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ABSTRACTS SUBMITTED IN SESSION 4 Beam Dynamics and Electromagnetic Fields 915  RHIC Vertical AC Dipole Commissioning* M. Bai, J. Delong, P. Oddo, C.I. Pai, S. Peggs, T. Roser, T. Satogata, D. Trbojevic, A. Zaltsman, BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York The vertical RHIC ac dipole was installed in the summer of 2001. The magnet is located in the interaction region between sector 3 and sector 4 and common to both beams. The resonant frequency of the ac dipole was first configured to be around half of the beam revolution frequency to act as a spin flipper. At the end of the RHIC 2002 run, the RHIC vertical ac dipole frequency was reconfigured for beam dynamics studies.A 3~$\sigma$ vertical betatron oscillation was excited with the vertical ac dipole, where $\sigma$ is the rms vertical beam size. RHIC IPM (Ionization Profile Monitor) measurements also confirm that the beam transverse emittance is preserved after the vertical excitation. The betatron functions and phase advances at each BPM~(Beam Position Monitor) around the ring were measured using the coherence excited by the vertical ac dipole. We also used the excited coherence to measure the 2x2 coupling transfer matrix at each BPM location. Both measurements for are presented in the paper along with the analysis algorisms for each of these measurements. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Department of Energy Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1496  Adiabatic Matching in Periodic Accelerating Lattices for Superconducting Proton Linacs G. Bellomo, P. Pierini, INFN LASA, Segrate (MI) Superconducting proton Linacs with multicell cavities are split in sections (using cavities with different geometrical length) with a spatially periodic lattice (typically a focusing doublet and 24 cavities in a lattice period) and slowly varying focusing and acceleration parameters. The usual matching procedure for a constant parameter lattice, namely periodic conditions on the transverse and longitudinal Twiss parameters gives poor results, especially in the presence of strong space charge forces. A novel matching procedure has been devised, valid for adiabatic variations of the beamline and beam parameters. This procedure gives smooth beam envelope variations along the machine, as well as a smooth phase advance per period. Examples will be given for the case of the superconducting TRASCO Linac. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1849  Recent Progress in SixDimensional Ionization Cooling Techniques for MuonBased Machines* J.S. Berg, R. Palmer, BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York Ionization cooling is an essential component of a neutrino factory or a muon collider. Ionization cooling in the transverse dimensions is reasonably straightforward, and has been incorporated in published neutrino factory studies. Achieving cooling in the longitudinal dimensions is more difficult, but has the potential to greatly improve the performance of neutrino factories, and is essential to muon colliders. Much progress has recently been made in describing ring cooling lattices which achieve cooling in all three phase space planes, and in the design of the required, but difficult, injection systems. Ring cooling lattices also have the potential of significantly reduced cost compared to singlepass cooling systems with comparable performance. We will present some recent lattice designs, describing their theory, features, and performance, including injection and extraction systems. *Work supported by the Department of Energy, contract DEAC0298CH10886. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1850  Longitudinal Beam Dynamics in ImperfectlyIoschronous FFAG Accelerators* J.S. Berg, BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York Using FFAGs for the arcs of recirculating accelerators has the potential to achieve significant cost savings over a multiplearc design. The problem with such a design is that no FFAG arc will have the same path length over its entire energy range. This leads to problems with synchronizing highfrequency RF with the beam on each pass. It has been demonstrated [1] that in fact a reference particle can be accelerated in such a system for an arbitrary number of turns, although the amount of linac required for a given energy gain never falls below a certain nonzero value for a larger number of turns. Here we examine the longitudinal phase space acceptance of such a system as a function of the number of turns in the accelerator. *Work supported by the Department of Energy, contract DEAC0298CH10886. [1] J. Scott Berg. Longitudinal Reference Particle Motion in Nearly Isochronous FFAG Recirculating Accelerators. To appear in the proceedings of Snowmass 2001, 30 Jun21 Jul 2001, Snowmass Village, CO. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1216  Extraction by Stripping at JINR O. Borisov, JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region Numerical simulation results of the heavy ions extraction by stripping for various magnetic structures, chageexchange ratio and other parameters are considered. The possibilities and advantage of this extraction method are discussed. Experimental results for U400 and U400M cyclotrons are present. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 250  Field Quality vs Beam Based Corrections in Large Hadron Colliders O.S. Bruning, CERN, Geneva The paper discusses limits for correcting the magnet field quality via dedicated correction circuits in a collider storage ring and the possibility of adjusting the powering of such correction circuits via beam based measurements. Type of presentation requested : Invited Paper Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1632  Measurement and Correction of Imperfections in the SLS Storage Ring M. Böge, V. Schlott, A. Streun, PSI, Villigen Based on precise average beta function measurements with errors of ~1 % for the locations of the 174 quadrupoles an SVD based beta beat correction has been applied using the individually powered quadrupoles as correctors. Residual horizontal and vertical beta beats of 4 and 2 % have been measured after correction. Beam based alignment techniques have been applied to determine BPM centers with respect to adjacent quadrupoles. Furthermore the analysis of Corrector/BPM response matrices within a parameterized model gives a detailed understanding of the underlying imperfections. The foreseen SVD based beam based girder alignment adjusts the 48 magnet girders in order to minimize the closed orbit distortions. Linear encoders allow to monitor the movement of BPMs and girders once the imperfections have been corrected. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 520  Creation of Hollow Bunches by Redistribution of Phase Space Surfaces C. Carli, M. Chanel, CERN, Geneva The creation of hollow bunches in the longitudinal phase space, in order to decrease the peak current and in turn the transverse direct space charge forces, is an old idea. A new method to create such hollow a distribution at high energy has been simulated and tested experimentally at the PS Booster synchrotron. It is based on a redistribution of surfaces in the longitudinal phase space by using a double harmonic RF system. During the process, the beam is transferred from one second harmonic subbucket to the other. Low density phase space surfaces from the periphery and high density regions from the centre are exchanged, leading to flat profiles, even after switching off the second harmonic RF system. During the process, the peak current is temporarily increased, which makes it suitable only to improve the situation in a receiving machine (in our case the PS) after transfer. In practice, the setup of this new scheme turned out to be fast and simple and to yield reliable and reproducible results. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1378  Coupling Correction for the SNS Accumulator Ring N. CatalanLasheras, CERN, Geneva; C. Gardner, I. Papaphilippou, G. Parzen, BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York In high intensity machines as the SNS accumulator ring, coupling resonances combined with the spacecharge effect may produce excessive emittance growth leading to intolerable beam losses. Several correction schemes have been investigated to achieve local and global decoupling and the correction of vertical dispersion. A minimal set of skew quadrupole correctors and their maximum strength have been defined. The final configuration robustness and sensitivity for all the potential working points has been tested and the results are discussed. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 270  Downstream Beamline for the 2us, 2kA and 20MeV DARHTII* Y.J. Chen, L. Bertolini, G.J. Caporaso, A. Paul, B. Poole, L.F. Wang, G.A. Westenskow, LLNL, Livermore The secondaxis of the DualAxis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test facility (DARHTII) is to perform multiplepulses xray flash radiography. The DARHTII accelerator will provide a 2kA, 20MeV and 2microsecond electron beam with a ± 0.5% energy variation. We have designed a beamline to select several short current pulses from the 2microsecond beam and to deliver those pulses to a xray converter target. The remained beam will be delivered to a beam dump. With the diagnostic beam stop inline, the transport system provides emittance diagnose capability for the beam exiting the accelerator. The beamline consists of several long drift sections. The transverse resistive wall instability and the background gas focusing effects in the long drift sections could be potential problems for maintaining the quality of the long pulse, high current beam. The beam exiting the accelerator has a rise time of 50  150 ns with the beam head energy varying from 16  20 MeV. Gas desorption caused by beam spill of the long offenergy beam head is also a concern. We will present the beamline configuration and its beam parameter acceptance, the transverse resistive wall instability modeling, the final spot size variation caused by the background vacuum, and the simulations of beam spill. The beam spot size on the target will be discussed. *This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract No. W7405Eng48. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1231  Measurement of Optical Functions in HERA W. Decking, B. Holzer, J. Keil, T. Limberg, DESY, Hamburg The linear optics of both HERA electron and proton ring have been measured with several methods, including gradient changes in individual powered quadrupoles, local orbit changes in the arc sextupoles and response matrix fitting. Only a combination of all methods allows a complete understanding of the linear optics. Automated data taking and analysis has proven to be an important tool in the recommissioning of HERA and revealed several optics errors. A review of the methods and results of the measurements will be presented. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1227  Studies for Beam Lifetime Optimization in DAFNE S. Guiducci, INFNLNF, Frascati (Roma) Since the DAFNE beam lifetime is strongly dominated by the Touschek effect, an analysis of its dependence on the ring dynamic aperture and on machine parameters has been done in order to improve the machine performances. Measurements taken in different conditions are here presented and compared with simulations. The agreement is quite satisfactory when taking into account the measured bunch length and machine coupling, and the actual dynamic aperture. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 311  The Influence of TimeDependent Magnetic Field Errors on the Specifications of Feedback and Collimation Systems M. Hayes, R.W. Assmann, J. Wenninger, CERN, Geneva The LHC requires an excellent beam stability during all phases of the LHC cycle. This stability must be ensured inspite of the timedependent field errors in the superconducting main dipoles. The field errors will change significantly during injection and ramp, inducing perturbations of the circulating beam. The known timedependent field errors of the LHC magnets and their effects on the LHC beam were simulated using latest tracking codes, allowing the prediction of the beam stability during injection and ramp. Using these results the constraints and specifications for beam collimation and the LHC orbit feedback are studied. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1148  A Generalized Orbit Correction Scheme E. Karantzoulis, F. Iazzourene, L. Tosi, ELETTRA, Trieste The special operating conditions of ELETTRA have strongly influenced the orbit correction philosophy. A hybrid orbit correction scheme is presented whereby local orbit corrections at arbitrary positions and angles at three light source points of each of the eleven user dedicated sections are performed that also maintain the global orbit stable. The method, the stability and the implications are presented and discussed. Type of presentation requested : Poster Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 1035  Ionization Cooling of Muon Beams E.S. Kim, PAL, Pohang We present an ionization cooling lattice design which use solenoidal focusing channels and liquid hydrogen absorber wedge for the transverse and longitudinal cooling of muon beams. The cooling performances in the cooling system are investigated. Type of presentation requested : Poster Speaker : EunSan Kim Classification : [D01] Beam Optics  Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport 420  Vertical Beam Size Control at SRRC C.C. Kuo, H.P. Chang, H.J. Tsai, SRRC, Hsinchu Vertical beam size control in the 1.5 GeV synchrotron radiation storage ring at SRRC was investigated. Linear coupling model with measured orbit response was attempted. Manipulation of transverse beam betatron coupling as well as the vertical dispersion correction using a set of skew quadrupoles around the ring has been conducted. The correlation of the coupling strength, vertical beam size, beam brightness, as well as beam lifetime was measured and optimal operation conditions have been searched for the routine users operations. 