Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain

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Quiz 4: The High Middle Ages

The patterns of settlement in Britain are most closely related to: [p 92]

A. trade with the continent

B. ethnic and linguistic differences

C. agriculture

D. peat deposits

During the Middle Ages, areas of the southern downlands which had been agricultural under the Romans: [p 92]

A. was used for pasturing animals

B. was abandoned

C. regrew as forest

D. began to focus on coastal trade

Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings most valued: [p 92]

A. farmland

B. coastal towns

C. woodlands

D. chalk cliffs

Open-field farming with villages were most prevalent in areas where: [p 92]

A. there had been peat deposits

B. there had been cultivation since earliest times

C. the Romans had created villas

D. coastal towns dominated the area

"Nucleation" in the Middle Ages refers to: [p 92]

A. the development of nuclear families

B. farms surrounding a village core

C. Welsh borderland farming

D. dependence on woodlands

Fallow areas of a field were used for: [p 92]

A. pulses, like beans and peas

B. woodland

C. growing fruit

D. pasture

Pasture regions became diminished before the Black Death because: [p 92-93]

A. population growth required more land to become arable

B. the manor court system was inefficient

C. strips of arable land were being unfairly distributed

D. too many pastures were abandoned or untended

A "sheep-corn" system worked in East Anglia and the Cotswolds because: [p 93]

A. the sheep ate down the corn to make pasture

B. at night the sheep dung fertilized the corn

C. it was adopted from Wales

D. the strips of farmland were far out near the pastures

According to the map on page 93, scattered or dispersed farms were more common in: [p 93 map]

A. southern England

B. East Anglia

C. Wales and Scotland

D. "Midland" open field areas

A hamlet or baile is a settlement occupied by: [p 94]

A. kinship or family groups

B. foresters

C. independent farmers

D. encroachment cottages

Which of the following does NOT refer to a seasonal dwelling used by medieval farming/pasturing communities?: [p 95]

A. hafodydd

B. shieling

C. booley house

D. ty unnos

After the Black Death, the big change in medieval landscapes was: [p 95]

A. joint-tenants holding land

B. open fields turned over to pasture for stock

C. overcrowded villages

D. the disappearance of farming in strips

The main issue of the Hundred Years War concerned: [p 96]

A. distribution of treasure from the Crusades

B. a Scottish alliance with the English

C. English holdings in France

D. the loyalty of knights to ore than one lord

The map indicates that during the Hundred Years War there were only two French victories inside France and one in Castile, but the rest of their success was: [p 97 map]

A. in the Holy Roman Empire

B. in coastal war off the Channel Islands

C. in raids of the English coast

D. in Scotland

During the Hundred Years War, the English were fighting on two fronts, against France and: [p 97 map]

A. Scotland

B. the Holy Roman Empire

C. Spain

D. Wales

The Order of the Garter was designed to: [p 96]

A. mark the best-dressed lords

B. reward Edward's nobles

C. commemorate the Black Prince

D. crown the Scottish king

England continued to claim the French throne until: [p 99]

A. 1415

B. 1453

C. 1625

D. 1801

How does the book connect the Peasants' Revolt of 1381 to the Hundred Years War?: [p 98]

A. peasants had to fight in the war

B. high taxes were levied to support the war

C. peasants did not want to be French

D. the rebels were Welsh

Which of the following was NOT an English advantage during the Hundred Years War in the early 15th century?: [p 98-99]

A. the capture of the presumed Scottish king James

B. an alliance with the dukes of Burgundy

C. lands and trade in Normandy

D. the presence of Joan of Arc

Which of the following was NOT an English medieval export?: [p 100]

A. wool

B. tin

C. coal

D. wine

Which of the following actually declined as an export during the 12th and 13th centuries?: [p 100]

A. woolen cloth

B. tin and lead

C. raw wool

D. hides

Chartered trading places included all of the following EXCEPT: [p 100]

A. ports

B. fairs

C. markets

D. boroughs

Which of the following was a major cloth-producing town during the Middle Ages?: [p 101 map]

A. Salisbury

B. Hartlepool

C. Shrewsbury

D. Worstead

Which of the following would be considered a minor medieval port, with value of dutiable exports under f1,000?: [p 101 map]

A. Newcastle

B. Boston

C. Chichester

D. London

During the medieval period, bulk goods like lumber travelled most cheaply by: [p 102]

A. Roman roads

B. rivers and coastal waters

C. new roads financed by tolls

D. horse

In the southeast of medieval England, a second tier town (after London) in terms of population would be: [p 102 map]

A. Bedford

B. Southampton

C. Canterbury

D. Oxford

Cogs were important to medieval trade because they: [p 102]

A. had large holds but were easy to defend

B. were small enough to sail on small rivers

C. were light and could be carried from one river to another

D. were key to good navigation

Flanders was an important city for English medieval trade because: [p 103]

A. it was closest in distance to London

B. it used English coinage

C. of its cloth production and trade connection to Italy

D. it provided demand for English forest products

During the Middle Ages, manufactures accounted for about this percentage of trade compared to agricultural goods: [p 103]

A. 90%

B. 66%

C. 50%

D. 20%

Of the population of 7-8 million people living in the British Isles in 1300, how many were in England?: [p 103]

A. 4-5 million

B. 7 million

C. 2 million

D. 3.5 million

One of the richest areas in medieval London was: [p 103]

A. near the Tower of London

B. near the Smithfield Market

C. in Cripplegate

D. near the London Bridge

The sophistication of construction of the medieval barn shown on p. 103 implies that: [p 103]

A. pastoralism was the most important source of trade products during this period

B. how much work a society puts into a particular type of building indicates the importance of that sector to the economy

C. there were numerous craftspeople building barns in England during this period

D. possessing too much coinage required capital investment in buildings

A town might want to be chartered for all of the following reasons except:

A. self-government

B. increasing the control of the guild merchant

C. paying a lump sum tax to the lord

D. increasing the control of the lord over the town

Which of the following is LEAST likely to have been a factor in the rise of towns?

A. increased population

B. better relations with the Church

C. the convergence of trade fairs

D. greater manufacturing of goods


Which is not a step in wool production?

A. tentering

B. carding or combing

C. weaving

D. cloistering

I developed an idea that the end of the power of the medieval guilds was partly due to:

A. people wearing less woolen cloth

B. their own organizational inadequacies

C. capitalists who moved fulling to rural regions

D. the resistance of the monasteries

My friend Richard Fuller probably had an ancestor who was in the:

A. medieval Church

B. leather tanning business

C. cloth-making industry

D. agricultural sector

Quiz 5: Late Medieval Crisis

The Black Death originated in: [p 104]

A. Central Asia

B. France

C. the Americas

D. the Highlands of Scotland

The spread of the Black Death through Britain: [p 105 map]

A. was continual and consistent

B. was unstoppable but uneven

C. took a decade to reach most areas

D. never got to Ireland

Which of the following was NOT a result of the mass mortality of the Black Death?: [p 104]

A. labor shortage

B. mass burials

C. social and economic dislocation

D. severely lowered wages

Bubonic plague was initially transmitted to humans through: [p 104]

A. flea bites

B. rat bites

C. breathing infected air

D. drinking foul water

Recurrences of plague: [p 104]

A. were far more virulent than the original attack

B. were less of a problem in Scotland than other areas

C. killed children whose survival would have helped population levels

D. did not prevent a baby boom

The map of Leicestershire on page 104 shows: [p 104 map]

A. the spread of the plague

B. the desertion and shrinking of many settlements

C. trade during the late Middle Ages

D. results of war

There was hostility toward poor workers following the plague because such workers were: [p 105]

A. seen as dirty and disease-ridden

B. Jewish and thus blamed for the plague

C. able to claim higher wages and more free time

D. naturally morally inferior

The imagery and graffiti of the late Middle Ages indicates: [p 104-105]

A. continual fear of death

B. hope among the ashes

C. a greater emphasis on the natural world

D. more focus on elites

Lisa's interpretation of the late Middle Ages differs the authors of the textbook in that the book authors claim that during this era: [p 106]

A. political and social conflicts were not cataclysmic

B. there were peasant revolts

C. plague was a major problem

D. there was no effort to keep wages at pre-plague levels

Scholars indicate that the underlying cause of peasant rebellion in the late Middle Ages was: [p 106]

A. rebellion in towns and cities

B. frustration at unfulfilled economic expectations

C. lack of support of Henry VI

D. religious dissent

The Lollard heresy never spread far beyond England's Southeast and Midlands because: [p 106]

A. the Church paid little attention to it and it naturally died out

B. Wyclif was a local author and his ideas were not known much beyond the region

C. Lollardy encompassed larger opinions about clergy

D. the clergy insisted that religious dissent meant social and political dissent

Civil war occurred in England during the 15th century because of: [p 106]

A. traitors siding with the French king in the Hundred Years War

B. succession claims between the dukes of York and Lancaster

C. government efforts to collect the poll tax

D. the death of Robert III in 1406

Henry Tudor (Henry VII) was seen as a savior by: [p 107]

A. the Lancastrians

B. the Yorkists

C. the Welsh

D. modern historians

Gaelic and Irish lords achieved a great deal of independence during the 15th century because: [p 107]

A. England was busy with the Wars of the Roses

B. petitions in the English Parliament received a favorable response

C. roads and trading conditions improved

D. Scottish kings limited their authority to smaller regions

The great power in far northern England (along the Scottish marches) were

A. Anglo-Irish lords: [p 107]

B. the Neville and Percy families

C. the king

D. Gaelic lords

Richard III seems to have been at the mercy of: [p 108]

A. trade wars

B. powerful families in northern England

C. the church

D. Salisbury

On the map of 15th century Britain and Ireland on page 109, Wales is shown as: [p 109 map]

A. a principality that was an active part of English affairs

B. an independent country

C. a powerful kingdom with control of western England

D. dependent on Ireland

The largest settlement in size during the Middle Ages was: [p 110]

A. London

B. Oxford

C. Norwich

D. Southampton

The major industry in medieval Norwich was clearly: [p 111]

A. shipping

B. lumber

C. iron production

D. cloth production

The story of medieval Norwich shows that town walls can be important to: [p 111]

A. employing vast numbers of people

B. providing a use for stone deposits that interfered with agriculture

C. providing an urban identity as well as defense

D. supporting water mills

All of the following caused the Black Death, but what specifically caused its rapid spread?

A. the feeding area of the Eurasian black rat

B. the decreased immunity of the population

C. a bacillus in the belly of fleas

D. the bubonic form of the plague

Legislation like the Statute of Laborers:

A. caused peasant rebellions and violence

B. made urban workers happy

C. was intended to increase wages

D. was not supported by the aristocracy

Which of the following made the longbow a significant advance in technology?

A. its appearance

B. its range

C. its ease of use

D. its use by the French

Which value(s) is/are expressed by the monk in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales?

A. humility before God

B. greed and luxury

C. isolation from society

D. service to humanity

Which of the following was NOT a cause of the decline of church prestige?

A. lack of an explanation for plagues and war

B. moral authority lost because of the move to Avignon

C. the failure of France in the Hundred Years War

D. people dying without last rites

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