So here is the gkdoze trying to give a concise and brief ( looks huge though believe me there is lots and lots more … ) about the United Nations




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IIFT UNITED


So here is the GKDOZE #1. Trying to give a concise and brief ( looks huge though believe me there is lots and lots more … ) about the United Nations.

Important things to remember are :

Headquarters , Abbreviations , date of formation of UN & various agencies .

Till next week.

The United Nations

Origin: The United Nations Organization is an association of states which have pledged themselves to maintain international peace and security and cooperate in solving international political, economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems towards achieving this end.

The United Nations officially came into existence on Oct. 24,1945, with the deposit of the requisite number of ratifications of the Charter, the constituting instrument of the UN with the US Department.

United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 Oct. each year. The headquarters of the UNO is in New York.

Flag : White UN Emblem (two bent olive branches open at the top and in between them in world map) on a light blue background.

Official Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

The United Nations has six principal organs according to the Charter which are indicated as below :

  • The General Assembly

It consists of all 193 member nations and functions as the main deliberative body. It meets once a year on the third Tuesday of the month of September and session lasts for two weeks.
At each session the Assembly elects a new President, 21 Vice-Presidents and Chairmen of the six main committees. For proper geographical representation, the Presidency of the Assembly rotates every year among the five geographical groups–Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Caribbean, and Western Europe and other stares.

  • The Security Council

The UN Charter has entrusted the primary responsibility for maintenance of international peace and security. The Security Council is made up of 15 member states, consisting of 5 permanent members–China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States–and 10 non-permanent members, currently Azerbaijan, India, South Africa, Colombia, Morocco, Togo, Germany, Pakistan, Guatemala, and Portugal.

  • The Economic and Social Council (ECO-SOC)

  • The Trusteeship Council

  • The International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (ICJ), located in The Hague, Netherlands, is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations.

The UN Secretariat

The United Nations Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide. It provides studies, information, and facilities needed by United Nations bodies for their meetings. It also carries out tasks as directed by the UN Security Council, the UN General Assembly, the UN Economic and Social Council, and other UN bodies. The current Secretary-General is Ban Ki-moon, who took over from Kofi Annan in 2007 and has been elected for a second term to conclude at the end of 2016.


Important Years Observed by UNO

2005 Year of Physics

2006 International Year of Desert and Desertification

2008 International Year of the Potato

2009 International Year of Reconciliation

2010 International Year of Biodiversity

2011 International Year of Forests

2012 International Year of Cooperatives

2013 International Year of Water Cooperation

2014 International Year of Family Farming

Organizations and specialized agencies of the United Nations


FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

Rome, Italy

1945


IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

Vienna, Austria

1957


ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

Montreal, Canada

1947


IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development

Rome, Italy

1977


ILO

International Labour Organization

Geneva, Switzerland

1946 (1919)


IMO

International Maritime Organization

London, United Kingdom

1948


IMF

International Monetary Fund

Washington, D.C., USA

1945 (1944)


ITU

International Telecommunication Union

Geneva, Switzerland

1947 (1865)


UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Paris, France

1946


UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

Vienna, Austria

1967


UPU

Universal Postal Union

Bern, Switzerland

1947 (1874)


WB

World Bank

Washington, .C., USA

1945 (1944)


WFP

World Food Programme

Rome, Italy

1963


WHO

World Health Organization

Geneva, Switzerland

1948


WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

Geneva, Switzerland

1974


WMO

World Meteorological Organization

Geneva, Switzerland

1950 (1873)


UNWTO

World Tourism Organization

Madrid, Spain

1974


GDP growth estimates for 2011-12



Ministry of Finance

8.6%

PMEAC (C. Rangrajan)

9.0%

RBI

8.0%

IMF

8.2%(2011), 7.8% (2012)

Crisil (Oct)

7.6%

FICCI

7.9% (7.5 to 8.0)









IIFT GK Analysis -From 2007 to 2011


Sections covered : Questions and asked


1.India : Indian Culture (Festival and Fairs of State, Folk Dances- Questions has been asked), Constitution (the question which was asked in the paper was “name of the act was was provided and we have to answer from which countries constitution it was taken”- till date only one question has been asked on our constitution),Election , Geographical Border (question was with how many countries does india share its border name of the countries were given), State and Sex Ratio, State and Products (Question was Product name was given and States were arranged according the product production in large amount -identify the wrong pair), Indian Defence (Name of Person and his Rank -match the following ), National Park (Name of national park and in which state is situated), National Highway( Route No. and from which state it passes through- Match the following ),State Governors (Governor of which state match the following), Sea Port (Questions asked were of two types- State having maximum no. of ports & name of port was given identify the state), SEZ (Questions asked were of two types – State having maximum no. of ports & Name of SEZ and state associated with it ), List of places under UNESCO –World Heritage (Name of the places were given and we have to answer on that particular year which was added on the list ) , Ministry and Public Programmes (question was which ministry started which program – Match the following), State and River , Mountain and Peaks (questions to find the peak that was not in India ), Indian Railway (Question was to match the Head-Quarter and Name of train were given we have to select the route)


2.World: Name of country, their capital, their president, currency , River flowing , their Parliament Name & Name of their Stock Exchange ( Questions were match the following type ), History of any particular country, New name of the Country (Question was to match their changed names with the old ones), Soubriquet and Primary Name, Treaties and Policies (Which country signed which treaty )


3.Business World : FDI (Question were for a particular month which country has the highest inflow in India, Sectorwise analysis of FDI), Name of Company- their CEO, originating country, Punchlines , their Products, Founder of the Company, Merger & Acquisitions (which company acquired which one or which company merged with which, Till date highest acquisitions ), Summits, Conference, Trades and Agreement (questions were either you have to find the members associated with it, new member involved , which country signed a deal with which country ), TV Channel and their Parent Company, Bank and its Policies (Indian Banks and question was on RBI), Basic Economic Terms and its meaning - Now this is one of the important sections you will find 3 to 4 questions every year .


4.Sports : Questions in this section were based on the following : Awards (Arjuna Awards etc.), Olympics (country and the year they held the Olympic), Tennis : Question was to find the pair of Sania Mirza with whom she won the tournament,Commonwealth Games and other questions which were asked was that event happened who was the winner or runner up – Kindly go through all the important events held this year and who was the winner , runner up , place where it was held etc., and any happening news for a particular year like this year in the news was Lance Amstrong – one to mention like this there will be some more go for it.


5.International Organizations : Questions were based on the organization their purpose, any particular scheme or events they lauched what was the purpose, Indentify the correct full form of the organization, their HQ , person who is the head of the agency (questions asked were not only on UNO and its Pricipal Organs but also on many Intergovernmental Organizations has been asked )- This section also has 3- 4 questions every year, questions asked are direct you can answer them easily.


6.Music and Films : Name of film directors , name of actor/ actress, From Music Section the question asked was in the year 2007 and it was that we have to identify the Raag and in which time they are being sung – peculiar question ; wheel was drawn and time with trhe name of the raag was given,we have to match the right combination)


7.Awards : Nobel Prize, Literary Awards (Sahitya Awards etc.), Dada Saheb Phalke Awards, Business Awards , Dara Sikoh award etc – One more award on which question can be asked is in the field of Journalism ie Ramnath Goenka Award.


8.Personality : Question was to identify the person and with his particular thing he is associated like Rahul Dravid is associated with which Bank etc., one more type of question asked was name of the person was given and we have to identify the false statement about that person.


9.Cartoon Character and Creator – asked only twice in 2007 and in 2011


10.Painter and Title of Creation : Only one one question asked in 2007 for eg. The Last Supper- Vinci


11.Science and Technology : Invention and Discoveries , Chemical Name of the Medicine, Some common words and its meaning, Name of scientific instrument and and their purpose, Space Mission name , Name of Disease.

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