Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain




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Quiz 6: Reformations and Elizabethan England


The Early Modern era saw a shift away from: [p 112-113]

A. the unity of England

B. the goal of a trans-Channel empire

C. the English language

D. power struggles


More important than conscience during the 16th century was the old idea that: [p 114]

A. subjects must adopt the ruler's religion

B. the Church controlled the state

C. the Pope was infallible

D. people had individual liberties that should be respected


Queen Elizabeth's statement that she would not make "windows into men's souls" implied that: [p 114]

A. people have a right to control their own property

B. people can believe what they wish in private

C. all people should believe the same thing

D. ones private convictions must conform to that of the monarch


Of all the roles of the Church, the only one that had outlived its usefulness in the 16th century was: [p 114]

A. official of marriage

B. provider of education

C. leader of the faith

D. provider of monasteries


The catalyst for the English Reformation was: [p 114]

A. Henry VIII's need for a male heir

B. a shift to Protestant thinking among the elite

C. the execution of Thomas More

D. popular protest


In Ireland, by the death of Henry VIII: [p 114]

A. most Irish had been converted to Protestantism

B. only half the Catholic monasteries had been dissolved

C. English control had been rejected

D. war had begun


Unlike in England, refusal to convert to Protestantism in Ireland was a matter of: [p 114]

A. religious conviction

B. continental connections

C. national identity

D. political connections


The dissolution of Church property in England: [p 114]

A. caused little impact

B. disrupted basic welfare services

C. met little resistance

D. was achieved under Mary I


Protestantism in Scotland became widespread among elites for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: [p 116]

A. lack of direction in government

B. a desire to acquire church property

C. the preaching of John Knox

D. loyalty to the Pope


Which of the following was NOT a result of the widespread adoption of Protestantism in England?: [p 116-117]

A. the adoption of the vernacular instead of Latin

B. Catholicism as an expression of dissent

C. closer ties to continental Europe

D. closer relations with Scotland


The absorption of most of Wales into the English kingdom was achieved by

A. the efforts of Owain Glyndwr: [p 118]

B. the Act of Union of 1536

C. the destruction of castles at Harlech and Caernarfon

D. the Protestant Reformation


The persistence of Catholicism in Wales is indicated by: [p 118-119]

A. the popularity of St Winifred's well as a pilgrimage site

B. the translation of holy books into Welsh

C. the substitution of English for Latin

D. the efforts of Gruffydd Jones in the 18th century


By the 18th century, Wales: [p 119]

A. had turned into a cultural backwater

B. focused exclusively on reclaiming its Celtic past

C. rejected the Protestant religion

D. was caught up in the cultural enthusiasm of "Celtomania"


The last land-based military frontier for England in the 16th century was: [p 120]

A. in Flanders

B. along the Anglo-Scottish border

C. along the Welsh marches

D. in northern Ireland


The border Reivers: [p 121]

A. raided their neighbors, be they Scottish or English

B. were controlled by England's standing army

C. were defeated by the Percy lords

D. were the pirates of Scotland


The English Commons in Parliament was primarily made up of: [p 122]

A. representatives named by the Lords

B. ordinary men who owned property

C. professional men

D. men who saw themselves as representing particular constituencies


The textbook credits which for helping create an independent Parliament?: [p 122]

A. growing respect following the codification of rules

B. control over granting money to the king

C. the move of each parliamentary house to the capital cities of England, Scotland, and Ireland

D. the extensive role of the landed gentry


The Scottish parliament included all of the following Estates EXCEPT: [p 122]

A. Lords

B. Church

C. Commons

D. Lairds


A series of acts in the 17th and early 18th centuries were designed to keep Parliament fresh and responsive by: [p 124]

A. preventing assemblies from meeting more than a few years without a new election

B. extending the franchise to men who didn't own property

C. making sure that representatives obeyed the will of their constituents

D. preventing corruption


Burke argued that a representative owes to the people his judgement and he betrays it if he sacrifices it to their: [p 124-125]

A. money

B. opinion

C. influence

D. economy


In Tudor London, what would you have found between Westminster and the City ?: [p 127]

A. the Fleet River

B. houses of the nobility

C. Tenterfields

D. Frost Fairs


The illustration of Tudor London on pages 126-127 show that London Bridge: [p 126-127 illustration]

A. blocked all river traffic on either side

B. had buildings on it

C. was one of many bridges spanning the Thames

D. provided access to the area near the river Fleet


As a result of the Reformation, royal housing: [p 128]

A. could be converted from ecclesiastical palaces

B. needed heavy fortification, as at Windsor Castle

C. cost less because priests were no longer paid

D. was no longer needed


The courts were able to become more settled and stop moving from palace to palace because: [p 129]

A. the new palaces were sited near food supplies

B. better communications and transportation of supplies

C. there were fewer palaces to choose from

D. nobles refused to support the court on their land


Palaces that were no longer needed were turned into all of the following EXCEPT: [p 129]

A. hospitals

B. government offices

C. prisons

D. monasteries


During the 16th-18th century, royal palaces in England were concentrated in: [p 129]

A. the Welsh marches

B. the Scottish borderlands

C. the southeast of England

D. Cornwall


The true reason that the English church broke from Rome was:

A. Henry VIII wanted a male heir

B. Protestants were gaining control of government

C. joining with Protestants on the continent would be good for trade

D. more English people were turning toward Protestant ideas


My lecture implies that the most significatnt aspect of the Wars of the Roses was that they:

A. created the situation that made Henry VIII want a male heir

B. were primarily concerned with religion

C. lasted ten years

D. did not affect the stability of the monarchy


Queen Elizabeth herself is a good symbol of her era because:

A. she embodied the new status of women in the 16th century

B. her maternal instincts fostered a new gentleness in government

C. her power and control focused on wealth and trade

D. her doctrinaire tendencies strengthened English religion


Which is the correct order of secession after Henry VIII?

A. Elizabeth, Mary, Lady Jane Grey

B. Edward, Elizabeth, Mary

C. Edward, Lady Jane Grey, Mary, Elizabeth

D. Henry IX, Elizabeth


The selection from Hamlet could be used to demonstrate all of the following EXCEPT:

A. Shakespeare's genius

B. the diversity of cultural expression in Elizabethan times

C. a Renaissance interest in the self

D. the elitism of Shakespeare's topics


Quiz 7: Civil War and Revolution


Irish historians call the English Civil Wars: [p 130]

A. the Irish rebellions

B. the Wars of the Three Kingdoms

C. the English Wars

D. The Widening War


Which of the following did NOT experience discontent in relation to the policies of Charles I? [p 130]

A. Scottish Presbyterians

B. English Puritans

C. Irish Catholics

D. Anglican bishops


Charles I promised Catholic "Old English" families in Ireland limited religious freedom: [p. 130]

A. in return for payment, but never confirmed the arrangement

B. in southern Ireland only

C. in return for support against the Scots

D. if they would pay Ship Money


Charles I first offended the Scots by trying to renegotiate: [p 130]

A. the border between Scotland and England

B. tax payments

C. the terms on which they had gotten Crown and Church lands in the 16th century

D. the right of Scottish ports to trade freely with London


Support for Parliament during the Civil War was primarily in: [p 130]

A. rural regions

B. London and areas closely connected to London by trade

C. areas with more scattered settlements

D. East Anglia


Royalists were able to advance at the battle of Edgehill, but were prevented from reaching London at: [p 130]

A. Turnham Green

B. Norwich

C. Bristol

D. Annan Moor


The textbook suggests that Charles I's efforts to get support from Irish Catholics: [p 132]

A. were successful

B. was too costly to his reputation in England and Scotland

C. was decisive in securing a Royalist victory at Nantwich

D. was met with approval by Scottish Presbyterians


Which of the following was a Royalist victory? [p 131 map]

A. Stow-on-the-Wold

B. Naseby

C. Newburn

D. Lansdown


Which of the following was a Parliamentary victory? [p 133 map]

A. Marston Moor

B. Roundway Down

C. Ledbury

D. Landsdown Hill


James Graham, the Marquise of Montrose: [p 132]

A. was an Irish lord who fought for Charles I even though he was Protestant

B. essentially lost the war for the king through his actions as Marston Moor

C. was an able Royalist Scottish commander defeated by Covenanter Presbyterians

D. was a Parliamentarian leader under Cromwell


During the English Civil War, Oxford was: [p 132]

A. dominated by Parliamentarians, since it was a wealthy trade town

B. gateway to the west and headquarters of Charles I

C. never put under siege

D. of little importance to the war for either side


The textbook focuses on Gloucestershire during the English Civil War because: [p 133]

A. the region had the most military actions

B. the county was central in terms of geography

C. it illustrates conflicting loyalties endemic to the entire war

D. the region stayed Royalist throughout the war


According to the 1653 Instrument of Government, Oliver Cromwell was appointed Lord Protector: [p 134]

A. only of England

B. until such time as a new king could be appointed

C. for life

D. during the Second Civil War


Charles II's invasion in 1651 began at Perth and ended: [p 135 map]

A. with victory in London

B. at Worcester

C. at Stirling

D. in East Anglia


The Rump refers to: [p 136]

A. the rear guard of the Parliamentarian army

B. troops under Cromwell

C. supporters of Charles II who invaded Scotland

D. the House of Commons purged of moderates


A major cause of the first Anglo-Dutch war (1652) was: [p 136]

A. the Navigation Act of 1651

B. the execution of Charles I

C. the attack on Antwerp

D. the Dutch sheltering Charles II in Holland


All the British Isles were under the control of one government for the first time during: [p 136]

A. the Commonwealth and Protectorate

B. the early reign of Charles I

C. the reign of Charles II

D. the reign of William and Mary


Both Cromwell and the Levellers had in common: [p 136]

A. their Catholic religion

B. their frustration at the slow rate of reform

C. a desire for Cromwell to be crowned king

D. support for the second Protectorate parliament


The Oxfordshire and Berkshire region was important because: [p 137]

A. it lay midway between London and western ports

B. it was the center of army mutinies

C. Richard Cromwell ruled all England from there

D. it was the only region where Royalist lands were confiscated rather than taxed


With the Restoration, landowners like John Wildman and Henry Marten: [p 137]

A. were given Church lands

B. were brought to London

C. had their accumulated lands confiscated

D. were heavily taxes


Under Charles II, the Declaration of Breda: [p 138]

A. severely punished all Parliamentarians

B. created peace with the Netherlands

C. ended war with Ireland

D. offered amnesty to most rebels


Right after the plague hit again, the Great Fire of London occurred in: [p 138]

A. 1649

B. 1660

C. 1666

D. 1688


The Pentland Rising in Scotland led to: [p 138]

A. measures designed to force their religious conformity to Anglicanism

B. an independent Scottish Presbyterian church

C. alliance between Scotland and Protestant Ireland

D. freedom for Scottish Presbyterian preachers


Which of the following is NOT an example of religious strife under Charles II? [p 138]

A. the execution of Titus Oates

B. the fate of James Sharp, archbishop of St Andrews in Scotland

C. the marriage of the king's younger brother to Mary of Modena

D. the Anglo-Scottish Union of 1707


During the 1680s, a "Whig" was someone who: [p 140]

A. was Anglo-Catholic

B. wanted James excluded from the throne

C. was loyal to the Stuart family

D. opposed the Duke of Monmouth


The call to William of Orange by the "Immortal Seven" was in response to: [p 140]

A. the death of Charles II

B. the convening of Convention Parliament

C. the birth of a son to James II

D. the fight between the Campbells and MacDonalds


Parliament saw James II's departure for the continent in 1688 as: [p 140]

A. an abdication

B. a military maneuver

C. an effort to rally continental supporters

D. unimportant


Much of the violence in response to the invasion of William of Orange occurred in: [pp 140-141]

A. southeastern England

B. northern France

C. the Netherlands

D. Scotland and Ireland


French king Louis XIV's refusal to acknowledge the 1701 Act of Settlement caused a problem because it: [p 141]

A. disrupted trade along the coast

B. implied that the son of the James II was rightful king of England

C. meant the domination of Ireland in foreign policy

D. meant that France supported the Alien Act of 1705


Evidence that Scotland's interests were primarily economic in creating a united kingdom of Great Britain are apparent in: [p 141]

A. the commercial and financial focus of many of the Articles of Union

B. the emphasis on fishing rights being guaranteed before negotiations could begin

C. the massive popular support for union among the Scottish people

D. the War of the Spanish Succession


Which of the following was NOT essentially a licensed pirate for England? [p 142]

A. Francis Drake

B. Walter Raleigh

C. John Hawkins

D. John Cabot


The East India Company was chartered in 1600 in order to: [p 142]

A. enforce British law in North America

B. secure Jamaica

C. counter Portuguese claims in Brazil

D. secure direct access to Asian markets


The greatest number of individual English trading posts were located in: [p 142-143 map]

A. North America

B. India

C. Africa

D. the East Indies


Most migrants to the New World paid for their passage by: [p 143]

A. paying cash

B. taking large loans at the Bank of England

C. indenturing their labor for a period of years

D. becoming slaves


When did Britain begin shipping in the slave trade? [p 144]

A. in the 1640s, with the establishment of tobacco in the West Indies

B. in 1662, with the founding of the Royal African Company

C. in the 16th century, because of the writings of Richard Hakluyt

D. in 1651, with the English Navigation Act


Which was England's first state sponsored colony? [p 144]

A. Jamaica

B. Virginia

C. Massachusetts

D. India


The product that most encouraged profit, slavery and investment in the late 17th century was: [p 145]

A. tobacco

B. cotton

C. cocoa

D. sugar


To James I and other monarchs wanting to be absolutists, the king answered to:

A. Parliament.

B. no one.

C. God.

D. the people.


In my lecture, I portrayed King Charles I as:

A. a noble but misguided leader

B. a constitutionalist who championed the sovereignty of Parliament

C. a madman destined to lead England to her doom

D. a traitor to the natural rights of mankind


Other than issues of religion, the main cause of the Civil War was:

A. trade disputes with France and Spain

B. the contest over sovereignty between the Crown and Parliament

C. the increasing number of Puritans in government

D. the costs of war with Scotland


In The Putney Debate, the Parliamentarians refused to support the Leveller's position because the Parliamentarians believed that:

A. the king was rightfully the ruler of England

B. no one should be under a government that he has not consented to

C. only men of property have a stake in the future of the country

D. Parliament should follow natural law


Unlike Hobbes, to Locke man's life in a mythical "state of nature"

A. required a government that protected natural rights

B. was nasty, brutish, and short

C. required a government to control man's natural depravity

D. was dominated by the strong

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