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Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
____ 1. Most groups encourage their members to conform to the group’s way of thinking and behaving.
____ 2. Sociology is one of the oldest sciences, having been around about 400 years.
____ 3. A family is a group, but all of the people attending a football game are not a group, because they are too diverse.
____ 4. Sociologists rarely challenge conventional social wisdom.
____ 5. The sociological perspective allows sociologists to focus on the common behaviors of a group of people, rather than their individual differences.
____ 6. When you try to understand your friend’s feelings by placing yourself in her situation, you are using verstehen.
____ 7. W.E.B. DuBois scientifically studied the social structure of African American communities.
____ 8. Symbolic interactionists say that we are able to communicate with one another because we have a set of symbols that have similar meanings to all of us.
____ 9. Sociologists conduct research to gain knowledge.
____ 10. When conducting research, sociologists must always consider the ethical implications of their research methods.
____ 11. A survey is useful when a sociologist wants to study a large number of people.
____ 12. One reason that closed-ended questions are used in surveys is that the results are relatively easy to quantify.
____ 13. Statistical methods are used to analyze qualitative data.
____ 14. Humans have more instincts than other animals because they are more intelligent.
____ 15. Cultural behavior must be learned.
____ 16. In most societies, the real culture is identical to the actual culture.
____ 17. Another name for a subculture is a counterculture.
____ 18. Each person can only belong to a single social category.
____ 19. Not marrying a close relative, such as a brother or sister, is a taboo in many cultures.
____ 20. Unlike other animals, humans are already socialized when they are born.
____ 21. Symbolic interactionism states that human nature is primarily a product of society.
____ 22. The looking-glass self may not be an accurate reflection of how others view us.
____ 23. Symbolic interactionism sees socialization as one long power struggle, with those people in power struggling to keep their power.
____ 24. A 12-year-old’s significant others include children who are in her peer group.
____ 25. Emile Durkheim stated that social solidarity is a result of a society’s division of labor.
____ 26. Being a professional ballplayer would be an example of an ascribed status.
____ 27. We live in a postindustrial society.
____ 28. The industrial revolution began in 1970s when computers first became commonplace.
____ 29. Role conflict can be reduced when we try to take a positive attitude when examining our situation.
____ 30. In industrial societies, machines have replaced the power previously supplied by people and animals.
____ 31. Informal groups are created because people’s needs are not being met by any formal group.
____ 32. Depending on the situation, a bureaucracy can be either a primary group or a secondary group.
____ 33. The members of an out-group are that group of people who are excluded from the in-group.
____ 34. One difference between a group and a social category is that the members of a group must interact with one another while those in a social category need not.
____ 35. The members of a social aggregate must all have similar social statuses.
____ 36. In order to dominate someone, you must have that person’s cooperation.
____ 37. Groupthink can lead to conformity having seriously negative results.
____ 38. Deviance is easy to identify.
____ 39. Statistics show that the criminal justice system treats African Americans and Latinos more harshly than whites.
____ 40. Younger children learn deviant behavior more quickly than adults.
____ 41. Teenagers who engage in primary deviance are frequently never caught by authorities.
____ 42. Cultural transmission theory says that some people are deviant because it is part of their nature.
____ 43. Societies and groups frequently use social sanctions to exert external social control.
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 44. Several members of a little league team begin wearing their baseball caps backwards and soon the entire team is following this style. This is an example of
____ 45. Karl Marx believed that class conflict was inevitable because
____ 46. The changes caused by the Industrial Revolution, such as people moving from farms to cities, is an example of social
____ 47. Using the Internet for shopping is convenient and can save time. This is a ____ function of this type of shopping.
____ 48. Some people think that shopping over the Internet can lead to social isolation because people go to stores less often. This is a function of Internet shopping.
____ 49. The distribution of power is most important in which of the following theoretical perspectives?
____ 50. The theory that society benefits when each individual finds his or her own social-class level without outside interference is called
____ 51. When a baby waves “bye-bye”, he is using a
____ 52. Harriet Martineau is considered an early feminist theorist because she
____ 53. Jane Addams
____ 54. Which of the following is NOT associated with mechanical solidarity?
____ 55. Research can be divided into two broad categories:
____ 56. Which of the following is NOT necessary when determining a causal relationship between two variables?
____ 57. Assume that a class has the following scores on a quiz:
What is the mode for these scores?
____ 58. Assume that a class has the following scores on a quiz:
Вы услышите 6 высказываний о расположении вещей в этой комнате, определите, верны они или нет. Если ответ верный поставь t (true),...