Mike The economic and ecological value of trees in urban environments Washington D. C. Agency for International Development (usaid); 1996. 10 p. Abstract




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НазваниеMike The economic and ecological value of trees in urban environments Washington D. C. Agency for International Development (usaid); 1996. 10 p. Abstract
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OPEN SPACE


230

AMIDON, Jane; GUSTAFSON, Kathryn

Radical landscapes: reinventing outdoor space
.- London : Thames and Hudson Ltd ; 2003 .- 192 p.

ABSTRACT: "Radical Landscapes" presents over 60 projects by forward-looking landscape designers. Their use of innovative materials, unusual plants and unexpected forms offers alternative solutions to garden, backyard or outdoor space design. The book is organized into seven themes: light and colour, movement, order and objects, interaction, new contexts, urban interventions, and narrative. Each chapter is illustrated with works by designers and architects such as Fernando Garuncho, Kathryn Gustafson, Hiroki Hasegawa, Walter Hood and Adriaan Geuze.

ISBN: 050028427X


231

BENGE, Mike

The economic and ecological value of trees in urban environments.

.- Washington D.C. : Agency for International Development (USAID) ; 1996 .- 10 p.

ABSTRACT: Examines from various angles (urban environment, aesthetics, public health, economics) the role of trees in urban settings, notably in the USA. (WB) United States; urban trees;trees; urban environment; economic aspects; public health.


232

BENSON, J.F. and ROE, M.H. (ed.)

Urban lifestyles: spaces - places - people: proceedings of an international conference on cities in the new millenium, Newcastle Upon Tyne, 14-16 September 2000
.- Amsterdam : A.A. Balkema ; 2000 .- 322 p.

ABSTRACT: This work reviews trends in life, design and development throughout the industrial world under broad areas that contribute to urban quality and the quality of life. Issues including housing, health, the environment, leisure, and work are discussed.

ISBN: 9058091694

233

BROTO, Carles

New urban design
.- Warsaw : Nippon Shuppan Hanbai (Deutschland) GmbH ; 2001 .- 184 p.

ABSTRACT: The city is a patchwork of solids and voids; The lines of the streets, the holes of the squares and the landscaped areas draw a map of crossed and connected threads that form the urban fabric This book presents a careful selection of recent examples of the design of small scale open spaces such as parks, squares and promenades that make a powerful contribution to the communication between built masses.

ISBN: 3931884740


234

CARMONA, Mathew; OC, Taner; TIESDELL, Steven and HEATH, Tim

Public places - urban spaces: a guide to urban design
.- Oxford : Architectural Press ; 2001 .- 320 p.

ABSTRACT: Public Places - Urban Spaces is a holistic guide to the many complex and interacting dimensions of urban design. The discussion moves systematically through ideas, theories, research and the practice of urban design from an unrivalled range of sources. It aids the

reader by gradually building the concepts one upon the other towards a total view of the subject. The author team explain the catalysts of change and renewal, and explore the global and local contexts and processes within which urban design operates. The book presents six key dimensions of urban design theory and practice - the social, visual, functional, temporal, morphological and perceptual - allowing it to be dipped into for specific information, or read from cover to cover. This is a clear and accessible text that provides a comprehensive discussion of this complex subject.

ISBN: 0750636327


235

CARTER, Paul

Repressed spaces

.- London : Reaktion Books Ltd ; 2002 .- 224 p.

ABSTRACT: In "Repressed Spaces", Paul Carter tours the cultural history of agoraphobia, the fear of open space. Its symptoms were first described in "The Anatomy of Melancholy" (1621) by Robert Burton, the British scholar and writer, although it wasn't until 1871 that Carl Otto Westphal coined the term to describe several of his patients who experienced severe anxiety when walking through streets or squares. There have been many attempts to explain and treat the condition critics of modernization have linked it to bad city planning; psychoanalysts, calling it "street panic", have blamed it on the Oedipus complex; psychiatrists have tied it to existential insecurity and describe it as the fear of places or situations which have triggered panic attacks. Sigmund Freud believed that agoraphobia, like all phobias, was part of an "anxiety neurosis" and had a sexual origin. Taking as his starting point the fact that Freud himeslf was agoraphobic, and analyzing the way peole have negotiated open spaces from Greek and Roman times to the present day, he finds that "space fear" ultimatley results from the inhibition of movement. Along the way, Paul Carter asks why Freud repressed his agoraphobia, and examines literature, the work of theorists including Le Corbusier, Benjamin and R.D. Laing, artists such as Munch, Lapique and Giacometti, and the German "street films" of the 1920s. He concludes by proposing a new way of regarding open space, a new "poetics of agoraphobia", which is sensitive to an agoraphobe's point of view and will provide lessons for architects and urban planners today.

ISBN: 1861891288


236

CROMPTON, John

Financing and aquiring public park, recreation and open spaces resources
.- Vancouver : Human Kinetics ; 1998 .- 535 p.

ABSTRACT: A guide that presents the state of the art of financing and acquisition techniques for those in the parks and recreation field. Crompton (recreation, park, and tourism sciences, Texas A&M U.) covers multiple budgeting techniques; communicating the benefits of park and recreation services; how to use.

ISBN: 0880118067


237

FRANCIS, Mark

Urban open space: designing for user needs (Case Studies in Land & Community Design Series)
.- Washington, D.C. : Island Press ; 2003 .- 85 p.

ABSTRACT: Research has shown that successful public spaces are ones that are responsive to the needs of their users, are democratic in their accessibility, and are meaningful for the larger community. This work examines studies to glean findings and design implications related to user needs and conflicts.

ISBN: 1559631139


238

HARE, Charlotte

Landscape London: a guide to gardens and urban spaces (Batsford Architecture)
.-London : B.T. Batsford ; 2000 .- 200 p.

ABSTRACT: An Illustrated guide to 70 publically accessible landscape projects, from parks to patios. This book looks at almost 70 projects, from neighbourhood parks and recreation grounds to piazzas in commercial developments (including what may be the world's largest patio), from linear parks designed to open up the banks of the Thames, to the Diana Memorial Playground in Hyde Park. All have been designed in the last ten years and together they are proof of an area of urban design that has discovered a new sense of experiment and purpose. London - unlike other great European capitals - was never planned on a grand scale, but evolved as one village merged into its neighbours. The landscape character of the modern city is the sum of its parts: parks, public open spaces, squares and waterways. The last few years of the 20th century saw a flurry of new landscape activity, due largely to National Lottery funding. Almost for the first time, designers from abroad, notably from the US and France, have been working here, bringing fresh ideas and new strategies.

ISBN: 1841660280


239

LING, Ooi Giok

Future of space: planning, space & the city
.- St. Davids : Eastern University ; 2004 .- 300 p.

ABSTRACT: Urban space in Singapore is a scarce resource upon which different groups in the city draw. In this way, urban space is contested territory. This book presents a review of the politics and rationale of spatial planning, as well as the social processes involved in the provision and shaping of urban space -- industrial, residential, retail, public space -- which affects its availability to the citizenry in the city. The focus is on research done in the city-state of Singapore, considering what the urban space we now have means to Singaporeans and the implications for space in the future. Emphasis is also placed on a forward looking discussion of the processes -- social, economic and political -- that have shaped the meaning of urban space and its use at the everyday and more episodic levels, and current concerns among the international research community will be highlighted in the discussion of our needs for space and its planning here in Singapore. Contents: Policy, Planning and Urban Space; Centralised Planning, Urban edevelopment and New Towns; Framing Sustainability -- Beyond the Garden City; Colonial, Postcolonial and Global Impact on the Shaping of Public Space; Shopping and Urban Retail Space; Politics, the Public Housing Process and Space in Singapore; Recreational Space -- Open Spaces and Parks; Politics of Difference and Spaces of Indifference.

ISBN: 9812102736


240

MOUGHTIN, J.C.; OC, Taner and TIESDELL, Steven

Urban design: ornament and decoration

Second Edition

.- Oxford : Architectural Press ; 1999 .- 183 p.

ABSTRACT: 'Urban Design: Ornament and Decoration' focuses on decorating the city and how ornament has been used to bring delight to the urban scene. The authors show how the pattern and distribution of street and square and other major elements in the city can be enhanced by the judicious use of decorative surface treatment and by the careful placing of hard and soft landscape features. This second edition, updated by Cliff Moughtin and now available in paperback, includes a new chapter on mud architecture. Case studies of city decoration are also outlined to bring together the ideas discussed and to show how ornament and decoration can be used to emphasize the five components of city form: the path, the node, the edge, the landmark and the district.

ISBN: 0-7506-4273-4


241

MOUGHTIN, J.C.

Urban design: street and square

Third Edition

.- Oxford : Architechural Press ; 2003 .- 320 p.

ABSTRACT: This book, part of a series of four, offers a detailed analysis of urban design, covering the streets, squares and buildings that make up the public face of towns and cities. It outlines the theory of the principal features of urban design from which method is developed and provides a better understanding of the main elements of urban design. This includes the arrangement, design and details of the streets and squares, and the roles they play in city planning.
This third edition includes chapters on "Sustainable Urban Design" and "Visual Analysis", introducing the latest theories and influences in the field and bringing greater practical significance to the book. Cliff Moughtin explores the street and square in terms of function, structure and symbolism and examines fine examples in their historical context. These are set against the background of the laws of urban design composition, culled from Renaissance and modern writers.

ISBN: 0-7506-5717-0


242

THE STATIONERY OFFICE

Planning for open space, sport and recreation (Planning Policy Guidance Notes)
.- London : The Stationery Office Books ; 2002 .- 12 p.

ISBN: 0117536369


243

TENNANT, Rachel and GARMORY, Nicola

Spaced out : a guide to best contemporary urban spaces in the UK and Ireland

.- Oxford : Architectural Press ; 2005 .- 136 p.

ABSTRACT: This beautifully illustrated guide celebrates some of the most significant award winning public spaces in major cities in the UK and Ireland over the last ten years.
Dealing with a range of contemporary and innovating designed landscapes from urban spaces to public parks, this book focuses on those that have been awarded the highest design accolade from the Royal Institute of British Architects, The Royal Town and Planning Institute, The Landscape Institute and The Civic Trust. Focusing on designs in ten major cities, and providing a snappy synopsis of each of the spaces in terms of its design statement, function, location, design team and award commentary, It illustrates to the reader what makes 'good design' in the public realm, providing both information and inspiration.

ISBN: 0-7506-6142-9


244

TOPOS EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE MAGAZINE (ed.)

Parks: green spaces in European cities
.- Basel : Birkhauser Verlag AG ; 2002 .- 128 p.

ABSTRACT: New parks are often created on disused industrial sites such as La Villette in Paris or Citrcen-Cevennes in Duisburg-Nord. Widely admired they are an integral part of public planning policy as they lend towns character while simultaneously fulfilling ecological and social needs and, not least, they increase the value of property and land. This volume presents a range of examples, from the smaller town park to the larger country parks on the periphery of the city. Taken from individual issues of Topos, the examples include Tapiola in Finland, the Museums garden in Santiago de Compostela, Parc de Bercy in Paris, Park Juan Carlos I in Madrid. This selection of well-known and also lesser-known European parks will provide an informative overview of the function of green spaces in towns today

ISBN: 3764367318


245

TOPOS - EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE MAGAZINE (ed.)

Urban squares: recent European promenades, squares and city centres
.- Basel : Birkhauser Verlag AG ; 2002 .- 128 p.

ABSTRACT: Urban spaces can only be considered a success if they are being used. This volume is an overview of thriving squares and urban spaces in European architecture which have been presented in "Topos" magazine since 1993. It includes examples from Barcelona, Lyon, Reykjavik, Verona, Dublin and Vienna.

ISBN: 3764366702

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