Quiz 1: Pre-history and Celtic Britain

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Quiz 14: Post-war and Cold War Britain

The policy toward colonies in Asia and Africa after World War II was: [p 260]

A. an effort to revise the colonial system

B. planned dissolution of the British Empire

C. strengthening control over the colonies

D. focusing on acquiring raw materials from the colonies

The dissolution of the Empire was first presided over by the: [p 260]

A. Labour Party

B. Conservative Party

C. crown

D. United Nations

Which of the following remained a British colony after 1980? [p 260]

A. Burma

B. Palestine

C. Aden

D. the Falkland islands

Which of the following had gained independence from Britain before 1945? [p 260 map]

A. South Africa

B. India

C. Nigeria

D. Hong Kong

The text claims that the dissolution of the Empire was not entirely voluntary, because in actuality Britain [p 260]

A. was forced out by wars in every colony

B. no longer had the military knowledge to hold colonies

C. didn't have the capacity to hold colonies that were becoming ungovernable

D. had no moral authority

Both the Conservative and Labour parties had originally planned [p 260]

A. to dissolve the imperial system

B. to retain the colonies

C. to recreate the mandate system under the League of Nations

D. to call for local elections in every colony

British withdrawl from the colonies following World War II was complicated by all of the following EXCEPT: [p 261]

A. populist movements in the colonies

B. communal and ethnic tensions in the colonies

C. the creation of the Commonwealth

D. colonial nationalism

The 1948 Nationality Act [p 261]

A. encouraged immigration from the New Commonwealth

B. declared that only those born inside Britain were British

C. reduced the number of West Indians coming to Britain

D. forbade further immigration from Pakistan

The text claims that new policies of restrictiveness on immigration during the 1960s were the result of [p 261]

A. United Nations intervention

B. Conservative gains in Parliament

C. a new focus on Europe and race riots in England

D. fear of Russian immigrants

A flood of Asian and African immigrants into Britain in 1962-63 was the result of [p 261]

A. waves of violence in the former colonies

B. improvement in the British economy

C. the slow implementation of the 1962 Immigration Act

D. the Cold War

Which of the following counties had more than 10% ethnic minority population in 1991? [p 262 map]

A. Norfolk

B. Greater Manchester

C. Durham

D. Hampshire

The 1968 and 1971 Immigration Acts were trying to prevent [p 262]

A. an increase in population in Britain

B. entry of non-white immigrants

C. a takeover by the Labour party

D. further immigration from Canada

After 200 of people leaving, Ireland first experienced immigration during the: [p 262]

A. 1950s

B. 1960s

C. 1980s

D. 1990s

By 1991, over half of the ethnic minority population in Britain were [p 263]

A. born in Britain

B. from Pakistan

C. avoiding ethnic warfare in Kenya

D. skilled workers

An example of massive Asian immigration into the textile towns is [p 263]

A. Birmingham

B. Derby

C. Lincoln

D. Glasgow

The English language in Britain has been [p 264]

A. fully codified as Standard English

B. static for the last 150 years

C. continually subject to change and diversity

D. subsumed by the influx of foreign languages

According to sociolinguist Peter Trudgill, the old accent boundaries exist but have recently been affected by the spread of dialects, particularly from [p 265]

A. London

B. Birmingham

C. Celtic languages

D. ancient Gaelic

The traditional English dialect of Scotland is called [p 265]

A. Scots

B. Gaelic

C. Scottish

D. Scotch

The current percentage of people in Wales who speak Welsh is about [p 265]

A. 5%

B. 10%

C. 16%

D. 19%

The current percentage of people in Scotland who speak Gaelic is about [p 265]

A. 0%

B. 1%

C. 5%

D. 9%

In the last 60 years, passenger railways have [p 266]

A. expanded throughout the country

B. been replaced by freight railways

C. been closing down

D. carried more goods

In recent years, further expansion of roads and airports have been limited by [p 267]

A. an increase in railway use

B. investment problems

C. competition

D. environmental concerns

Road development since 1980 has focused primarily on [p 267]

A. linking up existing systems

B. rapid expansion

C. connections to Europe

D. improving rural roads

Churchill's words, "What we have, we hold" referred to

A. England

B. control of the government by the Conservatives

C. the colonies

D. morality

Beginning in the 1920s, Mohandas Gandhi led rebellions against British control of

A. Nigeria

B. South Africa

C. India

D. North Africa

After World War II, the partition of India by Lord Mountbatten

A. led to the peaceful creation of Pakistan and India

B. was reversed by the League of nations

C. caused violence between Muslims and Hindus

D. created a presidency for Gandhi

Kwame Nkrumah led the fight for independence in

A. Ivory Coast

B. Nigeria

C. Jamaica

D. Ghana

According to the lecture, Britain was willing to let colonies go so long as

A. trading relationships could be maintained

B. all the resulting governments were democracies

C. they paid a tax

D. they became full members of the United Nations

Which of the following was NOT a role that Churchill articulated for Britain after World War II?

A. head of the Commonwealth

B. special partner to the United States

C. protector against Soviet communism

D. chief power in Europe

The "iron curtain" refers to the line dividing the Europe of western/republican tradition from

A. the Soviet communist sphere

B. a southern Europe dominated by poverty and dictatorship

C. the rest of the world

D. Britain

The lecture claims that the Marshall Plan was a response to

A. communists being voted into power in Europe

B. the Soviet military threatening the West

C. a request by Britain

D. a vote of the United Nations

The Cold War intensified in 1949 when it was discovered that the Soviet Union had

A. invaded Korea

B. signed a treaty with China

C. detonated an atomic weapon

D. planned to invade Hungary

After World War II, Germany had been partitioned into zones controlled by all of these countries EXCEPT:

A. France

B. the United States

C. the Soviet Union

D. Italy

East Berlin and the eastern bloc nations remained poor after World War II because

A. they had no industry

B. they had been persuaded to refuse Marshall Plan money

C. there was no central government planning

D. of U.S. blockades

The Berlin Wall was built to stop

A. a "brain drain" to the West

B. an invasion from West Germany

C. the ties between East Berlin and the Soviet Union

D. merchants bringin goods into East Berlin from West Berlin

British spy novels show not only a resistance to Soviet dominance but also a resistance to

A. western ideas

B. individualism

C. government authority

D. tradition

Unlike in the United States, in Britain there is a large distinction between socialism and

A. democracy

B. participatory government

C. unionism

D. Soviet communism

After the Korean War, the Labour government was voted out because the public was worried about

A. government spending

B. the Soviet Union

C. trade unionism

D. private enterprise

Socialist policies were retained even in Tory years because of

A. a strong Labour presence in the Tory party

B. a need to placate the Soviet Union

C. overwhelming public support

D. the need for economic growth

Which of the following areas of life did NOT experience liberalization during the 1960s and 70s?

A. sexuality

B. the export market

C. education

D. criminal justice
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