EE601 Statistical Signal Analysis 3 0 0 6 Review of probability theory and random variables: Transformation (function) of random variables; Conditional expectation; Sequences of random variables: convergence of sequences of random variables.
Stochastic processes: wide sense stationary processes, orthogonal increment processes, Wiener process, and the Poisson process, KL expansion. Ergodicity, Mean square continuity, mean square derivative and mean square integral of stochastic processes. Stochastic systems: response of linear dynamic systems (e.g. state space or ARMA systems) to stochastic inputs; Lyapunov equations; correlational function; power spectral density function; introduction to linear least square estimation, Wiener filtering and Kalman filtering. Texts/References A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variables and stochastic processes, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1983. A. Larson and B.O. Schubert, Stochastic Processes, Vol.I and II, HoldenDay, 1979. W. Gardener, Stochastic Processes, McGraw Hill, 1986.
EE602 Radar Systems 3 0 0 6 Radar theory, different types of radars, Radar signal analysis for range accuracy and resolution. Radar signal detection and estimation techniques, clutter and noise suppression, propagational characteristics over land and sea. Electronic countermeasure. Text/References M.I.Skolnik, Introduction to Radar Systems, McGraw Hill, 1980. D.K.Barton, Modern radar systems analysis, Artech House, 1988. B,Edde, Radar: Principles, Technology, Applications, Prentice Hall, 1993.
EE603 Digital Signal Processing and Applications 3 0 0 6 Discrete Time Signals: Sequences; representation of signals on orthogonal basis; Sampling and Reconstruction of signals;
Discrete systems: attributes, ZTransform, Analysis of LSI systems, Frequency Analysis, Inverse Systems, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Fast Fourier Transform algorithm, Implementation of Discrete Time Systems. Design of FIR Digital filters: Window method, ParkMcClellan's method. Design of IIR Digital Filters: Butterworth, Chebyshev and Elliptic Approximations; Lowpass, Bandpass, Bandstop and High pass filters.
Effect of finite register length in FIR filter design.
Parametric and nonparametric spectral estimation. Introduction to multirate signal processing. Application of DSP to Speech and Radar signal processing.
Texts/References A.V. Oppenheim and Schafer, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1989. John G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing: Principle, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice Hall, 1997. L.R. Rabiner and B. Gold, Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992. J.R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall, 1992. D. J. DeFatta, J. G. Lucas and W. S. Hodgkiss, Digital Signal Processing, J Wiley and Sons, Singapore, 1988.
EE605 Error Correcting Codes 3 0 0 6 Linear block codes : Systematic linear codes and optimum decoding for the binary symmetric channel; Generator and Parity Check matrices, Syndrome decoding on symmetric channels; Hamming codes; Weight enumerators and the MacWilliams identities; Perfect codes. Introduction to finite fields and finite rings; factorization of (X^n1) over a finite field; Cyclic Codes. BCH codes; Idempotents and MattsonSolomon polynomials; ReedSolomon codes, Justeen codes, MDS codes, Alterant, Goppa and generalized BCH codes; Spectral properties of cyclic codes.
Decoding of BCH codes: Berlekamp's decoding algorithm, Massey's minimum shift register synthesis technique and its relation to Berlekamp's algorithm. A fast Berlekamp  Massey algorithm.
Convolution codes; Wozencraft's sequential decoding algorithm, Fann's algorithm and other sequential decoding algorithms; Viterbi decoding algorithm. Texts/References F.J. MacWilliams and N.J.A. Slone, The theory of error correcting codes, North Holland, 1977. R.E. Balahut, Theory and practice of error control codes, Addison Wesley, 1983.
EE606 Fibre Optic Communication 3 0 0 6 Introduction to vector nature of light, propagation of light, propagation of light in a cylindrical dielectric rod, Ray model, wave model. Different types of optical fibers, Modal analysis of a step index fiber. Signal degradation on optical fiber due to dispersion and attenuation. Fabrication of fibers and measurement techniques like OTDR. Optical sources  LEDs and Lasers, Photodetectors  pindetectors, detector responsivity, noise, optical receivers. Optical link design  BER calculation, quantum limit, power panelities. Optical switches  coupled mode analysis of directional couplers, electrooptic switches. Nonlinear effects in fiber optic links. Concept of selfphase modulation, group velocity dispersion and solition based communication. Optical amplifiers  EDFA, Raman amplifier, and WDM systems. Texts/References J.Keiser, Fibre Optic communication, McGrawHill, 2nd Ed. 1992. J.E. Midwinter, Optical fibers for transmission, John Wiley, 1979. T. Tamir, Integrated optics, (Topics in Applied Physics Vol.7), SpringerVerlag, 1975. J.Gowar, Optical communication systems, Prentice Hall India, 1987. S.E. Miller and A.G. Chynoweth, eds., Optical fibres telecommunications, Academic Press, 1979. G.Agrawal, Nonlinear fibre optics, Academic Press, 2nd Ed. 1994. G. Agrawal, Fiber optic Communication Systems, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1992 F.C. Allard, Fiber Optics Handbook for engineers and scientists, McGraw Hill, New York (1990).
EE608 Adaptive Signal Processing 3 0 0 6 Review of linear and nonlinear estimation theory. Signal modelling. Optimal filtering. Adaptive filtering as an extension of the optimal least mean square error case Adaptive algorithms: adaptive equalization and echo cancellation; adaptive lattice filters. Application to radar, sonar, geophysics and hydrology, economic processes, communications (spread spectrum techniques). Texts/References S. Haykin, Adaptive filter theory, Prentice Hall, 1986. B. Widrow and S.D. Stearns, Adaptive signal processing, Prentice Hall, 1984.
EE609 Radiating Systems 3 0 0 6 Review of antenna theory, dipoles, monopole and loop antennas, linear and planar arrays, array synthesis, phased arrays, helical antennas, radiation from apertures, aperture distribution, horn and parabolic dish antennas, Yagi  Uda and logperiodic antennas, microstrip antennas and arrays, Dielectric Antennas. Texts/References J.D. Karus, Antennas, McGraw Hill, 1988. C.A. Balanis, Antenna Theory  Analysis and design, John wiley, 1982. R.E. Collin, Antennas and radiowave propagation, McGraw Hill, 1985. R.C. Johnson and H. Jasik, Antenna Engineering Handbook, McGraw Hill, 1984. I.J. Bahl and P. Bhartia, Microstrip antennas, Artech house,1980.
EE610 Image Processing 3 0 0 6 Image representation  Gray scale and colour Images, image sampling and quantization. Two dimensional orthogonal transforms  DFT, FFT, WHT, Haar transform, KLT, DCT. Image enhancement  filters in spatial and frequency domains, histogrambased processing, homomorphic filtering. Edge detection  non parametric and model based approaches, LOG filters, localisation problem. Image Restoration  PSF, circulant and block  circulant matrices, deconvolution, restoration using inverse filtering, Wiener filtering and maximum entropybased methods. Mathematical morphology  binary morphology, dilation, erosion, opening and closing, duality relations, gray scale morphology, applications such as hitandmiss transform, thinning and shape decomposition. Computer tomography  parallel beam projection, Radon transform, and its inverse, Backprojection operator, Fourierslice theorem, CBP and FBP methods, ART, Fan beam projection. Image communication  JPEG, MPEGs and H.26x standards, packet video, error concealment. Image texture analysis  cooccurence matrix, measures of textures, statistical models for textures. Misc. topics such as  Hough Transform, boundary detection, chain coding, and segmentation, thresholding methods. Texts/References A. K. Jain, Fundamentals of digital image processing, Prentice Hall of India, 1989. R.M. Haralick, and L.G. Shapiro, Computer and Robot Vision, Vol1, Addison Wesley, Reading, MA, 1992. R. Jain, R. Kasturi and B.G. Schunck, Machine Vision, McGrawHill International Edition, 1995. W. K. Pratt, Digital image processing, Prentice Hall, 1989. A. Rosenfold and A. C. Kak, Digital image processing, Vols. 1 and 2, Prentice Hall, 1986. H. C. Andrew and B. R. Hunt, Digital image restoration, Prentice Hall, 1977
EE611 Microwave Integrated Circuits 2 0 2 6 Introduction to microwave integrated circuits: Active and passive components. Analysis of microstrip lines: variational method, conformal transformation, numerical analysis; losses in microstrip lines; Slot line and Coupled lines; Design of power dividers and combiners, directional couplers, hybrid couplers, filters. Microstrip lines on ferrite and garnet substrates; Isolators and circulators; Lumped elements in MICs.
Technology of MICs: Monolithic and hybrid substrates; thin and thick film technologies, computer aided design. Texts/References Leo Young and H. Sobol, Ed. Advances in Microwaves, Vol.2, Academic Press Inc., 1974. B.Bhat and S. Koul, Striplinelike transmission lines for MICs, John Wiley, 1989. T.K. Ishii, Handbook of Microwave Technology, vol. I, Academic Press, 1995.
EE612 Telematics 3 0 0 6 Basics of Telephony: Telephone Network overview; Subscriber Loop; Signalling in the Telephone Network; Overview of ISDN, BISDN and ATM Technologies Circuit Switching in Telephone Networks: Crossbar switch; Clos networks; Clos and SlepianDuguid theorems; Recursive construction of Clos Networks; Time switching, TMS and TST switches; Lee and Jacobeus blocking analysis; Routing in RNB network; Switch processor, Call processing and overload control; Example telephone switches. Cell Switching: Generic Switch; Input and output queued switches; Shared memory and Shared medium switches, Crossbar switch, Complexity and scaling disdvantage of output queued switches, Knockout principle; Interconnections for large switches, Self routing architectures, Batcherbanyan networks; Unbufferred banyan switches, Buffered banyan, Tandem banyan, Speedup, Parallelism and Channel grouping toenhance input queued switches; Concentrators superconcentrators and Copy networks, Examples of ATM switches, IP Switching from VC based fixed length packet switches. Multiplexing and Routing in Circuit Switched Networks: Abstract System Models Erlang Blocking Models; Overflow Models, Equivalent Random Theory, Haywards Approxmn and Introductory Non Poisson Arrival Processes; Product form solution; Erlang Fixed Point Solution; Techniques to choose good routes; Alternate Routing; Dynamic Routing, Least Busy Alternate Routing; Texts/References Joseph Y. Hui, Switching and Traffic Theory for Integrated Broadband Networks, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990. V.E. Benes, Mathematical Theory of Connecting Networks and Telephone Traffic, Academic Press, 1965. G. Hebuterne, Traffic Flow in Switching Systems, Artech House, 1987. A. Girard, Routing and Dimensioning in Circuit Switched Networks, 1986. J.C. Bellamy, Digital Telephony, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, 1992.
EE613 Nonlinear Dynamical Systems 3 0 0 6 Introduction to nonlinear systems; analysis by phase plane and describing function methods. Lyapunov stability theory. The Lure problem: Popov's method, circle criterion. Hyperstability. Hamiltonian, Lagrangian and gradient systems: physical examples and analysis. Stability of Hamiltonian systems. Periodic systems: FloquetLyapunov theory, Krein's stability theorem. Texts/References V. M. Popov : Hyperstability of control systems. Springer Grundleheren series, 1970. M. Vidyasagar, Nonlinear systems analysis. 2nd Edition. Prentice Hall, 1993. Y. A. Yakubovitch and V. M. Starzhinskii, Linear differential equations with periodic coefficients. Wiley, 1975.
EE614 Solid State Microwave Devices and Applications 3 0 0 6 Amplifiers  Microwave semiconductor devices and models; Power gain equations, stability, impedance matching, constant gain and noise figure circles; Small signal, low noise, highpower and broadband amplifier designs. Oscillators  One port, two port, YIG dielectric and Gunndiode oscillators. Two terminal microwave devices and circuits: PIN diodes and uses as switches, phase shifters and limiters; Varactor diodes, IMPATT and TRAPATT devices, transferred electron devices. Microwave BJTs. GaAs FETs, low noise and power GaAs FETs and their applications. Microwave Mixers. Texts/References S.Y. Liao, Microwave Circuit Analysis and Amplifier Design, Prentice Hall, 1987. G.D. Vendelin, A.M. Pavio, U.L. Rohde, Microwave Circuit Design, Using Linear and Nonlinear Techniques, John Wiley, 1990. Y. Konishi, Microwave Integrated Circuits, Marcel Dekker, 1991.
EE615 Control and Computation Laboratory 1 0 4 6 Programming and computation in MATLAB and SCILAB. Design of control systems and their simulation using software tools. Implementation of algorithms for multivariable systems for pole placement, observer design, stability computations, factorizations, solutions of Lyapunov and Ricatti equations, realizations, balancing. Use of algorithms for multivariable time series modelling. Texts/References A. Antoulas (Ed) : Mathematical systems theory Springer Verlag 1991. C. T. Chen : Linear system theory and design, 3rd Edition. Oxford 1999. K. N. Sigmon and T. A. Davis : MATLAB primer 6th edition, CRC Press 2001.
EE616 Electronic Systems Design 2 0 2 6 Signal conditioning, Instrumentation & Isolation amplifiers, Analog filters, Analog switches, Programmable circuits, Switchedcapacitors circuits and applications. A/D and D/A conversion: sampling and quantization, antialiasing and smoothening filters, Data converters, Interfacing with DSP blocks. Signal measurement in the presence of noise:synchronous detection, signal averaging. Noise in electronic systems; design of low noise circuits. Interfacing of analog and digital systems. PCB design and layout; System assembly considerations. Texts/References A. S Sedra and KC Smith, Microelectronic circuits, Oxford, 1998. S. Soclof, Applications of analog integrated circuits, Prentice Hall1990. T. T. Lang, Electronics of measuring systems  practical implementation, Wiley,1987. P. Horowitz and W Hill, The art of electronics, Cambridge,1995. H.W.Ott, Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems, Wiley, 1989. S. K Mitra, Digital signal processing: a computer based approach, McGraw Hill, 1998. W.C. Bosshart, Printed Circuit Boards: Design and Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1983. G.L. Ginsberg, Printed Circuit Design, McGraw Hill, 1991.
EE617 Sensors in Instrumentation 3 0 0 6 Sensor characteristics; R, L and C sensors: Hall effect sensors; Piezoelectric sensors; Microsensors. Sensors for displacement, pressure, temperature, flow etc. Optical sensors; chemical and biosensors. Sensor applications in nondestructive testing. Interfacing sensors with microprocessors and micro controllers. Texts/References D. V.S.Murthy,Transducers in instrumentation,Prentice Hall, 1995. J. P.Bentley, Principles of measurement systems, Wiley,1989 J. W.Gardner, Microsensors, principles and applications, Wiley,1996. S.M.Sze, Semiconductor Sensors, Wiley,1994
EE618 CMOS Analog VLSI Design 3 0 0 6 Introduction to analog VLSI and mixed signal issues in CMOS technologies. Basic MOS models, SPICE Models and frequency dependent parameters. Basic MNOS/CMOS gain stage, cascade and cascode circuits. Frequency response, stabilty and noise issues in amplifiers. CMOS analog blocks: Current Sources and Voltage references. Differential amplifier and OPAMP design. Frequency Synthesizers and Phased lockloop. Nonlinear analog blocks: Comparators,Chargepump circuits and Multipliers. Data converters. Analog Interconnects. Analog Testing and Layout issues. Low Voltage and Low Power Circuits. Introduction to RF Electronics. Basic concepts in RF design Text/References R.Jacob Baker,H.W.Li, and D.E. Boyce CMOS Circuit Design ,Layout and Simulation, PrenticeHall of India,1998 Mohammed Ismail and Terri Faiz Analog VLSI Signal and Information Process, McGrawHill Book company,1994 Paul R. Gray and R.G.Meyer, Analysis and design of Analog Integrated circuits John Wiley and sons,USA,(3rd Edition),1993 B. Razavi, RF Microelectronics, PrenticeHall PTR,1998 Journals: 1}IEEE Journal of Solid state Circuits 2}IEEE Trans. on Communications
EE619 RF Microelectronics Chip Design 3 0 0 6 Introduction to RF and Wireless Technology: Complexity, design and applications. Choice of Technology. Basic concepts in RF Design: Nonlinearly and Time Variance, intersymbol Interference, random processes and Noise. Definitions of sensitivity and dynamic range, conversion Gains and Distortion. Analog and Digital Modulation for RF circuits: Comparison of various techniques for power efficiency. Coherent and Non coherent defection. Mobile RF Communication systems and basics of Multiple Access techniques. Receiver and Transmitter Architectures and Testing heterodyne, Homodyne, Imagereject, DirectIF and subsampled receivers. Direct Conversion and two steps transmitters. BJT and MOSFET behavior at RF frequencies Modeling of the transistors and SPICE models. Noise performance and limitation of devices. Integrated Parasitic elements at high frequencies and their monolithic implementation. Basic blocks in RF systems and their VLSI implementation : Low Noise Amplifiers design in various technologies, Design of Mixers at GHz frequency range. Various Mixers, their working and implementations, Oscillators: Basic topologies VCO and definition of phase noise. NoisePower tradeoff. Resonatorless VCO design. Quadrature and singlesideband generators, Radio Frequency Synthesizes: PLLS, Various RF synthesizer architectures and frequency dividers, Power Amplifiers design. Linearisation techniques, Design issues in integrated RF filters. Some discussion on available CAD tools for RF VLSI designs. Prerequisite: EE 671 and Exxx (Analog VLSI Design) Texts/References B.Razavi, RF Microelectronics, PrenticeHall PTR,1998 T.H.Lee, The Design of CMOS RadioFrequency Integrated Circuits", Cambridge University Press, 1998. R.Jacob Baker,H.W.Li, and D.E. Boyce, CMOS Circuit Design ,Layout and Simulation, PrenticeHall of India,1998. Y.P. Tsividis Mixed Analog and Digital VLSI Devices and Technology, McGraw Hill,1996
EE620 Physics of Transistors 3 0 0 6 The MOS transistor: PaoSah and Brews models; Short channel effects in MOS transistors. Hotcarrier effects in MOS transistors; Quasistatic compact models of MOS transistors; Measurement of MOS transistor parameters; Scaling and transistors structures for ULSI; Silicononinsulator transistors; Highfield and radiation effects in transistors.
The bipolar transistor: EbersMoll model; charge control model; smallsignal and switching characteristics; Gradedbase and gradedemitter transistors; Highcurrent and high frequency effects; Heterojunction bipolar transistors; Junction FETs; JFET, MESFET and heterojunction FET. Texts/References N. D. Arora, MOSFET Models for VLSI Circuit Simulation, SpringerVerlag, 1993. E. J. Roulston, Bipolar Semiconductor Devices, McGrawHill, 1990. S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, (2e), Wiley Eastern, 1981. Y. P. Tsividis, Operation and Modelling of the MOS Transistor, McGrawHill, 1987. E. Takeda, Hotcarrier Effects in MOS Trasistors, Academic Press, 1995.
EE621 Markov Chains and Queuing Systems 3 0 0 6 Prerequisite: Background in Probability and Stochastic Processes and an interest in System Modeling. Markov Chains and regenerative processes have been extensively used in modeling a wide variety of systems and phenomena. Likewise, many systems can be modeled as queueing systems with some aspect of the queue governed by a random process. Obvious examples of such systems occur in telecommunication systems, manufacturing systems and computer systems. This course is aimed at teaching system modeling using Markov chains with special emphasis on developing queueing models. The course contents are as follows. Introduction: Review of basic probability, properties of nonnegative random variables, laws of large numbers and the Central Limit Theorem. Renewal Processes: Basic definitions, recurrence times, rewards and renewal reward theorem, point processes, Poisson process, Walds equation, Blackwell's theorem. Discrete time Markov chains: definitions and properties, matrix representation, PerronFrobenius theory Continuous time Markov chains: basic definitions, Qmatrix, birthdeath processes, quasi birth death processes. Embedded Markov processes, semi Markov processes, reversible Markov chains Random walks Fundamental queueing results: Little's theorem, invariance of the mean delay, Conservation law Markovian queues: Jackson and BCMP networks, numerical Algorithms. M/G/1 & G/M/1 queues and G/G/1 queues Advanced queueing models: priority, vacation and retrials in queues. Texts/References Stochastic Modeling and the Theory Queues, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1989. P.Bremaud, Markov Chains, SpringerVerlag, 1999. E.Seneta, Non Negative Matrices and Markov Chains, Springer Series in Statistics, Springer, New York, 1981. R.Gallager, Discrete Stochastic Processes, Kluwer Academic Press, 1996. L.Kleinrock, Queueing Systems} vols I and II, John Wiley and Sons 1976.
EE622 Optimal Control Systems 3 0 0 6 Introduction. static and dynamic optimization. Parameter optimization. Caculus of Variations : problems of Lagrange,. Mayer and Bolza. EulerLanguage equation and transversality conditions, Lagrange multipiliers. Pontryagin’s maximum principle; theory; application to minimum time, energy and control effort problems, and terminal control problem. Dynamic programming : Belaman’s principle of optimality, multistage decision processes. application to optimal control. Linear regulator problem : matrix Riccati equation and its solution, tracking problem. Computational methods in optimal control. application of mathematical programming. singular perturbations, practical examples. Texts/References D.E.Kirk, Optimal Control Theory, PrenticeHall. 1970. A.P.Sage and C.C.White II, Optimum Systems Control, 2^{nd} ED., PrenticeHall, 1977. D.Tabak and B.C.Kuo, Optimal Control by Mathematical Programming, PrenticeHall, 1971. B.D.O. Anderson and J.B.Moore, Linear Optimal Control, PrenticeHall, 1971.
EE625 Bio Sensors and Bio MEMS 3 0 0 6 This course has been initiated to introduce students to biosensors and microfabricated systems for biosensing, primarily on silicon, so that they can get on with their seminars and projects in these areas. The focus of this course would be to acquaint students to device structures, analysis of the structures to obtain device characteristics and finally approaches to design and test of these devices and systems. Prerequisite: Introductory courses on device physics & differential equations. If a first level course on devices has not been taken, students should get an introduction to the area by reading a book such as `Semiconductor Devices: Physics & Technology` by SM Sze [John Wiley, India, 2002]. The broad structure of the course would be: Weeks 12: Approaches to designing electronic systems Sensor classification & sensing principles Introduction to biosensors & bioMS Weeks 36: Semiconductor sensors for physical measurands Physicochemical sensors integrable on silicon Weeks 79:Biosensors: Structures & device analysis Catalytic biosensors Affinity biosensors Weeks 1012: bioMS: Architectures & analytic models. Text/References SM Sze John Wiley, Semiconductor Devices: Physics & Technology` by, India, 2002. RS Muller, RT Howe, SD Senturia, RL Smith and RM White, `Microsensors`, IEEE Press, New York, 1991. Mohamed GadelHak (R), MEMS handbook` CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2002. Anthony P.F.Turner, Isao Karube and George S. Wilson, `Biosensors :fundamentals and applications` , Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987. S Middelhoek & SA Audet , `Silicon sensors`, Academic Press Limited,London,1989. A Sandana. `Engineering biosensors: kinetics and design applications`, Academic Press, San Diego, 2002. D Voet & JG Voet , `Biochemistry`, J Wiley & Sons, New York, 1990.
