Reading List (non-exhaustive list)




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2012-2013


Diploma 8

Eugene Han

Outline and Structure 2012/13


Corporate Domain


The role of the corporation in the city had originated as an agent of urban form, yet has evolved to become the primary problematic for a contemporary understanding of the various formats of polis. Throughout this evolution, the relationship of architecture and building has become confused, dormant and marginalised as an esoteric praxis. As such, Diploma Unit 8 is concerned with how architecture can reclaim relevance in the dialectic between form and the complexity of the city.


Corporate Campus


The brief for yearlong proposals will be in a revival and redefinition of the corporate campus within a fragmented urban condition. Beginning our research with the history of the corporation and the city, we will first examine urban precedents of the early twentieth century. We will then continue on to more global contemporary trends ranging from a general desire to reintroduce production within urban agglomerations, and the more recent compromise of trends that seek to encapsulate particular urban phenomena in peripheral and polycentric cores. Students will formulate and demonstrate their positions through architectural speculations, founded on a site and context of their own determination.


Common Form


The focus on this year’s approach to the architectural ‘object’ will address fissures inherent in the historical distinction between building and architecture. For students to both demonstrate and extrapolate their developing proposals, the methodology of form development will be integral in the elaboration of associated technical and theoretical concepts. Inherent in this process is the development of an architectural syntax focusing on the model of reductive elements, presupposing an urban concept of paradigm and syntagma, or classes and the links among them. Students will be accountable for both the development of a general order of architectural elements, its structure of possibilities, and the implementation of types critical to their propositions.


Reading List (non-exhaustive list)

*Publications and Essays will be updated as the year progresses


Abalos, Inaki & Herreros, Juan. Tower and Office: From Modernist Theory to Contemporary Practice. MIT Press. 2005.


Alexander, Christopher. Notes on the Synthesis of Form. Harvard University Press, 1964.


Banham, Reyner. The Architecture of the Well-tempered Environment. The University of Chicago Press, 1969, 1984.


Banham, Reyner. Silicon Style. The Architectural Review, 1981: 285.


Colquhoun, Alan. Essays in Architectural Criticism. MIT Press. 1985.


DeLanda, Manuel. Philosophy and Simulation. Continuum Publishing Corporation. 2011.


Drexler, Arthur, and Axel Menges. SOM: Architecture of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, 1963-1973. The Monacelli Press, 2009.


Durand, Jean-Nicolas-Louis. Precis of the Lectures of Architecture: With Graphic Portions of the Lectures on Architecture. Getty Research Institute. 2000.


Easterling, Keller. "The Corporate City is the Zone." In Power: Producing the Contemporary City, by Lieven de Cauter, Michiel Dehaene and Saskia Sassen. NAi Publishers, 2007: 75-85.


Eisenman, Peter. Houses of Cards. Oxford University Press Inc. 1987.

Eisenman, Peter. Eisenman Inside Out: Selected Writings 1963-1988. Yale University Press. 2004.



Hays, Michael. Oppositions Reader: Selected Readings from a Journal for Ideas and Criticism in Architecture 1973-1984. Princeton Architectural Press. 1999.


Hays, Michael. Hejduk’s Chronotope. Princeton Architectural Press. 1996.


Hays, Michael. Architecture Theory Since 1968. MIT Press. 2000.


Hitchcock, Henry-Russell, and Ernst Danz. SOM: Architecture of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, 1950-1962. The Monacelli Press, 1999.


Hookway, Branden. Pandemonium: The Rise of Predatory Locales in the Postwar World. Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.

Koolhaas, Rem & Mau, Bruce. S, M, L, XL. Monacelli Press. 1995.


Krier, Rob. Stadtraum. Umbau-Verlag. 2009.


Krier, Rob. Town Spaces: Contemporary Interpretations in Traditional Urbanism. Birkhauser GmbH. 2006.


Lupen, Bernard. Frame and Generic Space. 010 Publishers, Rotterdam. 2006


Martin, Reinhold. The Organizational Complex: Architecture, Media, and Corporate Space. The MIT Press, 2005.


Mozingo, Louise. Pastoral Capitalism: A History of Suburban Corporate Landscapes (Urban and Industrial Environments). MIT Press. 2011.


Nesbitt, Kate. Theorizing a New Agenda for Architecture: Anthology of Architectural Theory, 1965-95. Princeton Architectural Press. 1996.


Rossi, Aldo. The Architecture of the City. MIT Press. 1984.


Rowe, Colin. The Mathematics of the Ideal Villa and Other Essays. The MIT Press, 1976: 89-117.


Rowe, Colin & Koetter, Fred. Collage City. MIT Press. 1978.


Weisfeld, Matt. The Object-Oriented Thought Process. Addison-Wesley, 2009.


Ungers, Oswald Matthias, Vieths, Stefan. Ungers. Skira Editore, 1997.


Van der Heuvel, Dirk, Risselada, Max. Team 10: In Search of a Utopia of the Present. NAI Publishers. 2005.


Venturi, Robert. Complexity and Contradiction. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. 1966.


Visionary Power, Producing the Contemporary City. Eelco van Welie (NAi Publishers), 2007.


Architectural Precedence (non-exhaustive list)

City Centres

-Rockefeller Center (Associated Architects. NYC, NY. 1928-1940)

-Lever House (SOM. NYC, NY. 1952)

-Peachtree Center (John Portman & Associates. Atlanta, GA. 1956-65)

-Inland Steel Building (SOM. Chicago, IL. 1958)

-Chase Manhattan Bank HQ (SOM. NYC, NY. 1961)

-Seagram Building (Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig. NYC, NY. 1960)

-Union Carbide Building (SOM. NYC, NY. 1960)

-Exxon Building (XYZ Buildings) (Wallace Harrison & Max Abramoviz. NYC, NY. 1972)

-Citicorp Center (Hugh Stubbings & Associates. NYC, NY. 1977)

-Embarcadero Center (John Portman & Associates. San Francisco, CA. 1982)

-University of Illinois in Chicago (UIC) (SOM), Chicago, IL. Various.

-Larkin Administration Building (Wright, Frank Lloyd. Buffalo, New York. 1904)


Suburban/Exurban/Rural

-Johnson Wax (Frank Lloyd Wright. Racine, WI. 1936-39)

-General Motors Technical Center (Eero Saarinen. Warren, Michigan. 1945-56)

-Connecticut General Life Insurance (SOM. Bloomfield, CT. 1957)

-Upjohn Headquarters (SOM. Kalamazoo, MI. 1961)

-IBM Rochester (Eero Saarinen. Rochester, MN. 1961)

-John Deere Headquarters (SOM. Moline, IL. 1964)

-Bell Telephone Laboratories (Eero Saarinen. Holmdel, NJ. 1962-66)

-Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters (Norman Foster. Ipswich, UK. 1971-75)

-Union Carbide Corporation World Headquarters (Kevin Roche & John Dinkeloo. Danbury, CT. 1983)

-Kluczynski Federal Building (Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig. Chicago, IL. 1974)

-Lafayette Park (Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig, Hilberseimer, Ludwig. Detroit, MI. 1961-65)

Contemporary Cases

-Silicon Valley (Various architects/corporations)

-Googleplex (Mountain View, CA. 1997)

-Facebook Headquarters (Palo Alto, CA. 2009)

-Microsoft Headquarters (Redmond, WA. 1986)

-General Mills Headquarters (SOM. Golden Valley, MN. 2008)

-Nike (Beaverton – Unincorporated Washington County, WA)

-Neuss Hammfeld (Ungers, Oswald Mathias. 1994)

-Potsdamer Platz Leipziger Platz (Ungers, Oswald Mathias. 1991)


Other Precedence

-Orphanage (Aldo Van Eyck, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 1960-61)

-Centraal Beheer (Hermann Hertzberger, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands. 1967-72)

-Salk Institute (Louis Kahn, La Jolla, USA. 1959-66)

-Sainsbury Centre for the Visual Arts (Foster + Partners, Norwich, UK. 1987)

-Plan Obus (Le Corbusier, Algiers)

-Buikslotermeer Urban Study (Van den Broek and Bakema and Aldo van Eyck, Amsterdam, 1962-63)

-Free University Competition, Candilis-Josic-Woods, Berlin. 1963-73

-New Draught Beer Department for Greene King Brewery (Michael Hopkins Architects, Bury St. Edmunds. 1979)

-The Republic Newspaper Plant (SOM, Columbus, Indiana)

-Inter-Action Centre (Cedric Price, Kentish Town – London)

-IBM UK Ltd at Northern Road (Foster + Associates, Cosham – UK)

-Inmos Microprocessor Factory (Richard Rogers & Partners, South Wales – UK)

-Stansted Airport (Foster + Partners, Stansted – London)

-Stuttgart Airport (Von Gerkan Marg, Stuttgart – Germany. 1991)


Term 1

The unit’s first term will be organised within 2 major halves. The first half will focus on introducing students to common and significant topics that will influence the course of work for all student projects throughout the year.

Included within this first half is a series of seminars, covering the theoretical and historical basis of the corporation and architecture. From historic works of urban architecture from such cities as Chicago and New York City, the seminar will progress to the migration and evolution of such architectures into logistics-centred exurbias, recent examples and writings on contemporary architecture/corporate strategies primarily focusing on North America, Europe, and the Far East, and finally a series of discussions on the definition of the campus as an operative urban type. This seminar will conclude with a series of discussions and writings that will set the tone for students to introduce their own architectural agendas within the yearlong brief.

Concurrently, the tutor will lead a series of workshops that investigate structural and fabrication strategies used in large scale buildings and infrastructures. Focusing on examples such as structural frameworks and component detailing, these workshops will make use of both physical models in conjunction with digital analysis using Finite Element Analysis. The final seminar will focus on the nature of contemporary computational frameworks and their relevance to the architectural design process. Using Object-Oriented paradigms as a model, this seminar will use such notational standards as UML to introduce students in documenting complex object-system relationships. We will introduce students to particular members from the Technical Studies department as well with staff from other related parts of the school. By the end of the term, logistic, conceptual, intellectual, and intermediary design solutions shall be fully worked out, and scrutinised for the end of term jury. By this stage, students should be well within control to continue detailing their physical structures and collecting/documenting corollary information to support their architectural claims throughout the break and during Term 2.

The aims for this term is that students set up a precise framework of architectural elements that define their architectural propositions, clarify the type and characteristics of their chosen corporate client, and finally clarify the grammar of elements within their proposals that address a range of operative scales of spaces. Such grammar would need to addresses magnitudes of design that address the contextual situation of the project to the design of interior spaces, as well as constrain levels of organisational domains from the prescribe to the indeterminate plan. The term will conclude with a jury in which students will propose their architectural ambitions alongside their working version of their design ‘manual’ of elements and operation for a corporate complex.

As a project site assessment is required by the beginning of the second term, students will be encouraged to make any trips during the Winter Break if they have yet to visit their sites.


The schedule provided to outline the structure for Terms 1, 2, and 3 should be taken as a general reference only, as dates for events and the nature of the curriculum may be modified to best suit the incoming body of students and the aspects of their developing projects throughout the year.


Scheduling

*Teaching sessions will usually take place during Tuesday or Fridays. This will depend largely on the progression of student projects, scheduling of seminar leaders, and the availability of facilities.


Term 1, Week 1

Monday 24th Sep

-Diploma Unit 8 brief Presentation

Tuesday 25th Sep

-Interviews

-Distribution of brief (first reading assignment, precedent research)

Friday 28th Sep

-Internal review of past student projects

-Presentation and discussion of yearlong brief

-Discussion of work carried out in the 2011/12 academic year


Term 1, Week 2

Tuesday 2nd Oct

-Seminar, Discussion: Cases: History of Seminal Precedents

Friday 7th Oct

-Seminar Review

-Unit Tutorials

-Workshop: Standards for file sharing


Term 1, Week 3

Tuesday 9th Oct

-Seminar, Discussion: Cases: The City and the Campus

-Unit Tutorials

Friday 12th Oct

-Seminar Review

-Unit Tutorials

-Workshop: Imaging/Representation


Term 1, Week 4

Tuesday 16th Oct

-Seminar, Discussion: Cases: Form

-Unit Pinup: Presentation of student proposals

Friday 19th Oct

-Seminar Review

-Unit Tutorials


Term 1, Week 5

Tuesday 23rd Oct

-Workshop: The Frame

-Seminar, Discussion: Cases: Emerging Roles of the Corporate Domain

-Unit Pinup Candidate Site/Client/Case Studies

Thesis

Friday 26th Oct

-Unit Tutorials

-Seminar Review


Term 1, Week 6

Tuesday 30th Oct

-Workshop: The Frame

-Group Tutorials

Friday 2nd Nov

-Submission of Case Study Books

-Group Tutorials

Term 1, Week 7

Tuesday 6th Nov

-Individual Tutorials

Friday 9th Nov

-Midterm Jury (Internal)


Term 1, Week 8

Tuesday 13th Nov

-Group Tutorials

Friday 16th Nov

-Submission of Books (Common Form Precedents)

Term 1, Week 9

Tuesday 20th Nov

-Group Tutorials

Friday 23rd Nov

-Unit Pinup Project Proposals

5th Year TS proposals

-Group Tutorials


Term 1, Week 10

Tuesday 27th Nov

-Group Tutorials

Friday 30th Nov

-Technical Studies Pinup


Term 1, Week 11

Tuesday 4th Dec

-Group Tutorials

Friday 7th Dec

-Term 1 Jury (External)


Term 1, Week 12

Wednesday 14th Dec (TBC)

-Group Tutorials

Friday 16th Dec

-Unit Pinup

-Discussion and Summary of Projects


Term 2

The second term will commence with a presentation and site review from each student, detailing progress made during the Winter Break. We will be carrying through the concepts taken from Term 1, using project design development as a medium for discussion. By the beginning of Term 2, students should arrive to the new term with developed work over the break, whereby the project’s design stage should include a concrete organisational proposal, a breadth of research regarding the functional processes of the chosen client, prototypical structural details relevant to the current design at hand, and the general structure of their Technical Studies submission (5th and 4th year students).

Relative to Term 1, the second term’s structure will be based on much more regularly-scheduled tutorials, pinups, and discussions, rather than the inclusion of seminars and group site visits. It is intended that a few outside contributors will participate in discussing student interests and their proposals from perspectives yet to be discussed. Term 2 will conclude with a final jury of invited guests.


Scheduling


Term 2, Week 1

Tuesday 8th Jan

-Unit Pinup: Comprehensive project status

5th Year Technical Studies statements and roadmap

Friday 11th Jan

-Individual Tutorials


Term 2, Week 2

Tuesday 15th Jan

-Individual Tutorials

Friday 18th Jan

-Individual Tutorials


Term 2, Week 3

Tuesday 22nd Jan

-Individual Tutorials

Friday 25th Jan

-Unit Pinup : Additional Emphasis on TS5 for 5th Year Students


Term 2, Week 4

Tuesday 31st Jan

-Individual Tutorials

Friday 3rd Feb

-Individual Tutorials


Term 2, Week 5

Tuesday 5th Feb

-Individual Tutorials

Friday 8th Feb

-Unit Pinup : Additional Emphasis on TS5 for 5th Year Students


Term 2, Week 6

Tuesday 12th Feb

-Individual Tutorials

Friday 15th Feb

-Individual Tutorials


Term 2, Week 7

Tuesday 19th Feb

-Individual Tutorials

Friday 22nd Feb

-Term 2 Jury (TBC)

Term 2, Week 8

Tuesday 26th Feb

-Individual Tutorials

Friday 1st Mar

-Individual Tutorials


Term 2, Week 9

Tuesday 5th Mar

-Individual Tutorials

Wednesday 6th Mar

-TS5 Interim Jury (TBC)

Friday 8th Mar

-Individual Tutorials


Term 2, Week 10

Monday 11th Mar

-Individual Tutorials

Tuesday 12th Mar

-4th Year Interim Table Reviews

Wednesday 13th Mar

-4th Year Interim Table Reviews

Friday 15th Mar

-Individual Tutorials


Term 2, Week 11

Monday 18th Mar

-Individual Tutorials

Wednesday 20th Mar

-5th Year Interim Table Reviews

Thursday 21st Mar

-5th Year Interim Table Reviews

Friday 22nd Mar

-Group Tutorials


Term 3

The majority of time and effort during the final term will focus on finishing production of architectural proposals, detail drawings, representation, and portfolio design. At this stage, students should have a strong grasp of the conceptual foundation of their proposals. At the very beginning of the term, it is critical that students already have strong and clear documentation regarding the physical designs of their building proposal, as well any other corollary documentation finished such as their precedent ‘case books’. The latter half of the term will be primarily invested in preparing students for their final tables and examinations.


Scheduling


Term 3, Week 1

Tuesday 23rd Apr

-Individual tutorials

Friday 26th Apr

-TS5 Final Submission (TBC)


Term 3, Week 2

Tuesday 30th Apr

-Individual tutorials

Thursday 2nd May

-TS5 High Pass Panel

Friday 3rd May

-Individual tutorials


Term 3, Week 3

Tuesday 7th May

-Individual tutorials

Friday 10th May

-Unit Presentation


Term 3, Week 4

Tuesday 14th May

-Individual tutorials

Friday 17th May

-Individual tutorials


Term 3, Week 5

Tuesday 21st May

-Individual tutorials

Friday 24th May

-Diploma 8 Final Jury


Term 3, Week 6

Tuesday 28th May

-Individual tutorials

Friday 31st May

-Individual tutorials


Term 3, Week 7

Tuesday 4th June

-4th Year Final Table Reviews

Wednesday 5th June

-4th Year Final Table Reviews

Friday 8th Jun

-Individual tutorials


Term 3, Week 8

Monday 10th June

-Individual Tutorials

Wednesday 12th June

-Diploma Committee

Thursday 13th June

-Diploma Committee

Friday 14th June

-Diploma Honours Presentations


Term 3, Week 9

Work shall be carried out by all students on the Projects Review Exhibition space

Monday 17th Jun

-Tutorials as needed

Wednesday 19th Jun

-External Examinations for RIBA/ARB Part II

Friday 21st Jun

-Graduation

-Opening of Projects Review Exhibition


TECHNICAL STUDIES IN DIPLOMA 8

All 5th year students must produce a technical studies portfolio that will be assessed independently from their design unit project, as outlined by Technical Studies requirements. As the production of this portfolio is heavily valued as an integral part of Diploma 8’s curriculum, work on the TS5-relevant material will commence towards the beginning of Term 1, through to the early part of Term 3 (Option 2), and will resonate in the final production material even after the TS5 hand-in date. It is expected that 5th Year students develop an integrated conceptual and technical understanding of their architectural thesis. As it is the ambition of the unit to introduce students to an intellectual discourse of architectural form, it is understood that a critical discussion of such a discourse cannot be achieved without a relevant inclusion of at least an intermediary knowledge of the technical execution of form. The domain of such execution may include matters of construction, material technology, or environmental conditioning, however it is expected that students develop a hierarchy of technical concerns in relation to their developing architectural projects, rather than following a general hierarchy dictated a priori by the unit brief. Students will be expected to have regular tutorials with relevant TS tutors, and should be able to discuss technical considerations in relation to their thesis with their unit master and peers.

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