Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5




Скачать 244.84 Kb.
НазваниеVerb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5
страница1/15
Дата конвертации14.05.2013
Размер244.84 Kb.
ТипДокументы
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   15

EFA GRAMMAR CURRICULUM


FALL 2009


Prepared by Rachel Page and Mike Tosta, Summer 2005.

Updated by Jesse Strecker, Summer 2009.


Activities and ideas have been drawn from the following sources: the EFA 2002 Grammar Curriculum; documented EFA lesson plans from 2001 – 2005; and an assortment of textbooks that live in the English for Action office. This is a work in progress. It is up to YOU to add your ideas! You can do so by emailing them to elizabethgracewalsh@gmail.com.


Grammar topics covered in this curriculum:
  1. Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4

  2. “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5

  3. Adjectives – p. 6

  4. Nouns: singular and plural – p. 7

  5. Prepositions of place and movement – p. 8

  6. Verb “to have” present tense – p. 10

  7. Verbs: simple present (conjugation, use, negative statements, frequency adverbs) – p. 11

  8. Asking questions (Who, what, when, where, why, “do”) – p. 13


  9. The Simple Past of ‘To Be’: Was vs. Were – p. 16

  10. Negative Form with Past Tense – p. 17

  11. Would Like – p. 18

  12. Verbs ‘To Go’ and ‘To Do’ – p. 19

  13. Can / Can’t – p. 20

  14. Present Progressive – p. 21

  15. This, that, these, those – p. 23

  16. Possessive Case and Adjectives – p. 24

  17. Object pronounsp. 26

  18. Possessive Pronouns – p. 26

  19. There Is / There Are – p. 23

  20. Countable and Non-Countable Nouns – p. 31

  21. How much/how many? – p. 32
  22. Superlatives and Comparisons with Adjectives – p. 33


  23. More Than, Less Than – p. 35

  24. Used to (Imperfect Past) – p. 36

  25. Present Perfect – p. 37

  26. Past Progressive – p. 38

  27. Reflexive Pronouns – p. 39

  28. Simple Modals – p. 40

  29. Present Perfect Progressive – p. 43

  30. Verbs + Gerunds / Infinitives – p. 45

  31. Future with ‘Going to’ – p. 47

  32. Simple Future with ‘Will’ – p. 48

  33. Future Continuous – p. 49

  34. Very, Too, Enough – p. 50

  35. Coordinating and Correlative Conjunctions – p. 51

  36. Passive Voice – p. 52

  37. The Conditional Tenses – p. 53


- For commands, see the ‘Prepositions of Place and Movement’ section, p. 8.

- For requests, see the ‘Simple Modals’ section, p. 40.


From here on, I suppose we should just explain what these structures mean, and at what level learners should grasp them.

  1. Relative clauses

  2. Subordinate clauses

  3. Embedded statements and questions





Verb “to be” (Beginner Level Only)


Present tense


Uses of TO BE:

  • Nationality (Mexican, Dominican, Puerto Rican, Guatemalan, American, Chinese)

  • Description (tall, short, beautiful, pretty, ugly, big, small, young, old, friendly, nice, mean, smart, intelligent, stupid; red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, brown, white, black, pink, gray)

  • Feelings or states (good, okay, happy, sad, tired, sleepy, angry, excited, nervous, scared, calm, tranquil, worried, sick, busy, bored)

  • Location (at home, at work, in Providence, in the car, on Manton Avenue)

  • Identity (teacher, farmer, doctor, waiter, singer, student, man, woman, teenager, child, baby)

Theme ideas:

  1. Getting to know each other:

    1. Where are we from?

- What is it like there?

    1. Where are we now?

- What is it like there?

    1. What are we like?

  1. Finding locations on a map

- Remember that you don’t have to use the Spanish equivalent of it whenever you construct a sentence where everyone involved knows the subject.

Activity Ideas:

  1. Basic personal information:

    1. Facilitator models: I am Rachel. I am a student. I am a woman. I am tired. I am in Providence. I am American.

    2. Go around the classroom and encourage students to describe themselves.

  1. Ser/Estar ’To Be’

        1. Have learners generate sentences in Spanish using ser/estar and translate into English.

  2. Learning Each Other’s Names, Nationalities and Experiences

Materials: world map, blank labels, colored pencils, index cards, drawing paper

  1. Have learners create name stickers in pairs, with one person dictating to the other how their name is spelled (Useful to practice spelling).

  2. Each learner comes up and places their name on the world map.

  3. Facilitator asks, “Where are you from?” Learner answers, “I am from (country). I am (nationality).” Class repeats, “She is from (country). She is (nationality).”

  4. Draw pictures about where we’re from and whatever is important to us about our homes (a special place we like, our houses, the flag, the national flower, etc.). Put them on the wall and share.




  1. Famous Nationalities:

        1. Have learners look in a newspaper/magazine to find names of at least five people from different countries. Describe where they are from and their nationalities,

  • Vincente Fox is from Mexico. He is Mexican.

  1. Ball Toss Intros:

  1. Toss a ball around in a circle – the person who starts with the ball asks a question and tosses the ball to someone else.

  2. The recipient must answer and then ask a question before tossing the ball to the next person.

  • Possible pairs of questions and answers: Where are you from? / I am from…, How are you? / I am…, Where are you? / I am…


Verb ‘To Be’ with yes/no questions


  1. To ask a question, put the appropriate form of the verb ‘To Be’ in front of the subject:

    1. Are you okay? Are they Mexican? Is he from Providence?

  2. To answer a question positively, we usually give a short answer with or without a contraction:

    1. Yes, I am (okay). Yes, they are (Mexican). Yes, he’s (from Providence).

  3. To answer a question negatively, we add not after the form of the verb ‘To Be’ and often use a contraction:

    1. No, I’m not. No, they aren’t or No, they’re not. No, he isn’t or No, he’s not.

Activity Ideas:

  1. Worksheet: Drill the process of answering yes/no questions --

  • Are you tired? _________. Are you excited? __________. Are you nervous?________.

  1. Worksheet: Make yes/no questions to practice their structure

  • Marco is a mechanic. Is Marco a mechanic? Is he a mechanic?

Sara is a teacher. ___________________.

Sandra is Guatemalan. __________________.

  1. Use a form and ask them to fill it out (e.g. with their name, nationality, class level) – practice answering in the affirmative first.

  1. Using the form as a reference, have learners ask each other yes/no questions about one another:

      • Are you Guatemalan? Yes, I am. Are you a beginning student? Yes, I am. Are you from Guatemala? Yes, I am.

  2. Once people have gotten to know these facts about one another, move on to is he/she?:

      • Is José from Guatemala? Is he Guatemalan? Is he a student?

  3. Mix up the forms so that each person has someone else’s information.

      • Role play as above: Are you Guatemalan? No, I’m not.

  1. Have learners ask and answer yes/no questions using IT

  • Is it yellow? Is it big? Is it expensive?

Adjectives


Helpful Hints

  • Introduce no more than five vocabulary words a day, or ten a week

  • Possible adjective categories: states of being, physical characteristics (people)



  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   15

Добавить в свой блог или на сайт

Похожие:

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconThat is a nice dress. It looks trendy.) Вопросы со словом «How» (Questions with ‘How’: How much is it?)
Настоящее время (Present simple verb tense: That is a nice dress. It looks trendy.)

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconI. Change the following sentences from Present Continuous Tense to Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Add any words or prases that you think are necessary

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconI have constructed this document as an example- for the most part, the apa format is correct. However, the verb tense may be off in sections I have taken out

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconApologetic Questions and Unapologetic Answers

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconBackground Before we discuss these data in detail, we present some background information on relevant aspects of cv grammar. Forms for personal pronouns in cv

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconAlmost any experiment teaches us something, but not always necessarily what we expected. And it may raise more questions than it answers

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconWritten Answers to questions not answered at Mayor’s Question Time on

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconThis page will contain the questions and answers asked by Computerji/Amitabh Bachchan in kbc4

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 iconThe following questions were raised in discussions on the Internet during the course of the last year (1996). The answers offered here were either provided at

Verb “to be,” present tense with subject pronouns – p. 4 “To be” with yes/no questions and answers – p. 5 icon44. 1 For the purpose of this regulation, certain terms and words are hereby defined as follows. Words used in the present tense will include the future; the


Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
lib.convdocs.org


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.convdocs.org 2012
обратиться к администрации
lib.convdocs.org
Главная страница