Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain




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Quiz 8: Science and Enlightenment


The centre of English government in Ireland for about 500 years by the 18th century was: [p 146]

A. Belfast

B. Dublin

C. Cork

D. Galway


The industrial areas of 18th century Dublin were built around which industries? [p 146]

A. meat processing

B. woollen and silk manufacturing

C. shipbuilding

D. building construction


Which of the following was NOT one of the immigrant groups contributing to the prosperity of 18th century Dublin? [p 147]

A. English

B. French Huguenots

C. Dutch

D. Spanish


The 18th century in Dublin saw the transfer from a: [p 147]

A. rural to industrial center

B. seat of parliaments to a backwater

C. Protestant to a Catholic city

D. scientific center to a shipping port


The term "Jacobite" is based on: [p 148]

A. the name James

B. the root word for Stuart

C. a Gaelic word for king

D. the Hebrew Jacob


Which of the following was NOT a reason for Jacobite dissatisfaction with William's rule? [p 148]

A. the Act of Union of 1707

B. oaths of loyalty to the House of Stuart

C. the dying out of the Stuart family

D. William's focus on Holland


Of most importance to Irish Jacobites was the perceived support of: [p 148]

A. Scotland

B. France

C. Holland

D. Spain


In the 1715 Jacobite rising, the Duke of Argyll ended his reconquest of Scotland at: [p 149 map]

A. Preston

B. Langholm

C. Perth

D. North Berwick


"Bonnie Prince Charlie" was: [p 150]

A. an illegitimate son of Louis XIV

B. eldest son of James III (the "Old Pretender")

C. son of the Young Pretender

D. the Duke of Argyll


The textbook characterizes the treatment of the Highland clans after Culloden as: [p 151]

A. amnesty

B. selective forgiveness of Protestant elite clans

C. genocidal oppression

D. disenfranchisement


Which of the following was NOT a commonly spoken language in the British Isles between 1500 and 1800? [p 152 and 153 map]

A. Norn

B. Cornish

C. Welsh

D. Dutch


After 1735, popular literacy in the Welsh language was promoted by: [p 153]

A. Methodism

B. a new line of Welsh kings

C. John Knox

D. England


The first publications in Manx Gaelic in the 18th century: [p 153]

A. were greeted warmly by Manx speakers

B. was written in English-style spelling and was thus inaccessible to other Gaelic readers

C. caused a large market for Manx texts

D. proved a model for other Gaelic dialects to write down their stories


The textbooks approach to the 18th century agricultural revolution differs from mine in that my interpretation: [p 154 and lecture]

A. proves that it wasn't really a revolution

B. portrays the population boom more as the effect of agricultural change rather than a cause

C. downplays the role of technology in the transformation

D. emphasizes sheep raising and woollen production over the production of food


Such practices as marling, underdraining, and manuring led to: [p 154]

A. the addition of nitrogen-fixing crops

B. less need for fields to lie fallow to recover

C. the use of artificial grasses

D. further enclosure


The work of Jethro Tull and others shows that: [p 155-156]

A. technological innovation was not a significant factor in the agricultural changes of the 18th century

B. it was very difficult for books on agriculture to reach the landowners

C. interest in books with new techniques for agriculture was very high in the 18th century

D. horses were becoming less popular with the advent of larger cattle


The textbook makes a connection between a new focus on improving agricultural estates in the Scottish Highlands and: [p 156]

A. competition with English towns and hamlets

B. rapid population growth in Scotland

C. lands confiscated after the '45 Rising

D. the end of private armies made of tenants after the '45 Rising


Although the introduction of nitrogen-fixing crops like turnips and clover had occurred during the Middle Ages, during the 18th century: [p 157]

A. the proportion of farmers using them in the rotation rose dramatically

B. their use declined with a new emphasis on manure

C. the advent of "artificial grasses" made fodder crops unnecessary

D. authors like Jethro Tull recommended against such methods


The enclosure of estates like Heapham, Lincolnshire, shows: [p 156 map]

A. the aggregation of small plots of land into larger shared areas

B. greater emphasis on community and education

C. individualism and efficiency on the part of landlords

D. an expansion of common areas for raising larger animals


Agricultural improvement in the 18th century was limited by all of the following EXCEPT: [p 156]

A. lack of publications about agriculture

B. lack of capital on small farms

C. resistance to programs of improvement

D. difficulty in altering the size and shape of fields


Which of the following likely did NOT play a role in the scientific advancements of this era?

A. new plants and animals from America

B. a confidence born in the Renaissance

C. issues raised by Protestant critiques

D. discoveries made by religous mystics


The Royal Society was unusual because it:

A. was patronized by a monarch

B. admitted craftsmen as well as academic scientists

C. refused to accept the concept of controlled experiments

D. presided over witch trials


According to Barbara Shapiro, what made the science of the 16th and 17th centuries revolutionary was:

A. the combination of rational and empirical knowledge

B. the discovery of the solar system

C. Newton's synthesis of knowledge

D. the primacy of law


Hume's views on miracles supported the trends of science because he believed that:

A. miracles required scientific proof

B. miracles were created by God and thus not subject to human judgement

C. evidence is not necessary to prove a miracle

D. only those things that happen infrequently are miracles


The Encyclopedia was an Enlightenment work because:

A. it taught people how to build things

B. it relied on religion to support its main points

C. it featured reason and things that could be proven

D. it had French authors


Quiz 9: The Eighteenth Century


The height of Great Estates in the countryside was: [p 158]

A. 1660-1880

B. 1500-1800

C. 1600-1650

D. the 16th century


In 1873 fewer than 11,000 landowners controlled how much of the United Kingdom's total land area? [p 158]

A. 20%

B. 25%

C. 50%

D. 66%


The size of landed estates grew between 1660 and 1870 for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: [p 158]

A. romanticism

B. strict entail

C. marriage settlements

D. reliance on mortgages


The largest number of landed estates were in: [p 159 map]

A. northern England

B. southwestern England and Wales

C. along the coast

D. southern and western England


Which of the following was NOT a reason for the decline of great estates after the 1880s? [p 159]

A. decline of agricultural profits

B. reform in politics toward greater democratization

C. decline in population

D. assertion of tenant rights


The "Capital of North Britain" during the Enlightenment referred to: [p 160]

A. Manchester

B. Edinburgh

C. Glasgow

D. Leeds


The naming of streets in the New Town of Edinburgh indicated: [p 160]

A. a coming to terms with the age of industry

B. an emphasis on romantic literature

C. a desire to mend relations with England

D. an appreciation of Highland clan names


The neo-classical architectural and planning style used in Edinburgh's New Town and elsewhere indicated: [p 160-161]

A. an appreciate for mixing different classes of people in the same neighborhood

B. a desire to emphasize natural surroundings

C. respect for the past

D. an emphasis on order and rationality


Which of the following was NOT an emphasis of the Scottish Enlightenment? [p 161]

A. practical arts such as science and medicine

B. Jacobite political conservatism

C. Scottish literature and culture

D. engineering and invention


In discussing the 18th century empire, the textbook tends to deemphasize: [p 162-163]

A. the loss of the 13 American colonies

B. markets and products from overseas

C. the East India Company

D. the global nature of Britain's empire


What made the 18th century British empire distinct from earlier eras of colonialism and trade was the advent of: [p 163]

A. conquest and rule over alien peoples

B. the exploitation of an area for its natural resources

C. British shipping to carry British goods

D. trade with the Americas


Thanks to international trade, the second largest city in Britain during the 18th century was: [p 164]

A. Southampton

B. Edinburgh

C. Manchester

D. Bristol


The wars of the 18th century: [p 164]

A. had little impact on the colonies

B. all had a global colonial aspect

C. left colonial possessions unchanged

D. had Britain fighting all European coastal nations except France


The East India Company's response to the actions of Siraj-ud-daula in 1756 was: [p 164]

A. to co-opt him into working for the Company

B. destruction of the city of Calcutta

C. military action and regime change

D. petition to the British parliament for help


The treaty of Allahabad (1765) permitted: [p 164]

A. separate leadership for the Indian side of Calcutta

B. the East India company to collect revenues of Bengal territories

C. the British government to rule Bengal directly

D. the building of Company structures


The Indian town of Calcutta in the 18th century was characterized by: [p 165 and map]

A. two parts of town, one white and one Indian

B. a flourishing slave trade

C. mixed ethnicities grouped into zones

D. a large, fully mixed population of Asians, Africans and Europeans


Government buildings constructed in late 18th century Calcutta: [p 165]

A. were made of local materials and reflected local taste

B. were built in the classical style prevalent in Europe

C. were few and far between

D. were subject to destruction by monsoons


The textbook's written discussion of the types of relationships conducted between British and Indian residents in Calcutta completely avoids reference to: [p 165]

A. business transactions

B. relationships around commerce and trade

C. the many Indians as servants in British households

D. official governance activities


The nationalities in 18th century Calcutta included all of the following EXCEPT: [p 165]

A. Portuguese

B. Armenians

C. Chinese

D. Maoris


The British population of Calcutta was what percent of its total population in the 18th century? [p 165]

A. less than 1%

B. 5%

C. 10%

D. 15%


The textbook begins the discussion of American Independence with: [p 172]

A. the founding of British colonies in America

B. the Seven Years War

C. Lexington and Concord

D. the global British empire


After the Seven Years War, a British military presence was seen as necessary in North America because of all of the following EXCEPT: [p 172]

A. the large area of the Thirteen Colonies

B. the unimpressive performance of the American colonist during the war

C. the need to policy an ever-expanding frontier in the west

D. the fear of Prussian incursion in North America


Which of the following was NOT a reason Parliament stood firm on their right to tax the American colonies?

A. the amount of revenue was fairly small

B. a fear that the king would gain control of the revenue

C. a constitutional insistence on the right to tax a colony

D. their willingness to change the form of that taxation


The war for American Independence: [p 173]

A. isolated Britain and caused other countries to try for her colonial possessions

B. led to British support in France and Spain

C. was independent from other colonial battles around the world

D. showed British skill in following up battles with solid occupation


Slaves were imported into the British colonies in America:

A. to farm tobacco

B. against objections from Spain

C. from India

D. from Russia


New taxes were imposed upon colonists due to debts from the:

A. China trade.

B. importation of slaves.

C. Seven Years War.

D. wasteful expenditures of King George III.

ANSWER: C


Adam Smith opposed:

A. free trade.

B. the War for A.merican Independence.

C. democracy.

D. mercantilism.


John Locke's philosophy from the 17th century justified a middle class point of view regarding their own:

A. need to rebel.

B. liberty.

C. objections to free trade.

D. Christianity.


The population increase of the 18th century caused a negative response from:

A. Thomas Malthus.

B. industrialists.

C. peasants.

D. Parliament.


Quiz 10: Industrialization and Romanticism


Before 1700, roads in Britain were: [p 166]

A. trackways worn by carts and wagons

B. maintained in a national system

C. used for transporting most trade goods

D. supplanted by railways


How many hours in 1820, how many hours did it take to get from London to Manchester? [p 166 map]

A. 30

B. 45

C. 50

C. 64


Which of the following was NOT a result of the transfer to turnpike trusts to build roads? [p 166]

A. loan funds to finance road building

B. involvement of industrialists and landowners

C. a consistent standard for road construction

D. parishes being relieved of responsibility for roads


The first canals were built to: [p 167]

A. transport passengers more effectively

B. link coalfields with ports

C. move agricultural goods to famine-stricken areas

D. move armies


The canal and road booms of the 18th century were similar in that they both: [p 166-167]

A. didn't create a national system, but were very useful

B. lost huge amounts of money

C. were built by the government using tax money

D. failed to answer economic needs


The textbook authors claim that an understanding of social and economic change during industrialization can only be understood: [p 168]

A. in a vague way

B. in a regional context

C. by considering the era as a revolution

D. by focusing on advances prior to the 19th century


We should be careful using the map on page 169 because: [p 168]

A. it is not to scale

B. it does not emphasize London

C. it is unfinished

D. it may not be accurate about occupations


Around 1800, linen production was a major industry in: [p 169 map]

A. Northern Ireland

B. Cornwall

C. East Anglia

D. Wales


The most concentrated areas of worker employment in industry in 1841 are located near: [p 169 map]

A. water

B. London

C. coalfields

D. Scotland


The example of intensive industrial impact on a region was: [p 170]

A. Lancashire

B. Cornwall

C. Wales

D. southeastern England


Sheffield was the area of specialty manufacturing in: [p 170]

A. coke

B. pottery

C. steel

D. woollens


The map of industrial Lancashire shows the first use of all these technologies EXCEPT: [p 170 map]

A. John Kay's Flying Shuttle

B. James Hargreaves' Spinning Jenny

C. Bradford Stone's Silk Machine

D. Samuel Crompton's Spinning Mule


Steam power was adopted most heavily in areas with: [p 170]

A. fewer draught animals

B. a lot of coal

C. falling water

D. high population


Spinning jennies, mules and waterframes sped up production most in which industry? [p 171]

A. pottery

B. woolens

C. cotton

D. glass-making


The shift of most textile workers from home to factory work occurred: [p 171]

A. over a single generation

B. slowly, since working at home was preferred

C. before the 1820s

D. consistently across the country


Britain's initial reaction to the outbreak of the French Revolution was: [p 176]

A. the immediate sending of troops to the French king

B. increased protection of the new American nation

C. an increase in taxes to build up the navy

D. non-intervention in continental affairs


The British government's fear of the spreading French Revolution led to: [p 176]

A. the suspension of habeas corpus in 1794

B. the imprisonment of radicals like Thomas Paine

C. the shutting down of radical printing presses in England

D. uprising in the countryside


Britain's "unsought war against the USA", the "irritating sideshow", was most likely: [p 176 or look it up elsewhere!]

A. the American Revolution

B. the War of 1812

C. the American Civil War

D. Waterloo


Which of the following was NOT an advantage of the British over the French in the early 19th century? [p 176]

A. superior seamanship

B. superior gunnery

C. innovative tactics

D. a superior army


Britain's low-risk policy of attacking around the edges of the French empire was based on: [pp 177-178]

A. military weakness on land but a great navy and good resources

B. the difficulty of moving armies with ships

C. a desire to avoid war whenever possible

D. lack of interest in French territories


Even after Trafalgar, the problem that plagued war against France in the early 19th century was: [p 178]

A. France's vast coalition of allies

B. disintegration of army resilience and leadership

C. how to actually win the war

D. the refusal of Prussia to ally with England against Napoleon


The electoral system in the late 18th and early 19th century: [p 180]

A. was overhauled to create a true democracy

B. changed very little

C. cobbled new reforms on top of the traditional system

D. showed a clear shift from Whig to Tory


Women who wanted to vote in the early 19th century may have experienced all of the following EXCEPT: [p 180]

A. being handed a ballot because they were a widow

B. transferring their right to vote to a man

C. support of the Whig party

D. customs being invoked to prevent them voting


Catholics in Ireland were largely excluded from voting until: [p 180]

A. the Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829

B. the Act of Union of 1800

C. 1793

D. they were excluded throughout the 19th century


Most new boroughs enfranchised in 1832 and 1868 were in: [p 181 map]

A. Cornwall

B. rural areas

C. industrial regions

D. East Anglia


The Reform Act of 1832 increased the total electorate by about: [p 182]

A. 20%

B. 30%

C. 45%

D. 60%


The Chartist movement demanded: [p 182]

A. votes for women

B. votes for all men

C. public ballots

D. re-enfranchisement for rural boroughs


The Second Reform Act of 1867 was the result of: [p 182]

A. a shift in ideology toward democratization

B. rioting in the rural countryside

C. a deliberate move to extend the electorate

D. political pressure on a minority government


By the end of the 19th century, the electorate consisted of what percentage of adult males in Britain? [p 183]

A. 60%

B. 70%

C. 80%

D. 90%


The example of West Riding in the era of 19th century reform shows that: [p 183]

A. a borough could remain unchanged by reform movements

B. middle class hopes for political power could be realized through reform

C. even a shrinking area could still maintain political power

D. new industrial areas were left out of the reform process


The typical worker in industrial Manchester was: [p 184]

A. a factory worker

B. a seaman or sailor

C. a carter, porter or packer

D. a craftsman


Which of the following was NOT a major cause of waterway pollution in industrial Manchester? [p 185]

A. dye-works

B. animal waste

C. sewage

D. tanneries


I note in my lecture that there have been many industrial advances before this era. What made the industrialization of the late 18th and early 19th centuries a "revolution"?

A. increased mechanical power for industry

B. the discovery of an inanimate power source

C. increased production of goods

D. the widespread social impact


John Kay's invention:

A. made spinning yarn faster

B. improved the steam engine

C. sped up the process of weaving cloth

D. had little impact


The sudden construction of towns like Manchester and Leeds led to:

A. better sanitary conditions for workers

B. appalling living conditions

C. a quick government response to resolve problems

D. publicly-funded housing projects


Which of the following was NOT an aspect of children working in factories:

A. beatings because they were too exhausted to work

B. dangerous conditions

C. low wages that barely helped their families

D. factory-run kindergartens


The English country garden is an example of:

A. the industrial influence on gardening

B. strict geometric forms

C. the romantic response to industrial realism

D. the power of community

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