahcall, M. H. Pinsonneault, and Sarbani Basu, “Solar Models: Current Epoch and Time Dependencies, Neutrinos, and Helioseismological Properties,” Astrophysical Journal 555(2001): 990-1012.

4. Bruce T. Cleveland, “Measurement of the Solar Electron Neutrino Flux with the Homestake Chlorine Detector,” Astrophysical Journal 496(1998): 505-26; J. N. Abdurashitov et al., “Measurement of the Solar Neutrino Capture Rate with Gallium Metal,” Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics), 60 (1999): id. 055801 (page number converted to hex); Y. Fukuda et al., “Solar Neutrino Data Covering Solar Cycle 22,” Physical Review Letters 77 (1996): 1683-86; J. N. Abdurashitov et al., “Measurement of the Solar Neutrino Capture Rate by SAGE and Implications for Neutrino Oscillations in Vacuum,” Physical Review Letters 83 (1999): 4686-89; W. Hempel et al., “GALLEX Solar Neutrino Observations: Results for GALLEX IV,” Physics Letters B 447 (1999): 127-33; S. Fukuda et al., “Solar 8B and hep Neutrino Measurements from 1258 Days of Super-Kamiokande Data,” Physical Review Letters 86(2001): 5651-55; M. Altmann et al., “GNO Solar Neutrino Observations: Results for GNO I,” Physics Letters B 490 (2000): 16-26.

5. Andrew Watson, “Case for Neutrino Mass Gathers Weight,” Science 277 (1997): 30-31; Dennis Normile, “Heavy News on Solar Neutrinos,” Science 280 (1998): 1839; Dennis Normile, “Weighing in on Neutrino Mass,” Science 280(1998): 1689-90; Hugh Ross, “Mass Mystery Nearly Solved,” Facts & Faith 11, no. 4 (1997), 6-7; The K2K Collaboration, “Artificial Neutrino Beam Detected After Passing Through 250 km of Earth,” June 28, 1999 press release from K2K (KEK Experiment E362).

6. S. Fukuda et al., 5651.

7. Future results from the second SNO detector will carry out a direct measurement of the total neutrino flux with improved precision, thus providing an independent check of the combined results of the first SNO detector and Super-Kamiokande. Q. R. Ahmad et al., “Measurement of Charged Current Interactions Reduced by 8B Solar Neutrinos at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory,” Physical Review Letters 87 (2001): 71301-5.



...strongly peaks towards the centre of the Galaxy, with an asymmetry along the Galactic disc...been known since the 1970s...

Combining more than 4 years of observations, the inner Galaxy has been mapped in the 511 keV positron annihilation line with unprecedented detail as shown above using the SPI spectrometer. For the first time, positron annihilation is found to be asymmetric in the inner Galactic disk. Consistent with earlier findings, the annihilation emission is brightest around the Galactic centre. In the sky maps, the Galactic centre is at the origin and the Galactic disk runs along the equator. (Credit: ESA/ INTEGRAL/ MPE (G. Weidenspointner et al.))

The astronomers show that the positrons formed by radioactive decay of elements left behind after explosions of massive stars are, in fact, able to travel great distances, with many leaving the thin Galactic disc.

--I think that the asymmetry is caused because that is the side currently between the North Pole, and the Negatively Charged Particle Wind, where the fields are stronger, and more stars buckle under the stress.(Harley Borgais)


Revealing the galaxy’s dark side

Excess of gamma rays at Milky Way’s center may indicate universe’s missing mass

"high-energy radiation increased sharply within the innermost 570 light-years of the galaxy, peaking at energies between 2 billion and 4 billion electron volts, about a billion times the energy of visible light."

In our paper, we discussed a number of astrophysical possibilities for the origin of the signal, including a population of pulsars, cosmic ray interactions and emission from our galaxy's supermassive black hole,” notes Hooper. “And in the end, no combination of any astrophysical sources could give us the signal we’re seeing,” he adds. “Eventually we just got fed up and concluded there doesn’t seem to be a way to explain the signal except for one thing — we tried dark matter and it fit beautifully without any special bells or whistles.”

"Physicist Neal Weiner of NYU says that just because the galactic center “is a tricky place to study, to be sure, that doesn't mean one can brush a signal like this aside. This feature has a dramatic cutoff in its spectrum and a rapid falloff as a function of radius. I don't know of a population of astrophysical objects that has that distribution.”

If you want to claim new physics, the burden of proof is very high; you have to exclude actively all the standard astrophysical interpretations,” says Ritz.

"the gamma rays that Fermi observes “are produced not only in the galactic center but also in the line of sight between us and the galactic center and beyond.”



posted 23 March 2010, 10:23 am ET (

Rascal_sage wrote:

"For example, as normal matter falls toward a black hole, it heats up and radiates light. The radiation can be so intense that it actually halts the accretion of matter onto the black hole at what scientists call the Eddington limit. But because dark matter doesn't emit light, this effect doesn't apply to it."

What they're missing is that ordinary matter would stop falling if not radiating. Because of conservation of angular momentum, nothing falls straight it; stuff goes into orbit around BHs and only spirals in at the rate angular momentum is radiated away.

Since dark matter cannot radiate away angular momentum, how is it supposed to fall in?

(Harley Borgais -6/11/2010): If dark matter is coupled neutrons like I think, then they would be still radiating energy, just in different ways. Examples may include much lower AND higher frequencies (E.L.F. and Gamma Rays). They must lose momentum from the strong magnetic interaction with neighbooring particles, maybe they are just radiating energy in forms and frequencies that dont make it far without being absorbed by atoms/particles/etc.. Radio experiments show that low frequencies of radio waves do not travel nearly as far as extremely high frequencies. Here is where we can refer to the asymmetrical image of our milky ways galactic central black hole nucleus where: "positron annihilation is found to be asymmetric in the inner Galactic disk".

That asymmetry is likely because of the one of two arms in our spiral galaxy which we are in. The Positron annihilation is likely the output of energy waves radiated by normal matter as it is destroyed by the dark matter of the black hole, and there is more radiation there because that is probably the base of our arm of this galaxy. By my theory, neutrons coupled by super-novae are a special and unique state of ultra dense and extreme magnetic material, which would clearly bond strongly to itself, and exclude normal matter, but still pull it in, and ultimately change it into either more dark matter, or radiate it like as gamma rays, or jets. If dark matter and black holes are formed as I suspect, they cannot form near another comparitively large body of gravity like an existing black hole (as it will distrupt the spherical symmetrical nature of the blast wave which causes the initial super-cooling of the remenant neutron mass, just before the neutrons are super-compressed and interlinked into dark matter).

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