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|American Studies |
Writing America into the Twenty-First Century: Essays on the American Novel
Elizabeth Boyle and Anne-Marie Evans, 978-1-4438-2133-9
Writing America into the Twenty-First Century: Essays on the American Novel seeks to explore an exciting period in American literary scholarship. Concentrating on novels written after 1990 and through to the new millennium and to the present day, this collection presents a refreshing and much-needed analysis of recent American fiction. Representing the work of established scholars and emerging critical voices, the essays interrogate a range of fiction including works by Philip Roth, Jeffrey Eugenides, Don DeLillo, Thomas Pynchon and Cormac McCarthy.
Accessible to students, scholars and the interested reader, this invigorating collection navigates the works of several key male American authors of the last twenty years and, in so doing, offers a new way of examining the American novel. This volume’s strength lies in its careful academic focus on recent American fiction and seeks to re-acquaint the reader with well-known authors and introduce them to new literary voices such as Christopher John Farley, Anthony Giardina and Daniel Suarez. The collection is organised into four large topic areas: ‘Youth and Age,’ ‘War and Crime,’ ‘Culture’ and ‘Spaces and Patterns.’ Each essay deals with its own particular subject and author but the full impact of each section on the concept of writing the American novel into the present day can only really be understood when read in conjunction with the others.
Writing America, a companion volume to Reading America: New Perspectives on the American Novel (2008) would be a valuable asset to any university or branch library. The volume will also attract strong interest from established academics, especially those researching the fields of literature, critical theory, cultural history and politics.
Bibliography, Library Science, Information Resources
Burridge’s Multilingual Dictionary of Birds of the World: Volumes XXIII Bulgarian (Български), Volume XXIV Ukranian (Украiська) and Volume XXV Belarusian (Беларуская)
John T. Burridge, 978-1-4438-2112-4
Uniquely, the present work will present in one place the vernacular names of the almost ten thousand birds of the world in about fifty languages. It should thus serve as a valuable reference work and source of information that has been scattered through field guides, scientific journals, coffee-table volumes and across the internet, often buried under all sorts of other data.
The compilations draw on official or other generally recognized authority wherever possible, and alternates are given where space permits. While the very fact that such extensive lists may, just by their existence, in future carry some authoritative weight in standardization of bird names, that is not its primary purpose, which is to present in a more useful format the nomenclature that is already in use.
Business, Finance and Economics
Overcoming Knowledge Sharing Barriers through Communities of Practice: Empirical Evidence from a Big Automotive Supplier
Raffaele Filieri, 978-1-4438-2069-1
Managing knowledge for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of processes and for accelerating innovations is widely recognized as a major source of sustained competitive advantage. The growing importance of knowledge sharing has fostered the development of a growing body of research in different disciplinary areas and in different sectors.
The analyses of the barriers that obstruct knowledge flows are paramount for improving organizational performance. The researcher has analyzed the literature on this argument and he has found that knowledge sharing barriers can be grouped into three main macro-dimensions: socio-psychological, technological and organizational.
The author has analyzed the predicting power of the barriers that make knowledge sharing ineffective and the subsequent relationship with new product development performance in a big automotive R & D supplier.
Raffaele Filieri adopts both qualitative and quantitative methods in an innovative way. The regression analysis and the analysis of a firms’ proprietary process were used to measure the strength of knowledge sharing barriers on knowledge sharing efficacy and new product development performance. The social network analysis was used to map the intra-firm knowledge sharing network and to identify and to solve organizational problems. Through social network analysis, the researcher has obtained a better understanding of the informal work in the organization, showing how effectively engineers and scientists work, and how they structured their knowledge sharing networks. The recognition of a hidden network of collaboration has several implications; one of these is the creation of a community of practice for solving the problems previously identified.
Professional Ethics and Personal Integrity
Tim Dare and W. Bradley Wendel, 978-1-4438-2128-5
Professional roles are often thought to bring role-specific permissions and obligation, which may allow or require role-occupants to do things they would not be permitted or required to do outside their roles, and which as individuals they would rather not do. This feature of professional roles appears to bring them into conflict both with ‘ordinary’ or non-role morality, and with personal integrity which is often thought to demand some form of personal endorsement of one’s conduct. How are we to reconcile the demands of roles with ordinary morality and with personal integrity? This collection draws together a set of papers which explore these questions as they bear upon a number of different professional roles, including those of the lawyer, the judge and the politician, and from a variety of perspectives, including contemporary analytic moral theory, jurisprudence, psychoanalytic theory, virtue ethics, and contextualism, and, more broadly, from philosophy and legal academia and practice.
Care or Control of the Self? Norbert Elias, Michel Foucault, and the Subject in the 21st Century
Andrea D. Bührmann and Stefanie Ernst, 978-1-4438-2135-3
The beginning of the 21st century is characterized by fundamental societal changes: in addition to changing demographics and the globalization of economic flows, the transformation of an industrial-Fordistic society to a non-industrial service society is significant. For more than twenty years, these large-scale trends and their inherent chances and risks have been the topic of vivid discussions in all the social sciences. Keywords are ‘risk-society’, ‘post-industrial society’, ‘knowledge-society’ and ‘information-society’.
The implications of these developments are also reflected in the challenge to the traditional, hegemonic and rational understanding of subjectivity. Against the background of these great social changes, several factors indicate that the forms of self-regulation or self-governance are also being transformed. A one-sided consideration of the homo economicus and its varieties would underestimate, for example, certain non-rational forms of self-perception and self-reflection, as well as non-rational practices of self-management and subjectivation.
The aim of this anthology is to discuss the question, to what extent the relationship to oneself (its regulation with respect to its governance) and the relationship towards others in (post-)modern societies are being transformed. The perspective of Norbert Elias’ process sociology as well as Michel Foucault’s post-structural theory seem especially promising, as they appear to have been the first researchers consistently and convincingly analysing the ‘nature’ of the individual by reflecting upon its long-term historical process of transformation. Both have different visions but similar concerns: they deal with structures of control that exist within society and within the individual.
Film and Theatre Studies
Authenticity and Legitimacy in Minority Theatre: Constructing Identity
Madelena Gonzalez and Patrice Brasseur, 978-1-4438-2120-9
Contemporary theatre is one of the best ways for ethno-cultural minorities to express themselves, whether they be of indigenous origin or immigrants. It is often used to denounce social injustice and discrimination and, more generally, it helps to air questions debated in the wider community. It may also express itself thanks to the staging of collective memory, for it constitutes a privileged space for the exploration of the trauma of the past (colonial, for example), as well as providing a means of effecting the reconfiguration of a new identity, or of articulating an uneasiness about that identity.
Should minority theatre increase its visibility in relation to the mainstream, or, on the contrary, remain on the margins and assert its specificity? This question is at the centre of French-Canadian experience, for example, but also applies to other postcolonial societies, in Europe and elsewhere. In order to maintain its cultural authenticity, should this type of theatre distinguish itself from a multiculturalism that runs the risk of political and social recuperation? If it is unable to resist the model proposed by globalization and widespread cultural dissemination, will it lose its legitimacy? Can, and should there be, a form of popular art at the service of the community?
The term “minority” raises questions that will be examined by the articles collected in this volume. What is the definition of a minority? Does this term refer to experimental and avant-garde art forms as well as to ethno-cultural drama? Contemporary theatre is characterized by an aesthetics of hybridity—in what measure is this the case for theatre outside the mainstream? The exploration of this kind of theatre necessitates an examination of the very concept of theatre per se. Since the development of the electronic media as the privileged vector of culture, has not the theatrical genre itself become a minority art form? These are some of the pressing questions that this volume will try to address, thanks to a cross-cultural, multidisciplinary approach that aims to reveal the rich diversity of the field under study.
Experiments in Freedom: Explorations of Identity in New South African Drama
Anton Krueger, 978-1-4438-1425-6
Experiments in Freedom examines ways in which identities have been represented in recent South African play texts published in English. It begins by exploring descriptions of identity from various philosophical, psychological and anthropological perspectives and elaborates ways in which drama is uniquely suited to represent—as well as to effect—transformations of identity. In exploring the fraught terrain of identity studies, the book examines a selection of play texts in terms of five different discourse of identity—gender, nationalism, ethnicity, syncretism and race. Instead of building a sustained thesis throughout his text, Krueger writes in short bursts about a multiplicity of topics, extending his explorations rhizomatically into the crevices of a new South African society loath to relinquish its stranglehold on the politics of identity.
Italian Film Directors in the New Millennium
William Hope, 978-1-4438-2075-2
This collection of essays examines the themes and styles that characterize the new millennium work of Italian film directors from different generations. These artists range from Marco Bellocchio, Dario Argento, Marco Tullio Giordana, and Nanni Moretti, who made their name in the 1960s and 1970s, to Oscar winners such as Gabriele Salvatores who forged their careers in the late 1980s. The volume also features essays on Ciprì and Maresco, Emanuele Crialese, Cristina Comencini, as well as work on successful new millennium directors such as Paolo Sorrentino and Matteo Garrone whose controversial films examine the nature of interpersonal relations and the individual’s rapport with Italian society today. The essays illustrate the way in which contrasting images of Italy and its provinces emerge in the work of different directors; what links new millennium Italian screen protagonists, film directors, and even individual spectators is often a sense of being at the centre of oppressively converging social, economic, and political forces and having diminishing opportunities and space for self-realization. The contributors to the volume are academics who have also worked as film critics, visual artists, film industry administrators, and, indeed, as film-makers, and the book’s foreword has been written by Geoffrey Nowell-Smith.
Loach and Leigh, Ltd.: The Cinema of Social Conscience
Bert Cardullo, 978-1-4438-2108-7
The film directors Ken Loach and Mike Leigh have addressed the erosion of regional and class identities in an English landscape rendered increasingly uniform by consumerism. Descendants of the social-realist flowering in British cinema of the 1960s, Loach and Leigh have assessed the impact of such consumerism—of the consumer society or the consumerist mentality—primarily on family life, charting the erosion of the welfare state and the consensus that it had once built, and examining the ruptures in domestic as well as social life wrought by divisive governmental policies in an increasingly fragmented, multicultural Britain. The work of both men thus seems to reflect the shift from the collectivist consensus of the postwar years to the individualist, material concerns of more recent decades. Moreover, if the social realists of the 1960s sometimes shortsightedly blamed women for the blighting of British manhood, women in the films of Loach and Leigh—in the former director’s Ladybird, Ladybird (1994), say, or the latter’s Career Girls (1997)—are often complex and powerful individuals.
Regularly compared to his fellow filmmaker Ken Loach, Mike Leigh shares Loach’s concern with everyday life and the dramatic conflicts that underlie it, but, with the marked exception of Naked (1994) and Meantime (1983), two films which place their protagonists in defiant opposition to the society they find themselves in, Leigh is less political. Loach, for his part, is a campaigning artist; in such films as Land and Freedom (1995) and The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006), his characters serve some purpose or agenda beyond the simple telling of a story. In contrast, Leigh focuses almost wholly on character itself, illuminating the incidents and accidents and calamities of people’s work, love-lives, and relationships; there is rarely the sense that the dramatis personae of films of his like Bleak Moments (1971) and Secrets and Lies (1996) are serving as spokesmen for a larger cause beyond themselves.
Bert Cardullo’s Loach and Leigh, Ltd.: The Cinema of Social Conscience is the first book to consider the work of both Ken Loach and Mike Leigh. It contains an introduction titled “Escaping Their Own Stereotype: Mike Leigh and Ken Loach”; an interview with, and essay about, Leigh: “‘Making People Think Is What It’s All About’” and “Committed Cinema: The Films of Mike Leigh”; Leigh’s filmography, selected credits from his film career, and a bibliography of criticism on his work; an essay about, and interview with, Loach: “Work, Family, and Politics: The Films of Ken Loach” and “‘It’s Not Just about Me’: Ken Loach and the Cinema of Social Conscience”; Loach’s filmography, selected credits from his film career, and a bibliography of criticism on his work. Loach and Leigh, Ltd.: The Cinema of Social Conscience concludes with a thorough-going index and includes a section of thirty-eight photographic stills selected from the films of Ken Loach and Mike Leigh.
Б. Б. Иванов, Метод за определяне на вариантите на разполагане на химико-технологично производство с линейна структура в универсална...
Когда Дейтон К. Миллер приступил к научной работе около 1890 года по мнению, по крайней мере, одного видного деятеля науки