Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain




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Quiz 14: Post-war and Cold War Britain


The policy toward colonies in Asia and Africa after World War II was: [p 260]

A. an effort to revise the colonial system

B. planned dissolution of the British Empire

C. strengthening control over the colonies

D. focusing on acquiring raw materials from the colonies


The dissolution of the Empire was first presided over by the: [p 260]

A. Labour Party

B. Conservative Party

C. crown

D. United Nations


Which of the following remained a British colony after 1980? [p 260]

A. Burma

B. Palestine

C. Aden

D. the Falkland islands


Which of the following had gained independence from Britain before 1945? [p 260 map]

A. South Africa

B. India

C. Nigeria

D. Hong Kong


The text claims that the dissolution of the Empire was not entirely voluntary, because in actuality Britain [p 260]

A. was forced out by wars in every colony

B. no longer had the military knowledge to hold colonies

C. didn't have the capacity to hold colonies that were becoming ungovernable

D. had no moral authority


Both the Conservative and Labour parties had originally planned [p 260]

A. to dissolve the imperial system

B. to retain the colonies

C. to recreate the mandate system under the League of Nations

D. to call for local elections in every colony


British withdrawl from the colonies following World War II was complicated by all of the following EXCEPT: [p 261]

A. populist movements in the colonies

B. communal and ethnic tensions in the colonies

C. the creation of the Commonwealth

D. colonial nationalism


The 1948 Nationality Act [p 261]

A. encouraged immigration from the New Commonwealth

B. declared that only those born inside Britain were British

C. reduced the number of West Indians coming to Britain

D. forbade further immigration from Pakistan


The text claims that new policies of restrictiveness on immigration during the 1960s were the result of [p 261]

A. United Nations intervention

B. Conservative gains in Parliament

C. a new focus on Europe and race riots in England

D. fear of Russian immigrants


A flood of Asian and African immigrants into Britain in 1962-63 was the result of [p 261]

A. waves of violence in the former colonies

B. improvement in the British economy

C. the slow implementation of the 1962 Immigration Act

D. the Cold War


Which of the following counties had more than 10% ethnic minority population in 1991? [p 262 map]

A. Norfolk

B. Greater Manchester

C. Durham

D. Hampshire


The 1968 and 1971 Immigration Acts were trying to prevent [p 262]

A. an increase in population in Britain

B. entry of non-white immigrants

C. a takeover by the Labour party

D. further immigration from Canada


After 200 of people leaving, Ireland first experienced immigration during the: [p 262]

A. 1950s

B. 1960s

C. 1980s

D. 1990s


By 1991, over half of the ethnic minority population in Britain were [p 263]

A. born in Britain

B. from Pakistan

C. avoiding ethnic warfare in Kenya

D. skilled workers


An example of massive Asian immigration into the textile towns is [p 263]

A. Birmingham

B. Derby

C. Lincoln

D. Glasgow


The English language in Britain has been [p 264]

A. fully codified as Standard English

B. static for the last 150 years

C. continually subject to change and diversity

D. subsumed by the influx of foreign languages


According to sociolinguist Peter Trudgill, the old accent boundaries exist but have recently been affected by the spread of dialects, particularly from [p 265]

A. London

B. Birmingham

C. Celtic languages

D. ancient Gaelic


The traditional English dialect of Scotland is called [p 265]

A. Scots

B. Gaelic

C. Scottish

D. Scotch


The current percentage of people in Wales who speak Welsh is about [p 265]

A. 5%

B. 10%

C. 16%

D. 19%


The current percentage of people in Scotland who speak Gaelic is about [p 265]

A. 0%

B. 1%

C. 5%

D. 9%


In the last 60 years, passenger railways have [p 266]

A. expanded throughout the country

B. been replaced by freight railways

C. been closing down

D. carried more goods


In recent years, further expansion of roads and airports have been limited by [p 267]

A. an increase in railway use

B. investment problems

C. competition

D. environmental concerns


Road development since 1980 has focused primarily on [p 267]

A. linking up existing systems

B. rapid expansion

C. connections to Europe

D. improving rural roads


Churchill's words, "What we have, we hold" referred to

A. England

B. control of the government by the Conservatives

C. the colonies

D. morality


Beginning in the 1920s, Mohandas Gandhi led rebellions against British control of

A. Nigeria

B. South Africa

C. India

D. North Africa


After World War II, the partition of India by Lord Mountbatten

A. led to the peaceful creation of Pakistan and India

B. was reversed by the League of nations

C. caused violence between Muslims and Hindus

D. created a presidency for Gandhi


Kwame Nkrumah led the fight for independence in

A. Ivory Coast

B. Nigeria

C. Jamaica

D. Ghana


According to the lecture, Britain was willing to let colonies go so long as

A. trading relationships could be maintained

B. all the resulting governments were democracies

C. they paid a tax

D. they became full members of the United Nations


Which of the following was NOT a role that Churchill articulated for Britain after World War II?

A. head of the Commonwealth

B. special partner to the United States

C. protector against Soviet communism

D. chief power in Europe


The "iron curtain" refers to the line dividing the Europe of western/republican tradition from

A. the Soviet communist sphere

B. a southern Europe dominated by poverty and dictatorship

C. the rest of the world

D. Britain


The lecture claims that the Marshall Plan was a response to

A. communists being voted into power in Europe

B. the Soviet military threatening the West

C. a request by Britain

D. a vote of the United Nations


The Cold War intensified in 1949 when it was discovered that the Soviet Union had

A. invaded Korea

B. signed a treaty with China

C. detonated an atomic weapon

D. planned to invade Hungary


After World War II, Germany had been partitioned into zones controlled by all of these countries EXCEPT:

A. France

B. the United States

C. the Soviet Union

D. Italy


East Berlin and the eastern bloc nations remained poor after World War II because

A. they had no industry

B. they had been persuaded to refuse Marshall Plan money

C. there was no central government planning

D. of U.S. blockades


The Berlin Wall was built to stop

A. a "brain drain" to the West

B. an invasion from West Germany

C. the ties between East Berlin and the Soviet Union

D. merchants bringin goods into East Berlin from West Berlin


British spy novels show not only a resistance to Soviet dominance but also a resistance to

A. western ideas

B. individualism

C. government authority

D. tradition


Unlike in the United States, in Britain there is a large distinction between socialism and

A. democracy

B. participatory government

C. unionism

D. Soviet communism


After the Korean War, the Labour government was voted out because the public was worried about

A. government spending

B. the Soviet Union

C. trade unionism

D. private enterprise


Socialist policies were retained even in Tory years because of

A. a strong Labour presence in the Tory party

B. a need to placate the Soviet Union

C. overwhelming public support

D. the need for economic growth


Which of the following areas of life did NOT experience liberalization during the 1960s and 70s?

A. sexuality

B. the export market

C. education

D. criminal justice
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