Department of political studies




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CAPE TOWN UNIVERSITY

DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL STUDIES


International Relations Fall 2006

4002X International Relations Honours Course

Dr. Harry J. Stephan Thursday: 9.00 a.m. - 12.00 p.m.

Venue: Seminar Room


This course provides a graduate-level survey of the fundamental issues, concepts and literature that deal specifically with IR Theory. The course employs the notions of ‘power’ and ‘wealth’ to explore the relationship between political and military power and the effects of markets and economic forces on states and societies.


The requirements for the course are as follows:

(1). Students will be expected to read the assigned work and prepare a short paper of 600 words for each discussion session.


(2). Students will be expected to prepare a major research paper in this course of no more that 25 typed pages double spaced. The paper will be due at the end of May. Topics must be approved by April 13, 2006.


(3). Course Attendance at seminar (Thru. 9.00am - 12.00pm)


(4). Grades for this course are dependent upon class participation, class attendance, and all written assignments.


Required Reading: Please Place on Reserve

Art, Robert J. and Jervis, Robert, International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues 3rd ed (New York: Harper Collins, 1992).

Balaam, David N and Veseth, Michael, Introduction to International Political Economy Upper Saddle River, Prentice Hall, 1996).

Bull, Hedley, The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics (New York: Columbia University Press, 1977).

Burnell, Pete and Randall, Vicky, (eds), Politics in the Developing World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Der Derian, James, ed. International Theory: Critical Investigations (New York: New York University Press, 1995).

Eakin, Leroy, Development Solutions in a Post-Consensus World (Cape Town: University of Cape Town Masters Thesis, Unpublished, 2003).

Evans, Peter B., Jacobson, Harold K., Putnam, Robert D., Eds, Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Bargaining and Domestic Politics (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).

Gilpin, Robert, The Political Economy of International Relations (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987).

Gilpin, Robert, The Challenge of Global Capitalism: The World Economy in the 21st Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

Gilpin, R., Global Political Economy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Gumede, William M., Thabo Mbeki and the Battle for the Soul of the ANC (Cape Town: Zebra Press, 2005).

Hartmann, Frederick H. The Relations of Nations 5th ed (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1978).

Hettne, B., Inotai, A., and Sunkel, O., Globalism and the New Regionalism (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999).

Jones, R.A., The Politics and Economics of the European Union (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1996).

Keohane, R.O., and Nye, J.S., “Globalization: What’s New? What’s Not? (And so what?),” Foreign Policy, Spring 2000.

Lieber, Robert J, No Common Power: Understanding International Relations 3rd ed. (New York: Harper Collins, 1995).

Naim, M., “Washington Consensus or Washington Confusion,” Foreign Policy, Spring 2000.

Niggli, Peter, After Globalization: Development Policy in the 21st Century (Zurich: Swiss Coalition of Development Organizations, 2004).

Oden, B. New Regionalism in Southern Africa: Part of or Alternative to the Globalization of the World Economy in Hettne B., Inotai A. and Sunkel O. (eds) Globalism and the New Regionalism (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999).

Ray, J.L. Global Politics 5th ed (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992).

Roux, André, “Getting into Gear,” in Parsons, Raymond, (ed), Manuel, Markets and Money: Essays in Appraisal (Cape Town: Double Storey, 2004).

Schrire, R., “The Duality of Globalization: A View from the South,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol.14, No.1, 2000.

Scott, Len, and Smith, Steve, “Lessons of October: Historians, Political Scientists, Policy-makers and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” (International Affairs, Vol.70, No.4, 1994).

Sparks, Allister, Beyond the Miracle: Inside the New South Africa (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2003).

Stephan, Harry J, Two-Level Games: The Influence of the United States Senate on NATO’s Central Partnership (Somerset West: Stephan Phillips, 1998).

Stephan, Harry, “The Scramble for Africa in the 21st Century,” Defense Journal, March 2005.

Stiglitz, Joseph, Globalization and its Discontents (London: Penguin Books, 2002).

Stoessinger, John G. Crusaders & Pragmatists: Movers of Modern American Foreign Policy (New York, NY: W W Norton and Company 1984).

Van Niekerk, D., Van der Waldt, G., and Jonker, A., Governance, Politics, and Policy in South Africa (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Viotti, Paul R, and Kauppi, Mark V, International Relations Theory: Realism, Pluralism, Globalism (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1987).

Waltz, Kenneth N. Man, the State and War: A Theoretical Analysis (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959).

Waltz, Kenneth N. Theory of International Politics (New York: Random House, 1979).

Williams, Phil, Goldstein, Donald M, and Shafritz, Jay M (eds), Classic Readings of International Relations (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1994).

SECTION I


Week 1 and 2: Idealism; Traditionalism; and Realism


* Approaches to International Relations Theory

* Levels of Analysis

* Anarchy v Hierarchy

* Security Dilemma

* Structure and Change in the International System


Required Reading: Tuchman pp. 13-24

Williams. pp. 6-47

Williams pp. 62-71

Williams pp. 82-97

Bull pp. 75-93

Lieber pp. 3-30

Waltz (Man, the State and War) pp.1-15

Waltz (Theory of Int Pol) pp.1-18


Week 3: Realism: Origins of World War I


* Bismarck’s Legacy

* The Kaiser drops the Pilot

* Does the system make a difference?

Required Reading: Viotti and Kauppi pp. 1 - 19

Hartman pp. 347-361


Week 4: Collective Security: Ethiopia and the Gulf War


* Legacy of World War I

* Primary interests v secondary interests

* Collective Security as the Status Quo

* International Law and Intervention


Required Reading: Lieber pp.278-302

Williams pp.210-220

Hartman pp.375-382

Reference: Smith pp.358-385


Suggested Reading: Please place on Reserve


Axelrod, Robert, The Evolution of Cooperation (New York: Basic Books, 1984).

Bull, Hedley, The Anarchical Society (London: Macmillan, 1977)

Carr, Edward Hallet, The Twenty Years’ Crisis 1919-1939 (New York: Harper and Row, 1964).

Czempiel, Ernst-Otto and Rosenau, James (eds), Global Changes and Theoretical Challenges (1989)

Dougherty, James and Pfaltzgraff, Robert (eds),Contending Theories of International Relations (3rd ed., 1990)

Gulick, Edward Vose, Europe’s Classical Balance of Power (New York: W.W. Norton, 1955).

Gilpin, Robert, War and Change in World Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Hoffmann, Stanley, “Realism and Its Discontents,” The Atlantic Monthly, November, 1985, pp.131-136.

Holsti, K.J. The Dividing Discipline: Hegemony & Diversity in IR Theory (1985).

Jervis, Robert, Perception and Misperception in International Politics (1976).

Kauppi, Mark and Viotti, Paul, The Global Philosophers (1992).

Keohane, Robert (ed), Neorealism and Its Critics (New York: Columbia, 1986).

Keohane, Robert, International Institutions and State Power: Essays in International Relations Theory (Boulder: Westview, 1989).

Kissinger, Henry A., A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace 1812-1822 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965).

Morgenthau, Hans J. Politics Among Nations (New York: Knopf, 1960).

Remarque, E, All Quiet of the Western Front

Rosenau, James and Kegley, C., (eds), New Directions in the Study of Foreign Policy (1987).

Rothstein, Robert L. (ed), The Evolution of Theory in International Relations (1992).

Sagan, Scott D., “1914 Revisited: Allies, Offense, and Instability,” International Security, Fall 1986, pp.151-175.

Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War (Middlesex: Penguin, 1985).

Tuchmann, Barbara W, The Guns of August (New York: Bonanza Books, 1982).

Von Clausewitz, Carl, On War (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1984).

Walt, Stephen M., The Origins of Alliances (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987).


SECTION II


Week 5: Pluralism


* Inside the State

* Bureaucracies

* Images


Required Reading: Viotti and Kauppi pp.192-216

Williams pp. 75-77

Art and Jervis pp. 170-186


Suggested reading: Please place on Reserve.

Allison, Graham T, Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (Glenview: Scott, Foresman and Company, 1971).

Keohane, Robert O, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984).

Keohane, Robert O, and Nye, Joseph S, Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1977).

Krasner, Stephen D. (ed), International Regimes (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983)


Week 6: Cuban Missile Crisis


* Anatomy of a Crisis

* Kennedy responds to Khrushchev

* Khrushchev responds to Kennedy

* Aftermath


Required Reading: Stoessinger pp. 143-167

Lieber pp. 163-181

Ray pp. 141-176

Scott and Smith pp. 660-684


Suggested Reading: Please Place on Reserve

Kennedy, Robert F, Thirteen Days that Shook the World (New York: W.W. Norton and Company).


SECTION III


Week 7: Perspectives on International Political Economy


* What is International Political Economy?

* Mercantilism and Economic Nationalism

* The Liberal IPE Perspective

* Marx, Lenin, and the Structuralist Perspective

* Rational Choice

* Globalization and the State


Required Reading: Balaam & Veseth pp.24-58

Gilpin (2000) pp.3-47


Week 8: International Political Economy

* The Search for Economic Order

* Three Models of the Future

* The Nature of Political Economy

* The Emergent International Economic Order

* Globalization


Required reading: Lieber pp.325-352

Art and Jervis pp.287-309

Art and Jervis pp.237-253

Art and Jervis pp.331-347

Naim pp. 87-103

Wolf pp. 96-134

Niggli pp. 3-49


Week 9: The State and Development

* Theory of the Development State

* The State and Economic Development

* Fair Trade or Foul


Required Reading: Burnell & Randall pp. 27-56

Gilpin (2001) pp.305-340

Stiglitz pp. 90-132

Eakin pp. 1-69

Hervey pp. 1-33


Week 10: Regionalism

* Introduction to Regionalism

* Functionalism v Federalism

* Different Perspectives of Regionalism


Required Reading: Gilpin (2001) pp.341-361

Jones pp. 3-31

Hettne pp. 1-23

Oden pp.155-176

Van Niekerk pp.274-295


Week 11: A View from the South

* The Scramble for Africa

* Development Solutions

* SADC and South Africa

* South Africa: The Road from GEAR


Required Readings: Schrire pp. 49-64

Stephan pp. 1-23

Hentz pp. 21-51

Gumede pp. 67-95

Sparks pp.170-201

Parsons pp. 17-35


Suggested Reading: Please Place on Reserve


Art, Robert J. and Jervis, Robert, International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues 3rd ed. (New York: HarperCollins, 1992).

Balaam, David N. and Veseth, Michael, Introduction to International Political Economy (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1996)

Bhagwati, Jagdish, In Defense of Globalization (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Blake, David H. and Walters, Robert, Politics of Global Evolution of International Political Economy (1991)

Friedman, Edward (ed), Ascent & Decline in the World System (1982)

Gilpin, Robert, The Political Economy of International Relations (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987).

Gilpin, Robert, The Challenge of Global Capitalism: The World Economy in the 21st Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000)

Katzenstein, Peter (ed), Between Power and Plenty: Foreign Economic Policies of Advanced Industrial States (Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1978)

Krasner, Stephen D. (ed), International Regimes (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983)

Oye, Kenneth A. (ed) Cooperation Under Anarchy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986)

Kühnhardt, Ludger, Beyond Divisions and After: Essays on Democracy, the Germans, and Europe (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1996).

Articles

Bird, Graham, “The International Monetary Fund and Developing Countries: a Review of the Evidence and Policy Options” International Organization (Summer 1996).

Denemark, Robert A., and O’Brien, Robert, “Contesting the Canon: International Political Economy at UK and US Universities,” Review of International Political Economy (Volume 4, Number 1, 1997).

Hanson, Brian T., “What Happened to Fortress Europe?: External Trade Policy Liberalization in the European Union,” International Organization (Winter 1998).

Höreth, Marcus, “The Trilemma of Legitimacy: Multilevel Governance in the EU and the Problem of Democracy (ZEI Discussion Paper C11, 1998)

Jacquet, Pierre, “EMU: a Worthwhile Gamble,” International Affairs (January 1998).

Tuchman, Barbara W., and Practicing History: Selected Essays by Barbara W. Tuchman (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1981).

Watson, Alison M., “The Politics of Exchange Rates: Domestic Politics and International Relations,” Review of International Political Economy, (Volume 4, Number 4, 1997).

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