Moving Images and Sound Archiving Study




НазваниеMoving Images and Sound Archiving Study
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The Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) is a national service funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) of the Higher and Further Education Funding Councils and the Arts and Humanities Research Council to collect, preserve and promote the electronic resources which result from research and teaching in the arts and humanities.


Moving Images and Sound Archiving Study




Authors:


Andrew Wilson, AHDS

Richard Wright, BBC

Malcolm Polfreman, AHDS

Sheila Anderson, AHDS

Simon Tanner, KCL Digital Consultancy Services

Emma Beer, AHDS



Date:


June 2006



Version:


Final Draft



Document Name


Moving Images and Sound Archiving Study



Notes:


Limited Circulation




Acknowledgements

Many thanks to those who contributed to this Archiving Study by participation in interviews and through responding to the online survey promoted through AHDS Executive and AHDS Performing Arts.

Moving Images and Sound Archiving Study




Table of Contents







Chapter 1: Summary and Recommendations


Pages


5

1.1 Introduction

5

1.2 Curator Survey

6

1.3 Current Research and Practice

7

1.4 Characteristics of Moving Images and Sound

9

1.5 Preservation of Moving Images and Sound

11

1.6 Metadata

12

1.7 Lifecycles, organizations, costs and copyright

14

Chapter 2: Introduction and Scope of Study

16

2.1 Outline and Scope of Study

16

2.2 Outline scope of study and methodology

17

2.3 Project Outcomes

17

Chapter 3: Context and Background

18

3.1 Overview of Current Research

18

Chapter 4: Survey and Feedback on Digital Preservation of Moving Images and Sound

22

4.1 Introduction

22

4.2 The key barriers

24

4.3 Conclusion

26

Chapter 5: Properties of Digital Moving Images and Sound

28

5.1 Format overview

28

5.1.2 Encoding, file formats and wrappers

28

5.2 Moving Images

30

5.2.1 Digital moving images overview and significant

properties

30

5.2.2 Digital Moving Images

34

5.2.2.i Most common moving image file formats

37

5.2.2.ii Moving Image (video) file formats

39

5.2.2.iii Other important moving image file

formats


42

5.2.2 iv Issues in archiving and preserving digital

moving images

42

a) Analogue vs digital moving images

42

b) Multiple formats

43

c) Standard format for digital video

44

d) Encoding and compression

45

e) Playback and Replication

46

5.2.3 Recommendations for file formats for preservation of digital moving images

47

5.3 Digital Sound

48

5.3.1 Overview and significant properties

50

5.3.1.i Common audio file formats

50

5.3.1.ii Other important audio file formats

51

5.3.1.iii Issues in archiving and preserving digital sound

52

5.3.2 Recommendations for file formats for preservation of digital sound

54
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