Salman Rushdiy and Multicultural Europe”




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Karnaukhova Oxana

Southern Federal University

Department of Philosophy and Cultural Studies


Course syllabus1

Salman Rushdiy and Multicultural Europe”

Course description

The aim of the course is to introduce approaches of coloniality and postcoloniality into the study of contemporary socio-cultural practicies. We will consider state, social and cultural transformations through a postcolonial perspective, focusing on three aspects – identity, citizenship and ideology. The key binary categories in postcolonial theorisation, such as hegemony and resistance, and state versus civil society, will be examined along with localised strategies of adaptation, accommodation and collaboration. For this purpose we suggest to apply for the texts of Salman Rushdie as the most representative and being discussed postcolonial author.

Students will be asked to reach conclusions about what modifications of cultural identity, citizenship and ideology, if any, are called for in a globalised world by postcolonial discourse and practice. In the course of doing so, they will have to become aware of the different trends in postocoloniality as well as applications of postcolonial theories and critics, as well as transnational perspectives on race, ethnicity and culture.


The basic concepts: empire, colony, postcoloniality, postcolonialism and postcolonial literature; key theoretical debates about social solidarity; citizenship and beloning; analysis of cultural identity transformation in globalising world; intellectual justification of multiculturalism as a new european ideology.


Required texts

Gramsci, Antonio, Prison Notebooks. Columbia University Press, 1996

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference. Princeton. 2001

Said, Edward. Orientalism. Vintage Books, 1979

Identities. Ed. Laura Garcia-Moreno and Peter C. Pfeiffer. Columbia, SC : Camden House, c1996

Citizenship and National Identity from Colonialism to Globalism. 1997

David A. Hollinger. Cosmopolitanism and Solidarity. Studies in Ethnoracial, Religious, and Professional Affiliation in the United States. 2006

Kymlicka, Will. Multicultural Citizenship.Oxford, 1995


Course prerequisites

The course is geared for graduate students who have had courses in Political Science, Social Philosophy, Theory of Culture, History. English is required.

Specific Learning Outcomes:

  1. Develop critical thinking and learning activities,

  2. Develop writing activities,

  3. Employ discussions, collaborative problem servings,

  4. Summarize basic trends in literature connected with localism-globalism debates, postcolonial studies, ideology analysis.

Student responsibilities:


Preparation, attendance, active engagement in discussions are required;

Completion of readings and assigned written works.


Course requirements

Attendance of all classes is required, because of their interactive character. You can be absent no more then three class periods.

Participation in Class (10%) is required. Your active participation in all class disputs means your understanding of the problems discussed.

Essays (3*15%): After each set of the problems discussed you will be required to write 4-5 pages essay in order to demonstrate your understanding of the topic, ability to explain the basic theories and their applications to the historical reality as well as your analytical thinking beyond the required readings.

Article analysis (10%): during the classes you will be asked to find, locate and analize an article of regional media production concerning problems discussed (cultural identity, solidarity formation, multicultural policy etc.)

Presentation (15%): In small groups, you will prepare a short presentation of the case of chosen state model to illustrate the basic concepts and theories at work..

Final paper (20%): by the end of the classes you will be asked to write 12-15 pages essay in order to summarize the key points of the classes sets, analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the basic theoretical constructions and their applications to the different historical and state models.

The grades of all written works will be based on:

- clarity of organization of thought,

- ability to understand works,

- analytical and critical thinking,

- ability to argue own position.


Course schedule:

Lecture: once a week (2 hours)

Seminars: once a module (2 hours)

Total: 36 hours per course.










II. Course content

2.1. Lecturing plan

«Salman Rushdie and Multicultural Europe»





Titul

Hours

1.

Obedience and Resistence: Postcolonial Syndrom



6

2.

Can Subaltern Speak?

6

3.

Identity as an Evidence



6

4.

Without Citizenship: Another Cosmopolitanism



6

5.

Multiculturalism: Who Disagree?



6

6.

Reading «Ulterior”: Salman Rushdie

6































Total:

36


















2.2.Course Content

Module 1. Obedience and Resistence: Postcolonial Syndrom (6 hours)


We begin the course with an overview of the concepts, notions and transformations of Postcolonial studies. Then we continue with postcolonial transformations after the WW II, trying to find out the European and Subaltern roots of the contemporary Postcolonial intellectual discourse. Finally, we discuss transformations of this discourse by the end of 20th century.


Week 1. Postcoloniality and Postcolonialism


Reading list in Russian

Ленин В.И. Империализм как высшая стадия капитализма (любое издание)

Саид Э. Ориентализм. М., 1995

Негри А. Империя. М, 2004


Reading list in English

Postcolonial Studies and Beyond/ Ed. Ania Loomba ets. Duke Un. Press. 2006

Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. Pluto Press, 1986

Said, Edward. Orientalism. Vintage Books, 1979


Supplementary reading:

Young, Robert. Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction. Blackwell, 2001


Week 2. Seminar: Languges of Dominance and Resistance (2 hours)


Reading list in Russian

Грамши А. Тюремные тетради (любое издание)

Альтюссер Л. Государственные идеологические аппараты (любое издание)


Reading list in English

Gramsci, Antonio, Prison Notebooks. Columbia University Press, 1996

Althusser, Louis. On Ideology. Verso, 2008


Supplementary reading:

Guha, Ranajit. "Preface" & "On Some Aspects of the Historiography of Colonial India."// Selected Subaltern Studies. Ed. Ranjit Guha & G. C. Spivak. New York: OUP, 1988


Week 3. Postcolonialism vs Postmodernism (2 hours)


Reading list in Russian

Негри А. Империя. М., 2004


Reading list in English:

Postcolonial Studies and Beyond/ Ed. Ania Loomba ets. Duke Un. Press. 2006

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference. Princeton. 2001



Supplementary reading:

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. "Is the Post in Postmodernism the Post- in Postcolonial?" // Critical Inquiry 17 (Winter 1991): 336-57.

Module 2. Can Subaltern Speak? (6 hours)


As soon as postcoloniality is linked with the historical period of imperialism and colonial development, first we describe historical issues of Modern Europe and discuss some basic notions such as Empire, Colony, Imperialism.


Week 4. Empires and Colonies (2 hours)

Reading list in Russian

Балибар Э., Валлерстайн И. Раса, нация, класс. Двусмысленные идентичности. – М., 2003

Андерсон Б. Воображаемые сообщества (любое издание)


Reading list in English

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities. Verso, 2000

Noiriel, Gerard. The French Melting Pot...1996

Goran Therborn. European Modernity and Beyond. Routledge, London, 1995


Supplementary reading:

Cooper, Frederick. Tensions of empire: colonial cultures in a bourgeois world. 1997

Citizenship and National Identity from Colonialism to Globalism. 1997


Week 5. Seminar: Colonies Post- (2 hours)


Reading list in Russian

После империи / Под ред. И. Клямкина. – М, 2007

Саид Э. Ориентализм. М, 1995


Reading list in English

Cooper, Frederick. Tensions of empire: colonial cultures in a bourgeois world. 1997

Said, Edward. Orientalism. Vintage Books, 1979


Supplementary reading:

Dirlik, Arif. The Postcolonial Aura: Third World Criticism in the Age of Global Capitalism// Critical Inquiry 20 (Winter 1994): 328-56.


Week 6. Post-Colonial Literature (2 hours)


Reading list in Russian

Салман Рушди. Восток, Запад. М., 2007


Reading list in English

Salman Rushdi. Satanic verses. (any edition)


Supplementary reading:

Paxman J. The English. A portrait of a people. L., 1998

Alexander M. Not 'Other Literatures': Writing Literary History Revisited.// The European English Messenger. - 2000.-Vol. IX/2. P. 16


Module 3. Identity as an Evidence (6 hours)

Cultural Identity in Postcolonial Perspective - examines a range of transformations which are described by authors as hybridization, including special representation, autonomy and cosmopolitanism

The first set of the problems concerns transformatios of cultural identity. We pay attention to the theoretical question of cultural identity formation and its connection with the problem of “glocalisation”, meant global-local collisions. Then we take a look onto the identity transformations of the former colonies, including processes of enclavisation, diasporisation and hybridization. As well as these procedures have dual character, we demonstrate what the reaction of Europe is (“provincialization”, nationalism movements etc.)


Week 7. Narratives and Memory: Constructing Cultural Identity (2 hours)

Reading list in Russian

Андерсон Б. Воображаемые сообщества. М, 2000

Х. Бхабха. Локализации культуры. (любое издание)


Reading list in English

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities. Verso, 2000

Identities. Ed. Laura Garcia-Moreno and Peter C. Pfeiffer. Columbia, SC : Camden House, c1996.


Supplementary reading:

Bhabha, Homi K. "Introduction: Narrating the Nation." & "DissemiNation." // Nation and Narration. London: Routledge, 1990. 1-7; 291-322


Week 8. Discourse of Oppression and Culture (2 hours)

Reading list in Russian

Грамши А. Тюремные тетради. (любое издание)

М. Фуко. Воля к истине: По ту сторону знания, власти и сексуальности. М. Магистериум Касталь, 1996


Reading list in English

Identities. Ed. Laura Garcia-Moreno and Peter C. Pfeiffer. Columbia, SC : Camden House, c1996.

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference. Princeton. 2001


Supplementary reading:

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" // Marxism and the interpretation of Culture. Ed. Cary Nelson and Larry Grossberg. Chicago: Uni of Illinois P, 1988): 271-313


Week 9. Seminar: Cultural Identity Reconsidered (2 hours)

Reading list in Russian:

Тишков В.А. Реквием по этносу (любое издание)

Малахов В.А. Неудобства с идентичностью // http://www.archipelag.ru/geoculture/new_ident/interpretatio/discomfort/


Reading list in English

Chatterjee, Partha. Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World. London, UN Books, 1986

Waldron, Jeremy, 1993. Liberal Rights: Collected Papers 1981–91


Supplementary reading:

Keith Robbins. Great Britain. Identities, Institutions and the Idea of Britishness. Longman, London, 1998

Postcolonial Wales/ed. by Jane Aaron and Chris Williams. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2005


Module 4. Without Citizenship: Another Cosmopolitanism (6 hours)

Without Citizenship - considered as the relationship of developers and to-be-developed, a hybridized forms of knowledge as a reason of transformation of citizenship, that is transnational social relation.

First, we look at the basic theories of citizenship in order to find out the most important concepts included. Then we should discuss the problem of erosion of this phenomenon, such as flexibility, mutations, situational erosion as the results of the new imperialism and colonialism.


Week 10. Citizenship and Belonging (2 hours)

Reading list in Russian:

Бауман З. Индивидуализированное общество. М., 2002

Хабермас Ю. Моральное сознание и политическое действие. СПб, 2000.


Reading list in English

Citizenship and National Identity from Colonialism to Globalism. 1997

Jobu Lie. Modern peoplehood. 2004


Supplementary reading:

David A. Hollinger. Cosmopolitanism and Solidarity. Studies in Ethnoracial, Religious, and Professional Affiliation in the United States. 2006


Week 11 и 12. Seminar: Erosions of Citizenship (4 hours)

Reading list in Russian


Reading list in English:

Ong, Aihwa. Flexible Citizenship. Duke University Press, 1999


Balibar, Etienne. "Ambiguous Universality." // Differences: a Journal of Feminist Studies 7.1 (1995): 48-74.


Supplementary reading:

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. "Transnationality and Multiculturalist Ideology." // Between the Lines: South Asians and Postcoloniality. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1996. 64-89.

Aihwa Ong. Mutations of Citizenship // Theory Culture and Society. Special Issue on problematizing Global Knowledge. V. 23, 2-3, Mach-May 2006, pp. 499-505


Module 5. Multiculturalism: Who disagree? (6 hours)

Topic of Multiculturalism - defines the most important source of the intercultural communications in Europe as well as multicultural tendencies as European expansion of the world. This Set is used to pull together the first and second sets of topics respectively by looking at group rights and multicultural models in policy.

We begin with the historical introduction to the Multiculturalism, trying to look at this concept as connected with the main characteristics of the process of globalisation (celebration of the cultural diversity values, ideological ground of the new policy standard on the one side, and new imperial movement on the other).


Week 13 и 14. History of Multiculturalism (4 hours)

Reading list in Russian:

Берри Дж. и др. Кросс-культурная психология. М, 2007

Триандис Г. Культура и социальное поведение. М, 2007


Reading list in English

Kymlicka, Will. Multicultural Citizenship.Oxford, 1995

Taylor, Charles. Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Princeton, 1994


Supplementary reading:

David Bennet. Multicultural States. Rethinking Difference and Identity. London: Routledge, 1998

John W. Berry. Sociopsychological Costs and Benefits of Multiculturalism. Economic Council of Canada, 1991

Tully, James. Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995

Week 15. Seminar: Multiculturalism and New Imperialism (2 hours)

Reading list in Russian

Национализм в мировой истории / Под ред. В. А. Тишкова и В. А. Шнирельмана. М.: Наука, 2007

Reading list in English

Appiah, Kwame. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a world of strangers. 2006


Supplementary reading:

Young, Robert. "Hybridity and Diaspora." // Colonial Desire : Hybridity in Theory, Culture and Race. London: Routledge, 1995. 1-28; 183-7


Module 6. Reading «Ulterior”: Salman Rushdie (6 hours)

The set is devoted to analysis of phenomenon of Salman Rushdie, widely discussed Indian-British author. His works are considered as a reflecton of Local-Global dimensions in Postcolonial environment of Europe. Key concepts: Postcolonial literature, Localism, Globalism, Mixed Identity, Hybridization, Mediation, Diversity Management.

Week 16. Seminar: Phenomenon of Salman Rushdie (2 hours)


Reading list in Russian

Салман Рушди. Сатанинские стихи// http://tkihi.narod.ru/frame.htm


Reading list in English

Salman Rushdi. Satanic verses (any edition)// http://tkihi.narod.ru/frame.htm


Supplementary reading:

Waldron, Jeremy, 1993. Liberal Rights: Collected Papers 1981–91


Week 17. Localism, Globalism in the Postcolonial Literature (4 hours)

Reading list in Russian

С. Рушди. Дети полуночи / Midnights Children, 2006

С. Рушди. Стыд / Shame, 2007


Reading list in English

S. Rushdie. Midnight’s Children, 2006

S. Rushdie. Shame, 2007


Supplementary reading:

Parekh, Bhikhu. Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory. Harvard, 2002.

Mike Featherstone (ed.), Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalization and Modernity (a Theory, Culture & Society Special Issue). London: Sage Publications. 1994


2.3.Reading list

Reading list in Russian:

Салман Рушди. Сатанинские стихи // http://tkihi.narod.ru/frame.htm

Салман Рушди. Восток-Запад, 2007

Салман Рушди. Дети полуночи. 2006

Салман Рушди. Стыд. 2006


Грамши А. Тюремные тетради (любое издание)

Альтюссер Л. Государственные идеологические аппараты (любое издание)

Андерсон Б. Воображаемые сообщества. М, 2000

Ленин В.И. Империализм как высшая стадия капитализма (любое издание)

Саид Э. Ориентализм. М., 1995

Негри А. Империя. М, 2004

Балибар Э., Валлерстайн И. Раса, нация, класс. Двусмысленные идентичности. – М., 2003

Берри Дж. и др. Кросс-культурная психология. М, 2007

Национализм в мировой истории / Под ред. В. А. Тишкова и В. А. Шнирельмана. М.: Наука, 2007

Малахов В.А. Неудобства с идентичностью // http://www.archipelag.ru/geoculture/new_ident/interpretatio/discomfort/

Х. Бхабха. Локализации культуры. (любое издание)


Reading list in English

Althusser, Louis. On Ideology. Verso, 2008

Appadurai, Arjun, Modernity at Large. Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996

Appiah, Kwame. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a world of strangers. 2006

Barry, Brian. Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. Harvard, 2001.

Bhabha, Homi K. Nation and Narration. London: Routledge, 1990.

Citizenship and National Identity from Colonialism to Globalism. 1997

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference. Princeton. 2001

Chatterjee, Partha. Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World. London, UN Books, 1986


Cooper, Frederick. Tensions of empire: colonial cultures in a bourgeois world. 1997

Eagleton, Terry. Ideology. An Introduction. Verso, 2007

Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. Pluto Press, 1986

Mike Featherstone (ed.), Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalization and Modernity (a Theory, Culture & Society Special Issue). London: Sage Publications. 1994

Gramsci, Antonio, Prison Notebooks. Columbia University Press, 1996

David A. Hollinger. Cosmopolitanism and Solidarity. Studies in Ethnoracial, Religious, and Professional Affiliation in the United States. 2006

Identities. Ed. Laura Garcia-Moreno and Peter C. Pfeiffer. Columbia, SC : Camden House, c1996.

Kymlicka, Will. Multicultural Citizenship.Oxford, 1995

Jobu Lie. Modern peoplehood. 2004

Ong, Aihwa. Flexible Citizenship. Duke University Press, 1999

Postcolonial Studies and Beyond/ Ed. Ania Loomba ets. Duke Un. Press. 2006

Said, Edward. Orientalism. Vintage Books, 1979

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. Can the Subaltern Speak? // Marxism and the interpretation of Culture. Ed. Cary Nelson and Larry Grossberg. Chicago: Uni of Illinois P, 1988): 271-313

Taylor, Charles. Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Princeton, 1994

Young, Robert. Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction. Blackwell, 2001


Suplementary reading list

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. Is the Post in Postmodernism the Post- in Postcolonial? // Critical Inquiry 17 (Winter 1991): 336-57.

Balibar, Etienne. Ambiguous Universality // Differences: a Journal of Feminist Studies 7.1 (1995): 48-74.

Between the Lines: South Asians and Postcoloniality. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1996.

Dirlik, Arif. The Postcolonial Aura: Third World Criticism in the Age of Global Capitalism// Critical Inquiry 20 (Winter 1994): 328-56.

Guha, Ranajit. "Preface" & "On Some Aspects of the Historiography of Colonial India." // Selected Subaltern Studies. Ed. Ranjit Guha & G. C. Spivak. New York: OUP, 1988

Kant, Immanuel. Perpetual Peace. Hackett Publishing House, 1983

Noiriel, Gerard. The French Melting Pot...1996

Nussbaum, Martha C. “Kant and Cosmopolitanism.” // Perpetual Peace: Essays on Kant's Cosmopolitan Ideal, ed. James Bohman and Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, 25-57. Cambridge: MIT, 1997

Ong, Aihwa. Mutations of Citizenship // Theory Culture and Society. Special Issue on problematizing Global Knowledge. V. 23, 2-3, Mach-May 206, pp. 499-505

Parekh, Bhikhu. Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory. Harvard, 2002.

Postcolonial Wales/ed. by Jane Aaron and Chris Williams. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2005

Keith Robbins. Great Britain. Identities, Institutions and the Idea of Britishness. Longman, London, 1998

Said, Edward. Culture and Imperialism. 1993

Selected Subaltern Studies. Ed. Ranjit Guha & G. C. Spivak. New York: OUP, 1988

Goran Therborn. European Modernity and Beyond. Routledge, London, 1995

Tully, James. Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995

Steven Vertovec. Multi-multiculturalisms// Multicultural policies and the state: a comparison of two European societies/ed. by Marco Martiniello. Utrecht University, the Netherlands, 1998

Waldron, Jeremy, 1993. Liberal Rights: Collected Papers 1981–91

Young, Robert. Hybridity and Diaspora // Colonial Desire : Hybridity in Theory, Culture and Race. London: Routledge, 1995






1 This syllabus has been produced under experience of teaching courses in the University of California (Berkeley) and University of Leeds


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