Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain

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History 105 Quiz Questions

Lisa M Lane

Spring 2012

Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain

The Bronze Age marked a change in belief systems exemplified by: [p 26]

A. single burial

B. circular henge monuments

C. agricultural goddesses

D. stone axes

The spread of belief systems around Britain during the Bronze Age was facilitated by all of the following EXCEPT: [p 27]

A. demand for goods like copper, tin and amber

B. trade among regions

C. Christian missionaries

D. increased communication and flow of ideas along trade routes

All of the following suggest increased social stress during the Bronze Age EXCEPT: [p 29]

A. the transfer from barley to wheat farming

B. enclosed and defended settlements

C. population increase

D. caches of bronze weaponry

It is no longer believed that during the Iron Age: [p 30-31]

A. hill forts were constructed throughout southeastern Britain

B. small homesteads dotted the landscape

C. waves of Celts crossed from Europe and began colonizing Britain

D. Britain had contact with the continent

During the Iron Age, contact among diverse communities would have been most encouraged by: [p 31]

A. trade in surplus agricultural goods

B. the production of iron tools

C. coastal exploration

D. Celtic migration

Patterns of hill forts in the South Downs indicates that they were occupied: [p 34-35]

A. briefly, then abandoned due to attack

B. by small military groups

C. as small units of less than 3 acres

D. for many years

The term "neolithic" refers to the:

A. New Stone Age.

B. Old Stone Age.

C. the timeframe of Kent's Cavern.

D. the Iron Age.

Which is the correct order of these peoples' arrival in Britain?

A. Pretani, Marnian, Belgae

B. Iron Age B, Belgae, Pretani

C. Marnian, Iron Age A, Iron Age B

D. Belgae, Pretani, Marnian

In the web lecture, I noted the Celtic warp-weighted loom because it's my intention to track the history of wool. Why?

A. because it would become the source of British wealth and power

B. because the sheep in England would all die out by the 4th century

C. to show the primitive nature of Celtic life

D. because it is unusual, since no one wore woolen cloth

One of the great advances in agriculture during the Iron Age was:

A. the planting of corn

B. the transplanting of Roman grapevines

C. cross-plouged Celtic squares to conserve water

D. the use of manure

The lecture notes that Caesar never used the word "Celtae" to refer to the local British population, only to the Gallic tribes. We use it because:

A. other Romans used the term.

B. it was a name based on the tribe at Maiden Castle.

C. a linguistic connection exists between the Britons and Gallic peoples called Celtae by Caesar.

D. later historians invented the term.

Quiz 2: Roman and Anglo-Saxon Britain

A new and possibly anti-Roman nationalism in younger southern English leaders like Caratacus may have been influenced by: [p 38]

A. the Celts

B. Druid priests

C. Germanic tribes

D. the Iceni

Shelter for Caractacus against the Romans was refused by: [p 40]

A. Queen Cartimandua

B. Queen Boudicca

C. Cunobelinus

D. Prasutagus

The rebellion of this leader made it clear to the Romans they needed to revise their British tribal policy: [p 40]

A. Agricola

B. Cartimandua

C. Tacitus

D. Boudica

Our knowledge of Agricola's governorship under three emperors comes from: [p 40]

A. Tacitus' biography of him

B. the records of the Caledonians

C. remains near Chichester

D. Domitian's diary

Evidence that the Atrebatic territory provided a secure base for the Roman army includes all of the following EXCEPT: [p 41]

A. excavations at Fishbourne

B. the status of the Regnenses

C. camps at Thomshill and Cawdor

D. a dedication to the gods Neptune and Minerva

It is suggested that Hadrian's Wall: [p 42-43]

A. contained individual forts more important than the wall itself

B. served no useful purpose

C. marks the furthest northern extent of Roman activity

D. was never penetrated by the "barbarians"

Roman economy and society in Britain: [p 44-45]

A. had little influence in southern England

B. created political and cultural opportunities for some Britons

C. was seen in towns that rivaled those in Italy

D. avoided contact with local leaders

The third and fourth centuries in Britain: [p 46]

A. were an era of long, slow decline

B. were a time of unity of the entire eastern island

C. saw no new fortifications built

D. was a time of uneven development and disturbance

New enemies at the end of the Roman period included: [p 46]

A. Picts

B. Anglo-Saxons

C. southeastern tribes

D. Gauls

Evidence of Christianity in Late Roman Britain includes all of the following EXCEPT: [p 48]

A. a temple complex to Nodens

B. basilica-type constructions inside forts

C. a collection of plate from Water Newton

D. mosaics from Hinton St. Mary

During the Anglo-Saxon attacks, there seemed to be a common goal of: [p 49]

A. counterattack

B. saving Christianity

C. retaining Romanised culture

D. adopting Anglo-Saxon culture

The earliest activity associated with Londinium was probably: [p 50]

A. trade related

B. administrative

C. military

D. agricultural

Even after a major fire in 130, the building of gates (Ludgate, Newgate, etc) indicates: [p 51]

A. continuing commercial life

B. connections to Rome

C. ongoing attack from outside

D. the importance of using stone instead of timber

After Roman legions left, Britain consisted primarily of: [p 52]

A. Church-owned regions

B. three large administrative units

C. petty kingdoms of Celtic or German origin

D. old forts filled with local people

The significance of the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons: [p 54]

A. was the filling of the void left by the Romans

B. caused the destruction of Celtic culture

C. was relatively small

D. is interpreted differently by different cultural groups

In the context of the time following Roman abandonment of Britain, it would make sense to portray King Arthur as any of the following EXCEPT: [p 54]

A. a newly arrived Anglo-Saxon

B. Celtic

C. Christian

D. Romano-British

Anglo-Saxon armor and armaments were [p 56-57]

A. inferior to those of the natives

B. status symbols of a warrior aristocracy

C. mysteriously absent from the Sutton Hoo site

D. found only in towns

Which of the following kingdoms was most successful in expanding during the 7th century?: [p 58 map]

A. Mercia

B. East Anglia

C. Wessex

D. Lindsey

Early medieval kings legitimized their power by: [p 60]

A. fighting the Christian church

B. resisting the Vikings

C. collecting religious relics

D. choosing sites of ancient power

Viking attacks in the 9th century led to the final survival of only one Anglo-Saxon kingdom: [p 61]

A. Wessex

B. Mercia

C. East Anglia

D. Northumbria

Lindisfarne is a good example of: [p 62-63]

A. a Viking settlement

B. a coastal monastery attacked by Vikings

C. how to resist Viking attack

D. an isolated island

The Danish pirate raids tended to focus on: [p 63 map]

A. Ireland

B. the Orkney Islands

C. Scotia (Scotland)

D. England

New Scandinavian settlers in Britain: [p 64]

A. were assimilated into the local culture in most areas

B. brought a dominant culture and language that undermine local custom

C. created settlements separate from the local culture

D. avoided Ireland, leaving the local culture intact

Viking York was referred to as: [p 66-67]

A. Ouse

B. Foss

C. York

D. Jorvik

The most long-standing contribution of the Romans was:

A. baths.

B. roads.

C. Christianity.

D. the great villas.

Boudicca was:

A. an ineffective leader.

B. abandoned by her tribe because she was female.

C. successful against the Romans until they finally put down her rebellion.

D. Roman.

New words related to farming and recreation came with:

A. the Anglo-Saxons.

B. the Romans.

C. Afred the Great.

D. the Latin Church.

The Celtic tribes, the Romans, and the Anglo-Saxons:

A. had in common traditions of hospitality and greatness in war.

B. all allowed women substantial freedom.

C. were all conquered by the Iceni.

D. all emphasized farming and artistic achievement.

Which of the following was NOT a Roman town?

A. Londinium.

B. York.

C. Cardiff.

D. Gloucester.


Quiz 3: Norman England

While Bede presented a narrative of the unity of England in his 8th century Ecclesiastical History of the English People that is seen as having been achieved by Alfred and his successors, the newer interpretation takes into account: [p 68-70]

A. the letters of Pope Gregory the Great

B. the complexities of war and politics

C. resistance by the Celts

D. Viking influence

The likely true attitude of the Welsh to English rule was: [p 70]

A. expressed in Armes Prydein Vawr

B. one of acceptance

C. determination to ally with the Scots

D. favor toward Scandinavian rulers

10th century Britain was unified by all of the following EXCEPT: [p 71]

A. a single king

B. a uniform coinage

C. the shire system

D. kings and agents maintaining law and order

Considering the rule of Scandinavian kings in the 10th century, the Norman invasion in the 11th was: [p 72]

A. surprising and unexpected

B. unopposed

C. not very influential

D. expected but resisted

William the Conqueror's harsh rule led to all of the following EXCEPT: [p 73-74]

A. resistance on the part of the Anglo-Saxon elite

B. William turning over certain areas to trusted advisors

C. his conquest of Scotland

D. the use of local rulers in Wales

Feudalism under William the Conqueror meant all of the following EXCEPT: [p 74]

A. disputes with the pope

B. the old elite in England being disenfranchised

C. a French-speaking elite

D. England technically being under the French king

The document recording all landholders and their property under William the Conqueror was called: [p 74]

A. Armes Prydein Vawr

B. The Ecclesiastical History of the English People

C. St Cuthbert's Revenge

D. The Domesday Book

Confusion in leadership was caused when: [p 75]

A. the empress Matilda inherited England

B. Henry I married the daughter of a Scot leader

C. Edgar succeeded to the throne of Scotland

D. Henry compromised with his brother Robert

From large to small, the ecclesiastical units in medieval Britain were: [p 76-77]

A. bishopric, diocese, parish

B. archbishopric, bishopric, parish

C. parish, diocese, nunnery

D. monastery, parish, diocese

The first college to become a true university in England was: [p 78]

A. Glasgow

B. Cambridge

C. Oxford

D. St Andrews

The rise of the Cistercian monasteries was the result of: [p 78]

A. increasing focus on sheep farming

B. patronage from Westminster

C. the growth of cathedral schools

D. a need to reform the Benedictine houses

Henry II's French lands were: [p 80]

A. larger than those of the king of France

B. lost early in his reign

C. given to his son John

D. occupied by Denmark

Henry II's marriage to Eleanor gained him: [p 81 map]

A. Brittany

B. Aquitaine

C. Normandy

D. England

Although Henry II's plans were thwarted by his sons, his great contribution remains: [p 80]

A. the defeat of Scotland

B. the murder of Thomas Becket and thus victory over the Church

C. victory over Philip II

D. the creation of English Common Law

The blame for the end of the Angevin Empire can clearly be attributed to: [p 83]

A. Henry II

B. Richard the Lionheart

C. Geoffrey Plantagenet

D. John I

Which of the following was NOT a sign of the frustration of the barons at King John's rule?: [p 83]

A. the wounding of Richard I

B. Magna Carta

C. King Louis being offered the throne

D. support for Henry III

The Crusades were fought with the intent of: [p 85]

A. uniting Europe

B. supporting the pope

C. claiming Jerusalem for the Christian Church

D. tying the crown to church revenues

Castles finally became impractical for defense due to: [p 87]

A. sieges, which depleted supplies

B. stone being unavailable for walls

C. all the people living inside

D. the development of cannon

The earliest castles, built in the 11th century, were concentrated in: [p 86 map]

A. south and east England

B. Scotland

C. Ireland

D. northern England

The conflict between Henry III and Llewelyn pa Gruffudd: [p 88]

A. forced Henry to pay and indemnity to Llewelyn

B. made the Prince of Wales a powerful position

C. was fought partly to control the marcher lordships

D. was fought over the string of castles built by Edward I

Caernarfon and Harlech are examples of: [p 88]

A. castles built by the Plantagenets to control Wales

B. coastal towns that traded with Scotland and Ireland

C. languages spoken west of the marches

D. mercantile contact with southeastern England

During the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the Scots experienced their greatest victories over the English under: [p 89-90]

A. Edward I and Edward II

B. Thomas of Lancaster

C. William Wallace and Robert Bruce

D. Princess Margaret

Robert Bruce attempted to force the English to recognize him as king of Scotland by: [p 91]

A. raiding northern England repeatedly

B. fighting pitched battles

C. putting English castles under siege

D. holding at the Pennines

Feudalism was:

A. a military system.

B. an economic system.

C. highly beneficial to the local population.

D. invented by the Celts.

Henry II's greatest achievement was related to:

A. monasteries.

B. a better relationship with the Roman Church.

C. law.

D. the Magna Carta.

According to John of Salisbury, rule without law is:

A. necessary for the king to retain control.

B. beneficial to all in the kingdom.

C. democratic.

D. tyranny.

In lecture, I portray the Magna Carta as:

A. the beginning of democracy

B. an effort by elites to control the king's power

C. a successful restraint on John I

D. the document that tells us about Robin Hood

Which of the following was NOT true about monasteries during this era?

A. they were a dumping ground for ugly women

B. there were few of them and they were not popular

C. prayers were scheduled and life followed a strict routine

D. they provided medical services to the community

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