Optical and Photonic Glasses

НазваниеOptical and Photonic Glasses
Дата конвертации14.05.2013
Размер9.57 Kb.
Optical and Photonic Glasses

Rui M. Almeida

MAT 395/495 Spring semester 2005


All lectures will be held at Whitaker Laboratory, room 451

Monday 11:10 - 12:00 noon

Wednesday 11:10 - 12:00 noon

Friday 11:10 - 12:00 noon


Class participation 10% (395) / 10% (495)

A term paper essay on a subject to be specified 20% (495)

Mid-term examination 40% (395) / 30% (495)

Final examination 50% (395) / 40% (495)

Contact details

Rui M. Almeida

Materials Science and Engineering Dept.

Room 254 Whitaker Lab

Lehigh University

5, East Packer Avenue

Bethlehem, PA 18015-3195

Phone 610-758-4218

Fax 610-758-4244

e-mail rui.almeida@lehigh.edu

Relevant books

T.S. Izumitani, Optical Glass, American Institute of Physics Translation Series (New York, 1986).

Masayuki Yamane and Yoshiyuki Asahara, Glasses for Photonics, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, U.K., 2000).

K. Booth and S. Hill, The essence of optoelectronics, Prentice Hall (London, 1998).

R. Tilley, Colour and the optical properties of materials, John Wiley (New York, 2000).

J.H. Simmons and K.S. Potter, Optical Materials, Academic Press (New York, 2000).

M. Fox, Optical properties of Solids, Oxford University Press (Oxford, UK, 2001).

A.K. Varshneya, Fundamentals of Inorganic glasses, Academic Press (New York, 1994).

James E. Shelby, Introduction to Glass Science and Technology, The Royal Society of Chemistry (Cambridge, U.K., 1997).

Detailed course syllabus

  1. What is glass: definition, glass formation, Tg, regions of glass formation, theories of glass formation.

  2. Glass composition and preparation: glass formers, modifiers and intermediates; preparation of oxide glasses (melting, sol-gel, CVD, …); flat glass, hollow glass, fiber glass.

  3. Glass structure: structure of network oxide glasses; X-ray diffraction analysis; structure of modified oxide glasses (silicates, borates, aluminosilicates, phosphates, …), fraction of NBO atom species; glass-in-glass phase separation, Vycor glass; glass-ceramics.

  4. Basic glass properties: density; mechanical behavior; viscosity; thermal expansion.

  5. Traditional optical glasses: composition and fabrication; optical properties (refractive index, reflection, scattering, absorption - electronic, vibrational, Raman scattering).

  6. New optical glasses: preparation of non-oxide glasses (fluorides and chalcogenides); specific properties (mechanical behavior, viscosity, Tg, IR transmission).

  7. Abnormal dispersion glasses: abnormal dispersion in phosphate based glasses; athermal glasses.

  8. Transparent glass ceramics: Pr-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics; other transparent GC’s doped with Er, Yb, Tm and Eu.

  9. Gradient index glass and fiberoptic glasses: GRIN glasses by ion exchange and sol-gel; guided wave optical glasses; glass fiberoptics; integrated optical glass waveguides.

  10. Photosensitive glasses: photochromic glasses; permanent refractive index changes in germania containing glasses; Bragg gratings; photoinduced effects in chalcogenide glasses (photocontraction, photoexpansion, …).

  11. Acousto-optical and magneto-optical glasses: acousto-optical and delay line glasses; Faraday rotation in glass; paramagnetic glasses; optical isolators.

  12. Laser glasses: rare-earth doped glasses (Nd, Er, Yb, Tm, Pr, …); photoluminescence of rare-earth ions in glass; laser effect in glass; optical amplification in glass; glass fiber lasers and fiber amplifiers; glass waveguide lasers and amplifiers.

  13. Non-linear optical glasses: fundamentals of NLO; non-resonant optical non-linearity; non-linear refractive index; resonant optical non-linearity; semiconductor-doped glasses (strong confinement case, photodarkening, weak confinement case); metal-doped glasses; NLO properties of metal-doped glasses (electric field enhancement and quantum confinement effects).

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