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CAPE TOWN UNIVERSITY

DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL STUDIES



International Relations First Semester 2005

402X International Relations Honours Course

Dr. Harry J. Stephan Thursday: 9.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m.

Venue: Seminar Room


This course provides a graduate-level survey of the fundamental issues, concepts and literature that deal specifically with IR Theory. The course employs the notions of `power' and `wealth' to explore the relationship between political and military power and the effects of markets and economic forces on states and societies.


The requirements for the course are as follows:

(1). Students will be expected to read the assigned work and prepare a short paper of 600 words for each discussion session.


(2). Students will be expected to prepare a major research paper in this course of no more that 25 typed pages double spaced. The paper will be due at the end of May. Topics must be approved by April 15, 2005.


(3). Course Attendance at seminar (Thur. 9.00am - 12.00pm)


(4). Grades for this course are dependent upon class participation, class attendance, and all written assignments.


Required Reading: Please Place on Reserve

Art, Robert J. and Jervis, Robert, International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues 3rd ed (New York: Harper Collins, 1992).

Balaam, David N and Veseth, Michael, Introduction to International Political Economy Upper Saddle River, Prentice Hall, 1996).

Bull, Hedley, The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics (New York: Columbia University Press, 1977).

Der Derian, James, ed. International Theory: Critical Investigations (New York: New York University Press, 1995).

Evans, Peter B., Jacobson, Harold K., Putnam, Robert D., eds, Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Bargaining and Domestic Politics (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).

Gilpin, Robert, The Political Economy of International Relations (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987).

Gilpin, Robert, The Challenge of Global Capitalism: The World Economy in the 21st Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

Hartmann, Frederick H. The Relations of Nations 5th ed (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1978).

Kühnhardt, Ludger, Beyond Divisions and After: Essays on Democracy, the Germans, and Europe (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1996).

Lieber, Robert J, No Common Power: Understanding International Relations 3rd ed. (New York: Harper Collins, 1995).

Ray, J.L. Global Politics 5th ed (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992).

Scott, Len, and Smith, Steve, “Lessons of October: Historians, Political Scientists, Policy-makers and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” (International Affairs, Vol.70, No.4, 1994).

Stephan, Harry J, Two-Level Games: The Influence of the United States Senate on NATO's Central Partnership (Somerset West: Stephan Phillips, 1998).

Viotti, Paul R, and Kauppi, Mark V, International Relations Theory: Realism, Pluralism, Globalism (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1987).

Waltz, Kenneth N. Man, the State and War: A Theoretical Analysis (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959).

Waltz, Kenneth N. Theory of International Politics (New York: Random House, 1979).

Williams, Phil, Goldstein, Donald M, and Shafritz, Jay M (eds), Classic Readings of International Relations (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1994).


SECTION I


Week 1 and 2: Idealism; Traditionalism; and Realism


* Approaches to International Relations Theory

* Levels of Analysis

* Anarchy v Hierarchy

* Security Dilemma

* Structure and Change in the International System


Required Reading: Tuchman pp. 13-24

Williams pp. 6-47

Williams pp. 62-68

Waltz (Man ,the State and War) pp.1-15

Waltz (Theory of Int Pol) pp.1-18


Week 3: Realism: Origins of World War I


* Bismarck's Legacy

* The Kaiser drops the Pilot

* Does the system make a difference?


Required Reading: Viotti and Kauppi pp. 1 - 14

Hartman pp. 347-361


Week 4: Collective Security: Ethiopia and the Gulf War


* Legacy of World War I

* Primary interests v secondary interests

* Collective Security as the Status Quo

* International Law and Intervention


Required Reading: Lieber pp. 278-302

Hartman pp.375-382

Reference: Smith pp.358-385


Suggested Reading: Please place on Reserve

Axelrod, Robert, The Evolution of Cooperation (New York: Basic Books, 1984).

Bull, Hedley, The Anarchical Society (London: Macmillan, 1977)

Carr, Edward Hallet, The Twenty Years' Crisis 1919-1939 (New York: Harper and Row, 1964).

Czempiel, Ernst-Otto and Rosenau, James (eds), Global Changes and Theoretical Challenges (1989)

Dougherty, James and Pfaltzgraff, Robert (eds),Contending Theories of International Relations (3rd ed., 1990)

Gulick, Edward Vose, Europe's Classical Balance of Power (New York: W.W. Norton, 1955).

Gilpin, Robert, War and Change in World Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Hoffmann, Stanley, “Realism and Its Discontents,” The Atlantic Monthly, November, 1985, pp.131-136.

Holsti, K.J. The Dividing Discipline: Hegemony & Diversity in IR Theory (1985).

Jervis, Robert, Perception and Misperception in International Politics (1976).

Kauppi, Mark and Viotti, Paul, The Global Philosophers (1992).

Keohane, Robert (ed), Neorealism and Its Critics (New York: Columbia, 1986).

Keohane, Robert, International Institutions and State Power: Essays in International Relations Theory (Boulder: Westview, 1989).

Kissinger, Henry A., A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace 1812-1822 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965).

Morganthau, Hans J. Politics Among Nations (New York: Knopf, 1960).

Remarque, E, All Quiet of the Western Front

Rosenau, James and Kegley, C., (eds), New Directions in the Study of Foreign Policy (1987).

Rothstein, Robert L. (ed), The Evolution of Theory in International Relations (1992).

Sagan, Scott D., “1914 Revisited: Allies, Offense, and Instability,” International Security, Fall 1986, pp.151-175.

Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War (Middlesex: Penguin, 1985).

Tuchmann, Barbara W, The Guns of August (New York: Bonanza Books, 1982).

Von Clausewitz, Carl, On War (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1984).

Walt, Stephen M., The Origins of Alliances (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987).


SECTION II


Week 5: Pluralism


* Inside the State

* Bureaucracies

* Images


Required Reading: Viotti and Kauppi pp.192-216

Williams pp. 75-77


Suggested reading: Please place on Reserve.

Allison, Graham T, Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (Glenview: Scott, Foresman and Company, 1971).

Keohane, Robert O, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984).

Keohane, Robert O, and Nye, Joseph S, Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1977).

Krasner, Stephen D. (ed), International Regimes (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983)


Week 6: Cuban Missile Crisis


* Anatomy of a Crisis

* Kennedy responds to Khrushchev

* Khruschchev responds to Kennedy

* Aftermath


Required Reading: Stoessinger pp. 143-167

Ray pp. 141-176

Allison pp.689-718

Scott and Smith pp. 660-684


Suggested Reading: Please Place on Reserve

Kennedy, Robert F, Thirteen Days that Shook the World (New York: W.W. Norton and Company).


SECTION III


Week 7: Perspectives on International Political Economy


* What is International Political Economy

* Mercantilism and Economic Nationalism

* The Liberal IPE Perspective

* Marx, Lenin, and the Structuralist Perspective

* Rational Choice

* Globalization and the State


Required Reading: Balaam & Veseth pp.21-76

Schrire pp.1-14

Gilpin pp.3-49

Gilpin pp. 287- 309


Week 8: International Political Economy


* The Search for Economic Order

* Three Models of the Future

* The Nature of Political Economy

* The Emergent International Economic Order


Required reading: Art and Jervis pp.287-309

Art and Jervis pp.231-253

Stephan pp. 1-23

Roach pp.1-6


Week 9: The Search for Regional Order


* Origins of Unity in Western Europe

* The Single European Market and the Maastricht Treaty

* The German Agenda and the German Debate


Required Reading: Kühnhardt pp. 127-145


Week 10: European Politics: Federalism or Functionalism?


* Legitimacy and Multilevel Governance

* Towards a Politically Driven Europe

* Common Market or Global Market


Required Reading: Höreth pp. 3-34

Chikuhwa


Week 11: Fortress Europe and the Great Economic Divide


* Fortress Europe and External Trade Policy

* EMU and the Great Game

* Politics of Exchange Rates


Required Reading: Hanson pp. 55-85

Jacquet pp. 55-71

Watson pp.763-772

Roach pp.1-4

Suggested Reading: Please Place on Reserve

Art, Robert J. and Jervis, Robert, International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contempory Issues 3rd ed. (New York: HarperCollins, 1992).

Balaam, David N. and Veseth, Michael, Introduction to International Political Economy (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1996)

Blake, David H. and Walters, Robert, Politics of Global Evolution of International Political Economy (1991)

Friedman, Edward (ed), Ascent & Decline in the World System (1982)

Gilpin, Robert, The Political Economy of International Relations (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987).

Gilpin, Robert, The Challenge of Global Capitalism: The World Economy in the 21st Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000)

Katzenstein, Peter (ed), Between Power and Plenty: Foreign Economic Policies of Advanced Industrial States (Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1978)

Krasner, Stephen D.(ed), International Regimes (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983)

Oye, Kenneth A. (ed) Cooperation Under Anarchy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986)

Kühnhardt, Ludger, Beyond Divisions and After: Essays on Democracy, the Germans, and Europe (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1996).

Articles

Bird, Graham, “The International Monetary Fund and Developing Countries: a Review of the Evidence and Policy Options” International Organization (Summer 1996).

Denemark, Robert A., and O'Brien, Robert, “Contesting the Canon: International Political Economy at UK and US Universities,” Review of International Political Economy (Volume 4, Number 1, 1997).

Hanson, Brian T., “What Happened to Fortress Europe?: External Trade Policy Liberalization in the European Union,” International Organization (Winter 1998).

Höreth, Marcus, “The Trilemma of Legitamacy: Multilevel Governance in the EU and the Problem of Democracy (ZEI Discussion Paper C11, 1998)

Jacquet, Pierre, “EMU: a Worthwhile Gamble,” International Affairs (January 1998).

Tuchman, Barbara W., Practicing History: Selected Essays by Barbara W. Tuchman (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1981).

Watson, Alison M., “The Politics of Exchange Rates: Domestic Politics and International Relations,” Review of International Political Economy, (Volume 4, Number 4, 1997).

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