Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago




Скачать 390.82 Kb.
НазваниеTransmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago
страница1/21
Дата конвертации13.02.2013
Размер390.82 Kb.
ТипДокументы
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   21

FINAL REVIEW DRAFT: 28 Sept 02





Transmitting 4,000 MW of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago:

New HVDC Electric Lines or Hydrogen Pipeline

DRAFT REPORT: 28 Sept 02 Rev


Prepared by:


Geoffrey Keith
Synapse Energy Economics
22 Pearl Street, Cambridge, MA 02139
www.synapse-energy.com
617-661-3248


and

William Leighty
The Leighty Foundation
Box 20993, Juneau, AK 99802


bill@eagle.ptialaska.net

907-586-1426

Prepared for consideration by:

Environmental Law and Policy Center

35 East Wacker Dr., #1300, Chicago, IL 60601

www.elpc.org

312-673-6500

January, 2002


Supported by grants from The Energy Foundation and The Leighty Foundation. This report reflects the views of the authors and not necessarily the views of Environmental Law and Policy Center.

Table of Contents

Figure 1-A. Assumed location of large North Dakota windplant, transmission corridor to Chicago, and optional Manitoba Hydro HVDC interconnect at the Dorsey Substation, near Winnipeg 5

Figure 1-A. Assumed location of large North Dakota windplant, transmission corridor to Chicago, and optional Manitoba Hydro HVDC interconnect at the Dorsey Substation, near Winnipeg 5

Executive Summary 5

Executive Summary 5

Figure 1-C. Exporting 20% of North Dakota’s wind energy to Iowa would replace all of Iowa’s present energy sources, and would require 24 new HVDC electric transmission lines of largest-available size, replacing all Iowa’s present energy sources. Graphic by Thomas A. Wind, Wind Utility Consulting, Jefferson, IA. 8

Figure 1-C. Exporting 20% of North Dakota’s wind energy to Iowa would replace all of Iowa’s present energy sources, and would require 24 new HVDC electric transmission lines of largest-available size, replacing all Iowa’s present energy sources. Graphic by Thomas A. Wind, Wind Utility Consulting, Jefferson, IA. 8

8

8

1. Introduction 9

1. Introduction 9

1.1 Methodology 16

2.Pipeline vs. Electric Lines – Cost Model 19

2.Pipeline vs. Electric Lines – Cost Model 19

2.1 Wind Generation Costs 19

2.2 Pipeline Costs 19

2.3 HVDC Costs 20

3.Pipeline vs. Electric Lines – Profit Model 23

3.Pipeline vs. Electric Lines – Profit Model 23

3.1 Wind and Market Price Data 23

3.2 Pipeline Revenues 25

3.3 HVDC Revenues 27

4.1 Delivering Electricity to Chicago 28

4.2Delivering Hydrogen to Chicago 32

4.3 Assessing the Projects without the PTC 34

4.4 Assessing the Projects With Lower Wind Generator Capital Costs 35

4.5 The Cost of Electricity from Distributed Generation Using Hydrogen from These Projects 37

5. The Hydro Firming Opportunity 41

5. The Hydro Firming Opportunity 41

5.1 Key Issues 41

5.2 Firming Possibilities in North Dakota 43

5.3 Additional Analysis 45

6. Summary of Findings 47

6. Summary of Findings 47

7.Other Considerations 48

7.Other Considerations 48

7.1 Energy Security 48

7.2 Biomass Synergy 48

7.3 Coal Synergy 48

7.4 Carbon Taxes and Internalizing Other Externalities 49

7.5 International Collaboration 49

7.6 Define “Renewables-Hydrogen Economy” 49

8.Recommended Future Work 50

8.Recommended Future Work 50

8.1 National Hydrogen Transmission Test Facility (NHTTF) 50

8.2 Modeling and Research 51

9. References 57

9. References 57

Appendix A: Total Project Costs with Wind at $950 and $700 per kW* 62

Appendix A: Total Project Costs with Wind at $950 and $700 per kW* 62

Appendix B. Cost Assumptions for Distributed Generation 63

Appendix B. Cost Assumptions for Distributed Generation 63

Appendix C: Energy Conversion Factors for Hydrogen 64

Appendix C: Energy Conversion Factors for Hydrogen 64

Appendix D: Generation - Transmission Systems Flowcharts 65

Appendix D: Generation - Transmission Systems Flowcharts 65
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   21

Добавить в свой блог или на сайт

Похожие:

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconDePaul University, Schmitt Academic Center, 2320 North Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, IL

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconAase, J. H., and LaTour, P. A., 1976, Mineral industry of South Dakota, South Dakota Geological Survey Mineral Economic Report 22a, 9 p. [SD

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago icon1950 Review of Nicholls, W. H. (1948) Labor productivity functions in meat packing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Review of Economics and Statistics, 32 (3), pp. 270 [ZX

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconРуководство по эксплуатации уим. 000. 000. 000. Рэ
Уим. 600. 000. 000 Рэ предназначено для изучения основных технических данных и правил эксплуатации установки для испытания масла...

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconБрик асептик. 49 ————————————————— 7 280 000 00 Евро 50 + 1 акция ————————————— 10 000 000 00 Евро 75 + 1 акция ————————————— 12 500 000 00 Евро
Краткое описание инвестиционного проекта производства упаковки для молочных продуктов

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconТуристское агентство «aвиком» 443010, г. Самара, ул. Осипенко д. 3 стр. 3 тел./ факс (846) 276-22-23
...

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconCreating and Transmitting Australia’s Knowledge of a Dynamic Asia

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconThis section of the course is about language the vehicle for holding and transmitting culture

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconТехнический регламент «Требования к безопасности пожарной техники для защиты объектов», утвержденный Постановлением Правительства Республики Казахстан от 16 января 2009 года №16. Технический регламент «Процедуры подтверждения соответствия»
При этом размер обслуживания объекта может охватывать площадь диаметром до 3 000 м, при полезной площади обслуживания до 1 000 000...

Transmitting 4,000 mw of New Windpower from North Dakota to Chicago iconОоо «ТехСнабЭкспедиция» юр адрес-241038, г. Брянск, ул. 22 Съезд кпсс, 138
Точильно-шлифовальный тш-1-26 000 руб с ндс; тш 2- 36 000 руб; тш 3- 55 000 руб с ндс


Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
lib.convdocs.org


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.convdocs.org 2012
обратиться к администрации
lib.convdocs.org
Главная страница