Environmental Sustainability Indicator Collections




НазваниеEnvironmental Sustainability Indicator Collections
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SEDAC Compendium of

Environmental Sustainability Indicator Collections

Version 1 - Metadata


Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)

Columbia University


This document provides background information (metadata) such as data source, dates and methodology for each of the indicators included in the SEDAC Compendium of Environmental Sustainability Indicators. The compendium includes several collections of national-level sustainability indicators, as described in the following table. The compendium includes both “raw” data/variables and aggregated indices. It also includes ancillary data such as dummy variables for land locked and small island countries, population, GDP, and land area.


Indicator Collection

Short Name

Indicator # Range

Source

2006 Environmental Performance Index

EPI 2006

1-39

Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and Bridget Anderson (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

2005 Environmental Sustainability Index

ESI 2005

40-142

Esty, Daniel C., Marc Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, and Alexander de Sherbinin (2005). 2005 Environmental Sustainability Index: Benchmarking National Environmental Stewardship. New Haven: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

2004 Environmental Vulnerability Index

EVI 2004

143-253

Kaly, U.L., Pratt, C.R. and Mitchell, J. 2004. The Demonstration Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) 2004. SOPAC Technical Report 384.

Rio to Johannes-burg Dashboard of Sustainability

Rio to Johannesburg Dashboard

254-288

O’Connor, John, and Jochen Jesinghaus. 2001. Rio to Johannesbur Dashboard of Sustainability, http://esl.jrc.it/envind/dashbrds.htm

The Wellbeing of Nations

Wellbeing of Nations

289-411

Prescott-Allen, Robert. 2001. The Wellbeing of Nations: A Country-by-Country Index of Quality of Life and the Environment. Washington, DC: Island Press.


Table of Contents


Collection 1: 2006 Environmental Performance Index 2

Collection 2: 2005 Environmental Sustainability Index 20

Collection 3: 2004 Environmental Vulnerability Index 77

Collection 4: Rio to Johannesburg Dashboard 169

Collection 5: Wellbeing of Nations 187

Ancillary Data 271


Work supported by NASA under contract NAS5-03117 with Goddard Space Flight Center. The views expressed in this compendium are not necessarily those of CIESIN, Columbia University, nor NASA.


Copyright © 2006 Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York

Collection 1: 2006 Environmental Performance Index


Indicator EPI2006 Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 1 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Environmental Performance Index (EPI)

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2006

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

Methodology The Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) centers on two broad environmental protection objectives: (1) reducing environmental stresses on human health, and (2) promoting ecosystem vitality and sound natural resource management. Derived from a careful review of the environmental literature, these twin goals mirror the priorities expressed by policymakers. Environmental health and ecosystem vitality are gauged using sixteen indicators tracked in six well-established policy categories: Environmental Health, Air Quality, Water Resources, Productive Natural Resources, Biodiversity and Habitat, and Sustainable Energy. The Pilot 2006 EPI utilizes a proximity-to-target methodology focused on a core set of environmental outcomes linked to policy goals for which every government should be held accountable. By identifying specific targets and measuring how close each country comes to them, the EPI provides a factual foundation for policy analysis and a context for evaluating performance. Issue-by-issue and aggregate rankings facilitate cross-country comparisons both globally and within relevant peer groups. The EPI is the result of collaboration among the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy (YCELP), Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), the World Economic Forum, and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission.

The EPI represents an unweighted average of two broad objectives - Environmental Health

(which includes the Environmental Health policy category) and Ecosystem Vitality and Natural

Resource Management (which includes the following policy categories: Air Quality, Water

Resources, Biodiversity and Habitat, Productive Natural Resources, and Sustainable Energy).


Indicator ENVHEALEPI Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 2 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Environmental Health

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2006

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

Methodology The Environmental Health policy category represents a weighted average of the following

indicators (weights in parentheses):

Urban particulates (.13)

Indoor airpollution (.22)

Drinking water (.22)

Adequate sanitation (.22)

Child mortality (.21)

Indicator BIODIVEPI Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 3 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Biodiversity and Habitat

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2006

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

Methodology The Biodiversity and Habitat policy category represents a weighted average of the following

indicators (weights in parentheses):

Wilderness Protection (.39)

Ecoregion Protection (.39)

Timber Harvest Rate (.15)

Water Consumption (.07)


Indicator ENERGYEPI Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 4 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Sustainable Energy

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2006

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

Methodology The Sustainable Energy policy category represents a weighted average of the following

indicators (weights in parentheses):

Energy Efficiency (.43)

Renewable Energy (.10)

CO2 per GDP (.47)

Indicator WATEREPI Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 5 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Water Resources

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2006

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

Methodology The Water Resources policy category represents an unweighted average of the following

indicators: Nitrogen Loading and Water Consumption.

Indicator AIREPI Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 6 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Air Quality

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2006

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

Methodology The Air Quality policy category represents an unweighted average of the following indicators:

Urban Particulates and Regional Ozone.


Indicator RESMGTEPI Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 7 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Productive Resource Management

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2006

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy.

Methodology The Productive Resource Management policy category represents an unweighted average of

the following indicators:

Timber Harvest Rate

Overfishing

Agricultural Subsidies


Indicator MORTALITYRAW Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 8 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Child Mortality

Units Deaths per 1000 population aged 1-4

Reference Year 2000-2005

Source United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division: World

Population Prospects DEMOBASE extract. 2005. Age Specific Mortality Rate by Age (mx) -

Medium variant, Revision 2004. Available at: http://esa.un.org/unpp/

Methodology This variable was incorporated from the UN Population Division's DEMOBASE. These data form

part of the Population Division's consistent time series estimates and projections of population

trends and, as such, are adjusted data derived from empirical data on mortality reported in

survey results or vital statistics.


Indicator MORTALITYEPI Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 9 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Child Mortality (proximity to target)

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2000-2005

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson. (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy, and Palisades NY: Center for International Earth

Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University.

Methodology Based on the variable MORTALITYRAW, data were converted to a proximity to target

measure, with 0 deaths per 1,000 children being the target.


Indicator INDOORRAW Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 10 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Indoor Air Pollution

Units Percentage of households using solid fuels, adjusted for ventilation

Reference Year 2004

Source Smith KR, Mehta S, Maeusezahl-Feuz M, Indoor smoke from household solid fuels, in Ezzati M,

Rodgers AD, Lopez AD, Murray CJL (eds) Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Global

and Regional Burden of Disease due to Selected Major Risk Factors, Geneva: World Health

Organization, Vol 2 pp. 1435-1493, 2004.

Methodology Solid fuel use is defined as the household combustion of coal or biomass (such as dung,

charcoal, wood, or crop residues). The approach taken in this guide is based on a binary

classification scheme for exposure levels, separating the study population into those exposed

to solid fuel use and those not exposed followed by the application of relative risks derived

from a comprehensive review of the current epidemiological literature on solid fuel use. Central

estimates used. For China, original data provided separately for children and adults. These

values were averaged. A single value was provided covering both Ethiopia and Eritrea. This

was applied to both countries. We assigned the value of 0 for both Iceland and Malta.


Indicator INDOOREPI Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 11 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Indoor Air Pollution (proximity to target)

Units Proximity to target (0-100 range with 100 being the target)

Reference Year 2004

Source Esty, Daniel C., Marc A. Levy, Tanja Srebotnjak, Alexander de Sherbinin, Christine H. Kim, and

Bridget Anderson. (2006). Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven: Yale

Center for Environmental Law & Policy, and Palisades NY: Center for International Earth

Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University.

Methodology Based on the variable INDOORRAW, the data were converted to a proximity to target measure,

with 0 percent of households using solid fuels without adequate ventilation being the target.

Indicator WATSUPRAW Collection EPI 2006

Indicator # 12 Sub-Index

Indicator Name Drinking Water Access

Units Percentage of population with access to an improved water source

Reference Year 1990 and 2002

Source Millennium Indicator: 'Water, percentage of population with sustainable access to improved

drinking water sources, total (WHO-UNICEF).' Data last updated on 10 November 2004. Found

at: http://millenniumindicators.un.org/unsd/mi/mi_series_results.asp?rowId=665. Accessed on

23 September 2005. Additional source information: World Health Organization and United

Nations Children's Fund. Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council. Global Water

Supply and Sanitation Assessment, 2000 Report, Geneva and New York. Updated data

available at http://www.childinfo.org

Methodology "Improved" water supply technologies are: household connection, public standpipe, borehole,

protected dug well, protected spring, rainwater collection. "Not improved" are: unprotected
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