A compendium of Case studies for the australian innovation system report 2011




НазваниеA compendium of Case studies for the australian innovation system report 2011
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James Cook University

Science and Policy for the Great Barrier Reef


For decades researchers at James Cook University (JCU) and other institutions, have conducted research on the World Heritage listed Great Barrier Reef (GBR) including human impacts such as overfishing, pollution, and climate change.

Informed by this research, the Commonwealth Government rezoned the GBR in 2004 to increase no-take ‘green zones’ from 5% to 33% to establish a large-scale network of marine reserves.

In 2010, scientists from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at JCU, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, and CSIRO published a comprehensive study of the impacts of the zoning policy.

Their analysis demonstrated that:

  1. fish densities on no-take reefs were twice those of unprotected reefs;

  2. fish populations had increased significantly across the ecosystem;

  3. outbreaks of crown-of-thorns starfish were fewer on no-take reefs; and

  4. protected areas were especially important in maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem structure and function.

These results show the rezoning is an excellent investment in social, economic and environmental terms and a cost-effective way to enhance the resilience of the reef to climate change.

The rezoning is an exemplar of evidence based policy and highlights the benefits of good feedback loops between research excellence, engagement and adaptive policy and management strategies.

The quality of GBR research is globally recognised with the ARC Centre of Excellence being the world’s Number 1 ranked institution in the ISI Web of Science, for both publications and citations in coral reef research.

For further information:

http://www.jcu.edu.au/research/

Monash University

Building Industry Skills in Green Chemistry


The Monash Centre for Green Chemistry (CfGC) formally began as an ARC Special Research Centre in January 2000. CfGC was one of the world’s first university-based research organisations dedicated to Green Chemistry, and its goal of driving sustainable manufacturing practices into industry has resonated strongly with the sector’s needs. In June 2010, Monash University announced that, with support from the Federal Government, it would establish a $72.8 million multidisciplinary hub, Green Chemical Futures (GCF). GCF will serve as a pipeline for the technologies and human resources needed by an industry striving for a lower environmental footprint, and positioning Monash and Australia as a location of choice for R&D into sustainable technologies for this sector.

CfGC has unique skills in a number of key sustainable industrial technology areas, particularly in novel manufacturing, while operating alongside and networking with some of the largest academic and commercial organisations internationally. As well as contributing to more sustainable technology outcomes, the CfGC has been an important player in establishing and growing Australia’s green-economy workforce. Since 2000, the Centre has employed 101 research fellows/assistants and produced over 70 PhD graduates that have subsequently gone to industry (49%), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) (8%) and public/private research (40%).

For further information:

www.monash.edu.au

RMIT University

Increasing Australia’s Preparedness for and Responses to Bushfire Threats


RMIT researchers from various disciplines are working to address the negative consequences of climate change, in particular the increased likelihood and intensity of bushfires. RMIT researchers play a critical role in the Bushfires Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) and have worked with key partners to undertake research on a range of bushfire issues. The “Black Saturday” bushfires that devastated Victoria in February 2009 served to underscore the importance and impact of this research.

RMIT’s Professor John Handmer was a leading adviser to the Bushfire CRC Research Taskforce established immediately after the Black Saturday fires and was one of several RMIT researchers who provided expert testimony to the Bushfires Royal Commission and analysis of key bushfire research findings. A survey of people affected by the Black Saturday bushfires designed by Professor Handmer and his colleagues provided insights into how people prepared, how they reacted, and how they were dealing with the recovery and is helping to shape how agencies engage with communities dealing with bushfire threats. In addition, RMIT researchers have developed practical tools to evaluate community safety policies and programs and promote community resilience.

RMIT’s research partners include the National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility and Victorian Government agencies such as the Office of the Emergency Services Commissioner, the Department of Sustainability and Environment and the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. RMIT research students are supported by and make a valuable contribution to the Bushfires CRC’s research programs.

For further information:

http://www.rmit.edu.au/
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