In college of Forest Resources and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China




НазваниеIn college of Forest Resources and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
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Дата конвертации09.02.2013
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p<0.10), while the biomass of straw, root and grain all increased significantly (p<0.05). Though available nutrients were distributed with different ratios in different plant parts, total nitrogen (N) in the grain tended to increase with years of use (p<0.10), while total P and K in the straw increased significantly (p<0.05). Soil microbial biomass and activities of beta -fructofuranosidase and urease tended to decrease after the pot-culture experiment, while the correlations between these biochemical properties and field ages were similar to those before this experiment, suggesting that rice cultivation without fertilization consumed part of soil microbial biomass, decreased soil enzyme activities correlated with C and N transformation and negatively affected soil nutrient status. These results indicated that fertility quality and sustainable utilization of paddy soils were based on the recycling of crop available nutrients by returning straw to the farmland or by fertilizer application.

RN - 9001-57-4

RN - 7727-37-9

RN - 9002-13-5

CC - Plant Production [FF100]

CC - Fertilizers and other Amendments [JJ700]

CC - Soil Morphology, Formation and Classification [JJ400]

CC - Field Crops [FF005]

MH - agricultural land

MH - beta-fructofuranosidase

MH - biomass

MH - cultivation

MH - fertilizers

MH - nitrogen

MH - nutrients

MH - paddy soils

MH - properties

MH - recycling

MH - rice

MH - soil

MH - soil types (anthropogenic)

MH - straw

MH - transformation

MH - urease

MH - utilization

MH - Oryza

MH - China

MH - Zhejiang

BT - Eastern China

BT - China

BT - East Asia

BT - Asia

BT - Developing Countries

BT - Poaceae

BT - Cyperales

BT - monocotyledons

BT - angiosperms

BT - Spermatophyta

BT - plants

BT - eukaryotes

ID - Chekiang

ID - farmland

ID - paddy

LG - Chinese

SL - English

PT - Journal article

SS - 0Q

SS - 7U

SS - 0S

SS - CA

SS - AG

SS - CR

SS - EC

SS - SO

SS - ZG

SS - ZS

IS - 1008-505X

UP - 20090415

YR - 2008


<33>

VN - Ovid Technologies

DB - CAB Abstracts

UI - 20093013985

AU - Zhao MeiXiang

AU - Huang Jie

AU - Xia RuiXiang

AU - Xiao Ning

AU - Hong YiHuan

AU - Chen JianMin

IN - College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu, China.

TI - Inheritance and expression of green fluorescent protein gene(gfp) in transgenic barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).

SO - Journal of Triticeae Crops. 2008. 28: 3, 371-376. 23 ref.

PU - Editorial Department of Journal of Triticeae Crops

LP - Shaanxi

CP - China

AB - Four transgenic lines (A, C, D and F) of barley with different expression levels of green fluorescent protein gene (gfp) and a wild-type barley line were reciprocally crossed to study the inheritance the transgene(s) in barley. Detection of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in the root tip and pollen cells of the F2 population showed a segregation ratio of 3:1 and 15:1, respectively, in crosses of transgenic lines carrying single and two inserted gfp genes with wild type barley, indicating that the inserted transgene as target gene was inherited stably as the Mendelian model. The gfp gene expressed with an obvious dosage effect in the hybrid progenies of transgenic barley. The hybrid progenies derived from independent transgenic lines also showed Mendelian inheritance, and some plants displayed higher transgene expression. The hybrid offspring from transgene silenced lines kept its gene silenced. The transgenic inheritance in hybrid offspring and the prospect of application of transgenic materials in conventional breeding program are discussed in this paper.

CC - Plant Breeding and Genetics [FF020]

CC - Molecular Biology and Molecular Genetics [ZZ360]

CC - Genetic Engineering, Gene Transfer and Transgenics [WW100]

CC - Field Crops [FF005]

MH - barley

MH - breeding programmes

MH - gene expression

MH - genes

MH - genetic transformation

MH - inheritance

MH - plant breeding

MH - pollen

MH - progeny

MH - transgenics

MH - Hordeum

MH - Hordeum vulgare

MH - plants

BT - Hordeum

BT - Poaceae

BT - Cyperales

BT - monocotyledons

BT - angiosperms

BT - Spermatophyta

BT - plants

BT - eukaryotes

ID - breeding programs

LG - Chinese

SL - English

PT - Journal article

SS - 7B

SS - 0P

SS - 6T

SS - CA

SS - CR

SS - PL

SS - ZG

SS - ZS

IS - 1009-1041

UP - 20090415

YR - 2008


<34>

VN - Ovid Technologies

DB - CAB Abstracts

UI - 20093013976

AU - Lang ShuPing

AU - Wang HaiYan

AU - Xu HongYan

AU - Xiao Jin

AU - Zhang ShouZhong

AU - Chen PeiDu

AU - Wang XiuE

IN - National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics & Germplasm Enhancement, Cytogenetics Institute, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, China.

TI - Molecular marker-assisted selection of wheat germplasm with pyramided fusarium head blight (Gibberella zeae) resistance and good HMW subunits for bread-making quality.

SO - Journal of Triticeae Crops. 2008. 28: 3, 415-418. 15 ref.

PU - Editorial Department of Journal of Triticeae Crops

LP - Shaanxi

CP - China

AB - The purpose of this research was to develop parental materials and accelerate the process for breeding new varieties with high yield, good quality and high resistance. The scab (or fusarium head blight) resistant wheat variety Sumai 3 was crossed to Annong 94212 or Yangmai 158, which are good for bread-making quality. Four SSR markers flanking the major QTL (Qfhs.ndsu-3BS) from Sumai 3 and two specific markers for high molecular weight (HMW) glutein subunit 1DX5 + 1DY10 were used for marker-assisted selection (MAS). Two pyramided lines with both homozygous Qfhs.ndsu-3BS and 1DX5 + 1DY10 were identified. Field identification of scab resistance indicated that 8 progenies of Line J3316-8 showed better scab resistance than Sumai 3, and 2 progenies of Line J3316-10 showed similar scab resistance to that of Sumai 3. These lines also showed improved agronomic traits compared with Sumai 3 and contained the good bread-making HMW-GS 1DX5 + 1DY10. Therefore, they are recommended as parental materials for wheat breeding. These results further prove that the combination of MAS and traditional breeding methods may greatly enhance breeding efficiency.

CC - Food Composition and Quality [QQ500]

CC - Crop Produce [QQ050]

CC - Host Resistance and Immunity [HH600]

CC - Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Diseases of Plants [FF610]

CC - Plant Breeding and Genetics [FF020]

CC - Molecular Biology and Molecular Genetics [ZZ360]

CC - Field Crops [FF005]

MH - artificial selection

MH - baking quality

MH - breadmaking

MH - breeding methods

MH - disease resistance

MH - genetic markers

MH - germplasm

MH - identification

MH - new variety

MH - plant breeding

MH - plant diseases

MH - plant pathogenic fungi

MH - plant pathogens

MH - progeny

MH - quantitative trait loci

MH - resistance

MH - simple sequence repeats

MH - varieties

MH - wheat

MH - yields

MH - fungi

MH - Fusarium

MH - Gibberella

MH - Gibberella zeae

MH - Triticum

BT - Deuteromycotina

BT - Eumycota

BT - fungi

BT - eukaryotes

BT - Gibberella

BT - Hypocreales

BT - Ascomycotina

BT - Poaceae

BT - Cyperales

BT - monocotyledons

BT - angiosperms

BT - Spermatophyta

BT - plants

ID - baking characteristics

ID - Hyphomycetes

ID - Hypocreaceae

ID - phytopathogens

ID - resistance to disease

LG - Chinese

SL - English

PT - Journal article

SS - 0M

SS - 0Q

SS - 7B

SS - 6T

SS - 0P

SS - CA

SS - PE

SS - CR

SS - PL

SS - ZD

SS - QC

SS - QI

SS - ZS

IS - 1009-1041

UP - 20090415

YR - 2008


<35>

VN - Ovid Technologies

DB - CAB Abstracts

UI - 20093013973

AU - Zheng Yi

AU - Lu WeiZhong

AU - Chen JianMin

AU - Ma HongXiang

IN - Institute of Biotechnology, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, Jiangsu, China.

TI - Genetic analysis on the resistance to Fusarium head blight of a novel resistant barley cultivar Yan 96157.

SO - Journal of Triticeae Crops. 2008. 28: 2, 333. ref.

PU - Editorial Department of Journal of Triticeae Crops

LP - Shaanxi

CP - China

AB - In order to understand the genetic mechanism for the resistance of barley cv. Yan 96157 to FHB (Fusarium head blight), the major gene-polygene mixed inheritance model was applied to a joint analysis of the multi-generations of the cross combination Yan 96157 x Zhe 97-23 (a susceptible variety): P1, F1, P2, B1, B2 and F2. FHB resistance in the cross Yan 96157 and Zhe 97-23 was found to be controlled by two major genes with additive-dominance-epistatic effects plus polygenes with additive-dominance-epistatic effects (E model). Heritability values of major genes in B1, B2 and F2 populations were 44.67, 68.01, and 83.87%, while those of polygenes were 3.53, 20.23, and 5.87%, respectively. Variance of environment ranged from 10.26% to 51.80% in total variance, indicating that the resistance to FHB was influenced by both genotype and environment. The identification of the major genes controlling the resistance to FHB in barley Yan 96157 suggested that the resistance genes could be transferred to other commercial cultivars from Yan 96157 by conventional hybridization.

CC - Plant Production [FF100]

CC - Host Resistance and Immunity [HH600]

CC - Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Diseases of Plants [FF610]

CC - Plant Breeding and Genetics [FF020]

CC - Field Crops [FF005]

MH - barley

MH - breeding methods

MH - cultivars

MH - disease resistance

MH - genes

MH - genetic analysis

MH - genotypes

MH - heritability

MH - hybridization

MH - identification

MH - inheritance

MH - plant pathogenic fungi

MH - plant pathogens

MH - resistance

MH - fungi

MH - Fusarium

MH - Gibberella zeae

MH - Hordeum vulgare

BT - Hordeum

BT - Poaceae

BT - Cyperales

BT - monocotyledons

BT - angiosperms

BT - Spermatophyta

BT - plants

BT - eukaryotes

BT - Gibberella

BT - Hypocreales

BT - Ascomycotina

BT - Eumycota

BT - fungi

BT - Deuteromycotina

ID - cultivated varieties

ID - heritable characters

ID - Hyphomycetes

ID - Hypocreaceae

ID - phytopathogens

ID - resistance to disease

LG - Chinese

SL - English

PT - Journal article

SS - 0M

SS - 0Q

SS - 6T

SS - 0P

SS - CA

SS - PE

SS - CR

SS - PL

SS - QC

SS - QI

SS - ZS

IS - 1009-1041

UP - 20090415

YR - 2008


<36>

VN - Ovid Technologies

DB - CAB Abstracts

UI - 20093013968

AU - Wang Jue

AU - Feng ChaoNian

AU - Guo WenShan

AU - Zhu XinKai

AU - Li ChunYan

AU - Peng YongXin

IN - Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab of Crop Genetics and Physiology/Wheat Research Institute, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu, China.

TI - Effects of high temperature after anthesis on starch traits of grain in wheat.

SO - Journal of Triticeae Crops. 2008. 28: 2, 260-265. ref.

PU - Editorial Department of Journal of Triticeae Crops

LP - Shaanxi

CP - China

AB - In a pot culture and a phytotron experiment, the effects of high temperature (=35 degrees C) after anthesis on grain starch accumulation, damaged starch and crystalline attributes in the soft-gluten wheat cv. Yangmai 15 were investigated. Compared with the control (natural temperature), amounts of amylose, amylopectin and starch accumulation in the grain declined significantly under heat stress at different stages after anthesis, being in the order of control>the 25th to 27th day>the 20th to 22nd day>the 15th to 17th day>the 10th to 12th day>the 5th to 7th day after anthesis, and the effects on grain weight showed a similar trend. A V-shaped change was observed in the change in amylase: amylopectin ratio. Damaged starch content in the grain at maturity in high temperature stress treatments was higher than that in the control. The degree of crystalinity of the starch granules in 35 degrees C and 40 degrees C treatments was lower than that in the control and descended with the postponing of treatment period. Starch crystal's peak values at 15, 17, and 18 degrees were lower in 35 degrees C and 40 degrees C treatments than in the control, but the structure of starch crystalline also showed crystal A type under heat stress. The effects of high temperature after anthesis on wheat starch accumulation, damaged starch and relative crystalinity in earlier stage were stronger than in later stage.

RN - 9037-22-3

RN - 9005-82-7

RN - 9005-25-8

CC - Field Crops [FF005]

MH - amylases

MH - amylopectin

MH - amylose

MH - effects

MH - flowering

MH - growth chambers

MH - heat stress

MH - starch

MH - starch granules

MH - stress

MH - wheat

MH - Triticum

BT - Poaceae

BT - Cyperales

BT - monocotyledons

BT - angiosperms

BT - Spermatophyta

BT - plants

BT - eukaryotes

ID - anthesis

LG - Chinese

SL - English

PT - Journal article

SS - 0Q

SS - 6T

SS - CA

SS - CR

SS - ZS

IS - 1009-1041

UP - 20090415

YR - 2008


<37>

VN - Ovid Technologies

DB - CAB Abstracts

UI - 20093013958

AU - Xing LiPing

AU - Wang HuaZhong

AU - Jiang ZhengNing

AU - Qian Chen

AU - Cao AiZhong

AU - Chen PeiDu

IN - The National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, China.

TI - Optimization of the regeneration culture system from immature embryos and selection for suitable genotypes as transformation acceptors in wheat.

SO - Journal of Triticeae Crops. 2008. 28: 2, 187-192. ref.

PU - Editorial Department of Journal of Triticeae Crops

LP - Shaanxi

CP - China

AB - In the present study, the wheat tissue culture and regeneration system was optimized. Immature embryos from twenty wheat cultivars were used as explants for tissue culture. Different combinations of hormones and their concentrations were applied for callus induction, differentiation and regeneration. The result showed that MXD2 medium containing 500 mg/litre casein hydrolysate,100 mg/litre proline,100 mg/litre glutamine and 40 g/litre maltose was the best for callus induction. As for callus differentiation,1/2MX medium containing 0.5 mg/litre IAA and 1mg/litre ZT had the highest callus differentiation frequency (83.0%). For plantlet regeneration,1/2MX containing 0.5 mg/litre IAA and 0.5 mg/litre MET was the best medium and it gave a high frequency of surviving plants. Significant differences were observed in response to tissue culture among the wheat genotypes studied. Eight varieties including Yangmai 158, Nannong 9918, Jimai 20 and Ningmai 9 were identified to be suitable for immature embryo culture and regeneration and are recommended to be used for genetic transformation.

RN - 56-85-9

RN - 87-51-4

RN - 147-85-3

CC - Plant Production [FF100]

CC - Genetic Engineering, Gene Transfer and Transgenics [WW100]

CC - in vitro Culture of Plant Material [FF170]

CC - Plant Breeding and Genetics [FF020]

CC - Plant Physiology and Biochemistry [FF060]

CC - Plant Morphology and Structure [FF030]

CC - Cell, Tissue and Embryo Manipulation [WW300]

CC - Field Crops [FF005]

MH - biological development

MH - callus

MH - casein hydrolysate

MH - cultivars

MH - differentiation

MH - embryo culture

MH - embryos

MH - explants

MH - genetic transformation

MH - genotypes

MH - glutamine

MH - hormones

MH - IAA

MH - in vitro culture

MH - micropropagation

MH - plant development

MH - plant growth regulators

MH - proline

MH - regeneration

MH - tissue culture

MH - transformation

MH - varieties

MH - wheat

MH - plants

MH - Triticum

BT - eukaryotes

BT - Poaceae

BT - Cyperales

BT - monocotyledons

BT - angiosperms

BT - Spermatophyta

BT - plants

ID - cultivated varieties

ID - indoleacetic acid

ID - indolylacetic acid

ID - plant growth substances

ID - plant hormones

LG - Chinese

SL - English

PT - Journal article

SS - 7W

SS - 0Q

SS - 7B

SS - 0D

SS - 7Q

SS - 6T

SS - 0P

SS - CA

SS - BE

SS - CR

SS - PL

SS - ZA

SS - ZG

SS - ZS

IS - 1009-1041

UP - 20090415

YR - 2008


<38>

VN - Ovid Technologies

DB - CAB Abstracts

UI - 20093013932

AU - Han ZhaoYu

AU - Jin ZhiHong

AU - Wei YongGang

IN - College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, China.

TI - Effects of OmniGen-AF on production performance and blood indices in dairy cow.

SO - China Dairy Cattle. 2008. 3, 7-9. 2 ref.

PU - Dairy Association of China

LP - Beijing

CP - China

AB - The purpose of this paper was to investigate effects of OmniGen-AF at different dosages on production performance and blood biochemical indices in dairy cows. Forty-five mid-lactation dairy cows were randomly divided into 3 groups. The cows in the control group, and the groups I and II were fed on the basic rations supplemented with OmniGen-AF (an immunostimulatory feed supplement) at 0, 45 and 60 g/kg, respectively. This feeding test lasted 90 days. In the groups I and II, Milk yields were 2.34 and 2.96% higher, milk fat rates were 2.63 and 6.72% higher and somatic cell counts were 35.92 and 42.55% lower than in the control group, respectively. The activity of serum creatine phosphokinase was higher, the activity of serum lactate dehydrogenase was lower, and serum IgG content, serum superoxide dismutase activity and serum malondialdehyde content were lower in the groups I and II when compared to the control group, respectively. Based on the above results, it is inferred that the OmniGen-AF could enhance milk yield and improve immunity and anti-stimulation in dairy cow.

RN - 57-00-1

RN - 9054-89-1

CC - Dairy Animals [LL110]

CC - Feed Additives [RR130]

CC - Animal Nutrition (General) [LL500]

CC - Forage and Feed Products (Non-human) [RR000]

CC - Milk and Dairy Produce [QQ010]

CC - Animal Physiology and Biochemistry (Excluding Nutrition) [LL600]

MH - biochemistry

MH - cows

MH - creatine

MH - dairy cows

MH - enzymes

MH - feed supplements

MH - feeding

MH - feeds

MH - IgG

MH - metabolism

MH - milk

MH - milk fat

MH - milk yield

MH - superoxide dismutase

MH - supplements

MH - yields

MH - cattle

BT - Bos

BT - Bovidae

BT - ruminants

BT - Artiodactyla

BT - mammals

BT - vertebrates

BT - Chordata

BT - animals

BT - ungulates

BT - eukaryotes

ID - butterfat

ID - superoxide

LG - Chinese

SL - English

PT - Journal article

SS - ZE

SS - 0N

SS - 0V

SS - 0D

SS - CA

SS - BE

SS - VE

SS - NU

SS - ZA

SS - QV

SS - ZS

IS - 1004-4264

UP - 20090415

YR - 2008


<39>

VN - Ovid Technologies

DB - CAB Abstracts

UI - 20093013719

AU - Yang JinYao

AU - Lu GuangFu

AU - Wang JianYe

AU - Zhuang GuoHong

AU - Zhu GuoQiang

IN - Chuzhou Regional Station of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Huai'an 223200, Jiangsu, China.

TI - Study on characteristics of 32 isolates of
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