Mid-Victorian Britain in History and Literature




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НазваниеMid-Victorian Britain in History and Literature
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History 345/English 345 Honors

Mid-Victorian Britain in
History and Literature



Dr. Meoghan Cronin

Department of English

123 Bradley House

mgcronin@anselm.edu

(603) 641-7042
Office Hours:
MWF 12:30 PM-2:00 PM
Th 8:30 AM-10:00 AM
and by appointment

Dr. Hugh Dubrulle
Department of History
304 Joseph Hall

hdubrull@anselm.edu

(603) 641-7048
Office Hours:
M 1:00 PM-3:00 PM,

T 2:30 PM-4:00 PM

and by appointment


Classroom: 6 Alumni Hall
Class Meeting Times: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 1:00 PM-2:15 PM

Website: http://www.anselm.edu/academic/history/hdubrulle/home.htm


Themes of the Course

The period between 1851 and 1867 constituted the high noon of Victorian England, an era when Britain enjoyed unprecedented stability and prosperity. Beneath the so-called equipoise of these years, however, great changes took place, and Victorians attempted to deal with what they saw as the transition from the medieval to the modern world. This course identifies several areas in which significant change occurred, such as politics, art, religion and others. Within the selected areas, students will learn to appreciate the great literature of the period and examine the historical forces influencing the art, culture and people of the mid-Victorian period.


Required Readings

Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (1868)

Elizabeth Gaskell, North and South (1854-55)

Walter Bagehot, The English Constitution (1866)
John Stuart Mill, The Spirit of the Age, On Liberty, The Subjection of Women (1831, 1859, 1869)
Assorted Primary and Secondary Source Readings


Required Movie Viewings

Angels and Insects (1995) September 29 at 8:00 PM
Mountains of the Moon (1990) October 18 at 8:00 PM

Student Requirements and Assignments


Our Policy regarding Academic Honesty

Charles Lipson's book, Doing Honest Work in College, defines academic honesty simply and directly:

  • When you say you did the work yourself, you actually did it.

  • When you rely on someone else's work, you cite it.

  • When you use their words, you quote them openly and accurately, and you cite them, too.

  • When you present research materials, you present them fairly and truthfully. That's true whether the research involves data, documents, or the writings of other scholars.

These principles apply to every student, in every class or lab. The principles apply to papers, exams, projects, lab reports, translations and homework. They apply to students, professors, and administrators. Principles of academic honesty are required of every individual at the College. The AHA (American Historical Association) and the MLA (Modern Language Association) also demand academic honesty. The easiest and best way to uphold the required values of academic honesty is to be open and honest about every instance in which you consult or rely upon ideas and information from another source, whether that source is an article, a book, a reference, an interview or a website. Whether you quote, summarize or paraphrase the ideas of another writer, you must cite that writer's name and the source.


Of course, relying upon the work of another student and presenting that work as your own is never allowed. You may not copy, "borrow," buy or sell papers from any other source-not from another student, an essay or research service on the Internet, or an article/published source that you have not cited. These are cases of overt and deliberate plagiarism. There are, however, other ways that plagiarism occurs, often without as much calculation by the offender.


For a more complete discussion of these issues, please consult the section of the class web site entitled "Academic Honesty." Also, please consult the College’s Academic Integrity tutorial: http://www.anselm.edu/Library/Research-Help/Research-Tutorials/Academic-Integrity.htm


Class Participation (20%)

We will base your class participation grade on the frequency and quality of your contribution to classroom discussion. Positive contributions consist not merely of answering the professor's questions. They also include:

  • Asking questions concerning the reading, the discussion, or the themes of the course in general

  • Challenging what either the professor or your peers have said

  • Making pertinent observations of all sorts

  • Visiting one of us during office hours

  • Displaying a positive attitude toward learning and the course

  • Offering to read aloud in class

Throughout the semester, we may call on various groups of students to make short presentations concerning the reading. These exercises will not only teach you how to teach your peers, but they will also help you learn how to speak sensibly and coherently. Our assessment of your performance during these presentations will also influence your class participation grade.


Furthermore, if you are a student, your job consists of learning. We expect you to come to class prepared to learn.

  • Come to class having completed the readings assigned for that day (including the textbook readings).

  • If we are scheduled to discuss a book or a reading from Blackboard, bring the reading to class so that you can refer to it.

  • Bring the textbook to class.

Also, please arrive on time if not a little early. If you must leave class early, let us know in advance.


Absences: You are expected to attend every class period of this course. We expect that, on a rare occasion, you may be unable to attend. You may be absent—without penalty—three times during the semester, regardless of whether your absence is documented or undocumented. To be clear: if you have one job interview, one visit to a Manchester judge, and one day of strep throat, you should not assume that you still having three so-called "unexcused" absences coming to you. An absence is an absence. If you have more than 5 absences, you may not be able to earn more than a "C" in the course. If you have more than 7 absences, you may not be able to pass the course. Exceptions to this policy are made by the Dean's Office.


Food for Thought: Quizzes and Other Exercises (15%)

In anticipation of class meetings, we will post several questions associated with the reading for that particular day. These questions will appear in the "Food for Thought" section of the website. While you read, pay attention to these questions. These will help you focus on the most important issues in the reading and often serve as the basis for class discussion. At the beginning of every class meeting, we may or may not give you a five-minute open-note quiz on one of the posted questions. Five minutes will probably not provide you with enough time to scan the reading and write a meaningful answer. We highly recommend that you jot down notes as you read so that you have some sort of prepared answer when you take the quiz.


If you arrive late, you will only have what remains of the five minutes to complete your quiz. If you miss the quiz completely, you will have no opportunity to make it up.


On other occasions, as our capricious mood strikes us, instead of asking you to prepare for a quiz, we will ask you to produce some sort of short written assignment. The assignments will vary from day to day, so please pay close attention to the "Food for Thought" section of the website to see what we expect.


Essay Assignments (30%)

During the semester, we will provide more information about these assignments.

  • First Paper Assignment (Wednesday, September 29) (10%): This assignment will ask you to write about poetry.

  • Second Paper Assignment (Friday, November 19) (20%): A longer paper will fall due toward the end of the semester.


Extensions: We will grant NO extensions on or after the due date. We will provide an extension only if you produce the necessary documentation from the academic dean's office.

No Electronic Submission: We will not accept papers submitted by e-mail. You must either give the paper to us in person on the day it is due or drop it off at our offices before we leave campus.

Late Paper Penalties: Late papers will suffer a penalty of 10% for each day they are late. A B- paper turned in a day late will become a C- paper. The meter runs on weekends just as on weekdays. If a paper is due on a Friday, it will be one day late on Saturday (10% off), two days late on Sunday (20% off), and three days late on Monday (30% off). The meter also keeps running during holidays and breaks. It is your responsibility to get the paper to us in such a manner that we can verify you completed it by a certain time.


Examinations (35%)

Both examinations in this class will consist of a short identification section followed by a series of essays questions.

  • Midterm Examination (15%): This examination will take place in class on Thursday, October 7th.

  • Final Examination (20%): This examination will be held on Saturday, December 11 at 1:00 PM.

Everyone must take the examinations at the assigned time—no exceptions.


Schedule


UNIT I: THE SPIRIT OF THE AGE


WEEK 1

Tuesday, August 31

Topic of Discussion:

Introduction/The Moonstone

Readings:

Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (1868)


Thursday, September 2

Topic of Discussion:

The Moonstone

Readings:

Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (1868) (continued)


WEEK 2

Tuesday, September 7

Topic of Discussion:

The Moonstone

Readings:

Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (1868) (continued)


Thursday, September 9

Topic of Discussion:

The Moonstone

Readings:

Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (1868) (continued)

Excerpts from Richard Burton, Sir Richard Burton's Travels in Arabia and Africa (1866)


WEEK 3

Tuesday, September 14

Topic of Discussion:

The Spirit of the Age

Readings:

Matthew Arnold, “Stanzas from the Grande Chartreuse” (1867)

Excerpts from John Stuart Mill, “The Spirit of the Age” (1831)

Alfred Tennyson, “Ulysses” (1842)


UNIT II: EMPIRE


Thursday, September 16

Topic of Discussion:

Informal Empire and Free Trade

Readings:

Martin Lynn, “Policy, Trade, and Informal Empire” (1999)

Lord Palmerston, The “Civis Romanus Sum” Speech (1850)

Excerpts from William Gladstone, Response to the “Civis Romanus Sum” Speech (1850)


WEEK 4

Tuesday, September 21

Topic of Discussion:

Britain and “Other” “Races”

Readings:

Excerpts from Anthony Trollope, The West Indies and the Spanish Main (1860)

Alfred Russel Wallace, “The Development of Human Races under the Law of Natural Selection” (1864)


Thursday, September 23

Topic of Discussion:

Women and Travel Writing

Readings:

Excerpts from Harriet Martineau, Eastern Life, Past and Present (1848)

Excerpts from Florence Nightingale, Letters from Egypt (1854)


UNIT III: RELIGION


WEEK 5

Tuesday, September 28

Topic of Discussion:

The Religious Landscape of Mid-Victorian Britain

Readings:

Excerpt from Robert Wolff, “The Victorian Religious Spectrum” (1977)

Excerpts from William Wilberforce, A Practical View. . . . (1797)

Thomas Macaulay, “Civil Disabilities of the Jews” (1831)

Excerpts from the Summary of the Religious Census of 1851 (1851)


Thursday, September 30

Topic of Discussion:

The Most Faithful of Times, the Most Doubtful of Times I

Readings:

Excerpts from Matthew Arnold, Literature and Dogma (1871); “Dover Beach” (1867)


WEEK 6

Tuesday, October 5

Topic of Discussion:

The Most Faithful of Times, the Most Doubtful of Times II

Readings:

Excerpts from Benjamin Jowett, “On the Interpretation of Scripture” from Essays and Reviews (1860)

Excerpts from Charles Darwin, The Autobiography of Charles Darwin (1882)

Thomas Hardy, “Hap”(1866); “Neutral Tones”(1867)


Thursday, October 7

MIDTERM


UNIT IV: INDUSTRIALIZATION AND THE CONDITION OF ENGLAND


WEEK 7

Tuesday, October 12

COLLEGE HOLIDAY


Thursday, October 14

Topic of Discussion:

What is Industrialization?

Readings:

Excerpts from Charles Breunig, The Age of Revolution and Reaction, 1789-1850 (1970)

Excerpts from George Sturt, The Wheelwright’s Shop (1923)

Excerpts from Adam Ure, Philosophy of Manufactures (1861)


WEEK 8

Tuesday, October 19

Topic of Discussion:

The Condition of England

Readings:

Excerpts from Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present (1843)

Excerpts from Samuel Smiles, Self-Help (1859)


Thursday, October 21

Topic of Discussion:

The Industrial Novel I

Readings:

Elizabeth Gaskell, North and South (1854)


WEEK 9

Tuesday, October 26

Topic of Discussion:

The Industrial Novel II

Readings:

Elizabeth Gaskell, North and South (1854) (continued)


UNIT V: THE WOMAN QUESTION


Thursday, October 28

Topic of Discussion:

The Angel of the House

Readings:

Excerpts from Lillian Lewis Shiman, Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England (1992)

Coventry Patmore, “The Angel of the House” (1854)

Barbara Bodichon, “A Brief Summary in Plain Language of the Most Important Laws Concerning Women” (1854)

Dinah Maria Mulock, “A Woman’s Thoughts on Women” (1858)


WEEK 10

Tuesday, November 2

Topic of Discussion:

The Woman Question in the Age of Reform I

Readings:

John Stuart Mill/Harriet Taylor, On the Subjection of Women (1869)


Thursday, November 4

Topic of Discussion:

The Woman Question in the Age of Reform II

Readings:

John Stuart Mill/Harriet Taylor, On the Subjection of Women (1869) (continued)


WEEK 11

Tuesday, November 9

Topic of Discussion:

Angels and Fallen Angels

Readings:

Elizabeth Gaskell, “Lizzie Leigh” (1853)


UNIT VI: POLITICS


Thursday, November 11

Topic of Discussion:

An Age of Democratization without Democracy

Readings:

Excerpts from Gordon Craig, Europe since 1815 (1974)

Matthew Arnold, “Democracy” (1860)

Excerpt from Matthew Arnold, “Culture and Its Enemies” (1867)


WEEK 12

Tuesday, November 16

Topic of Discussion:

The English Constitution during the Age of Palmerston

Readings:

Walter Bagehot, The English Constitution (1867)


Thursday, November 18

Topic of Discussion:

Reform and the Birth of Modern Politics

Readings:

Walter Bagehot, The English Constitution (1867) (continued)

Addendum to Walter Bagehot, The English Constitution (1872 edition)


UNIT VII: ART AND INTELLECTUAL LIFE


WEEK 13

Tuesday, November 23

Topic of Discussion:

The Pre-Raphaelites

Readings:

Excerpts from Colin Matthew, The Nineteenth Century: The British Isles: 1815-1901 (2000)

Dante Gabriel Rossetti, “Hand and Soul” (1850)

John Ruskin, Letter to The Times (London) on the Pre-Raphaelites (1851)

Excerpts from W. Holman Hunt, Pre-Raphaelitism and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (1906)

Images of Pre-Raphaelite Paintings


Thursday, November 25

COLLEGE HOLIDAY


WEEK 14

Tuesday, November 30

Topic of Discussion

The Rossettis

Readings:

Excerpts from D.G. Rossetti, House of Life (1848-1880)

Christina Rossetti, “Cobwebs” (1855); “A Birthday” (1857); “In an Artist’s Studio” (1856)


Thursday, December 2

Topic of Discussion

Visual Arts and Literature

Readings:

Robert Browning, “The Bishop Orders His Tomb at St. Praxed’s Church” (1845); “Fra Lippo Lippi” (1855)


WEEK 15

Tuesday, December 7

Topic of Discussion

Visual Arts and Social Commentary

Readings:

Excerpts from William Powell Frith, Autobiography and Reminiscences (1887)

Diagrams for Derby Day and for The Railway Station

Ford Madox Brown Explains Work (1865)

Images of Frith, Brown, and Scott’s Paintings


Thursday, December 9

FINAL REVEW


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