Current state region report




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MARINA PROJECT

WP-2

CURRENT STATE REGION REPORT


Synthesis Report


Regions: Lower Austria, Ionian Sea, Province of Cagliari, Rogaland, Adriatic Sea, Province of Alicante and South Sweden


Countries: Austria, Greece, Italy, Norway, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden



  1. An overviwe of the marine tourism: Statistics and facts about the current situation in every region

  2. Foreign tourists in these regions

  3. Marine tourism: Describing the sector from the point of view of the Demand

  4. The activities offered and company types in the marine tourism sector: Describing the sector from the Supply side

  5. Current language learning opportunities for low skilled workers

  6. Local web resources on marine tourism

  7. Bibliography



Of one defines marine tourism as “a temporary short-term movement of people to destinations outside their normal environment and activities within a marine setting”, economic expediency however dictates that the marine tourism sector has to be defined more explicitly along traditional economic lines and it thus includes activities such as ocean and coastal water transport, hotel and restaurants, island and beach resorts, sea sports and recreation (see Greek Report).


Therefore as stated in the Austrian Report, the marine tourism industry includes a diverse range of businesses. One can differentiate between small, middle and large scale providers. Marc Orams (1999) defines the marine tourism industry as follows:


“Those directly associated with marine tourism include small, one-person operations such as charter fishing boat operators, sea-kayak tour guides and scuba-diving instructors. They also include moderate-sized private companies like whale-watch cruise operators and charter-yacht companies, and large, multinational corporations such as cruise-ship companies. An even greater number of businesses are indirectly associated with marine tourism. Examples include boat maintenance shops, coastal resorts, scuba tank-fill shops, wind­surfer rental agencies, fishing equipment suppliers, island ferry services, souvenir collectors, artists and even rubbish collectors.” (Orams 1999)


For the purpose of this report we would only focus on companies directly associated with marine tourism. For further information about companies and activities indirectly associated with marine tourism see the National Reports.



  1. An overviwe of the marine tourism: Statistics and facts about the current situation in every region

Lower Austria, Austria

No country is associated more closely with the Danube than Austria. The longest river of the European Union originates in the Black Forrest in Germany and flows eastwards for a distance of approximately 2850 kilometres. It passes through four Central and Eastern European capitals, including Austria, before emptying into the Black Sea via the Danube Delta in Romania and Ukraine. Austria’s marine tourism thus mainly concentrates on the Danube and partly on the Austrian lakes.


The tourism and leisure industry plays a vital role in Austrian economy. According to “Statistik Austria”, the Austrian statistical office, the overall annual turnover achieved in Austrian tourism is around 30 billion Euro with the majority of guests coming from abroad. The Austrian tourism sector altogether employs some 500,000 people. In terms of the per capita income in foreign currency from tourism, Austria ranks at second place worldwide, only surpassed by Cyprus and followed by Island at third place. Although marine tourism is a flourishing tourism sector in Austria, no systematic data coverage is provided by Statistik Austria. A first impression about size and structure of the Austrian marine sector gives the study on “Employment Trends in all Sectors related to the Sea or using Sea Resources” conducted by the European Commission DG Fisheries and Maritime Affaires in cooperation with the consultancy firm ECOTEC in 2006: 960 individuals were employed in the Austrian recreational boating industry in 2003. 6% of them worked in the boat building sector, 28% were marine equipment manufactures and the majority, namely 66% were employed in trade and service.


There are numerous ports (receiving cruise liners) and marinas – sometimes locations are both at the same time - along the Danube, i.e. in Upper Austria, Lower Austria and the Vienna region. Many of them are rather small and unknown, which makes it hard to estimate the total number of employees or people working on a freelance seasonal basis. According to ORF NÖ (Austrian Broadcasting of Lower Austria) there are about 300 individuals employed as dock workers at Austria’s inland ports in 2010. The main ports/marinas are Linz, Ennshafen, Krems, Grein, Wien (the biggest, including several marinas), Korneuburg and Tulln. This report will focus in Lower Austria, situated in the east of Austria (around Vienna) and the largest of altogether nine Austrian federal states (provinces)




Figure 1: Map of Austria

The Ionian Sea, Greece

The second country considered in this paper, Greece, is undoubtedly one of the very few countries in the world that is strongly associated with the sea. It has a coastline of 13,780 km including 6,000 islands and islets that make up around half of the country’s coastline. Out of the Greek population, 33 % lives in coastal cities or villages not more than 2 km from the coast.


Beyond its merchant fleet which is considered as one of the biggest in the world, and the fisheries and aquaculture sector, which is also very important, tourism and shipping are important pillars of the Greek economy. In 2005 the number of passengers who transited through these ports amounted to 86 million.

In 2007 the number of foreign tourists that visited Greece amounted to 13.592.920. The country is ranked 15th worldwide as a tourist destination. Tourism contributes more than 18% to the annual Gross National Product (GNP), generating approximately 20% of employment and contributing substantially to regional development.


The present report does not focuses on a certain Geek administrative region. Rather it provides a general survey on the situation on marine tourism in the Ionian Sea from the point of view of the most popular sailing routes.





Figure 2: Map of Greece Figure 3: The Ionian Sea


The province of Cagliary, Italy

In the Italian province of Cagliary in Sardinia, the most relevant fact is the continuous increase of the number of tourist arriving to this region. In 2009, from January to August, the total amount of arrivals, more Italian tourists than foreigners, reached the 485,185 (+5.54% compared to 2008) and the presences were 2,341,416 (+3.46%)


Following the trends of the medium period, the ‘’explosion’’ of green tourism is being noticed, +223.8% the number of the beds in agrotourism from 1998 until 2008, and the continuous increase of the cruises, regarding that Italy is the first country of passengers on-board (1.7 million in 2008). The numbers of the receptive Italian offer, that counts more than 34.000 hotels and more than 100.000 complementary exercises, put in the light the economic significance of tourism which give job, directly or indirectly, to 2.5 million persons, equal to 10.6% of the total amount of the employees.




Figure 4: Map of Sardinia


Rogaland (Ryfylke), Norway

The forth European region to examine is placed in Norway. In Ryfylke 28,500 people share a vast area. The closest towns and cities are Sandnes, Stavanger and Haugesund. The region has six municipalities: Forsand, Strand, Finnøy, Hjelmeland, Suldal and Sauda.  Fishing and farming have long been important livelihoods along the fjords of Ryfylke, but the region also has a proud industrial story to tell. Chapters include hydropower development in Sauda, mining, forestry and modern aquaculture.


Figure 5: Map of Rogaland


The Adriatic Sea, Slovenia

Slovenia has three international border passes for international maritime traffic. These are: Koper, Piran in Izola. Slovenia has 46.6 Km coastal line. Maritime passenger transport in the country is underdeveloped. Slovenia does not have a passenger terminal for the landing of larger ones ships.


This country has three marinas (Izola, Portorož, Koper) and one port (Koper). During the summer there are some loval ports (mandrac) available. Marine infrastructure provides high quality services for tourists in Slovenia, who come by boats and other vessels. Nautical tourism is the fastest growing and most profitable industry in coastal tourism. Well-equipped marinas are real tourist centers, which contain all elements of the tourism (hotel, restaurant, shopping, touring, stationary tourism). Slovenian marinas are well equipped and provide high quality services. Given the trends of development of nautical tourism, the strategic plan for direction and development of Slovenian tourism sees as appropriate to encourage further development of marinas on the Slovenian coast. According to the strategy it is important to develop successful marketing, which would increase visibility of maritime tourism and would create a joint marketing of the mark nautical tourism.





Figure 6: Map of Slovenia


The Province of Alicante Spain

The Region of Valencia (also called Comunidad Valenciana), located East of Spain, is divided into three provinces (from North to South): Castellón, Valencia and Alicante. It is the last mentioned in the list, Alicante, the one where we will focus this report. Alicante is the most tourist province with over 218 kilometres of coastline and owing 55% of total hotels of the Valencia Region (Conselleria de Turisme 2008).Costa Blanca is the tourist brand that identifies the province of Alicante. 2,800 hours of sunshine per year, a privileged climate and a warm sea have been the main attractions for our millions of visitors for decades” (Costa Blanca 2010)





Figure 7: Map of the Province of Alicante


Tourism in the Region of Valencia, Spain, has experienced significant growth in recent years, making tourist activity one of the main levers of the Valencian economy, currently contributing 13% of the Region's GDP and generating close to 13% of total employment, with around 300,000 jobs (IMPACTUR 2008).

According to the Report El Sector Náutico en España (ANEN 2009), Spain has 323 sailing clubs and marinas and 126,963 moorings, where 15.4% are located in the Valencia Region (Cámara Valencia 2008). The 24 sailing clubs and 11 marinas on the Costa Blanca have a total of 10.637 moorings (Patronato de Turismo de la Costa Blanca 2008). The Report Estudio Económico del Sector de la Náutica de Recreo (Collado 2007) concluded that nautical tourism represents the 0.13% of the Spanish Gross Domestic Product (GDP) which is € 5,536 million. In terms of employment, this sector creates 15,000 direct jobs in Spain, and the amount reaches 113,737 when considering direct and indirect jobs.

One interesting ratio to look at is the proportion of inhabitants per mooring and Spanish region with sea. Baleares Islands is the region with less number of inhabitants per each mooring (only 50) it could also be put it this way: Baleares is the region with more moorings per inhabitant. The ratio at the Valencia Region is 269 inhabitants per mooring.

South Sweden, Sweden

There are some 720,000 private boats in Sweden and they have their home port in some of over 1,500 marinas, of which 500 are classified as a guest ports. National. The most common place for overnights are natural ports and access to them is important for Sweden popularity of boat-tourism.


About 2/3 of the marinas are situated in the southern half of the country, both at the seaside and inland. There is also a number of shipping companies who are transporting people with ferries to other countries, mostly Finland, Balticum, Poland and Germany. Tourism in this sector has increased over the years, much depending on the continuous improvements of facilities in the marinas, and in 2005 the marinas had 1.656.909 tourists visiting, of them 35% (580,000) where tourists from other countries than Sweden. The west coast of Sweden has the greatest increase and most of the guests (tourists) are coming from Germany (70,000) and Denmark (49,000) and Norway (46,000). Almost half of the boating tourism is located to the western part of Sweden where also the majority of the marinas are located.





Figure 8: Map of South Sweden



  1. Foreign tourists in these regions

Lower Austria

Figures provided by “Statistik Austria” show that, as in most regions of Austria, numbers of overnight stays are continuously rising in Lower Austria. The average duration of stay is approximately 3 days. Every year, more than 50% of turnover in Lower Austria’s tourism is achieved within a period of 5 months only (May to September). This is due to the fact that there are considerably fewer skiing resorts and facilities for winter sports than in other areas of Austria (especially regions in the west and south of Austria). Tourism in Lower Austria is mainly focused on active holiday making in summer, culture tourism and, increasingly, fitness and health tourism.


Unlike in most other parts of Austria, there are still more Austrians than foreign tourists coming to Lower Austria. Among the more “traditional” countries where tourists come from to spend their holiday in Austria, there are an increasing number of guests from the UK, Italy, the Netherlands and Holland choosing the region of Lower Austria. At the same time it is, like in the rest of the country, particularly countries belonging to central and (former) Eastern Europe (Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland and Slovenia) that represent the most growing market for tourism in Lower Austria.


The Ionian Sea

Greece comes in the 15th place in the world classification of tourist destinations, receiving 14,179,999 tourists in 2002 (National Statistical Service of Greece, provisional data). The major part (94.3%) are originating from Europe (68.9% from the EU15). By plane came 73.6% of foreign tourists, by sea 5.6%, by road 20.1% and by train 0.6%.


The main transit points in the area are: the international ports of Igoumenitsa and Patras and the airports of Aktion (Preveza and lefkas island), Corfu, and Araxos (Patras), as well as the airports on the islands of Zakynthos and Kefallonia.

Yet, the majority of foreign tourists visiting Corfu arrive by charter flights. During the period between May and October there are numerous flights to Corfu airport from all the major UK cities, from Germany, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Holland, Czech Republic, and recently Russia (representing 11% of the total tourists arrivals in Greece). Almost 12% of the beds available in the entire Greece are found in Corfu. Majority of tourists come from UK, Germany. There si also a high percentage of Italians and French (sea routes), Nordic Countries and the Netherlands.


The Province of Cagliary

From January to August 2009, the total amount of arrivals (more Italian tourists than foreigners) reached the 485.185 (+5.5% compared to 2008) and the presences were 2.341.416 (+3.5%), in a clear countertrend as regards Italy and with a real boom of the foreign tourists (+21.6% and +10%), in the lead the Germans (+10%), second place for the English people (although they have a fall they reached the 17.5%), the French (+38.5%) and Spanish (+93.5%).


The data confirm that the foreign tourists in Italy are most of all Germans, English and Americans (together weight more than the 40% of the foreign presences), while the Italians that travel off Italian limits choose France, Spain and the USA (constitute together more than the ¼ of the total of the outgoing overnight stays). The most popular destinations of the Italians and foreigners are Rome (23.7 million presences in 2007), Venice (8.5 million in 2008) and Rimini (7.5 million in 2008).

In the first six months of 2009 there was an increase of foreign tourists in Sardinia (more than 51.000 tourists than the same period of the previous year). The increase percentage is up to 21%. Moreover, the tourists have spent more: 519 Euros per person on the average with an increase up to 2%. Tourists spend more but decide to have small holidays. On the average, the foreigners’ permanence was 5-6 days, almost 2 days less compared to the previous year.


Rogaland (Ryfylke)

According to the Norwegian Institute of transport economy, the number of foreign tourists increased last year with 1%, 4.3 million foreign guests visited Norway in 2009, which again resulted in 28.3 million guest days in the hotel and guesthouse sector. Cruise passenger visits increased by 13%.

The biggest increase in tourists came from Sweden, Germany and Holland, and the biggest reduction from Poland, Japan and USA. The expectations for 2010 are positive with an expected increase of 1 to 3%.


The Adriatic Sea

The Slovenian coast with its three main municipalities (Koper, Izola, Piran) represents the main tourist region in Slovenia. Among them Piran (with Portorož as the main tourist resort centre) predominates in numbers of tourist arrivals.

Structure of tourists that come to Slovenia is generally speaking stable. Most guests traditionally come from Italy, Germany Austria and Croatia. When Slovenia became a member of EU in 2004 there was a significant rise in the number of guests from EU countries.


The Province of Alicante

In 2008, 5.655.800 of foreign tourists visited the region of Valencia, 15.4% more than in 2004 (Conselleria Turisme 2009), 70% of those had the Province of Alicante as a tourist destination. The foreign tourist market share for this region shows that 43% come from the United Kingdom, 12% from France, 9% from the Nordic Countries, 6% from the Netherlands and 23% from other countries.

Attending to the reasons why they came to valencia Region: the vast majority, 82.3% do it for leisure, and the average number of days they stay is 12.1.

South Sweden

According to the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), global international travel rose by 4.5 percent in 2006. For Europe, the increase was 4%. The number of foreign overnight stays at Swedish hotels, Holiday villages, Youth hostels and Camp sites increased by almost 9 percent. As a destination, Sweden therefore achieved a greater increase than the rest of the world in 2006. Since 1991, foreign tourism to Sweden, measured in terms of foreign overnight stays, has grown by 95%. According to the UNWTO, global international travel has grown by 90% during the same period. For Europe, the increase was 75%.


Summer 2007 gave a total of 10.8 million nights spent at hotels, holiday villages and youth hostels. The summer months (June to August) normally account for almost 35%

of the total volumes for the year measured by number of nights spent in hotels, holiday villages and youth hostels, but for only 26.4% of total accommodation revenue. In general, the summer months always mean an increase in leisure travel, while business trips, which generate more revenue, decrease. During 2007, volumes increased every summer month. June was the month which showed the most growth, in both absolute and relative terms.



  1. Marine tourism: Describing the sector from the point of view of the demand



Lower Austria

The Danube and inland navigation have been connected ever since. Many different ship types cruise the river, among others day trip boats, sailboats, yachts, cruise liners, cargo boats and motor boats. The Danube is one of the oldest and most important European trade routes. Today, more than 100 hotel ships offering multi-day cruises between Passau, Vienna, Budapest and the Black Sea and a huge number of international cargo boats as well as numerous day trip boats frequent the Danube on a daily basis. Austria owns about 190 inland navigation vessels.

The number of passengers attending cruises is increasing constantly. In 2002, 119,000 passengers were counted between Passau and Budapest, in 2003, 130,000 passengers participated in Danube cruises. In 2004, more than 90 cruise liners frequented the Danube, carrying 150,000 passengers. In 2005 and 2006, 100 cabin-ships were counted, in 2007 the number increased to 105. In 2008, 109 ships carried 214,000 passengers between Passau and Budapest (Die Donau – Faszination eines Flusses/The Danube: A River’s Lure 2010).


Another important tourism factor is cycling. According to a study conducted by Zolles & Edlinger GmbH in cooperation with the Danube Tourist Commission “Die Donau” in 2010, more than 200,000 tourists cycle the Austrian passage of the Danube Cycle Route every year. The majority of cycling guests in Austria comes from Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland and Denmark.


The Ionian Sea

The Ionian is one of the most important areas for yacht charters the east Mediterranean Sea. The aquamarine waters and the green all around coasts are the most indicative aspects of the Ionian Islands and the coast of Western Greece. The Ionian is among the best destinations for both sailing and motor boats. Winds are not strong in the area and the routes suggested can provide a convenient trip even to particularly small boats. In general, the region’s weather is favorable all the year round, with temperatures being rather high, varying from 20 to 32 centigrades.


The most popular sailing routes in the Ionian Sea:

  • the well known International Ionian Week (also known as the Ionian Rally), which takes place in the Ionian Sea during the first days of August and and is organized every year, by Patras' Sailing Club or Corfu's Sailing Club, alternatively.

  • the routes suggested by the yacht charters providers (i.e http://www.sunyachting.gr/yacht-charter-ionian-sailing.html)


Rogaland (Ryfylke) (not available data)


The Adriatic Sea

In 2003 the three marinas operated on the Slovene coast with joint capacity of 1,365 berths in the water (without municipal berths). Their total area under water was 183,000 square metres. There were 6,853 vessels registered; of these 1,638 vessels for which contracts for longer keeping were made (registered as permanent vessels) and 5,215 transitionally moored vessels. 1,453 vessels in Slovene marinas were put on land and 5,400 were moored in the sea.

In the structure of the guests in marinas Slovenian, Italian, German and Austrian guests prevail: Of the vessels moored in the sea, 27% were sailing under the flag of Italy, followed by 23% from Slovenia, 21% from Germany and 13% from Austria. There were a lot fewer vessels sailing under other flags; 2% of vessels were sailing under the flag of France and Croatia and about 1% under the flags of the UK, The Netherlands, Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries together http://www.stat.si/doc/statinf/21-SI-079-0401.pdf


For 2004, The Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia published the same information about three marinas and the same capacity of berths in water. The structure of the guests slightly changed: Slovenian boats predominate: 27% of boats were sailing under the flag of Slovenia, followed by 26% from Italy, 20% from Germany and 13% from Austria. http://www.stat.si/doc/statinf/21-SI-079-0501.pdf


In recent years, the number of vessels in marinas has stabilised. Those who come from Italy, Germany and Austria still predominate. Compared to 2007 in 2008 the number of vessels moored in Slovene marinas in the sea or on land increased about 6%. In 2008 there were 7,774 vessels registered in the Slovene marinas: 2,053 vessels in marinas were put on land and 5,721 vessels were moored in the sea.

The Province of Alicante

One indicator that could be used in order to measure the Marine Tourism in Alicante is the number of passengers arriving to our Sea Ports. According to Puertos del Estado (2006), Alicante received a total of 362,654 in year 2006.

If we are interested in how many of these visitors are from foreign countries, according to National Institute of Statistics (INE 2006) Alicante had 318.000 of foreign tourist arriving to its Sea Port in 2006, which represents 86% of total number of passengers arriving to Alicante. Main nationalities are: Algerian, French, English, Italian and Nordic countries.


South Sweden

There are over 1,500 marinas in Sweden, of which 500 are classified
as guest ports. National Society Marinas Sweden is in the classification of customer ports along the Swedish coast, the lakes and channels.

The most common place for overnights are natural ports and access to them is important for Swedens popularity of boat-tourism.


The number of guest nights ports in Sweden decreased by 5.9 percent during the summer of 2008. Total number of nights in guest ports in 2008 was 534,267, representing 1,549,372 persons and overnight stays. Of these was 657,518 overnight stays on foreign boats, which means a reduction of about 4.5 percent. The number of foreign nights was 232,938 in 2008. As foreign boats have only the boats with foreign flags been counted. The foreign boat nights in guest ports was amount to 43.6 per cent in 2008 and thus increased slightly compared with 2007. The number of boats of the German flag was 99,908 (+10.8%), with a Danish 63,577 (-17%), with Norway 17,096 (-14.1%) and number of Finnish flag was 10,151 (-32.5%).



  1. The activities offered and company types in the marine tourism sector: Describing the sector from the Supply side



Lower Austria

The structures of tourism in Lower Austria are particularly characterized by micro, small and medium enterprises. The majority of businesses in the field of gastronomy and accommodation are family owned and/or run, operating teams in many cases do not exceed numbers of three to four.

Several companies offer cruises on the Danube. From April until October, boat trips run up to three times a day either downstream or upstream. In Lower Austria, most cruises connect the cities of Melk and Krems in the Wachau. There are also longer tours which start from Vienna and lead to Wachau, or vice versa. The route Vienna – Bratislava is also very popular. Most companies offer theme journeys too, for example the Frühschoppenfahrt (morning meal trip) or the Wachauer Tanzfahrt (dancing trip) (source: Donau Niederösterreich, www.donau.com).

At regular intervals, there are both public and private marinas as well as pleasure craft harbours along the Danube:

Danube kilometre Type of facility


  • km 2208,3 R habour Kasten

  • km 2197,7 L pleasure craft harbour Schattental

  • km 2194,5 L jetty Niederranna

  • km 2187,2 R marina Schlögen

  • km 2177,7 L jetty at the outlet of the Kleine Mühl

  • km 2168,1 L jetty at the outlet of the Große Mühl

  • km 2159,8 marina Landshaag; cruiser club Kachlet

  • km 2157,1 R marina Brandstatt

  • km 2144,2 L Donauhof Ottensheim

  • km 2134,6 R No.1, Linz Brucknerhaus, marinas for

yachts and

pleasure crafts

  • km 2131,8 R winter harbour Linz

cruiser club Nibelungen

ASKÖ water sports club Linz

  • km 2129,8 R marina Linz of MYC Nibelungen

  • km 2124,0 L marina Steyregg

cruiser club Steyregg

  • km 2112,4 L jetty Mauthausen

  • km 2108,8 R jetty of SC St. Pantaleon-Erla

  • km 2108,5 L jetty of the marina Aistmündung

  • km 1926,3 R marina „Marina“ Vienna

  • km 1926,3 R ship’s master school

  • km 1908,4 R jetty at the Fischamender back water

  • km 1883,5 R jetty at the Johler back water

  • km 1883,8 R No. 30, jetty for yachts and pleasure crafts,

Hainburg


The Ionian Sea

The main marinas in the area:

  • Gouvia Marina, Corfu

Gouvia Marina, the first privately owned marina in Greece, is situated about 6 kilometres from the town of Corfu and 7 kilometres from the International Airport. Its maximum capacity is 1235 berths.

  • Lefkas Marina, Lefkas

The marina, possibly one of the most modern marinas of the Mediterranean, has been operating since 2002. The total capacity is 620 yachts of up to 45 meters in length and 4 meters draught.  Moreover, there are dry docking facilities for approximately 280 boats. The infrastructure, the installations, the hospitality and the services being provided by the marina are of a very high standard, satisfying even the most demanding customer.

  • Cleopatra Marina, Aktio, Preveza

The marina is located in the Aktion peninsula, in the heart of the Ionian, just 1.5 km to Aktion airport and very close to the city of Preveza and the island of Lefkada, and offers all services and facilities necessary for those boarding the boats.

The marina has a mooring capacity of 100 boats of length up to 30 m. The mooring is on floating piers (4 m wide), while anchoring is with mooring lines. The marina offers full services to 1.000 boats, and is Greece’s largest dry docking unit.

  • Preveza Marine Ionion

The marine has a capacity of 270 boats (http://www.prevezamarine.gr)

  • Messolongi Marina

Messolonghi Marina currently has 100 berths. From 2010, there  will be 250, including berths for yachts over 35 metres. After completion in 2011 you can chose from 380 berths, including space for  yachts up to 80 meters.

  • Patras Marina

Patras Marina currently has 450 berths. Yet, only 50 of them are available for transitors. (http://www.patrasport.gr/)


The Province of Cagliary

In Sardinia there are 36 ports. Private Marinas and small ports with almost 9,000/12,000 places for the boats and with many services. http://sardegna.ilportolano.it/news-4/turismo_nautico_in_sardegna_ambiente_parchi_meteo_e_sicurezza.aspx


Italian lakes are, for Germans, English, Dutch and French people, that represent the 75% of the annual visitors, the preferred resort for vacations. Lately, spending holidays near to lakes, has become a habit for Italians as well.


Sardinia offers a variety of natural sceneries that adapt perfectly to sport disciplines.

Examples:

  • Canoe & Kayak: for all ages. But the offer non stops at the coasts. On the mountains open many artificial sets, equipped with the necessary structure in order to practice water sports. From lake Gusana to lake Omodeo, from lake Mulargia to Flumendosa, with incomparable background, it is possible to practice sports at calm waters.

  • Diving: Cristal waters, 1,849 km of coasts.

  • Fishing (sport fishing): The numerous associations of fishermen -professionals and amateurs- are available for renting equipment, to provide lessons for the sport and to propose excursions to lake or marine zones. There are not associations that organize this kind of sport, but thanks to fishermen all over the Sardinian coasts, fishing exists for everyone.

  • Fishing tourism: Fish-tourism gives the opportunity to the tourists to be guests on board with the crew, living fully the emotions produced by the activities with direct contact with the sea. This activity gives the opportunity to do brief excursions at the coasts, observe the fishermen’s work, but most of all, taste fish on board, as well as practice fishing skills.

  • Surf and windsurf: Surf use waves, hence Sardinia is the perfect place to do this sport. Exist many places in which people can practice surf in Sardinia: Poetto in Cagliari, Capomannu in Oristano, Pula, Platamona in Sassari etc.

  • Sailing: Sardinia is optimum for those who want to sail in the Mediterranean Sea. It Offers, the comfort of tourist port with lots of services. There are places in which sailing is available for all, whether at competitive level or amateur.


Rogaland (Ryfylke)

The following list of companies and activities directly related with marine tourism can be found in this Norwegian region:

  • Accomodation in combination with fishing, adventure and other activities

  • Surf, widsurfing and kayak courses and fjord trips

  • Marinas offering all types of boat services

  • Fjord sightseeing

  • Deep sea fishing

  • Boat rentals

  • Cabin rentals

  • Diving schools

  • Salmon studio safari

  • Fjord spa hotell

  • Ocean wave riding with rubber boats

  • River rafting into the ocean

The Adriatic Sea

There are several charter companies available in Slovenia: it is possible to hire a sailboat, motorboat, and some other types of vessels. There are three marinas, and only one marina has additional tourist facilities, such as sport yards and resorts. There are also some spas available for guest and swimming pools in Koper – Žusterna and in Portorož. For locals there exists several kayak and canoeing clubs (Žusterna; http://www.kkkzusterna.com/), sailing associations and clubs. There is also an international airport which provides also some sport activities, Airport Portorož http://www.portoroz-airport.si/?lid=3 and a golf club.


There are also some local diving clubs, registered at the Slovenian Divers Association: Some of them provide activities for nautical tourists (see National report for further information). Other activities, closely connected with nautical tourism, maritime life and education there are possibilities to visit a Marine Biological Station Piran; http://www.mbss.org/portal/index.php and The Aquarium in Piran; http://www.portoroz.si/en/aquarium .


There are also other possible activities for nautical tourists, connected with nautic activities and Littoral Life: One may be a visit to a Maritime Museum Sergej Mašera Piran: The Museum is a rich collection and study of the maritime past of the Slovene coast, Slovene naval history and related economic activities. It contains an archaeological, a maritime collection, an art-history collection and an anthropological study and collection of items used in salt-making and fishing.


The Province of Alicante

The Region of Valencia is a paradise for those who enjoy sailing and water sports. Its facilities and marinas are among the best in Europe, as demonstrated by its capacity to host prestigious events such as the America’s Cup in Valencia (in 2008) and the departure of the Volvo Ocean Race in Alicante (in 2009). The constant Mediterranean winds and mild temperatures in the Region of Valencia provide ideal conditions to enjoy competitive or recreational sailing in a stunning setting.

According to the Costa Blanca website (www.costablanca.org) , there are 24 nautical clubs and sport ports, 3 nautical stations (La Estación Nautica de Alicante, Santa Pola y Campello; La Estación Naútica de la Bahía de Altea; y La Estación Naútica de la Marina Ata) and 2 marine reserves (Tabarca and Cabo San Antonio), combined with a wide and comprehensive range of services and infrastructures, make the Costa Blanca one of the best places to go sailing. Most of these clubs count with nautical schools and technical services of maintenance for all kinds of sailing boats.

Looking at the Official Tourism Site of the Region of Valencia searcher, when looking at sailing sports we find the following categories and number of providers (enterprises, nautical clubs, sailing schools, etc) offering those services in La Costa Blanca:

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