A collection of materiel from primary sources telling the early history of Britain




НазваниеA collection of materiel from primary sources telling the early history of Britain
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THE MATTER OF BRITAIN

A collection of materiel from primary sources telling the early history of Britain.


Forward

I intended collecting all primary written sources together in date order. This would give a clear narrative of events in Roman and Dark Age Britain. Of course, I failed.

There are no real primary sources. For centuries everything was re-copied, translated, and glossed over.

Then there were my subjective decisions on which versions to use. What religious discussion or Roman political intrigue would I leave out to save space?

I have put in the secondary source works of Sabine Baring-Gould, (SBG) because I could find little else. Worse, I have edited and cut his work to a more succinct length.

And what was Britain? I am part Scottish, English, Welsh and Irish. So I include Ireland, but many do not. Then what about Brittany? Northern Gaul? Germany? Surely events there affected Britain?

Thus my original clear narrative became a heap of odd facts in rough date order.

I invite you to make the best of it.

Edwin Hopper


BIBLIOGRAPHY AND LINKS


Please contact ed@edwinhopper.com; if you have any suggestions or complaints.


General sites about the period include the following

Early British kingdoms at http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/index.html

Eternal Idol at http://www.eternalidol.com/

The History Files at http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/MainFeaturesIndex.htm

Vortigern Studies at http://www.vortigernstudies.org.uk/vortigernhomepage.htm

Roman Britain Organisation at http://www.roman-britain.org/

Roman Britain at http://www.romanbritain.freeserve.co.uk/

BBC History at http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/

English Heritage at http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/

Welsh heritage at http://www.cadw.wales.gov.uk/

National Museum Scotland at http://www.nms.ac.uk/our_museums/national_museum.aspx

British History at http://www.british-history.ac.uk/


And many.many others.

I chose to leave out the Ravenna Cosmography and the Antonine Itineries since they are basically lists of place names and the distances between them rather than a record of events.


The British section of the Antonine itinery can be found at-

http://www.roman-britain.org/antonine-itinerary.htm


The Ravenna Cosmography can be found at several sites including-

http://www.roman-britain.org/frontiers/hw_ravenna.htm

and

http://www.kmatthews.org.uk/Ravenna_Cosmography/index.html


With reluctance I have left out the wonderfull History of the Kings of Britain by Geoffery of Monmouth. Many people, much more learned than I, have condemned it as a work of fiction. And it would have added hundreds more pages to an already over long web site.

But his work is available at several sites includingt-

http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/eng/gem/index.htm

http://www.caerleon.net/history/geoffrey/

www.yorku.ca/inpar/geoffrey_thompson.pdf

http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/sources/authorshton.shtml


There follows an alphabetical list of the ancient authors I have used with their translators and publishers.


Acta Concilii Arelatensis. from ALF Rivet & Colin Smith, Place Names of Roman Britain ISBN 0713420774


Adomnán of Iona The Life of Columba, William Reeves Funded by University College, Cork and Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork College Road, Cork, Ireland ― http://www.ucc.ie/celt Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland. Text ID Number: T201040

http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T201040/index.html


Homilies of Aelfric of Eynsham translated by Benjamin Thorpe for the Aelfric Society London 1846 downloaded from the University of Toronto at http://www.archive.org/stream/sermonescatholic02aelfuoft/sermonescatholic02aelfuoft_djvu.txt


Pseudo-Agathemerus from ALF Rivet & Colin Smith, Place Names of Roman Britain ISBN 0713420774


Ahmad ibn Fadlan

James E. Montgomery. Ibn Fadlan and the Rusiyyah. Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies CONTENTS Volume III, 2000

http://www.uib.no/jais/content3.htm


King Alfred. The Anglo Saxon version from the historian Orosius by Aelfred the Great. Translated into modern English by Daines Barrington London 1773. from

http://books.google.com/books?id=aT0JAAAAQAAJ


Ammianus Marcellinus from

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Ammian/home.html


Aneurin The Gododin The Project Gutenberg EBook of Y Gododin, by Aneurin

http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext06/gddn10.txt


The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Ingram, James, translator. London: Everyman Press, 1912. Available at several sites including-

http://ww.gutenburg.org/etext/657

and

http://www.britannia.com/history/docs/asintro2.html

and

http://omacl.org/anglo/


Annales Cambriae from Medieval Sourcebook: The Annales Cambriae 447-954
(The Annals of Wales)

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/annalescambriae.html


Annals of Clonmacnoise. Translated in 1627 by Conell Macgeoghagen From the Internet Archive University of Toronto.

http://www.archive.org/stream/annalsofclonmacn00royauoft/annalsofclonmacn00royauoft_djvu.txt


Annals of the Four Masters compiled by Emma Ryan. Funded by University College, Cork and Seoirse Ó Luasa, An Caifé Liteartha, An Daingean, who donated a copy of the Annals of the Four Masters to the CELT Project.

ftp://ftp.ucc.ie/pub/celt/texts/T100005A.txt


Annals of Inisfallen Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: T100004. compiled by Beatrix Färber Funded by University College, Cork and Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project. First draft, revised and corrected. Proof corrections by Pádraig Bambury, Stephen Beechinor, Julianne Nyhan

http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100004/index.html


Annals of Ulster compiled by Pádraig Bambury, Stephen Beechinor. Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition

ftp://ftp.ucc.ie/pub/celt/texts/T100001A.txt


St.Aristobulus, [IrishCatholicChurch] [celt-saints] 16 March Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

http://www.mail-archive.com/irishcatholicchurch@yahoogroups.com/msg00111.html


Pseudo Aristotle. Text ed DJ Furley, London & Cambridge Mass, 1955 From ALF Rivet & Collin Smith, Place names of Roman Britain, Cambridge 1979.


Dialogue of Arthur and Eliwlod

From Jes. 3, a 16th century manuscript, Norris J. Lacy holds it to be a much older poem than that. It originally appeared in Britannia After the Romans, by Algernon Herbert. Henry Bohn Co., 1836. at- http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/eagle.html


Arthur and Kaledvwlch Llanstephan MS 201 from Davies, J.H. "Arthur a Kaledvwlch: a Welsh Version of the Birth of Arthur (From a Fifteenth Century M.S., with Translation)." Y Cymmrodor: Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion. v. 24. London: Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1913. at

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/kaledvwlch.html


Athanasius. Under the editorial supervision of Philip Schaff, D.D., LL.D., Professor of Church History in the Union Theological Semimary, New York, and Henry Wace, D.D., Principal of King's College, London Published in 1892 by Philip Schaff, New York: Christian Literature Publishing Co.

http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txuc/athana38.htm


St Augustine The City of God.Translated by Marcus Dods. From Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, First Series, Vol. 2. Edited by Philip Schaff. (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1887.) Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight.

http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/120115.htm;


Ausonius. Partly from From ALF Rivet & Collin Smith, Place names of Roman Britain, Cambridge 1979. Text ed DJ Furley, London & Cambridge Mass, 1955. Partly from The Loeb Classical Library edited by B Capps, TE Page, WHD Rouse.

http://www.archive.org/stream/ausonius00ausogoog/ausonius00ausogoog_djvu.txt


Avienius from A. Schulten, Barcelona and Berlin 1922. and Geographi Graeci Minores, ed K Muller 1861, reprinted Hildesheim 1965, shown in ALF Rivet & Collin Smith, Place names of Roman Britain, Cambridge 1979.


Baptista Egnatius transcribed by Roger Pearse, Ipswich, UK, 2002.

http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/zosimus01_book1.htm


St Basil of Caesarea. from Christian Classics Ethereal Library at

http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf208.viii.i.html


The Battle of Airtech from The Great Book of Lecan with additions from H.3.18, T.C.D. In Best, R.I. "The Battle of Airtech". Eiru. at-

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/airtech.html


BEDE Ecclesiastical History of England. Revised, translated by AM Sellar 1907

Sacred texts web site

http://www.sacred-texts.com/chr/bede/hist006.htm

BEDE The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation, translator not clearly indicated (But it seems to be L.C. Jane's 1903 Temple Classics translation), introduction by Vida D. Scudder, (London: J.M. Dent; New York E.P. Dutton, 1910)

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/bede-book1.html

BEDE. The Life of the Holy Confessor Saint Felix translated by J.A Giles at http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Life_of_the_Holy_Confessor_Saint_Felix


The Book of Invasions Lebor Gabála Érenn: Book of the Taking of Ireland Part 1. ed. and tr. by R. A. S. Macalister. Dublin: Irish Texts Society, 1941. This teext was originally downloaded from

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/lebor1.htm


The Boyhood Deeds of Finn mac Cumhaill. Laud 610. Ancient Irish Tales. ed. and trans. by Tom P. Cross & Clark Harris Slover. NY: Henry Holt & Co., 1936 at

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/f02.html


St Brendan The Celtic Christianity e-Library Text [translation]: Nauigatio sancti Brendani abbatis [the Voyage of St Brendan the Abbot] Source: Edition by Archbishop P. F. Moran Translator: Denis O’Donoghue Published: D. O’Donoghue, Brendaniana Date of Translation: 1893 This text scanned by: Jonathan M. Wooding (29/4/2003)

http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Nsb.htm


St Bridget Bethu Brigte. Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: T201002 BETHU BRIGTE compiled by Elisabeth Janney Funded by University College, Cork and Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork College Road, Cork, Ireland (2001) Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland. Text ID Number: T201002

http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T201002/index.html


Caesar The Gallic Wars Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn

From http://classics.mit.edu/Caesar/gallic.html


Caradoc of Llancarfan. The Life of St Gildas
Translated by David Parsons in 2004 from The web site of Street Parish Church in Church Road, Street Somerset. http://www.streetandwalton.co.uk/church/gildas.php

Also at

Caradoc of Llangarfan. Two Lives of Gildas by a monk of Ruys and Caradoc of Llancarfan.. Medieval Sourcebook: translated by Hugh Williams in the Cymmrodorion Record Series, 1899. Facsimilie reprint by Llanerch Publishers, Felinfach, 1990. This text has been prepared for the internet by M Ziegler 2000 and P Halsall March 4 2001 as part of the website Early Medieval Resources for Britain, Ireland and Brittany

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/1150-Caradoc-LifeofGildas


Titus Lucretius Carus Translated by William Ellery Leonard from http://www.gutenberg.org/files/785/785.txt


Cassiodorus, The Letters of Cassiodorus Variae Epistolae Of Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator Translated by Thomas Hodgkin The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Letters of Cassiodorus,

www.gutenberg.org


Cassius Dio from Ed Thayer at

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cassius_Dio/7*.html


Cassius Dio Cocceianus. An Historical Narrative Originally Composed in Greek During the Reigns of Septimius Severus, Geta and Caracalla, Macrinus, Elagabalus and Alexander Severus Translated by HB Foster. From Project Gutenberg

www.gutenberg.org


C Valerius Catulus The Carmina of Caius Valerius Catullus, by Caius Valerius Catullus Now first completely Englished into Verse and Prose, the Metrical Part by Capt.Sir Richard F. Burton, R.C.M.G., F.R.G.S., etc., etc., etc., and the Prose Portion, Introduction, and Notes Explanatoryand Illustrative by Leonard C. Smithers LONDON: MDCCCXCIIII: PRINTED FOR THE TRANSLATORS: IN ONE VOLUME: FOR PRIVATE SUBSCRIBERS ONLY from

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/20732/20732.txt

A more modern version from http://.rudy.negenborn.net/catullus/text2/e11.htm

© copyright 17-9-1997 by Bryn Stromberg © copyright 21-5-2002 by Johnny Brezhnev


The Cause of the Battle of Cnucha Ancient Irish Tales. ed. and trans. by Tom P. Cross & Clark Harris Slover. NY: Henry Holt & Co., 1936 at

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/f01.html


Colloquy with the ancients. Translated by Standish Hayes O'Grady

In parentheses Publications, Medieval Irish Series. Cambridge Ontario 1999


Chronica Gallia The Gallic Chroniclers of 452 and 511 (AD 452 and 511) Robert Vermaat VortigernStudies is copyright © Robert Vermaat 1999-2007. All rights reservedThe Gallic Chroniclers of 452 and 511 is Copyright © 2002, Robert Vermaat. All rights reserved.

http://www.vortigernstudies.org.uk/artsou/chron452.htm


Cicero from The Letters of Cicero, at http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21200/21200.txt

Cicero from Tusculan Disputations, at http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14988/14988.txt


Claudian (Claudius Claudianus ) from Ireland and the Classical World By Philip Freeman, at Google Books


St. Columban: Boat Song in Brian Tierney, The Middle Ages, Volume I: Sources of Medieval History, 5th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992), p. 72 [with no copyright information give] From Medieval Sourcebook: at

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/columban1.html


Constantine. The Epistle of the Emperor Constantine, Translated by DD Schaff. from http://www.sacred-texts.com/chr/ecf/203/2030030.htm


Cronicum Scotorum Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: T100016

Chronicon Scotorum: Author: Gearóid Mac Niocaill and William M. Hennessy from ftp://ftp.ucc.ie/pub/celt/texts/T100016.txt

ftp://ftp.ucc.ie/pub/celt/texts


Elegy to Cynddylan. From, Williams, Mary. "An Early Ritual Poem in Welsh." Speculum vol. 13 no. 1. January 1938. pp 38-51. at

http://www.kmatthews.org.uk/history/marwnad_cynddylan/dyhedd.html


Cynegeticon of Grattius Faliscus published in the Loeb Classical Library, 1935 From Ed Thayer Lacus Curtius at

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Grattius/Cynegeticon*.html


Death of Duran ap Arthur . From Mostyn 131, p.770. 15th century. Welsh given in Evans' Reports on Manuscripts in the Welsh Language, vol. I, p. 95.

Early Welsh Saga Poetry: a Study and Edition of the Englynion. by J. Rowland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. pp.250-1.

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/duran.html#english


The Death of Maelgwn GwyneddPanton MS. 51: Evan Evan's copy of Robert Vaughan's notes to Trioedd Ynys Prydein in NLW MS.7857D. translated by Rachel Bromwich in Trioedd Ynys Prydein. Cardiff: UWP, 1963. pp. 438-439. at

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/maelgwn.html


St. Declan of Ardmore Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: T201020 Life of St. Declan of Ardmore Patrick Power donated by Dennis McCarthy (Atlanta, Georgia, USA) Funded by University College, Cork and Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project 1. First draft, revised and corrected. Extent of text: 16288 words

Publication CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork College Road, Cork, Ireland ― http://www.ucc.ie/celt (2003) Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland. Text ID Number: T201020

http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T201020/index.html

and LIFE OF ST. DECLAN OF ARDMORE, (Edited from MS. in Bibliotheque Royale, Brussels), http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11168/11168.txt


Destruction of Dind Ríg Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: T302012A The Destruction of Dind Ríg Translated by Whitley Stokes compiled by Benjamin Hazard Funded by University College, Cork and The Higher Education Authority via the LDT Project Publication CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork College Road, Cork, Ireland -- http://www.ucc.ie/celt (2004) Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland. Text ID Number: T302012A http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T302012A/index.html


Dialogue of Arthur and Eliwlod

From Jes. 3, a 16th century manuscript, Norris J. Lacy holds it to be a much older poem than that. It originally appeared in Britannia After the Romans, by Algernon Herbert. Henry Bohn Co., 1836. at- http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/eagle.html


The Dialogue of Melwas and Gwenhyfer. From Mary Williams,. "An Early Ritual Poem in Welsh." Speculum vol. 13 no. 1. January 1938. pp 38-51.In Celtic Literature Collective,   at-

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/melwas.html


Dicuili. Liber de Mensura Orbis Terrae, available in Latin at Lacus Curtius -

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/L/Roman/Texts/Dicuil/De_mensura_orbis_terrae/text*.html

The translation I show is from Wikipedia at-

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Faroe_Islands


Dindshenchas The Metrical Dindshenchas Author: unknown] ed. by Edward Gwynn Electronic edition compiled by Beatrix Färber, Saorla Ó Corráin Funded by University College, Cork and The Connacht Project, the Centre for the Study of Human Settlement and Political Change, NUI Galway and the HEA via the LDT Project Publication CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork College Road, Cork, Ireland ― http://www.ucc.ie/celt (2004) Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland. Text ID Number: T106500A http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T106500A/index.html


Diodorus Siculus Library of History Book XIV from Ed Thayer at http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Diodorus_Siculus/2A*.htm


Dioysius Periegetes. Geographi Graeci Minores. Text from K Muller Paris 1861, reprinted by Hildesheim 1965. shown in ALF Rivet & Collin Smith, Place names of Roman Britain, Cambridge 1979.


Dream of Macsen Wledig. Breuddwyd Macsen Wledig. Translated by G & T Jones 1949, Everyman. From Robert Dafydd Cadwalader - October/Hydref 1997 on

http://freespace.virgin.net/r.cadwalader/macsen.htm


Elegy to Cynddylan. From, Williams, Mary. "An Early Ritual Poem in Welsh." Speculum vol. 13 no. 1. January 1938. pp 38-51. at

http://www.kmatthews.org.uk/history/marwnad_cynddylan/dyhedd.html


Emperors dates from Edward Gibbon. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. (Abridged by D.M.Low) Washington Square Press. 1962

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