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Appendix A. Bibliography and References

Books and Reviews

Breizman, B.N. and Van Dam, J.W., editors (1994), G.I. Budker, Reflections & Remembrances, American Institute of Physics Press, New York

Bromley, D.A. (1974), “The Development of Electrostatic Accelerators,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods 122, 1–34

Bruck, H. (1966), Accélératerurs circulaires de particules, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris

Chao, A. and Chou, W editors, (2009) Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology, Vol.2 “Medical Applications of Accelerators”, World Scientific, and Vol.1 (2008)

Close, F., Marten. M. and Sutton, C. (2002), The Particle Odyssey: A Journey to the Heart of Matter, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Freund, H.P. and Parker, R.K. (1989). “Free Electron Lasers,” Scientific American, April 1989, p. 56

Galison, P. (1997), Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics, University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Hamm, R.W. and Hamm, M.E. (2011) ”The beam business: Accelerators in Industry”, Physics Today 64, 46

Heilbron, J.L. and Seidel, R.W. (1989), Lawrence and His Laboratory, University of California Press, Berkeley

Henning, W. and Shank, C., (2010) “Accelerators for America’s Future, U.S. Department of Energy

Herken, G. (2002), Brotherhood of the Bomb, Henry Holt and Co., New York

Joshi, Chandrashekhar (2006), “Plasma Accelerators,” Scientific American, February 2006, p. 41

Jones, L., Mills, F., Sessler, A., Symon, K., Young, D., (2010) “Innovation was not Enough, A History of he Midwestern Universities Research Association (MURA)”, World Scientific

Kerst, D.W. (1946), “Historical Development of the Betatron,” Nature 157, 90–95

Kim, K-J and Sessler, A, (1990) "Free-Electron Lasers: Present Status and Future Prospects," SCIENCE 250, p88-93

Malamud, E., (2010) “Accelerators and Beams”, American Physical Society

Paris, Elizabeth (2004), “Do You Want to Build Such a Machine?: Designing a High Energy Proton Accelerator for Argonne National Laboratory,” Argonne National Laboratory Report ANL/HIST-2, Chicago

Pellegrini, C. (2012) “The History of X-Ray Free Electron Lasers”, European Physical Journal H (EPJH, Historical perspective on Contemporary Physics), to be published

Pellegrini, C. and Sessler, A.M. (1995), The Development of Colliders, American Institute of Physics Press, New York

Rhodes, R. (1986), The Making of the Atomic Bomb, Simon and Schuster, New York

Supple, C. (1999), Physics in the Twentieth Century, Harry Abrams, New York

Wideroe, R. (1994), The Infancy of Particle Accelerators, DESY 94-039

Wurtele, J.S., (1994) “Advanced Accelerator Concepts”, Phys. Today 47, 7, 33

More Technical Accelerator Books

Bryant, P.J. and Johnsen, K. (1993), The Principles of Circular Accelerators and Storage Rings, Cambridge University Press

Chao, A. (1993), Physics of Collective Beam Instabilities in High Energy Accelerators, John Wiley, New York

Conte, M. and MacKay, W.W. (1991), An Introduction to the Physics of Particle Accelerators, World Scientific

Dikanski, N.S. and Pestrikov (1994), The Physics of Intense Beams ands Storage Rings, American Institute of Physics, New York

Edwards, D. and Syphers, M.J. (1993), An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators, Wiley-Interscience

Humphries, S., Jr. (1986), Principles of Charged Particle Acceleration, John Wiley, New York

Humphries, S., Jr. (1990), Charged Particle Beams, John Wiley, New York

Kolomenski, A.A. and Lebedev, A.N. (1962), Theory of Circular Accelerators, John Wiley, New York

Lawson, J.D. (1988), The Physics of Charged Particle Beams, Clarendon Press, Oxford

Lee, S.Y. (1999), Accelerator Physics, World Scientific, Singapore

Livingood, J.J. (1961), Principles of Circular Accelerators, van Norstrand

Livingston, M.S. and Blewett, J.P. (1962), Particle Accelerators, McGraw-Hill, New York

Reiser, M. (1994), Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams, John Wiley, New York

Rosenzweig, J. (2003), Fundamentals of Beam Physics, Oxford University Press

Scharf, W. (1986), Particle Accelerators and Their Uses, Parts I and II, Harward Associates, New York

Scharf, W.(1989), Particle Accelerators — Applications in Technology and Research, Research Series Press

Wangler, T. (1998), Principles of RF Accelerators, John Wiley, New York

Wiedemann, H. (2003), Particle Accelerator Physics I and II: Basic Principles and Linear Beam Dynamics, Springer-Verlag, New York

Wille, K. (2000), The Physics of Particle Accelerators: An Introduction, Oxford University Press

Wilson, E.J.N. (2001), An Introduction to Particle Accelerators, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Wilson, R.R. and Littauer, R. (1960), Accelerators, Machines of Nuclear Physics, Anchor Books, Doubleday and Co., New York

References from Scientific Publications (in order of publication dates)

Slepian, J, “X-Ray Tube,” US-Pat. 1,645,304, submitted on April 1, 1922, published on Oct. 11, 1927, submitted in Germany too, published 1928

Ising, G., “Prinzip einer Methode zur Herstellung von Kanalstrahlen hoher Voltzahl” (in German), Arkiv för matematik o. fysik, 18, No. 30, 1–4 (1924).

Breit, G. and Tuve, M.A., Carnegie Institution Year Book 27, 209 (1927/28) (on betatron tests)

Breit, G., Dahl, O., Hafstad, L.R. and Tuve, M.A., (Carnegie Institution), “On Tesla-coil high voltage devices,” Nature 121, 535 (1928); Phys. Rev. 35, 51 (1930); 35, 66 (1930); 35, 1406 (1930); 36, 1261 (1930)

Wideröe, R., “Uber ein neues Prinzip zur Herstellung hoher Spannungen,” Arch. f. Electrot. 21, 387–406 (1928)

Walton, E.T.S., Proc. Cambr. Phil. Soc. 25, 469–481 (1929)

Lawrence, E.O. and Edlefsen, N.E., Science 72, 376 (1930)

Graaff, R.J. Van de, Phys. Rev. 38, 1919A (1931). First of a series of papers on electrostatic high voltage generators

Lawrence, E.O. and Sloan, D., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 17, 64 (1931) and “The Production of Heavy High Speed Ions without the Use of High Voltages,” Phys. Rev. 38, 2022 (1931); reprinted in [Li66], p. 151

Lawrence, E.O. and Livingstone M.S., (first cyclotron in operation; 80 keV, 13 cm), Commun. Am. Phys. Soc., in May 1931; Phys. Rev. 37, 1707 (1931)

Livingston, M.S., “The Production of High-velocity Hydrogen Ions without the Use of High Voltages,” Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of California (1931)

Van der Graaf, R.J. (1931), “A 1,500,000 Volt Electrostatic Generator,” Phys. Rev. 38, 1919–1920

Cockcroft, J.D. and Walton, E.T.S., “Experiments with High Velocity Ions,” A136, 619 (1932); A137, 229 (1932); A144, 704 (1934) Proc. Roy. Soc. (London).

Ising, G., “Högspänningsmetoder för atomsprängning” in Kosmos, Annuary of the Swedish Phys. Assoc. (1933)

Kerst, D.W., “Acceleration of Electrons by Magnetic Induction,” Letter to the Editor of Oct. 15, 1940, Phys. Rev. 58, 841 (1940) and “Induction Electron Accelerator,” Comm. APS, Nov. 22–23, 1940, Phys. Rev. 59, 110 (1941)

Kerst, D.W. (General Electric), “Magnetic Induction Accelerator,” US-patent No. 2,297,305, submitted on Nov. 13, 1940, issued on Sept. 29, 1942

Kerst, D.W., “The Acceleration of Electrons by Magnetic Induction,” Phys. Rev. 60, 47–53 (1941); reprinted in [Li66]

Kerst, D.W. and Serber, R., “Electronic Orbits in the Induction Accelerator,” Phys. Rev. 60, 53 (1941); reprinted in [Li66]

Kerst, D.W., “20 MeV Betatron or Induction Accelerator,” J. Sci. Instr. 13, 387–394 (1942)

Wideröe, R., “Der Strahlentransformator,” Arch. f. Elektrot. 37, 542–555 (1943), submitted on Sept. 15, 1942

Veksler, V.I., “A New Method of Accelerating Relativistic Particles,” Comptes Rendus (Dokaldy) de lAcademie Sciences de lURSS, 43(8), 329–331 (1944)

McMillan, E.M., “The Synchrotron — A Proposed High Energy Particle Accelerator,” Phys. Rev. 68, 143–144 (1945) (Issue Nos. 5 and 6, Sept. 1 and 15, 1945), submitted on Sept. 5, 1945

Veksler, V., “A New Method of Acceleration of Relativistic Particles,” Journal of Physics UdSSR 9, 153– 158 (1945), English translation in [Li66]

Goward, F.K. and Barnes, D.E., Nature 158, 413 (1946)

Alvarez, L.W., “The Design of a Proton Linear Accelerator,” Phys. Rev. 70, 799 (1946)

Goward, F.K. and Barnes, D.E., Nature, 158, 413 (1946)

Wilson, R.R.. “Radiological Use of Fast Protons,” Radiology 47, 487 (1946)

Elder, F.R., Gurewitsch, A.M., Langmuir, R.V., and Pollock H.C., “A 70 MeV Synchrotron,” J. Appl. Phys. 18(9) 810–818 (1947).

Christofilos, N.C., unpublished report and U.S. Patent no. 2.736,799, filed March 10, 1950, issued Feb. 28th, 1956

Courant, E.D., Livingston, M.S., and Snyder, H.S., “The Strong-Focusing Synchrotron — A New High-energy Accelerator,” Phys. Rev. 88, 1190–6 (1952)

Wideröe, R., “Das Betatron,” Z. f. angewandte Physik 5, 187200 (1953) (with many references)

Kerst, D.W., Cole, F.T., Crane, H.R., Jones, L.W., Laslett, L.J., Ohkawa, T., Sessler, A.M., Symon, K.R., Terwilliger, K.W. and Nilsen, N.V., “Attainment of Very High Energy by Means of Intersecting Beams of Particles” (submitted Jan. 23, 1956), Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 590–591 (1956)

O’Neill, G., “The Storage Ring Synchrotron,” Proc. Int. Conf. on High Energy Accelerators, Vol. 1, 1956, pp. 64–67

Symon, K.R. et al., “Fixed Field Alternating-Gradient Particle Accelerators,” Phys. Rev. 103, 1837 (1956)

Courant, E.D. and Snyder, H.S., “Theory of the Alternating-Gradient Synchrotron,” Annals of Physics, No. 3, 1–48 (1958)

O’Neill, G., “Storage Rings for Electrons and Protons,” Proc. Int. Conf. on High-Energy Accelerators and Instrumentation, CERN, Geneva, 1959, pp. 125–136

Touschek, B., First proposal to built an electron-positron storage ring, presented at Frascati, March 7, 1960 [Am81]

Budker, G.I., “Creation of Accelerators with Colliding Beams,” Vestnik Academii Nauk SSSR, No. 6, 1964

Johnsen, K. (ed.) The Design Study of Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR), CERN AR/Int. SG/64-9 (1964)

Livingston, M.S., “The Development of High-Energy-Accelerators,” commented reprints or translations of original papers (book), Dover, New York, 1966

Scharf, W.H. and Chomiki, C.A., Physica Medica Vol. XII No. 4, 199 (1966)

Budker, G.I., “An Effective Method of Damping Particle Oscillations in Proton and Antiproton Storage Rings,” Sov. J. Atom. Energy 22, 438 (1967)

Wilson, R.R., “The NAL Proton Synchrotron,” Proc. 8th Int. Conf. High Energy Accelerators, CERN, 1971

van der Meer, S., “Stochastic Damping of Betatron Oscillations in the ISR,” CERN/ISR-PO/72-31, 1972

Wilson, E.J.N. (ed.), “The 300 GeV Programme,” CERN/1050, 1972

Blewett, M.H., “Theoretical Aspects of the Behaviour of Beams in Accelerators and Storage Rings,” CERN 77-13, 1977, pp. 111–138

Degèle, D., PETRA, Proc. 8th Int. Conf. High Energy Accelerators, Geneva, 1980

Richter, B. et al., SLC Design Report, SLAC 2590, 1980

Amaldi, E., “The Bruno Touschek Legacy,” CERN-Report No. 8119, 83 pages, 1981

HERA Design Team, 1981 “HERA — A Proposal for a Large Electron Proton Colliding Beam Facility at DESY,” DESY HERA 81/10, 1981

Tajima, T. and Dawson, J.M., Proc. Workshop on Laser Acceleration of Particles, Los Alamos (AIP Conf. Proc. No. 91), 1982, p. 69

Loew, G.A., “Elementary Principles of Linear Accelerators,” SLAC PUB 3221. Also in AIP Conf. Proc. No. 105, 1983

Billinge, R., “Design and Operation of the CERN SppS Collider: Overview,” Proc. 1984 Summer School on High Energy Particle Accelerators, FNAL, 1984

CERN, Geneva, “LEP Design Report,” CERN-LEP/84-01, 1984

Evans, L., “Design and Operation of the CERN SppS Collider,” Proc. 1984 Summer School on High Energy Particle Accelerators, FNAL, 1984

Dawson, J.M. and Chen, P., SLAC-PUB-3601, 1985

van der Meer, S., CERN-PS-85-65, 1985

Lefèvre, P. (ed.), The Large Hadron Collider, CERN/AC/95-05, 1995

Prior, C.R., “Status of the HIDIF Study,” Proc. 6th European Particle Accelerator Conference – EPAC 98, Stockholm, Sweden, 1998

Delahaye J.-P. et al., CERN/PS 99-005 (LP), PAC, New York, 1999

O’Shea, P. and Freund, H. “Free Electron Lasers: Status and Applications,” Science 292, 1853 (2001)

Web Addresses

The Spallation Neutron Source,

The International Linear Collider,

The Linear Coherent Light Source,

National Association for Proton Therapy,

The Large Hadron Collider,

The Compact Linear Collider,


Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,



Brookhaven National Laboratory,

Argonne National Laboratory,

Oak Ridge National Laboratory,




Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics,

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility,

Institute of High Energy Physics,

Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI),

Jefferson Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory,

Paul Scherrer Institute,

Rutherford Appleton Laboratory,

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