New perspectives on paul and the nt canon




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NEW TESTAMENT CRITICAL ISSUES

NEW PERSPECTIVES ON PAUL AND THE NT CANON


NTS 670


Th.M. Seminar


SYLLABUS


Fall, 2009


James B. De Young

JDeYoung@westernseminary.edu


Western Seminary

Portland, Oregon


A. COURSE DESCRIPTION


In this course the student will examine two critical issues in contemporary New

Testament studies. The first of these is the new perspectives on Paul that seek to redefine the interpretation of Paul’s Epistles to the Galatians and to the Romans, and Paul’s teaching regarding the gospel, justification, the works of the law, the righteousness of God, faith in Jesus Christ, and related matters. The second issue concerns the continuing claims that the church’s view that the New Testament Canon is limited to just twenty-seven books is the result of the deliberate expulsion of other gospels, acts, epistles, and apocalypses that the church rejected for various, bogus reasons. The claim is that these books should be in the Christian NT canon. Prerequisites: NTS 510 or the consent of the instructor. 2 hours.


B. COURSE FEATURES/GOALS/OBJECTIVES


  1. The student will become acquainted with the writings of the proponents of the new perspectives and become acquainted with the issues and arguments involved.

  2. The student will reexamine the traditional evangelical or orthodox position on these issues by reading and examination of the biblical texts involved.

  3. The student will evaluate the claims of the proponents of the new perspectives and come to an informed decision that is consistent with the Apostle Paul’s teaching and the decisions of church councils throughout church history.

  4. The student will become acquainted with the significant role that various disciplines play in these issues including hermeneutics, background studies for interpreting Paul, the principles of textual criticism, and church history.


C. COURSE PROCEDURE/REQUIREMENTS/POLICIES


  1. Approximately half of the course will concentrate on the new perspectives on Paul; the second half will concentrate on the new perspectives on the NT canon.

  2. Each student will do the required general reading as listed on the syllabus as well as concentrate on an individual advocating one of the new perspectives on both issues.

  3. Each two weeks read 200 pages of the assigned books and articles and write reviews as indicated on the syllabus (five reports; see below). These reviews should be about 250 words (one page).

  4. Each student will write one paper (12-15 pp.) evaluating one of the new perspectives. It should be documented and include a bibliography, following a thesis format. It is due as indicated on the last day of class.

  5. Read in its entirety, Justification and the New Perspectives on Paul by Guy Prentiss Waters; and Fabricating Jesus by Craig A. Evans; and on each write a report of two pages (note from the calendar below the schedule of reading them and the date when the report is due).


D. REQUIRED TEXTS


1. Carson, D. A., et. al. Justification and Variegated Nomism. Vol. 2: The

Paradoxes of Paul. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004. Three of the following

chs: 1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12.

2. De Young, James B. Selected portions of “Exegetical Notes” on Galatians and

Romans (printed or electronic).

3. Evans, Craig A. Fabricating Jesus: How Modern Scholars Distort the Gospels.

Downers Grove: IVP, 2006.

4. Waters, Guy Prentiss. Justification and the New Perspectives on Paul: A

Review and Response. Phillipsburg, NJ: P & R Publishing, 2004.


E. SCHEDULE


Sept 2 Introduction to the course and to the issues involved. Introduction to the

Epistle to the Galatians. Read articles on the new perspectives on Paul (on “works of the law,” etc.) and the instructor’s (printed or CD) exegetical notes on Galatians 2:1-21, esp. 16-21; 3:1-29, esp. 10-14; 4:1-12, 21. Assignment for next time: view part of (one hour) “Peter and Paul” (3 ½ hour DVD).


Sept 16 Read articles on the new perspectives on Paul; report due.

Read exegetical notes on Rom. 1:5, 16-17; 2:6, 13-16, 17, 23, 25, 29;

3-4 (esp. 3:20-31; 4:1-5, 6-8, 9ff.);

Read Waters, ch. 1-4.


Sept 30 Read articles on the NPP; report due. Read exegetical notes on Rom. 5,

7, 9 (10-11?).

Read on Dunn’s view on the NPP for discussion and critique.

Read Waters, ch. 5-8.


Oct 14 Read arts. on the NPP.

Read Waters, ch. 9. Report on Waters due.

Read on Wright’s view on the NPP for discussion and critique.

Concluding discussion on the NPP centered around instructor’s papers

and chart.


Oct 28 Read Evans, chs. 1-4; and 100 pages of B. Ehrman, The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture; and/or Misquoting Jesus.

Read D. Wallace, “The Gospel According to Bart”; and report due.


Nov 11 Read Evans, chs. 5-11. Read R. Helms, Gospel Fictions, four of the nine

chaps.


Nov 25 ? Read Evans, Appendices, 1-2; report on Evans due. Read on the

Gospel of Judas (arts. supplied) and read Nicholas Perrin, “Thomas: The Fifth Gospel?” JETS 49/1 (2006): 67-80. Read additional 100 pages from the “resources” list for the new perspectives on the canon (below).


Dec 2 Read 100 pages from the “resources” list for the new perspectives on the

canon (below); report due.

Read F.F. Bruce, The Canon of Scripture (Downers Grove: IVP, 1988),

pp.117-251, 255-334

Conclusion of the course.

Term project paper due.


F. RESOURCES FOR THE NPP: BOOKS


A. Resources on Paul the Apostle.


Bruce, F.F. Paul Apostle of the Heart Set Free. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977.

Esp. chs. 15, 18, 29, 33, 36.


Dunn, James D. G. The Theology of Paul the Apostle. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,

1988. Esp. chs. 1, 6, 9, 14.


Ellis, E. Earle. Paul and His Recent Interpreters. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,

1961. He reviews what were topics of discussion prior to the new perspectives on Paul.


*Lightfoot, J.B. The Epistle of St. Paul to the Galatians. Grand Rapids:

Zondervan, 1967. Pp. 292-374.


Longenecker, Richard N. Paul Apostle of Liberty. New York: Harper & Row,

      1. Esp. chs. 4, 5, 6.


Sanders, E. P. Paul and Palestinian Judaism. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1977. Esp.

part V, and Conclusion.


Schreiner, Thomas R. Paul: Apostle of God’s Glory in Christ. Downers Grove:

IVP, 2001. Esp. chs. 1, 8, 12.


Westerholm, Stephen. Understanding Paul. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1997, 2004.

Esp. chs. 2, 5, 6, 7, 9.


Wright, N. T. Paul in Fresh Perspective. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2005.


_______. What Saint Paul Really Said. Was Paul of Tarsus the Real Founder of

Christianity? Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997.


    1. Resources on Justification


*Carson, D. A., et. al. Justification and Variegated Nomism. Grand Rapids:

Baker, 2001 (vol. 1) and 2004 (vol. 2: The Paradoxes of Paul).


McCormack, Bruce L. ed. Justification in Perspective: Historical Developments

and Contemporary Challenges. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2006.


Siefrid, Mark. Christ, Our Righteousness. Downers Grove: IVP, 2000.


Stuhlmacher, Peter. Revisiting Paul’s Doctrine of Justification: A Challenge to

the New Perspective. With an Essay by Donald A. Hagner. Downers Grove: IVP, 2001.


*Waters, Guy Prentiss. Justification and the New Perspectives on Paul: A

Review and Response. Phillipsburg, NJ: P & R Publishing, 2004.


C. Resources on Paul and the Law


*Das, A. Andrew. Paul, the Law, and the Coveanant. Peabody: Hendrickson,

2001.


Gathercole, Simon J. Where Is Boasting? Early Jewish Soteriology and Paul’s

Response in Romans 1-5. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002.


*Schreiner, Thomas R. The Law and Its Fulfillment: A Pauline Theology of Law.

Grand Rapids: Baker, 1993.


Thielman, Frank. Paul & the Law: A Contextual Approach. Downers Grove:

IVP, 1994.


VanLandingham, Chris. Judgment & Justification in Early Judaism and the

Apostle Paul. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2006.


Westerholm, Stephen. Israel’s Law and the Church’s Faith: Paul and His

Recent Interpreters. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988.


______. Perspectives Old and New on Paul: “The Lutheran” Paul and His

Critics. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004.


Wright, N. T. Jesus and the Victory of God. Christian Origins and the Question

of God. Vol. 2. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1966.


G. RESOURCES FOR THE NPP: ARTICLES AND CHAPTERS IN

BOOKS


A. Bibliographies


Smith, Jay E. “The New Perspective on Paul: A Select and Annotated

Bibliography.” CTR n.s. 2/2 (Spring 2005) 91-111.


Waters, Guy Prentiss. “Select and Annotated Chronological Bibliography.” In

Justification and the New Perspectives on Paul (Phillipsburg, NJ: P & R Publishing, 2004, pp. 213-237.


B. Book Reviews


Burk, Denny. Review of Justification—What’s at Stake in the Current Debates.

CTR 2/2 (Spring 2005) 113-120.



Das, A. Andrew. Review of Justification and Variegated Nomism. Vol. 2. JETS

48/4 (December 2005) 841-844.


Meek, James A. Review of Paul and the New Perspective: Second Thoughts on

the Origin of Paul’s Gospel. JETS 46/1 (March 2002) 131-133.


Turner, David L. Review of Justification and Variegated Nomism. Vol. 1. JETS

46/1 (March 2003) 126-127.


Waters, Guy Prentiss. Review of Where Is Boasting? Early Jewish Soteriology

and Paul’s Response in Romans 1-5 by Simon J. Gathercole. WTJ ??? 434-437.


C. “Works of the Law” (Gal. 2:16; 3:10; Rom. 3:20, 27-28.; etc.)


Carson, D. A. “Atonement in Romans 3:21-26.” In The Glory of the Atonement.

C. E. Hill & F. A. James, editors. Downers Grove: IVP, 2004. Pp. 119-139.



Catchpole, David. “Galatians 3:10-13: Crucifixion Curse and Resurrection

Freedom.” Chapter 19 in Interpreting the New Testament Text. Darrell L. Bock and Buist M. Fanning, editors. Wheaton: Crossway, 2006. Pp. 377-385.


Dumbrell, William J. “Remarks on the Interpretation of Paul and the Function of

Romans 3:20 in Its Context” RTR 64:3 (December, 2005) 135-146.


Dunn, James D. G. “Works of the Law and the Curse of the Law (Gal. 3.10-14).”

NTS 31 (1985) 523-542.


________. “Yet Once More—‘The Works of the Law’: A Response.” JSNT 46

(1992) 99-117.

Gordon, T. David. “Why Israel Did Not Obtain Torah-righteousness: A

Translation Note on Rom. 9:32.” WTJ 54 (1992) 163-166.


Gundry, Robert H. “Grace, Works, and Staying Saved in Paul.” Biblia 66 (1985)

1-38.


Hegg, Tim. “Can We Speak of ‘Law’ in the New Testament in Monolithic

Terms?” ETS paper, ETS regional, Tacoma, WA, 2006.


Moo, D. J. “Law, Works of the Law, and Legalism in Paul.” WTJ 45 (1983) 90-

100.


Quarles, Charles L. “The New Perspective and Means of Atonement in Jewish

Literature of the Second Temple Period.” CTR n.s. 2/2 (Spring 2005) 39-56.


Schreiner, Thomas R. “‘Works of Law’ in Paul.” NT 23/3 (1991) 217-244.


________. “Is Perfect Obedience to the Law Possible? A Re-examination of

Galatians 3:10.” JETS 27/2 (June 1984) 151-160.


________. “Did Paul Believe in Justification by Works? Another Look at

Romans 2.” BBR 3 (1993) 131-158.


________. “Israel’s Failure to Attain Righteousness in Romans 9:30-10:3.”

TrinJ 12ns (1991) 209-220.


________. “Paul’s View of the Law in Romans 10:4-5.” WTJ 55 (1993) 113-35.


D. Advocates of the New Perspectives on Paul


Dunn, James D. G. “The New Perspective on Paul.” BJRUL (Manchester, 1983).

Pp. 95-122.


Streett, R. Alan. “An Interview with N. T. Wright.” CTR n. s. 2/2 (Spring 2005)

5-11.


Wright, N. T. “Romans and the Theology of Paul.” In Pauline Theology, vol. 3,

pp. 30-67.


________. “The Law in Romans 2.” In Paul and the Mosaic Law. Ed. by James

D. G. Dunn. Pp. 131-150.


________. “New Exodus, New Inheritance: The Narrative Substructure of

Romans 3-8.” In Romans and the People of God. Sven Soderlund and N. T. Wright, eds. Pp. 26-35.


________. “On Becoming the Righteousness of God. 2 Corinthians 5:21.” In

Pauline Theology, vol. 3, pp. 200-208.


E. Evaluation of the New Perspectives on Paul


Hafemann, S. J. “Paul and His Interpreters.” The Dictionary of Paul and His

Letters.


Seifrid, Mark A. “The ‘New Perspective on Paul’ and Its Problems.” Themelios

25/2 (February 2000) 4-18.


_______. “Blind Alleys in the Controversy over the Paul of History.” Tyn Bull.

(1994) 73-95.



Streett, R. Alan. “An Interview with Martin Hengel.” CTR n. s. 2/2 (Spring

2005) 13-15.


F. History of the New Perspectives on Paul


Garlington, Don. “The New Perspective on Paul: An Appraisal Two Decades

Later.” CTR n.s. 2/2 (Spring 2005) 17-38.


Karlberg, Mark W. “The Search for an Evangelical Consensus on Paul and the

Law.” JETS 40/4 (December 1997) 563-579.


Moo, Douglas. “Paul and the Law in the Last Ten Years.” Scot. Journ. of Theol.

40: 287-307.


O’Brien, P. T. “Justification in Paul and Some Crucial Issues of the Last Two

Decades.”


Talbert, Charles H. “Paul, Judaism, and the Revisionists.” CBQ 63 (2001) 1-22.


  1. Review of the Meaning of Justification and the “faith of Jesus”



Carson, D. A. “Reflections on Salvation and Justification in the New Testament.”

JETS 40/4 (December 1997) 581-608.


_______. “The Vindication of Imputation.” In Justification: What’s at Stake in

the Current Debate? Edited by Mark Husbands and Daniel Treier. Downers Grove: IVP, 2004.


Choi, Hung-Sik. “PISTIS in Galatians 5:5-6: Neglected Evidence for the

Faithfulness of Christ.” JBL 124/3 (2005) 467-490.


Dodd, Brian. “Romans 1:17—a Crux Interpretum for the PISTIS CRISTOU

Debate?” JBL 114:3 (Fall, 1995) 470-473.


Heckel, Matthew C. “Is R. C. Sproul Wrong about Martin Luther? An Analysis

of R. C. Sproul’s Faith Alone: The Evangelical Doctrine of Justification with Respect to Augustine, Luther, Calvin, and Catholic Luther Scholarship.” JETS 47/1 (March 2004) 89-120.


Henry, Carl F. H. “Justification: A Doctrine in Crisis.” JETS 38/1 (March 1995)

57-65.


Smith, Robert. “A Critique of the ‘New Perspective’ on Justification.” RTR 58

(1999) 98-113.


________. “Justification in ‘the New Perspective on Paul.’” RTR 58 (1999) 16-

30.


Yarnell, Malcolm. “Christian Justification: A Reformation and Baptist View.”

CTR n.s. 2/2 (Spring 2005) 71-89.


H. Review of E. P. Sanders, Dunn, and Wright


Gavin, Richard B. “Paul the Theologian.” WTJ 62 (2000) 121-41.



Schreiner, Thomas R. “Paul and Perfect Obedience to the Law: An Evaluation of

the View of E. P. Sanders.” WTJ 47 (1985) 245-278.


_______. Review of “James D. G. Dunn. The Theology of Paul the Apostle.

Trin Jour 20 (1999) 95-100.


Silva, Moises. “The Law and Christianity: Dunn’s New Synthesis.” WTJ 53

(1991) 339-353.


Thielman, Frank. “Paul As Jewish Christian Theologian: The Theology of Paul

in the Magnum Opus of James D. G. Dunn.” Perspectives in Religious Studies 25 (1998) 381-87.


I. The Future of the New Perspective


Bird, Michael F. “When the Dust Finally Settles: Coming to a Post-New

Perspective Perspective.” CTR n. s. 2/2 (Spring 2005) 57-69.


J. Recent Defense and Criticism of New Perspectives on Romans 1-7


Das, A. Andrew. “Beyond Covenantal Nomism: Paul’s Reconceptualization of

Grace and the Law.” Paper delivered to the hermeneutics study group, the Evangelical Theological Society, Washington, D.C., Nov. 17, 2006.


Garlington, Don. “A ‘New Perspective’ Reading of Central Texts in Romans 1-

4.” Paper delivered to the hermeneutics study group, the Evangelical Theological Society, Washington, D.C., Nov. 17, 2006.


K. The Meaning of the Law for Today, for Believers and Unbelievers


Bruce, F. F. “What the Law Could Not Do.” Chap. 18 in Paul: Apostle of the

Heart Set Free (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977), 188-202.


Chismar, Douglas E. and David A. Rausch. “Regarding Theonomy: An Essay of

Concern.” JETS 27/3 (September 1984) 315-323.


Kaiser, Walter J. “God’s Promise Plan and His Gracious Law.” JETS 33/3

(September 1990) 289-302.


­­­­­­­________. “The Old Testament Law and New Testament Believers.” Ch.

19 in Toward Old Testament Ethics (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1983), 307-314.


Magnuson, Roger J. “Law: The Harness and the Guidepost.” Christian Legal

Society Quarterly 6/1: 6-11.


Moo, Douglas J. “‘Law,’ ‘Works of the Law,’ and Legalism in Paul.” WTJ 45

(1983) 73-100.


_______. “The Law of Moses or the Law of Christ.” Ch. 9 in Continuity

and Discontinuity. 203-218; 373-376.


Stack, Paul, et. al. “What Is Law?: A Study in the Formation of a Legal System.”

Christian Legal Society Quarterly 6/2: 17-21.


RECENT ADDITIONS


H. RESOURCES FOR THE NEW PERSPECTIVES ON THE CANON


Bruce, F.F. Jesus & Christian Origins Outside the New Testament. Grand Rapids:

Eerdmans, 1974.


______. The Canon of Scripture. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1988.


Ehrman, Bart D. Lost Scriptures: Books That Did Not Make It into the New Testament.

Oxford: University, 2003.


________. Lost Christianities.


________. The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture: The Effect of Early Christological Controversies on the Text of the New Testament. Oxford: Oxford University, 1993.


_______. Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why. San Francisco: Harper, 2005.


Elliott, J.K., ed. The Apocryphal Jesus: Legends of the Early Church. Oxford:

Oxford University, 1996.


Evans, Craig A. Fabricating Jesus: How Modern Scholars Distort the Gospels.

Downers Grove: IVP, 2006.


_______. Noncanonical Writings and New Testament Interpretation. Peabody:

Hendrickson, 1992.


Finegan, Jack. Hidden Records of the Life of Jesus. Philadelphia: Pilgrim, 1969.


Helms, Randel. Gospel Fictions. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1988.


Hennecke, Edgar. New Testament Apocrypha. Ed. Wilhelm Schneemelcher; trans. R.

McL. Wilson. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1963. 2 vols.


Jones, Timothy Paul. Misquoting Truth: A Guide to the Fallacies of Bart Ehrman’s

Misquoting Jesus. Downers Grove: IVP, 2007.


Layton, Bentley. The Gnostic Scriptures: Ancient Wisdom for the New Age. New

York: Doubleday, 1987.


Robinson, James M., ed. The Nag Hammadi Library. Revised. San Francisco: Harper &

Row, 1988.


PREPARATION FOR THE COURSE


1. Begin reading the required texts.


2. Begin reading the exegetical notes on Galatians and Romans.





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