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Jan 2, President Nixon signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 mph.
Jan 21, The U.S. Supreme Court decided that pregnant teachers could no longer be forced to take long leaves of absence.
Mar 1, A grand jury in Washington, DC, concluded that President Nixon was indeed involved in the Watergate cover-up.
Apr 8, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hit his 715th career home run in a game against the Los Angeles Dodgers, breaking Babe Ruth's record.
May 18, India became the sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb. India conducted its first nuclear tests and then halted testing.
Jul 19, The House Judiciary Committee recommended that President Richard Nixon should stand trial in the Senate for any of the five impeachment charges against him.
Aug 8, President Nixon announced he would resign his office 12PM Aug 9, following damaging revelations in the Watergate scandal.
Aug 9, Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as the 38th US President
Sep 8, President Gerald Ford pardoned former President Richard M. Nixon for any crimes arising from the Watergate scandal he may have committed while in office.
Sep 25, Scientists warned that continued use of aerosol sprays will cause ozone depletion, which will lead to an increased risk of skin cancer and global weather changes.
Oct 30, Muhammad Ali and George Foreman held their "Rumble In the Jungle" boxing match in Kinshasa, Zaire. Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout to regain his world heavyweight title,
-In Guyana a small group of pioneers from the Peoples Temple moved to what would become Jamestown after Jim Jones acquired a 25-year lease on 3,853 acres in the Orinoco River basin.
Mar 5, The Homebrew Computer Club, founded by peace activist Fred Moore, held its first meeting in Menlo Park, Ca. It was an outgrowth of the store-front based People’s Computer Co. The meeting inspired Steve Wozniak to design and build the first Apple computer.
Mar 25, Hue was lost and Da Nang was endangered. The U.S. ordered a refugee airlift to remove those in danger. The South Vietnamese army is now in full retreat.
Mar 30, As the North Vietnamese forces moved toward Saigon, desperate South Vietnamese soldiers mobbed rescue jets. Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap masterminded the North Vietnamese victory. Da Nang fell as 100,000 South Vietnamese soldiers surrender after being abandoned by their commanding officers.
Apr 4, The first group of boat people from Vietnam began arriving in Malaysia. More than 1 million people fled from the close of the war to the early 1980s.
Apr 15, Karen Ann Quinlan went into a coma after drinking several gin-and-tonics on top of a mild tranquilizer. She lived in a coma for over 10 more years. The New Jersey Supreme Court allowed the removal of the respirator that assisted her in 1976.
April 17, The US-backed Lon Nol government of Cambodia surrendered to the Khmer Rouge. The nominal leader of the Khmer Rouge was Khieu Samphan. Pol Pot, leader of the Khmer Rouge (Red Cambodia), occupied the capital Phnom Penh ending Cambodia's five-year war. This began the brutal regime that resulted in the death of one to three million people. The Khmer Rouge began to immediately clear Phnom Penh. Agrarian communism was forced on the people and purges extended from the leadership down to the masses. The country was renamed Democratic Kampuchea. After the Khmer Rouge took power they employed a system of forced marriages to help engineer a classless society.
Apr 30, The city of Saigon fell to the North Vietnamese and National Liberation Front forces. The last American forces evacuated Saigon as South Vietnam surrendered unconditionally to the Communist North Vietnamese.
Jul 19, The Apollo and Soyuz space capsules that were linked in orbit for two days separated.
Sep 19, The British sitcom "Fawlty Towers," created by John Cleese, premiered.
Sep 22, President Gerald R. Ford dodged a second assassination in less than three weeks. Sara Jane Moore, an FBI informer and self-proclaimed revolutionary, attempted to shoot President Ford outside a San Francisco hotel, but missed.
Sep 29, Peter Sutcliffe, who became known as the Yorkshire Ripper, killed his 1st victim.
Oct 17, A UN committee passed a resolution saying "Zionism is a form of racism."
Nov 11, Angola proclaimed independence from Portugal. Civil war began following the 14-year fight for independence.
Dec 6, The US Congress authorized a $2.3 billion emergency loan to save New York City from bankruptcy.
-Proctor & Gambol introduced the dehydrated potato flakes known as Pringles. Chip makers filed suit on the chip name and Pringles were redefined as potato crisps.
-Gary Dahl, a California advertising man, dreamed up the pet rock fad.
- Paul Allen and Bill Gates began working on the first computer language for personal computers. Allen became a minority owner with a 35% stake.
Jan 30, George Bush became the 11th director of the CIA replacing William E. Colby. Bush revived the reputation of the organization and left it Jan 20, 1977.
Feb 18, Pres. Gerald Ford signed an executive order prohibiting US officials from plotting or engaging in political assassination.
Apr 1, Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs founded Apple Computer. They incorporated Jan 3, 1977.
Jun 26, The CN Tower in Toronto, at this time the world’s tallest free-standing structure (553 meters), opened to the public.
Jun 27, An Air France Airbus flight AF139, from Tel Aviv to Paris, was hijacked shortly after departing Athens and taken to Uganda.
Jul 3, Israel launched its daring mission to rescue 103 passengers and Air France crew members being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers.
Jul 4, The nation held a 200th anniversary party across the land in celebration of America's 200 years of independence. President Ford made stops in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, Independence Hall in Philadelphia, and New York, where more than 200 ships paraded up the Hudson River in Operation Sail.
Jul 14, Canada abolished the death penalty.
Aug 27, Transsexual Renee Richards was barred from competing in US Tennis Open in Forest Hills, NY.
Oct 6, The so-called "Gang of Four," Chairman Mao Tse-tung's widow, Jiang Qing, and 3 associates, Yao Wenyuan, and Wang Hongwen) were arrested in Peking, setting in motion an extended period of turmoil in the Chinese Communist Party.
Nov 2, Former Georgia Gov. (James Earl) Jimmy Carter defeated Republican incumbent Gerald R. Ford, becoming the 39th president and the first from the Deep South since the Civil War.
Nov 15, Rene Levesque's "Parti Quebecois" won elections in Quebec. The pro-independence Parti Quebecois first came to power.
-Alex Haley published "Roots," based on his search of his African ancestry. It won a Pulitzer Prize and was made into a TV mini-series.
-In Zaire (later Congo) the Ebola virus was discovered and named after a river there. The Ebola virus was 1st identified in western Sudan and the nearby region of Congo. The virus can stop blood from clotting causing patients to bleed. An outbreak of the Ebola virus killed 280 people, most of whom were infected by reused syringes and needles.
Jan 21, US President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders as long as they had not been involved in violent acts.
Feb 6, Queen Elizabeth marked her Silver Jubilee.
Apr 26, NY's famed disco Studio 54 opened. It closed in March, 1986.
Jun 2, New Jersey Gov. Brendan T. Byrne signed a law allowing casino gambling in Atlantic City.
Jun 5, The first Apple II personal computers went on sale.
Jul 13, A 25-hour power blackout hit the New York City area and looters rampaged in the city after lightning struck upstate power lines. Some 9 million people were affected.
Jul 22, In China Deng Xiaoping was named vice-premier.
Aug 16, Elvis Presley (b.1935), The "King" of rock-n-roll, died
Aug 18, In South Africa Steve Biko and Peter Jones were picked up by police at Grahamstown. They were arrested at a police roadblock under the Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967. Biko suffered a major head injury while in police custody, was chained to a window grille for a day and died on Sep 12.
Sep 7, Pres. Carter and Gen'l. Torrijos signed the Panama Canal treaties (the Torrijos-Carter Treaties) in Washington, DC. The 2 treaties abrogated the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty of 1903 and called for the US to eventually turn over control of the waterway to Panama.
Sep 20, The first wave of Southeast Asian "boat people" arrived in San Francisco under a new U.S. resettlement program.
Oct 18, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner that was on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers, Palestinians of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
Nov 20, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to address Israel's parliament.
Dec 25, Israeli PM Menachem Begin met Egyptian Pres. Sadat in Egypt.
Dec 30, Ted Bundy, serial killer, escaped from jail in Colorado. His absence was not noticed until the next day. He was re-captured in Florida on February 15, 1978, after 3 more murders.
-Microsoft was formed as a partnership.
-RCA sold a videocassette recorder (VCR) for $1,000.
-CP/M version 2.2 added expanded disk formatting tables which could allow access to up to 8 (eight) megabytes per drive in up to 8 (eight) total drives. It was version 2.2 that became the megahit that dominated microcomputing almost from its outset.
-The viral disease smallpox was declared eradicated by the World Health Organization (WHO).
-In Canada English was banned in Quebec.
The United Nations imposed an arms embargo against South Africa to pressure it to end apartheid.
Jan 1, The US Federal Minimum Wage, set at $2.65 an hour in November 1977, became effective.
Jan 15, Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman, two students at Florida State University in Tallahassee, were murdered in their sorority house. Theodore Bundy was later convicted of the crime, and executed.
Mar 3, In Rhodesia Ian Smith, Bishop Abel Muzorewa, Rev. Sithole and Senator Chirau signed an internal settlement to bring black majority rule into effect by Dec 31.
Mar 14, An Israeli force of 22,000 invaded south Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases.
May 25, A package bomb injured Terry Marker, a Northwestern Univ. security guard. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
Jun, The Afghan guerrilla (Mujahideen) movement was born.
Jul 28, Price of gold topped the $200 per oz level for 1st time.
Sep 5-1978 Sep 17, US Pres. Carter, Menachem Begin of Israel and Anwar Sadat of Egypt met at Camp David, Md.
Sep 6, Bulgarian defector Georgi Markov, living in London, was stabbed in the leg by a man carrying an umbrella;
Sep 16, The Grateful Dead performed at the Great Pyramid of Giza. Hanza Sep 17, US Pres. Carter, Menachem Begin of Israel and Anwar Sadat of Egypt signed agreements at Camp David, Md. Israel promised to withdraw gradually from Sinai and to establish some form of autonomous Palestinian territory on the West Bank.
Nov 18, in Jonestown, Guyana, California Rep. Leo J. Ryan and four other people, investigating the Jim Jones cult, were killed by members of the Peoples Temple. Greg Robinson, a SF Examiner photographer, Don Harris, NBC correspondent, Bob Brown, NBC cameraman, and Patricia Parks, a temple defector, were shot dead. Congressional aide Jackie Speier survived 5 bullets. The killings were followed by a night of mass murder and suicide by 909 cult members led by Rev. Jim Jones.
Dec 25, Vietnam invaded Cambodia and drove the Khmer Rouge into sanctuaries along the Thai border, finally ending the mass genocide
-The "Space Invaders" computer game became the first video game mega-hit and spurred sales of the Atari 2600.
Jan 7, The Vietnamese army captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.
Jan 16, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi fled Iran for Egypt as millions united with Ayatollah Khomeini calling for his death. The Shah of Iran was overthrown in a revolution led from exile by the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who established a Muslim Theocracy.
Feb 17, China invaded Vietnam and began a "pedagogical" war against Vietnam. China completed its withdrawal on March 19.
Mar 28, America's worst commercial nuclear accident occurred inside the Unit Two reactor at the Three Mile Island plant near Middletown, Pa., almost to meltdown.
Apr 11, Idi Amin was deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by Tanzanian forces seized control of Kampala. Amin escaped to Libya and settled into exile in Saudi Arabia.
May 3, Britain held general elections. Conservative Party leader Margaret Thatcher was chosen to become Britain's first female prime minister
Jun 13, Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South Dakota.
Jun 18, President Carter and Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev signed the SALT II strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna. The agreement set a ceiling on long-range bombers and missiles and limited development to only one new land-base missile system for the duration of the treaty.
Jul 11, The abandoned 78-ton US space station Skylab made a spectacular return to Earth, burning up in the atmosphere and showering debris over the Indian Ocean and Western Australia. Solar storms were blamed for Skylab’s premature fall back.
Jul 16, Saddam Hussein succeeded Premier al-Bakr and became president of Iraq
Jul 19, The Nicaraguan capital of Managua fell to Sandinista guerrillas, two days after President Anastasio Somoza fled the country.
Jul 23, A Miami jury convicted Theodore Bundy of first-degree murder in the slayings of Florida State University sorority sisters Margaret Bowman and Lisa Levy. In 1980 he was convicted of the murder and rape of Kimberly Leach (12). Bundy eventually confessed to more than 30 killings and was executed in 1989.
Aug 30, Hurricane David devastated the tiny Caribbean island of Dominica as it began a rampage through the Caribbean and up the eastern seaboard of the United States that claimed some 1,100 lives.
Sep 7, The Chrysler Corporation petitioned the United States government for $1.5 billion in loan guarantees to avoid bankruptcy.
Nov 4, The US Embassy was taken over by Iranian students and a hostage crisis began. 90 people, including 63 Americans, were taken hostage at the American embassy in Teheran, Iran, by militant student followers of Ayatollah Khomeini who demanded the return of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to Iran for trial
Nov 5, Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini declared US "The Great Satan."
Nov 15, A package bomb aboard a commercial flight from Chicago exploded and forced an emergency landing at Dulles Airport. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
Nov 18, Ayatollah Khomeini said the rest of the US hostages may be tried as spies if the Shah is not released.
Dec 3, In Ohio 11 people were killed in a crush of fans at Cincinnati's Riverfront Coliseum, where The Who, a British rock group, was performing.
Dec 25, Large numbers of Soviet airborne forces joined stationed ground troops and began to land in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Dec 27, Soviet forces seized control of Afghanistan after a 2nd leftist coup. The Soviet backed coup ousted leftists and put a more pro-Moscow regime in power in Kabul. Babrak Karmal became the new puppet leader and Soviet troops bolstered his rule against Muslim resistance fighters.
-Gary Larson, Seattle humane society investigator, began his career as a cartoonist
-PCB’s (polychlorinated biphenyls) were banned in the US. They had been used in the manufacture of electronic capacitors and transformers.
-The Motorola 68000 microprocessor made its debut. It was chosen to be used in the Macintosh Computer, which introduced the first graphical user interface.
-Japan’s Sony Corp. introduced the Walkman, the 1st personal headphone stereo.
-AIDS was diagnosed for the first time. the so-called "gay cancer" appearing on the bodies of some homosexuals dying of the disease.
-In China Deng Xiaoping launched his "open door" policies and trade reform. -China adopted a family planning policy that limited families to one child.
-Osama bin Laden left Saudi Arabia to fight against the Soviets in Afghanistan, where he laid the groundwork for his al-Qaeda network.
В публикации изложена точка зрения автора в отношении содержания и соотношения таких понятий как уголовная и уголовно-правовая политика...