I. Change the following sentences from Present Continuous Tense to Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Add any words or prases that you think are necessary




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НазваниеI. Change the following sentences from Present Continuous Tense to Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Add any words or prases that you think are necessary
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PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE


I. Change the following sentences from Present Continuous Tense to Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Add any words or prases that you think are necessary:

1. I am learning English grammar at present.

2. The teacher is teaching in this school now.

3. We are looking for Richard.

4. Fred is working on his radio set.

5. It is raining hard.

6. We are gathering apples.

7. They are living in Moscow now.

8. The cat is sleeping before the fire.

9. The birds are singing in the woods.

10. Father is writing letters.


II. Respond to these sentences according to the models.

a) Have you been staying here long? (for a month)

I’ve (I have) been staying here for a month.

1. Have you been learning English long? (for a year and a half). 2. Has it been raining long? (since early morning). 3. Has it been snowing long? (since yesterday). 4. Has he been collecting stamps long? (for five years).

b) She is teaching at Moscow University.

How long has she been taeching at the university?

1. Peter is waiting for them. 2. They are playing football now. 3. He is watching a rugby match on TV. 4. She’s reading an article. 5. Vast masses of cold air are flowing over the land. 6. They are working hard.


III. Listen, then read after the teacher:

1. They have been fishing since early morning.

2. She has been plying tennis for a long time now.

3. He has been riding his bicycle too long. He is very tired.

4. They have been playing ball games all evening.

5. We have been playing hide-and-seek since four o’clock.

6. We have been training hard for the last month or two.

7. I have been watching the game all the time. I shall stay till the end.


IV. Read the parents’ (or the teacher’s) questions and remarks in the left-hand column and choose the children’s explanations in the right-hand column. You may find different explanations.

1. Why are you so late?

a) I have been washing my dog.

2. What a mess!

b) We have been playing football.

3. Look at your shoes!

c) It has been raining heavily.

4. Here you are at last!

d) We have been fishing.

5. Why are your clothes so dirty?

e) We have been whitewashing the fence.

6. What’s happened? You are quite wet through.

f) Nick has been playing with his younger brother.

7. Look at your hands!

g) I’ve been watering the flowers


V. Say why these people are tired and what they have done.

Example: Nick is tired because he has been playing tennis for three hours (since two o’clock) and has won two games.

1. Sam - to ride a bike for... - to ride 3 miles.

2. Mary - to do the shopping since... - to buy a lot of food.

3. Bill - to read detective stories for... to read 2 stories.

4. Sally - to make pancakes since... to make 50 big pancakes.

5. Roy - to watch videos for... to see 2 films.

6. Jack - to train since... - to throw the ball 100 meters.

7. Sarah - to wash up for... to break a few plates.

8. The children - to plant flowers since... - to plant a lot of primroses.


VI Put the verb in brackets into the perfect continuous tense.

1. I (make) cakes. That is why my hands are all covered with flour.

2. her phone (ring) for ten minutes. I wonder why she doesn’t answer it.

3. Have yuo seen my bag anywhere? I (look) for it for ages.

4. What you (do)? - I (work) in the laboratory.

5. He (study) English for two years and doesn’t even know the alphabet yet.

6. How long you (wait) for me? - I (wait) about half an hour.

7. You (drive) all day. Let me drive now.

8. How long you (wear) glasses?

9. He (speak) for an hour now. I expect he’ll soon be finished.

10. That helicopter (fly) round the house for the last hour; do you think it’s taking photographs?

11. We (live) here since 1977.

12. I’m on a diet. I (eat) nothing but bananas for the last month.

13. Tom (dig) in the garden all afternoon and I (help) him.

14. Mary (cry)? -No, she (not cry), she (peel) onions.

15 You usually know when someone (eat) garlic.


VII Express the same in English.

1.-Привет, Джек. Сколько времени ты уже здесь? -Три дня. Я приехал сюда в прошлый Четверг. 2.-Когда и где ты купила это платье? - Я купила его в Москве, но не помню в каком магазине. Оно у меня уже полгода. 3.-Дождь идет с утра. Он начался в девять и до сих пор не перестал. - Как жаль! 4. - Мы ждем Виктора 15 минут. Куда он ушел? Матч уже начался. - Не волнуйся. Я только что его видел. Он покупал мороженое минуту тому назад. 5. - Как давно ты знаешь г-на Джонса? - Я знаю его три года. Он преподает мне английский язык с 1995 года.


VIII. Put the verbs in brackets in Present Perfect Continuous or Present Perfect.

1. He (to be) very busy lately. 2. I (to wait) for you since one o’clock in the afternoon. 3. How long you (to know) Jane? 4. I (not to meet) the Marchands since last year. 5. It (to snow) since early morning. 6. We (to work) hard for two hours. 7.”How long your mother (to teach) at college?” “For fifteen years.” 8.The north wind (to blow) since early morning.


IX. Translate into English.

1. Кого вы ждете? - Петра. Я жду его уже около часа. Интересно, что случилось с ним. 2. Весь день идет снег. Так много снега давно не выпадало. (Мы не имели...) 3. Сколько времени вы живете здесь? - Около пяти лет. 4. Что вы сегодня делали с утра? - Я переводил очень интересную статью. 5. Сколько времени они обсуждают этот вопрос? - Более получаса. 6. Северный ветер дует уже целую неделю.


X. Make up ten sentences using Present Perfect Continuous and Present Perfect.


XI. Complete the missing parts of the forms. Say them aloud:

have been ... (play) have ... (clean)

have ... (play) have been ... (clean)

is ... (play) is ... (clean)

... been translating ... washing

... translated ... been washing

... translating ... washed


XII. Choose and read aloud the sentences in the dialogues which express a statement or a question about an action:

a) which is taking place at the moment of speech;

b) which has taken place before the moment of speech;

c) which has been taking place in a period befor the moment of speech;

d) which takes place usually (often, sometimes).

1. “You like to watch people when they are plating games, don’t you?”

“Why, sometimes I play games myself, too.”

2. “Why are yu watching that woman who is crossing the street with a large bag?”

“I’m just wondering why she is walking so slowly.”

3. “You’ve been watching those boys for such a long time. Why don’t you try to make them stop quarrelling?”

“I have been wodering wich of them is right.”

4.”Why are you so excited?”

“I have been watching the football and we have won the game.”


XIII. Why are they late?

a) Make up sentences:

Nancy

Susan

Jane

Dan

Pete



has been watching

the birds in the trees

the butterflies in the garden

the bees. They are getting nectar from the flowers.

the fish in the pool.

the little waves in the sea.

b) Complete the sentences:

Jill ... ... (listen to)

Tom ... ... ... (watch)

Mike and Nick ... ... ... (gather)

sea shells and stones

the sounds of the sea.

the little boats on the sea.


c) Say why the children are late. You must say what they have been doing. See (a), (b).

XIV. Complete the sentences as in the example.

Example: Somebody has been looking at my picture book and has torn it.

... and has broken it.

... and has lost it.

... and has upset it.

... and has spoilt it.


XV. a) Read the dialogue.

“Who is that talking on the telephone?”

“It’s Kate.”

“Ask her to stop talking. She has been talking too long.”

b) Make up similar dialogues. You may use the following:

to play too noisily; to quarrel; to fight; to talk too loud; to pick wild flowers; to cry.


XVI Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the present perfect continuous tense. ( In some cases either could be used.)

1. We (walk) ten kilometres.

2. We (walk) for three hours.

3. You (walk) too fast. That’s why you are tired.

4. That boy (eat) seven ice-creams.

5. He (not stop) eating since he arrived.

6. What you (do)? - We (pick) apples.

7. How many you (pick)? - We (pick) ten baskets.

8. He (sleep) since ten o’clock. It’s time he woke up.

9. I (work) for him for ten years and he never once (say) “Good morning” to me.

10. He (teach) in this scool for five years.

11. I (look) for mushrooms but I (not find) any.

I. Read

fly, fly (flew - flown). to fly by plane, to fly in the sky, to fly quickly, to fly south, to fly east. Some birds that live in the north fly south for the winter.

airport, an airport - airports, to go to Kenedy airport, to fly from Sherementyevo airport. It took him two hours to get to Heathrow airport.

ticket , a ticket - tickets, to buy tickets, a ticket to London, a ticket for a London train. Have you bought the ticket yet?

arrive , to arrive - arrived, to arrive in England, to arrive in a big city, to arrive at a small town, to arrive at the airport. He arrived yesterday. When is the plane arriving? My friends have not arrived in Moscow yet.

luggage , a lot of luggage, little luggage. I don’t like to travel with a lot of luggage. Where is your luggage, please? Here it is.


II. Read the sentences to know how to use the words.

I always travel by fast trains, but my Granny is fond of slow trains.

Can you tell me where the information office is? - You can get the information about the bus timetable here.

Is this your camera? Are you fond of taking pictures?

A traveller is one who travels.

When you leave London for Moscow you should pass the passport control.

The reporters waited for the arrival of the President. We hope for the arrival of better news.

What do you know about his departure?

I checked my luggage in London. Where shall we check in?

When you arrive in a country you should go through the Customs. It took us an hour to get our luggage through the Customs.

The customs officers at the airport were very polite.

You can buy tickets for concerts, shows and other performances in the booking-office at the thatre; you buy tickets to go by train in the booking-office at the railway station.

The Simple Present and the Present Continuous.


I. Put the verb in brackets into the simple present or the present continuous tense.

1. You can’t see Tom now: he (have) a bath.

2. He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea.

3. What she (do) in the evenings? - She usually (play) cards or (watch) TV.

4. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him.

5.Ann (make) a dress for herself at the moment. She (make) all her own clothes.

6. Tom can’t have the newspaper now because his aunt (read) it.

7. The kettle (boil) now. Shall I make the tea?

8. I always (buy) lottery tickets but I never (win) anything.

9. You always (write) with your left hand?

10. You (know) why ah apple (fall) down and not up?

11. He never (listen) to what you say. He always (think) about something else.

12. What you (have) for breakfast usually? - I usually (eat) a carrot and (drink) a glass of cold water.

13. You (recognize) that man? - I (think) that I have seen him before but I (not remember) his name.


II. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную форму.

1.My sister is playing the piano now. 2.The teacher is explaining the rule. 3.We are learning the new words. 4.Ann is standing at the window. 5.We are going to the park. 6.John is taking a piece of chalk and writing a sentence on the blackboard. 7.I am doing my homework. 8.Jane is speaking on the telephone. 9.She is cooking supper.


III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous.

1.She (read) book. 2.He (work) now. 3.He (write) a letter to his brother. 4.She (sit) in an arm-chair and (watch) TV. 5.He (stand) at the table. 6.They (swim) in the river. 7.What you (do)?


IV. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную форму.

1.Her sister studies at school. 2.My mother usyally comes home at 6 o’clock. 3.We often go to school together. 4.Tom and Nick play football very well. 5.His brother finishes his work at 6 o’clock. 6.I meet Jane every day. 7.His friend lives in Paris.

V. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple.

1.He (speak) to us every morning.

2.He often (write) to us.

3.They seldom (eat) any oranges.

4.It (rain) every week.

5.We always (meet) him on Mondays.

6.They always (have) eggs for breakfast.

7.They seldom (go) to the movies?

8.They often (not come) here.

9.I (not play) football.


VI. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple или Present Continuous.

1.Don’t come into this room. Father (work) there now. 2.Where is John?-He (play) football in the yard. 3.I (not like) the picture you (look) at now. 4.He (read) books in three languages, and now he (read) a French novel. 5.She usually (do) her homework at home, but now she (do) in at the library. 6.In autumn many birds (fly) to the South. 7.What you (buy) here? - I (buy) an English text-book. 8.Where are (go) now? - I (go) to the library to prepare for my examination. 1.I (eat) fried eggs every morning. 2.At this moment we (do) an exercise. 3.Mother is in the kitchen, She (make) some cakes.

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