Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain

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Quiz 11: Victorianism and the New Imperialism

Britain's empire was more core to the nation than France's or Germany's empire was to those countries because: [p 186]

A. France and Germany had no empires

B. Britain was not distracted by continental politics

C. it was more global than the French or German empires

D. French and German colonies were ruled independently

British imperial expansion was: [p 186]

A. carefully planned

B. limited by Britain's own geography

C. universally supported

D. pushed by a combination of factors

Dominion status: [p 187]

A. allowed local elected governments to control domestic affairs

B. was not extended to Australia

C. prevented local nationalism from developing

D. was acknowledged as weakening the empire

British colonies dominated by non-European peoples were: [p 187]

A. the first to be prepared for independence

B. taken over by the French

C. permitted dominion status

D. not deemed ready for self-government in any form

Which of the following did NOT support the image of Britain as a civilising nation overseas? [p 188]

A. the missions of David Livingstone

B. the abolition of slavery

C. ongoing racial prejudice

D. dominion colonies

During the Empire, more cultural heroes were: [p 189]

A. military heroes

B. from foreign countries

C. associated with Parliament

D. women

International condemnation and public outcry followed: [p 189]

A. the Indian Mutiny of 1857

B. the publication of songs like The Gallant Twenty-First

C. the Anglo-Boer War

D. the formation of the Egyptian National Party in 1897

The emergence of a British-educated middle class among colonised peoples led to: [p 189]

A. successful transitions to self-government

B. the formation of a new, anti-British political elite

C. better governments in dominion states

D. resistance from local populations

Which of the following was not a side effect of the railway explosion? [p 191]

A. cheap novels

B. new knowledge of geology

C. pocket watches

D. less stress in households

Travel time from London to Edinburgh by railway was about: [p 191 map]

A. 8 hours

B. 10 hours

C. 12 hours

D. 14 hours

In an age of expanding inventions, Queen Victoria: [p 192]

A. more focused on traditional expressions of royalty

B. fascinated by new technologies

C. refused to be photographed

D. was a major influence on politics

Which of the following was NOT a Victorian era invention? [p 192]

A. photography

B. bicycles

C. printing

D. telephone

Which was NOT considered an aspect of municipal socialism? [p 192]

A. fresh water supplies

B. railway building

C. public transport

D. gas street lighting

Which of the following was a main seaside resort during the Victorian era? [p 193 map]

A. Wellington

B. Plymouth

C. Dover

D. Eastbourne

Gladstone's Liberal party split over the issue of: [p 194]

A. Irish Home Rule

B. the working class

C. the Primrose League

D. compulsory primary education

Which of the following did NOT see extensive growth during the Victorian era? [p 194-195]

A. the professional classes

B. reformed schools and colleges

C. leisure activities

D. the population of Highland Scotland

The textbook interprets the Crystal Palace exhibition as representing: [p 195]

A. technological progress

B. an example of spectacle

C. great architecture

D. the power of the middle class

Literacy figures based on marriage register signatures indicate that the literacy rate in Britain by 1900 may have been as high as: [p 196]

A. 50%

B. 61%

C. 80%

D. 97%

Which of the following would NOT be a reason for the middle class to have supported compulsory state education? [p 196]

A. low food prices from excess farm labor

B. Anglican countering of Catholic and Nonconformist popularity

C. crime prevention

D. philanthropic reasons

In 1878 the University of London became to first to: [p 197]

A. offer classes in culinary arts

B. accept working class students

C. admit women

D. offer a doctoral program

Which of the following was founded in the 19th century? [p 197 map]

A. Cambridge

B. Trinity College, Dublin

C. Edinburgh

D. Bristol

The most popular British spectator sport in the Victorian era became: [p 198]

A. cricket

B. Association football

C. rugby

D. equestrian events

If one lived in Liverpool, the closest seaside resort would have been: [p 201 map]

A. Blackpool

B. New Brighton

C. Llandudno

D. Hornsea

The largest number of seaside resorts were clustered within a 2-hour journey from: [p 191 map and p 201 map]

A. London

B. Manchester

C. Bristol

D. Birmingham

If one lived in London but wanted to go to Blackpool for August Bank Holiday Monday, the journey would likely take about: [p 191 map and p 201 map]

A. 2 hours

B. 4 hours

C. 6 hours

D. all day

The category of town that grew most rapidly in the first half of the 19th century, according to the 1851 census, was: [p 200]

A. cotton manufacturing towns

B. railway terminals

C. seaside resorts

D. mining centres

How many people emigrated from the United Kingdom in the 19th century? [p 202]

A. about 2 million

B. about 5.3 million

C. about 11 million

D. about 17 million

Approximately 57% of emigrants from the United Kingdom went to: [p 202 map]

A. Australia

B. the United States

C. South Africa

D. Canada

Most migrants from rural counties in the U.K.: [p 203]

A. went to the United States

B. moved to Australia

C. settled in the expanded towns in the U.K.

D. sought rural opportunities elsewhere in the world

Which of the following was NOT a destination for internal migrants in the 19th century? [p 204 map]

A. central Ireland

B. London

C. the coalfields of south Wales

D. lowland Scotland

Which of the following was NOT an obstacle of moving to New Zealand after 1873? [p 204]

A. a long journey

B. the cost of the ticket

C. sickness

D. primitive settlements

Home Rule for Ireland meant: [p 206]

A. complete Irish control over domestic and foreign policy

B. Irish control over domestic policy but British control over foreign affairs

C. Fenian control of the entire island

D. Catholic emancipation and thus Irish members in the British Parliament

Instead of political independence, the aims of Irish and British policies alike after the 1840s focused on: [p 207]

A. emigration

B. communications

C. land reform

D. industrial development

Unionists in Ulster in the 19th century wanted: [p 208]

A. Home Rule

B. liberal control

C. a united Ireland

D. industrial prosperity

The Irish Republican Brotherhood's greatest support came from: [p 209]

A. Irish Americans

B. Ulster

C. farmers

D. those who supported Home Rule

The major concentration of cooperative "friendly" societies was in: [p 210 map]

A. southeast England

B. Wales

C. the industrial north of England

D. Scotland

The cooperatives differed from the trade unions in that cooperation: [p 211]

A. organized labor strikes

B. focused on agriculture

C. included women and families

D. focused on individualism

The middle class ultimately created improvement in urban working class housing conditions by: [p 213]

A. leaving for the suburbs

B. passing housing and dwelling legislation

C. evicting immoral tenants

D. tearing down "by-law" housing

What discovery in the 1850s stimulated a new large-scale global market? [p 214]

A. American demand for steel

B. steam power

C. oil fields in Asia

D. gold in Australia

New Zealand was an English source for: [p 214-215 map]

A. minerals

B. meat and wool

C. medicines

D. tea

By the middle of the 19th century, Britain was importing: [p 215-216]

A. food

B. textiles

C. cutlery

D. machinery

In which area did Britain begin to lag behind its competitors in the late 19th century? [p 216]

A. opium imports

B. textile production

C. motor cars and electrical goods

D. finance and banking

The Suez Canal provided a steamship route to: [p 217]

A. the United States

B. the Balkans

C. India and Asia

D. Russia

The raw material exported in the greatest amounts from Britain in the late 19th century was: [p 217]

A. wool

B. meat

C. whale oil

D. coal

The Great Trek of Boers in South Africa was followed by: [p 218]

A. pursuit to try to bring them under British control

B. a separation of South Africa into black and white regions

C. 50 years of Boer independence

D. the building of the Cape to Cairo railroad

The atrocious conditions of Boer concentration campus run by the British were exposed by people like: [p 219]

A. Cecil Rhodes

B. Herbert Kitchener

C. Emily Hobhouse

D. Florence Nightingale

My lecture suggests that the middle class strove to demonstrate respectability because historically they had no:

A. money

B. status

C. morals

D. control

The average Victorian home was

A. decorated in the Oriental style, with sparse furnishings and open space

B. plain and modest

C. cluttered with new and old family possessions

D. kept clean by the housewife personally

Female sexuality during the Victorian age

A. was open and frankly discussed in society

B. was repressed through images of modesty and virginity

C. was flaunted by wealthy women

D. is not mentioned in any of the primary sources

The soaring crime rate in London lowered because of the

A. suffragettes

B. Whigs

C. Jack the Ripper case

D. bobbies

The Great Mutiny in India could be used to show

A. the kindness of Britain toward her imperial subjects

B. the direct involvement of Queen Victorian in politics

C. the insensitivity of the British regarding their native troops

D. the effectiveness of the Enfield Rifle in battle

Quiz 12: The Great War, 1920s, and Depression

The emergence of Germany as a major naval and colonial power led to: [p 222]

A. British withdrawal into a policy of "splendid isolation"

B. a series of extensive treaties with Germany

C. agreement to the Entente Cordiale with France in 1904

D. close alliance with the United States

"Lions led by donkeys" referred to: [p 222]

A. native British troops led by foreign generals

B. courageous men led by incompetent generals

C. a small professional army led by conscripted leaders

D. solid troops hampered by inferior technology

The purpose of the Schlieffen Plan was to: [p 222]

A. bring Britain into the war

B. wage war on two fronts simultaneously

C. sue for peace

D. defeat France quickly and turn to Russia

The fact that Britain and France had to take the offensive meant that the Germans: [p 222]

A. fell back closer to their own supply lines

B. were easily defeated

C. had very few losses

D. were never pushed back from their original positions

The plan of British commanders Haig and French against Germany was to: [pp 222-223]

A. outflank Germany

B. use explosives to open paths through barbed wire

C. press infantry attacks regardless of casualties

D. invest in new technologies

The first day's casualties in the Battle of the Somme numbered: [p 223]

A. 5,000

B. 25,000

C. 60,000

D. 75,000

At enormous cost on the Somme on July 1 1916, the British captured this much territory: [p 223]

A. 100 square miles

B. 200 square miles

C. 25 square miles

D. 3 square miles

Incursion into Belgium to undermine Germany in 1917 was hampered by: [p 223]

A. low-lying, muddy ground

B. German fortifications

C. German naval activity off the cost

D. ineffective use of air power

The major offensive battles on the western front: [p 223 map]

A. led to major victories

B. secured large areas of land

C. were mostly within a few miles of each other

D. were fought on Belgian soil

The excerpt from Douglas Haig's diary of 1916 could be interpreted as showing: [p 223]

A. great strength of leadership

B. unwarranted optimism

C. understandable despair

D. frustration with untrained infantry

Zeppelin raids during the Great War: [p 224 map]

A. never hit anything on the British Isles

B. were rare

C. bombed over a dozen British cities

D. focused on military targets

The British strategy that helped at the end of the war emphasized: [p 224]

A. the use of storm troopers

B. coordination of aircraft and artillery

C. large units creating mass attacks

D. battering down German defenses

Main shipbuilding centres during the Great War included: [p 224 maps]

A. Loewstoft

B. Newcastle

C. Avonmouth

D. Dundee

The formation of "Pals" units: [p 225]

A. led to entire communities being destroyed

B. created companies with men from diverse locations

C. did little to encourage volunteers to sign up

D. primarily focused on Welsh contingents

There was great controversy during the Great War over: [p 226]

A. opening new fronts to aid the Russians

B. using imperial forces

C. attacking German strongholds

D. the use of the navy

Decisions to fight against the Turks and Bulgarians were most influenced by: [p 226]

A. strategies to help Russia

B. imperial ambitions

C. Parliamentary politics

D. failure on the western front

Which of the following was NOT a problem encountered by the British at Gallipoli? [p 227]

A. lack of experience against a heavily defended shore

B. a landing was predictable

C. supply problems

D. persistence of the troops

The fiasco at Suvla was based on: [p 227]

A. not enough men

B. military incompetence

C. faulty weaponry

D. landing in the wrong place

German colonies in Africa: [p 226 map]

A. threatened Egypt

B. provided a base for Mediterranean operations

C. were scattered around the continent

D. were primarily in West Africa

The main goal for the British in the eastern Mediterranean during the Great War: [p 228]

A. keeping the Suez open and attacking the Turks

B. supporting a Jewish state

C. creating a pan-Arab nation

D. capturing Basra

T.E. Lawrence's plans for the Arabs were undermined by: [p 228]

A. the capture of Damascus

B. the Sykes-Picot agreement

C. General Allenby

D. the defense of the Suez

Advances in naval warfare such as torpedoes and submarines meant that the Great War would feature: [p 229]

A. battles involving large numbers of ships

B. a decisive role for naval warfare

C. battles only being fought by chance

D. German domination of the sea

The most important task of the British navy in the Great War was: [p 229]

A. blockading the United States coast

B. providing a decisive victory

C. in Africa

D. protecting shipping convoys

The main area of u-boat activity was: [p 229]

A. around the British Isles

B. along the north German coast

C. in the mid-Atlantic

D. on the coast of west Africa

Campaigns for women's suffrage were undermined by: [p 230-231]

A. trade unions

B. nationalism and war efforts

C. the Cat and Mouse Act

D. the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies

Initial anti-property acts by suffragettes were met with: [p 231]

A. sympathy in the newspapers

B. the burning of the homes of suffragettes

C. increasingly violent police response

D. popular support

The "arson campaign" of the suffragettes ended with: [p 230]

A. the outbreak of the Great War

B. the granting of suffrage to women

C. the arrest of Emmeline Pankhurst

D. the death of Emily Wilding Davison

Of the 17 female candidates in the 1918 general election: [p 231]

A. seven won seats in Parliament

B. eight rejected the main political parties

C. all were Irish

D. none were elected

The first woman to take a seat in the British Parliament was: [p 231]

A. Emmeline Pankhurst

B. Sylvia Pankhurst

C. Emily Wilding Davison

D. Nancy Astor

Ireland was an integrated part of the United Kingdom until: [p 232]

A. 1912

B. 1921

C. 1933

D. 1945

Between 1885 and 1912, seats in the Irish parliament were dominated by members who supported: [p 232]

A. the Conservative party

B. the independence of Ireland from the United Kingdom

C. constitutional nationalism (Home Rule)

D. Catholic rule

The Ulster Volunteer Force, set up in 1912 to prevent Home Rule by force, caused the formation of this group of Irish nationalists: [p 232]

A. the Irish Liberal Party

B. Sinn Fein

C. the Irish Party

D. the Irish Volunteers

The response to the Easter Rising of 1916: [p 232]

A. was benign neglect by Britain

B. caused a popular swing toward the radical Sinn Fein

C. supported the constitutional nationalist agenda

D. had little effect on elections

Which Irish group became increasingly violent following the end of the Great War? [p 233]

A. Sinn Fein

B. constitutional nationalists

C. Irish Party

D. Irish Republican Army

During the early 1920s, the IRA was able to: [p 233]

A. disrupt British rule of Ireland

B. defeat British troops in pitched battles

C. get the support at the Treaty of Versailles conference

D. set up their own Irish parliament

How did Britain punish the leaders of the Irish Easter rising in 1916? [p 233]

A. 3 months in jail

B. deportation to Australia

C. execution of 15 of its leaders

D. a declaration of war against Ireland

The Government of Ireland Act of 1920: [p 234]

A. accepted with relief by all parties

B. rejected by northern unionists

C. caused the Anglo-Irish War

D. was rejected by Sinn Fein

The forced Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921: [p 234]

A. made Ireland a dominion of the United Kingdom but allowed Northern Ireland to be more autonomous

B. forced southern Irish Catholics under Ulster's northern Protestant rule

C. was not accepted by either the Irish parliament nor Sinn Fein

D. led to twenty years of peace in Ireland

In both the Anglo-Irish War and the Irish Civil War, the most casualties were in: [p 234-235 maps]

A. northern Ireland

B. western Ireland

C. eastern Ireland

D. southern Ireland

Having gained control of the Irish government, the Free State leadership: [p 235]

A. granted amnesty to its radical republican opponents

B. executed republicans and began an era of constitutional reform

C. allowed the Sinn Fein free reign in running the new nation

D. were able to quiet all republican opposition

The British government's response to the mass unemployment of the 1920s and 1930s was a mix of: [p 236]

A. inaction and inappropriate response

B. higher taxes and strong support for the unemployed

C. fewer entitlements, stricter rules, and more evenly distributed benefits

D. lenience against strikers and lower tariffs

The final result of the General Strike of 1926 was: [p 236]

A. better guarantees for workers

B. the outlawing of general strikes

C. higher wages phased in gradually

D. even more violent strikes during the 1930s

Married unemployed women during the 1920s: [p 236]

A. were viewed as equal to men in government benefits

B. were permitted to apply for benefits as "genuinely seeking work"

C. did not experience long periods of unemployment

D. were excluded from unemployment entitlements

Which industries grew instead of slumping during the interwar years in the United Kingdom? [p 236 and 238]

A. cars, publishing and electrical engineering

B. woollen, linen and cotton textiles

C. steel and shipbuilding

D. coal and tin mining

To answer the threat of the General Strike of 1926: [p 237 map]

A. troops were deployed throughout the island of Britain

B. the navy threatened off the coast but no ground troops were used

C. Baldwin's government supported the strikers

D. miners returned to work before other workers

Which region of Britain was hit hardest by the interwar depression? [p 238]

A. the industrial midlands

B. the southeastern coast

C. the Scottish lowlands

D. Wales

Average unemployment in Wales during the 1920s and 30s was: [p 238]

A. 10%

B. 15%

C. 22%

D. 31%

The intention of the Special Areas (Development) Act of 1934 and the Special Areas Reconstruction (Agreement) Act of 1936 was to: [p 239]

A. relocate Welsh workers to new industries in the midlands

B. encourage industry to move to four distressed areas of the U.K.

C. establish free medical care to treat rickets, scarlet fever and tuberculosis

D. prevent a General Strike

Fascists like Oswald Mosley found support among people who saw the financial crisis and mass unemployment as a result of: [p 239]

A. punishment for offending God

B. an overextended empire

C. parliamentary democracy

D. Labour party control

During the riots at Cable Street, anti-fascist marchers offended by anti-Semitism were: [p 239]

A. accidentally hit by police fire

B. pushed back by the British Union of Fascists

C. successful in preventing the BUF from marching

D. less than 400 in number

Unemployed men from south Wales volunteered to support the socialists against the fascists in: [p 238]

A. London

B. Spain

C. Germany

D. Russia

In the United States, we would call the type of housing featured in Metroland between the wars: [p 240]

A. detached housing

B. apartments

C. condominiums

D. duplexes

The push for the growth of suburbs during the interwar years in London came from:

A. public housing projects designed to employ workers

B. a growth in population of people looking for work

C. Parliamentary planning

D. the founding of New Towns

Most suburban homes during the interwar period were built: [p 241]

A. as public housing

B. by communities borrowing from government funds

C. by private builders

D. near Manchester

Which of the following was NOT an innovation contributing to the growth of suburbs during the interwar years? [p 240-241]

A. electricity

B. mortgages

C. new rail and road links

D. landlords

The Great War involved so many European countries so quickly because:

A. most nations hated Bosnia

B. long-standing hatreds against Germany had been brewing for decades

C. the archduke of Austria-Hungary was highly respected

D. secret alliances drew so many of them into the conflict


To which of the following would a British soldier on the Western Front likely NOT be subject?

A. diseases such as trench foot and dysentery

B. machine gun fire going over the top

C. horrible weather conditions

D. excellent leadership

Women who bobbed their hair were rejecting

A. Victorian standards

B. men

C. modernity

D. the Great War

The resistance to divorce faced by Edward went back to the times of:

A. the Middle Ages

B. Henry VIII

C. the Anglo-Saxons

D. John I

Movies like Fire Over England drew a comparison between World War II and

A. World War I

B. Spain trying to conquer England in Elizabethan times

C. the Hundred Years War

D. Alfred defending England against the Danes

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