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|Body of the automobile such as "хэтчбек", closed two-volumetric, пятидверный, bearing(carrying) конструк-ции. The case of a body represents свар-ную, a not folding design with power(force) an ale cops of box-shaped section, to which at варены panels and cross-beams of the basis (floor), the panel of a roof 14, back wings 19, брызгови-ки wheels 1 and 17, cross partitions, amplifiers that provides to a body required rigidity and durability. Before wind a stack the breakage is the demountable panel And under which it is established стеклоочиститель. To demountable дета-лям lateral doors 12 and 13, a door задка 16. panel задка external (from plastic), facing of a radiator (from plastic), before ний and back buffers (from plastic), внут-ренние intensifying edges of a roof and a cover лю-ка a back right wing concern as forward wings 6, ка-sweat 10. All details of a body are stamped from тонколистовой малоуглероди-cost(stand) became thickness 0,7.. .. 0,9 mm, and especially loaded - from thicker sheet of thickness ной 1,2 mm. Fastening of demountable details of a body is made by bolts. Loops of lobbies and back of them of doors are welded by arc welding, непод-вижные parts on racks боковины, mobile to doors. Both links of loops are connected among themselves by an axis executed as the cartridge from a steel spring tape. Accuracy of installation of a door in an aperture of a body is provided техно-логией assembly. Such design навески doors excludes necessity of adjustment during the significant period of operation. Details of internal furnish of a body, отформо-bathing from plastic, demountable; fasten faults тами and plastic percussion caps. For повыше-ния comfortablenesses of the automobile преду-смотрено the following equipment: - the system of forced ventilation of the body, allowing on to give fresh air in interior: - system you тяжной ventilation of the body, sucking away a cart spirit from interior at movement; - a heater for heating interior; - A ware box with подсвет-кой, located in a niche of the panel of devices: - electric прикуриватель with the automatic switch; - ashtrays: one in the panel of devices, the second in a casing of a floor: - hand-rail with hooks for clothes above apertures of doors: - pockets for fine things in формованной upholster ке forward doors: - plafonds with софитными the lamps, located on a ceiling in area of average racks of a body; - a plafond of illumination ба-гажного branches: - подкапотная a lamp, races put on a cowl: - a four-band radio receiver: - adjustable lobbies сиде-нья. CONSTRUCTIVE SAFETY of BODY Важ-нейшее the requirement to a design of a body is providing safety of passengers спо-собность elements of a design to absorb energy of impact without essential deformation of interior. Automobiles of styles. 2141-01, 21412-01 and 214122 there correspond(meet) to the international norms and rules on safety ЕЭК the United Nations. The circuit де-at frontal impact in a concrete wall is shown a formation on fig. 3. For increase ак-тивной and passive safety in a body outside of сены the following elements: - external atop ность a body has no sharp corners, sides and ledges: - external handles are sunk заподли-цо with panels of doors; - the external lateral mirror of a back kind is adjusted from within bodies: - the internal mirror of a back kind is supplied with the device against blinding све-volume of headlights going behind the automobile: - the windscreen such as "triplex" has raised(increased) a moustache тойчивость against destruction, does not give опас-ных sharp splinters in case of damage; - lateral glasses and glass of a door задка it tempered ные, do not give dangerous splinters in case of times рушения; - glass of a door задка is supplied токо-with heating: - a windscreen and lateral a stack ла are blown by warm air; - adjustable seats, which form уменьша-ет fatigue of the driver and passengers are established at long trips: - the body is equipped эф-фективной with system of ventilation and heating: - The cowl is supplied with the safety device interfering full opening of a cowl during movement at casual opening of bases ного of the lock of a cowl; - on the automobile установ-лены plastic энерголо-глощающие буфе-ры; - стеклоочиститель has two speeds and besides can work in faltering ре-a press: - is present electric смыватель вет-рового glasses; - the automobile is equipped ава-рийной with the signal system: - the interior of a body is supplied soft энергопоглощающими with upholsteries: - авто-мобиль it is equipped diagonal'no-zone инер-ционными with seat belts; - at фрон-тальном impact the steering column develops, that reduces consequences травмирования drive теля about a steering wheel: - latches of locks бо-ковых doors are executed in such a manner that at possible(probable) impact locks do not open also doors do not swing open. |
1. A mudguard of a forward wheel external.
2. A cross-beam of a motor compartment bottom.
3. The rack of a motor compartment average.
4. A longeron of a frame.
5. A cross-beam of a motor compartment top.
6. A wing forward.
7. A mudguard of a forward wheel internal.
8. A partition of a board передка.
9. Kerchiefs of a partition.
10. A cowl.
11. The panel передка external.
12. A door a lobby.
13. A door back.
14. A roof in gathering with a window.
15. The panel боковины internal.
16. A door задка.
17. Mudguards in gathering.
18. The panel задка bottom.
19. A wing back.
21. A floor back.
22. A floor forward.
23. The panel боковины a motor compartment.
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