Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain




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Quiz 13: World War II


According the the textbook, enormous demands were made on the British population during World War II because: [p 242]

A. war materials were needed

B. Britain needed to become self-sufficient quickly

C. morale was very low after an era of economic decline

D. no successful aircraft were being built


During World War II, city workers were encouraged to holiday: [p 243]

A. at seaside resorts, to watch for invading planes

B. close to home

C. in London, where money could be made available for the war effort

D. on farms, to increase food production


The division of Britain into regions with dictatorial commissioners at the beginning of World War II was a result of: [p 243-244]

A. fear of immediate bombings and poor civilian morale

B. fascist party members in key government positions

C. resistance to women working in war factories

D. fear of a general strike


The largest industry in Britain during World War II, employing 10% of the total workforce, was: [p 242]

A. mining

B. shipping

C. aircraft production

D. government


"Eire" was painted on headlands in Ireland during World War II: [p 244]

A. to assist the Royal Air Force in navigation

B. to prevent bombing from German planes

C. to help Allied ships entering the English Channel

D. as a decoy to attract German attack


The case of witchcraft used against a medium preying on the recently bereaved during World War II occurred in: [p 245 map]

A. Belfast

B. Chippenham

C. Newcastle

D. Forest Gate


Following Germany's attack on Russia in World War II, the so-called "Baedeker" raids focused on: [p 244]

A. culturally significant targets

B. military installations

C. RAF coastal defenses

D. London


When people began sleeping in the Underground to escape the air raids during World War II, the government's fears of worker absenteeism: [p 244]

A. were realized

B. were not well founded

C. supported them

D. outlawed missing work


According to the textbook, food rationing during World War II was seen as tolerable primarily because: [p 244]

A. it was evenly distributed

B. it only applied to meat

C. military families were exempt

D. the poor received less


The World War II program to encourage people to grow their own food was called: [p 244]

A. Victory Gardens

B. Dig for Victory

C. Saucepans into Spitfires

D. Agriculture for the Allies


The activity which seemed most resented on the home front in World War II was: [p 244]

A. growing local food

B. welcoming U.S. servicemen

C. billeting soldiers and evacuees in homes

D. rationing


During World War II, a number of Conservatives: [p 245]

A. changed to the Labour party

B. lost seats to the new leftist Common Wealth party

C. voted to attack Ireland

D. participated in strikes


In June 1940, Britain experienced a humiliating withdrawal from: [p 246 and map]

A. Denmark

B. Sweden

C. Norway

D. Ireland


The largest disadvantage the British faced against Germany in 1940 was: [p 247]

A. the lack of continental allies

B. lack of monetary assistance from the United States

C. military incompetence

D. no alternative strategy to invasion


The British strategy against Germany, created in 1940, involved: [p 247]

A. landing in northern France quickly to attack Germany directly

B. conducting extensive bombing raids over Berlin

C. attacking the periphery of German power with bombing and blockades

D. focusing on Japan for the initial stages of the war


The immediate result of diverting British forces from North Africa to defend Greece against Italy in 1940-41 was: [p 247]

A. a severe weakening of Italy

B. the luring of Germany deeper into North Africa where they could be crushed

C. defeat in both Greece and northeastern Africa

D. the salvation of the Australian garrison at Tobruk


Britain's military strategy during World War II: [p 246 and map]

A. held throughout the war

B. gave way to the U.S. plan for invading Europe

C. was completely ineffective against Germany

D. focused on attacking the centre of German power


After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in December 1941: [p 247]

A. the U.S. refused to enter the war against Germany

B. President Roosevelt concentrated first on defeating Germany

C. America turned first toward defeating Japan in the Pacific

D. Churchill's requests to Roosevelt fell on deaf ears


The United States military saw British strategy in Europe during World War II as: [p 248]

A. wasteful and pointless

B. wise and insightful

C. confused

D. focused too heavily on Italy


The US military was angry when in 1942 Churchill convinced Roosevelt to agree to: [p 248]

A. the invasion of northern France

B. rescue Singapore

C. invade North Africa

D. allow the Japanese to invade Australia


Which of the following was NOT a factor in the British loss of Singapore? [p 248 map and 249]

A. lack of a promised fleet to protect Malaya

B. the sinking of the Repulse and the Prince of Wales

C. an ill-planned invasion of southern Japan

D. lack of modern aircraft in the region


The British ensured that they would occupy the northern zone of Germany by: [p 248]

A. stationing soldiers in appropriate positions inside Britain

B. forcing the issue at meeting after meeting of the Big Three

C. conducting effective airborne landings

D. allowing the U.S. to evacuate sooner


The total surrender of Germany was assured because: [p 248]

A. the invasion in 1944 caused utter destruction in its wake

B. mass destruction of Germany's infrastructure had already been assisted by extensive bombing

C. Hitler was killed

D. all their troops had been moved to North Africa


The fall of France was important in Asia because: [p 249]

A. it prevented news of Europe from reaching Asian outposts

B. French troops arrived in Asia to assist

C. revolutionary ideas were undermined

D. colonial government in Indo-China was left without support


Concerning the final defeat of Japan, Britain: [p 249]

A. played a crucial role in keeping shipping lanes open

B. provided planes for the delivery of the atom bomb

C. was pushed aside by the United States

D. focused on supporting the Soviet Union


The Japanese and the British fought each other most fiercely in: [p 249 map]

A. Burma

B. Malay

C. New Zealand

D. Okinawa


For Britain, the longest and most critical action in World War II was in: [p 250]

A. southeast Asia

B. the south Pacific

C. North Africa

D. the Atlantic


The greatest danger to Britain in the Atlantic during World War II was: [p 250]

A. the Graf Spee

B. the Bismarck

C. U-boats

D. the Turpitz


During World War II, Germany again focused its U-boat activities on: [p 250]

A. military targets

B. the British coast

C. merchant ships

D. British battleships


The most effective British answer to the U-boat threat in the Atlantic during World War II proved to be: [p 250 and 252]

A. the use of sonar

B. adaptation of convoy escorts

C. the 50 destroyers obtained from the US

D. the use of aircraft


The outward border of maximum German U-boat impact in the Atlantic moved through World War II from:

A. east to west to center

B. east to center to west

C. west to center to east

D. west to east to center


Most of the bases leased to the US by Britain were located: [p 251 map]

A. in French West Africa

B. near the UK

C. in South America

D. in the Caribbean


Germany seems to have used the western coast of France primarily as: [p 251 map]

A. a staging ground for the invasion of Spain

B. a base for U-boats

C. stations for air power

D. recreation areas for German officers


South Africa experienced severe U-boat activity during World War II because of: [p 251 map]

A. its location inside American-controlled air space

B. the presence of the British base at Cape Town

C. the German colonial presence in southeastern Africa

D. the local fascist party in South Africa


Which of the following was NOT a British advantage near the end of World War II? [p 252]

A. the breaking of the German code

B. the activity of US ships in the Atlantic

C. interception of German radio communications

D. the ultimate support of Ireland


Priority was given to defeating U-boats in the Atlantic in 1943 at: [p 252]

A. Potsdam

B. Teheran

C. Casablanca

D. Yalta


Technology advancements near the end of the war focused on the deployment and decoying of: [p 253]

A. battleships

B. torpedoes

C. aircraft

D. PT boats


The goal of British convoys in the Atlantic was: [p 253]

A. equipping colonial outposts in the south Atlantic

B. obtaining supplies from the United States

C. transporting troops to the U.S. for medical care

D. sending supplies to the Soviets


The age limit for women to be able to vote was lowered to 21, the same as men, in: [p 254]

A. 1918

B. 1922

C. 1928

D. 1974


Voter turnout in 1950-1992 compared to 1922-45 was: [p 254]

A. the same

B. higher

C. lower

D. extremely low


The achievement of bounded equal-sized voting constituencies based on the number of individuals occurred in: [p 254]

A. 1885

B. 1900

C. 1922

D. 1948


In recent years, the number of Parliamentary seats needed for rural areas has: [p 254-255]

A. remained the same

B. grown

C. shrunk

D. decreased representation for places like Oxfordshire


Which of the following has NOT been presented as an explanation for the decline of class-based voting in recent years? [p 255]

A. increased affluence

B. changing occupations

C. changes in party platforms

D. fragmentation of traditional communities


Female Members of Parliament: [p 255]

A. have caused great change in government policy

B. now dominate the Commons

C. have not led to dramatic political change

D. have been unable to make any headway


By 1997, the Liberal Party dominated Parliamentary seats only in: [pp 254-255 maps]

A. Ireland

B. the Scottish Highlands

C. East Anglia

D. the Midlands


The agenda of the newly victorious Labour Party following World War II featured: [p 256]

A. a welfare state

B. a return to tradition

C. a concerted effort to retain the empire

D. a boost for private industry


Which of the following was NOT nationalised by the Labour Party following World War II? [p 256]

A. coal

B. railways

C. gas and electricity

D. shipping


Labour lost the election of 1951 because its programmes had meant: [p 256]

A. a decreased tax base

B. the disapproval of the United States

C. continued rationing and lack of consumer goods

D. a decrease in military jobs


One way the map on page 257 shows increased affluence after World War II is: [p 257 map]

A. new railway lines

B. the presence of television transmitters

C. the wealth of container ports

D. areas of government assistance


The building of the first nuclear power stations in the 1950s was most closely related to: [p 258]

A. the location of the motorways

B. the building of an atomic bomb

C. the Festival of Britain in 1951

D. the Beeching report


The position of London declined relative to places like Tilbury and Felixstowe because: [p 258]

A. London could not handle containerised freight

B. there was mass migration from London to the New Towns

C. financial services were not as necessary

D. the railways were not adequate


The purpose of New Towns after World War II was to: [p 256 and 259]

A. develop new industries

B. rebuild war-damaged areas

C. provide communities for overflow populations from big cities

D. modernize


The increase in living standards during the late 1960s and early 70s were helped by all of the following EXCEPT: [p 259]

A. the Mods and the Rockers

B. the discovery of natural gas and oil in the North Sea

C. the building of new colleges

D. the expansion of the BBC


After World War II, in foreign affairs Britain became increasingly more dependent on: [p 259]

A. the Soviet Union

B. the United States

C. France and the EEC

D. itself


Which of the following was NOT a sign of social alienation in Britain during the 1960s? [p 259]

A. Teddy Boys

B. Mods and Rockers

C. the Angry Young Men

D. Cathy Come Home


The main reason Germany was able to arm so quickly was:

A. assistance from the U.S.

B. German investments abroad

C. secret arrangements with the Soviet military

D. a successful economy


My lecture portrays Neville Chamberlain as

A. a war monger

B. a naive and misguided leader

C. weak, refusing to prepare for war

D. sadly mistaken about Hitler's intentions


The RAF was successful for all the following reasons EXCEPT:

A. young pilots going back up after being shot down

B. high morale

C. keeping control of British air space

D. destroying the German air forces


Alan Turing

A. led campaigns in North Africa

B. broke the German secret code

C. advised against war with the Soviet Union

D. supported the Chindits

ANSWER: B


D-Day

A. finally opened the second front in France

B. was a major defeat for Britain

C. caused the surrender of Soviet troops to Germany

D. led to Japan's surrender

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