Course Title L t p m theory




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Item.No.VC.9.9


ANNA UNIVERSITY : : CHENNAI 600 025


CURRICULUM 2005 – FULL TIME MODE

(Applicable to Affiliated Colleges of Anna University)


M.E. INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING


Eligibility: B.E / B.Tech (EEE / ECE / Electronics & Instrumentation /

Instrumentation & Control / Electronics / Instrumentation)


SEMESTER - I


Code No.

Course Title


L

T

P

M
THEORY

MA1625

Applied Mathematics for Instrumentation Engineers

3

1

0

100

IN1601

Process Control

3

0

0

100

IN1602

Transducers and Smart Instruments

3

0

0

100

IN1603

Real Time Embedded System

3

0

0

100

E1***

Elective—I

3

0

0

100

E2***

Elective—II

3

0

0

100
PRACTICAL

IN1604

Process Control and Instrumentation Laboratory

3

0

0

100



ELECTIVES

Code No.

Course Title

L

T

P

M

IN1621

Power Plant Instrumentation

3

0

0

100

IN1622

Instrumentation in Pulp and Paper Industry

3

0

0

100

IN1623

Fiber Optic and Laser Instrumentation

3

0

0

100

IN1624

Bio-Medical Instrumentation

3

0

0

100



MA1625 APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERS

3 1 0 100


1. CALCULUS OF VARIATION 9

Introduction — Euler’s equation — several dependent variables Lagrange’s equations of Dynamics — Integrals involving derivatives higher that the first — Problems with constraints — Direct methods and eigen value problems.


2. MATRIX THEORY 9

Eigen values using QR transformations — generalized eigenvectors — canonical forms — singular value decomposition and applications — pseudo inverse — least square approximations.


3. NONLINEAR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION 9

Introduction — Equations, with separable variables — Equations reducible to linear form — Bernoullis equation — Riccati’s equation — Special forms of Riccati’s equation — The Lane Emden equation — The nonlinear Pendulum — Duffing equation.


4. LINEAR PROGRAMMING PROBLEM 9

Simplex algorithm — Two phase and Big M Techniques — Duality theory — Dual simplex method — Integer programming.


5. RANDOM PROCESSES 9

Classification — Stationary Random Process — Markov Process — Gaussian Process — Markov chain — Auto correlation — cross correlation — response of linear system to random input.

L: 45 T:15 TOTAL = 60

REFERENCES

1. Bronson, R., Matrix Operations, Schaum’s outline series, McGraw Hill, New York,1989.

2. Stephenson, 0, Radmore, P.M., Advanced Mathematical Methods for Engineering and Science students, Cambridge University Press 1999.

3. Taha, H.A. Operations, Research, An Introduction, Seventh edition, Pearson Education Edition, New Delhi, 2002.

4. Medhi, J, Stochastic Processes, Wiley Eastern, Ltd., 1994

5. Gupta, A.S., Calculus of variations with applications, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. ,New Delhi, 1997


IN1601 PROCESS CONTROL 3 0 0 100


1. PROCESS DYNAMICS 9

Introduction to process control — Hardware for a Process Control System- modeling considerations for control — Thermal process — Level Process — Flow Process — Pressure Process- Non-Isothermal chemical reactor— Interacting and Non-Interacting Systems-Batch process — Degrees of Freedom — Servo and Regulatory operations — Linearization.

2. CONTROL ACTIONS AND CONTROLLER TUNING 9

Basic control actions — ON/OFF, P, P+I, P+I+D, floating control — pneumatic and electronic controllers — design of feedback controllers - synthesis of feedback controller- controller tuning — time response and frequency response methods —non-linear controller — Anti Reset windup — Bump less transfer — Set point weighting — Auto tuning.

3. COMPLEX CONTROL TECHNIQUES 9

Feed forward control — ratio control — cascade control — split range control — inferential control — Dead time compensation — adaptive control —IMC —Multivariable Process control - DMC.

4. FINAL CONTROL ELEMENTS 9

Actuators — Positioners — control valve — valve characteristics — valve bodies — valve sizing — selection factors — valve range ability — cavitation and flashing — Smart valve positioner.

5. UNIT OPERATIONS AND CONTROL 9

Dynamics and control of mixing process- heat exchanger — evaporator — crystallizer — distillation column.

L = 45 TOTAL = 45

REFERENCES

1. Harriot P., Process Control, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., New Delhi,

1991.

2. Norman A Anderson, Instrumentation, for process measurement and control, CRC Press LLC, Florida, 1998.

3. Dale E. Seborg, Thomas F.Edgar, Duncan A. Mellichamp, Process dynamics and control, 2 edition, Wiley John and Sons, 2004.

4. Marlin T.E,, Process control, Second edition McGraw Hill, New York,

2000.

5. Balchan J.G. and Mumme G. Process control structures and applications, Van Nostrand Renhold Co., New York, 1988.

IN1602 TRANSDUCERS AND SMART INSTRUMENTS 3 0 0 100


1. SCIENCE OF MEASUREMENT 9

Units and Standards — Calibration techniques — Classification of errors — error analysis — statistical methods — odds and uncertainty — static and dynamic characteristics of transducers.


2. VARIABLE RESISTANCE AND VARIABLE INDUCTANCE AND CAPACITANCE TRANSDUCERS 13

Potentiometer — strain gauge — resistance thermometer — hot wire anemometer — LVDT — variable reluctance transducers for measurement of dip and acceleration - Variable capacitive transducers — capacitor microphone.


3. OTHER CONVENTIONAL TRANSDUCERS 5

Piezoelectric transducer — IC sensors — Piezo-resistive sensors — transducers with frequency output — digital transducers.


4. FIBRE OPTIC TRANSDUCERS 9

Principles — types and characteristics of fibres — fibre optic transducers for the measurement of force, temperature, flow and pressure.


5. SMART INSTRUMENTS 9

Smart/intelligent transducer — comparison with conventional transducers — self diagnosis and remote calibration features — smart transmitter with HART communicator —Micro Electro Mechanical Systems — sensors, actuators — principles and applications.

L = 45 TOTAL = 45

REFERENCES

1. Doebelin, E.O., Measurement systems, McGraw Hill, Fourth edition,

Singapore, 1990.

2. Barney G.C.V., Intelligent Instrumentation: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1988.

3. Chapman, P. Smart Sensors, ISA publication, 1995.

4. Renganathan, S., Transducer Engineering, Allied Publishers, Chennai,

1999.

5. Handbook of Measuring System Design, Peters H.Sydenham, Richard Thom, John Wiley & sons Ltd., England, 2005.

6. Neubert, Herman, K.P., Instrument transducers: An introduction to their performance and design, 2” edition, Oxford University Press, 1975



IN1603 REAL TIME EMBEDDED SYSTEM 3 0 0 100


1. INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS 6

Definitions - Brief overview of micro-controllers, microprocessors and DSPs. - Typical classification and application scenarios of embedded systems

2. EMBEDDED SYSTEM COMPONENTS ANS INTERFACE 9

Embedded processors — Memory Devices — Interface and Peripherals — Power and its Management

3. EMBEDDED SYSTEM DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT 9

Design Methods and Techniques — Models and Languages - State Machine and state tables in embedded design - High-level language descriptions of 51W for embedded system, Java based embedded system design - Simulation and Emulation of embedded systems

4. REAL TIME MODELS, LANGUAGE AND OPERATING SYSTEMS 12

Event based, process based and graph based models, Petrinet models — Real time languages — The real time kernel, OS tasks, task states, task scheduling, interrupt processing, clocking communication and synchronization, control blocks, memory requirements and control, kernel services — Real Time languages and their features

5. CASE STUDIES IN REAL TIME EMBEDDED INSTRUMENTS 9

Specific examples of time-critical and safety-critical embedded systems applications in automotives, aerospace, medicine and manufacturing.-

L = 45 TOTAL = 45

REFERENCES

1. Ball S.R., Embedded microprocessor Systems — Real World Design, Prentice Hall, 1996.

2. Herma K., Real Time systems — Design for distributed Embedded Applications, Kluwer Academic, 1997.

3. Oassle J., Art ofTrogramming embedded Systems, Academic Press,

1992.

4. Gajski, D.D. Vahid, F., Narayan S., Specification and Design of Embedded Systems, PTR Prentice hall, 1994.

5. Intel manual on 16 bit embedded controllers, Santa Clara, 1991.

6. Slater, M., Microprocessor based design, A Comprehensive guide to effective hardware design, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1989.

7. Peatman, J.B., Design with Micro controllers, McGraw Hill International Ltd., Singapore, 1989.

8. C.M. Krishna, Kang C Skin, Real Time Systems, McGraw Hill, 1997.

9. Raymond J.A.Buhr, Donaid L. Balley: An Introduction to Real Time systems, Prentice Hall International, 1999.


IN1604 PROCESS CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION LABORATORY

3 0 0 100

(Any 10 Experiments)

1. a) Study of Process Control Training plant

b) Piping and Instrumentation diagram of a plant

2. Characteristics of control valve (with and without positioner)

3. Study of Compact flow control unit.

4. a) Level and Pressure control in Process control training plant.

b) Operation of Instructor Desk in Process control training plant.

5. PC based control of Liquid Level System.

6. a) Study of Distributed Control System.

b) On-Line control using Distributed Control System.

7. Programmable Logic Controller.

8. a) PID Implementation issues

b) PID Enhancements.

9. a) Design of PID Controller

b) Auto tuning of PID Controller

10. a) Analysis of Multi-input Multi-output System

b) Design of Multi-Loop PID Controller and Multixariable PID Controller.

11. Design of Fuzzy Logic Controller

12. Design of Neural Network based Controller

13. Design of Gain scheduling controller

14. Design of Self-Tuning Controller

15. a) Design 3f Deterministic/stochastic State Observer

b) Design of State Feedback Controller.

16. Design of Robust PID Controller.


IN1621 POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTATION 3 0 0 100


1. AN OVERVIEW OF POWER GENERATION 9

Brief survey of methods of power generation — hydro, thermal, nuclear, solar and wind power — An outline of boilers — Feed water ystems — steam circuits — Combustion process — Products of combustion process — Fuel systems — Treatment of flue gases — steam turbine — condensate systems — Alternators — feed water conditioning


2. MEASUREMENT IN BOILER AND TURBINE 9

Metal temperature measurement in boilers — Application of temperature measuring system on power plant, piping system for pressure measuring devices, smoke and dust monitoring, flame monitoring — Turbine supervising system; Pedestal vibration, shaft vibration, eccentricity vibration. Installation of non-contact transducers for speed measurement, rotor and casing movement, Expansion measurement.


3. CONTROL LOOPS AND INTERLOCKS IN BOILER 9

Combustion control — Control of main header pressure, air/fuel ratio control -furnace draft and excessive air control, drum level three element control and reheat steam temperature control, burner tilting up, bypass dump super heater control — spray and gas re-circulation control — B.F.P. recirculation control — hot well and deaerator level control — Pulverizer control.


4. ANALYZERS IN POWER PLANT 9

Thermal conductivity type — Paramagnetic type oxygen analyzer — infrared type and trim. analyzer — Spectrum analyzer — hydrogen purity meter — chromatography - pH meter- conductive cell - fuel analyzer — brief survey of pollution monitoring and control equipment.


5. NUCLEAR POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTATION 9

Piping and Instrumentation diagram of different types of nuclear power plant — Radiation detection Instruments, Process sensors for nuclear power plant, Nuclear reactor control system and allied Instrumentation.

L:45 TOTAL:45


REFERENCES

1. British Electricity International, Modem Power station practice, Vol.6,

Pergamon press, 1992.

2. David Lindsicy, Boiler control systems, McGraw Hill Book Company, 1997.

3. Jervis M.J., Power station Instrumentation, Butterwdrth Heinemann, 1993.

4. Elanka. S.M and Kohal A.L, Standard boiler operations, McGraw Hill,

NewDelhi, 1994.



IN1622 INSTRUMENTATION IN PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY 3 0 0100


1. AN OVERVIEW OF PAPER MAKING PROCESS 9

Paper making process — Raw materials — Pulp separation — screening — Bleaching — Cooking — Chemical reaction — chippers — types of digesters — H factor and Kappa factors- Stock preparation — Instrumentation needs — Energy conservation and paper quality control.


2. PAPER PROPERTIES AND ITS MEASUREMENT 11

Physical, electrical, optical and chemical properties of paper — Basic weight, thickness, density, porosity, smoothness, softness, hardness and compressibility — stress-strain relationship — Tensile strength, bursting strength, tearing resistance, folding endurance, stifihess and impact strength — Dielectric constant, dielectric strength, dielectric loss and Properties of electrical insulating paper — Brightness, colour, gloss and capacity — Starch constant acidity and pH - Measurement techniques.


3. CONSISTENCY MEASUREMENT 8

Definition of consistency — Techniques for head box consistency measurement — Stock consistency measurement and control.

4. PAPER MAKING MACHINE 8

Functioning of Paper making machine — Quality parameters — moisture, basic weight, caliper, brightness, colour, ash content, strength, gloss and tensile strength - parameters monitoring Instrumentation.


5. CONTROL ASPECTS 9

Machine and cross direction control technique — consistency, moisture and basic weight control — dryer control — computer based control systems - mill wide control.

L:45 TOTAL:45


REFERENCES

  1. Sankaranarayanan, P.E., Pulp and Paper Industries — Technology and Instrumentation Kotharis Desk book series, 1995.

2. Handbook of Pulp and Paper technology, Britt K.W.Van Nostrand Reinbold

Company, 1970.

3. James P.Casey , Pulp and Paper chemistry and chemical Technology, John

Wiley and sons, 1981.

  1. Austin G.T., Shrencs Chemical Process Industries, McGraw Hill International Student Edition, Singapore, 1985.



IN1623 FIBER OPTIC AND LASER INSTRUMENTATION 3 0 0 100


1. OPTICAL FIBERS AND THEIR PROPERTIES 12

Principles of light propagation through a fiber - Different types of fibers and their properties — Fibre materials and their characteristics - Transmission characteristics of fibers - absorption losses - scattering losses — Dispersion - Measurement on optical fibers - Optical sources - Optical detectors.


2. FIBER OPTIC SENSORS IN MEASUREMENT. 9

Fiber optic instrumentation system - Fiber optic sensors Different types of modulators -Application in instrumentation - Interferometric method of measurement of length -Measurement of pressure, temperature, current, voltage, liquid level and strain.


3. FUNDAMENTALS OF LASER INSTRUMENTS 9

Fundamental characteristics of laser - three level and four level lasers - properties of lasers - laser modes - resonator configuration - Q-switching and mode locking - cavity dumping - types of laser - gas laser, solid laser, liquid laser - semi conductor laser.


4. LASERS IN MEASUREMENTS AND TESTING 9

Laser for measurement of distance, length, velocity, acceleration, current, voltage, and atmospheric effect - material processing - laser heating, welding, melting and trimming of materials - removal and vaporization. Holography - Basic principle; methods; Holographic interferometry and applications; Holography for non-destructive testing - Holographic components


5. MEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF LASERS 6

Medical applications of lasers; laser and tissue interaction - Laser instruments for surgery.

L:45 TOTAL:45

REFERENCES

I. John and Harry, Industrial lasers and their applications, McGraw Hill, 1974.

2. John F Ready, Industrial applications of lasers. Academic press, 1978.

3. John Crisp, Introduction to Fibre Optics, an imprint of Elsevier Science, 1996.

4. Jasprit Singh, Semi conductor Optoelectronics, McGraw Hill, 1995.

5. Silvano Donati, Electro-optical Instrumentation Sensing and Measurement with

Laser, Prentice Hall, 2004.


IN1624 BlO-MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION 3 0 0100


1. INTRODUCTION TO PHYSIOLOGICAL SYSTEM 9

Bio potential - Resting and action potential — Electrodes - different type of electrodes — Equivalent circuits for electrodes — Electrical safety — Bioamplifiers — Characteristics and requirements -


2. ELECTRO- PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT 9

Electro Cardiograph (ECO), Electro Encephalograph (EEG), Electromyograph (EMG), Phono cardiograph (PCG), Electroretinogram (ERG) — Electro Occulograph (EGG).


3. BIO-MEDICAL MONITORING SYSTEMS 9

Blood pressure measurement — Direct and Indirect methods -measurement of Heart rate - Heart sound - Measurement of blood flow - Cardiac output — Measurement of respiration and Gas Flow.


4. ASSISTING AND THERAPUTIC DEVICES 9

Cardiac pacemakers — Defibrillators - Heart lung machine — Muscle Simulator — Electrotheraphy - Diathermy - Introduction to artificial organs.


5. IMAGING IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 9

X-ray machine — Computed Axial Tomography — MRI — Ultra sound Imaging — Endos copy.

L:45 TOTAL:45

REFERENCES

1. Cromwell U, Biomedical instrumentation and measurements, Prentice Hall of

India, 1995.

2. Khandpur.R.S, I-land book of biomedical instrunientation, Tata McGraw Hill,

1996.

3. Cohen A, Bio-medica signal processing Vol.1, CRC Press. Inc., Florida 1988.

4. Jacabson B, Webstar J.G., Medicine and clinical engineering, Prentice Hall of

India, 1979.

5. Wise D.L., Applied bio-sensors, Butterworth, U.S.A., 1989.

6. Geddes and Baker, Principle of applied bio-medical instrumentation, John

Wiley and sons, 1975.

7. T.Rangaraj, M.Rangayyar, Biomedical Signal Analysis, John Wiley & sons

(ASIA) Pvt. Ltd., 2002.




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