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|Enhance national security and improve the administration of justice|
Although the external threat to the country’s security has been very minimal; internal security has remained a big challenge, especially as internal conflicts, including religious, ethnic and economic, have had a debilitating effect on the country’s development since independence. The insecurity of lives, property and citizens’ rights has escalated in the country from the civil war era (1966 – 1970) and the subsequent military regimes which directly intensified urban violence. Thus, for the majority of the people especially poor and vulnerable groups such as women, children and Persons with Disability, access to justice is largely constrained. To compound this, existing laws and legal processes are obsolete; the structural and institutional framework for the administration of justice is weak, and has led to a dysfunctional federal system characterised by centralised police, court and prison systems. The existence of multiple law enforcement agencies has led to the abuse and distortion of speedy dispensation of justice and other ex-judicial matters. Other issues include lack of autonomy and independence of the judiciary and the frequent disregard for the rule of law and disobedience of court orders.
Prior to NEEDS, the approach of Government to security had been narrow, compartmentalised, and constrained by a “law-and order” conception. NEEDS proposed a paradigm shift in the security policies and measures to mitigate the operational causes of insecurity and re-orient the security agencies for improved efficiency. However, the proposals of NEEDS have not been fully implemented and some fundamental issues and challenges still need to be addressed to improve security in the country. The recent incidence of violence and insurgency in the country emphasizes the need to comprehensively address the perennial causes of social tension, as they directly contribute to the risk factor of Nigeria as an investment destination.
One of the key objectives of NV20:2020 is to develop an economically-prosperous, politically-stable and socially-just society where the security of lives and property is guaranteed and underpinned by a constitutionally independent judicial system that ensures respect for the rule of law and promotes equal rights to justice.
To achieve this objective, the key strategy of the government will be to shore up the capacity and capability of law enforcement agencies for prompt response to National security emergencies. This will also include the implementation of the key recommendations in the 2006 Presidential Committee Report on the reform of Administration of Justice, with regards to the Police and Prisons, targeted at improving the general welfare and operational capacity of law enforcement agencies.
It is expected that the implementation of these recommendations will make the law enforcement agencies more efficient, competent and responsive to the needs of all stakeholders and to the demands of a new constitutional order and globalised world.
Other strategic initiatives, some of which are already being considered by the Ministry of Justice, include:
Over the years, the core values that bind the Nigerian people together have been eroded. There has been a crisis of identity, perception and (national) orientation which has resulted in unacceptable behaviour and promoted violence among the Nigerian people. The traditional mutual trust which existed between the leadership and citizenry has also been betrayed.
Although never explicitly expressed, there has always been a “Nigerian Dream”. The dream of every Nigerian is to live in a peaceful and prosperous society, managed by trustworthy and credible leaders who will ensure the provision of equal opportunities for economic empowerment, gender equality as well as the protection of basic human rights.
Nigeria’s NV20:2020 strategic plan aims to unite and re-direct Nigerians towards the values of patriotism, hard work, honesty and selflessness, which are very important for the repositioning of Nigeria as one of the top 20 economies in the world. There is no doubt that Nigerians need a re-orientation to cope with the ever-changing global realities. The values -- our rich heritage and strong sense of community -- are both essential for uniting us as a people and for providing the common principles and ideologies which will guide us in a rapidly changing world.
To achieve this, a key strategy of the NV20:2020 plan is to formulate and promote the concept of the "Nigerian Dream" with a view to entrenching the national core values in the mind of every Nigerian. This can be implemented in conjunction with the ongoing “Rebranding Nigeria Project” which also has as one of its objectives, the enhancement of the international perception of Nigeria, her people, her economy and the value placed on her products. It is expected that this will promote values such as brotherhood, equal opportunity, participatory governance, integrity, unity in diversity, excellence, honesty and patriotism.
For the tourism sector, the objective of the NV20:2020 plan is to make Nigeria the aviation hub of West Africa, given its endowments and strategic location. The target is to achieve a 50% increase in annual tourist arrivals at Nigerian airports and land borders and increase tourism contribution to GDP from 2.5% in 2007 to 5% by 2015 and 10% by 2020.
As the tourism industry involves major, capital intensive investments with a long gestation period, the Government will be the key facilitator providing the lead in creating an enabling environment that will attract tourists around the world and encourage private sector investments in the sector. It is expected that an enabling environment, with adequate and efficient infrastructure, security and well trained manpower, will provide the necessary incentives required for the growth of the tourism industry.
Other initiatives to be pursued include:
As highlighted in the 2009/2010 Global Competitiveness Report, the biggest challenge to doing business in Nigeria today is the state of its socio-economic infrastructure, including transport, power, telecommunications, ICT, and water. The current infrastructure base is grossly inadequate in capacity and quality to cater for the anticipated population and economic growth. Despite government‘s investments, Nigeria still has huge infrastructure deficits, especially with respect to power generation. The current power generation of less than 2000MW is about a third of the country’s installed generating capacity and about a fifth of the estimated national demand.
In the next 10 years, the government, working closely with the private sector, will focus on building a modern, efficient and effective infrastructure network, while taking the necessary steps to protect the environment. It is expected that the build up in infrastructure capacity will be driven mainly by private capital through Private-Public Partnership (PPP) arrangements, guided by the recently approved National Policy on Public-Private Partnership (PPP). The new PPP policy is designed to provide an adequate framework for the development of an attractive environment for private sector involvement in the financing, construction and operation of infrastructure and services in Nigeria.
The country is currently faced with acute problems in the supply of electricity, which has hindered its development despite the nation’s vast natural resources. Power generation facilities are either in poor shape or have inadequate gas supply. Also, the transmission and distribution networks are poorly maintained and inefficiently operated thereby making it difficult to move power from generation sites to consumption points.
The NV20:2020 strategic objective for the power sector is to ensure that the sector is able to efficiently deliver sustainable adequate, qualitative, reliable and affordable power in a deregulated market, while optimising the on- and off-grid energy mix. It is expected that the electricity supply industry will be private sector led with government providing an appropriate legal and regulatory environment for private capital investment.
An analysis of the power generation capacity required to support the NV20:2020 economic vision shows that, Nigeria will need to generate electricity in the range of about 35,000MW by 2020. This is based on the assumption that the country will take a low energy intensity (less than 0.4) growth path, mid-way between the energy intensity of India (0.18) and China (0.91). Therefore, the overall target for the power sector is to grow installed power generation capacity from 6,000MW in 2009 to 20,000MW by 2015 and 35,000MW installed by 2020.
The strategic roadmap to meeting the target in the power sector will involve three phases as shown in Figure 4-4 below. The first phase will involve the rehabilitation of existing PHCN power plants and completion of some on-going IPP projects to achieve the 6000MW short term power generation target by December 2009. In the medium term, existing IPPs will be encouraged to increase capacity and ongoing NIPP projects will be fast-tracked to achieve the target of 20,000MW by 2015. Also, incentives and concessions will be granted to new entrants, especially for renewable power generation, in order to achieve additional generation capacity. Between 2011 and 2020, it is estimated that the IPPs will generate an incremental 2000MW on an annual basis. In the long term, additional large hydro plants, coal-fired plants, IPPs and renewable power generating plants (hydro, solar and biomass) will be brought on stream to further increase power generation capacity to 35,000MW.
Figure 4-4: Strategic roadmap for Power Generation
The financial implication of meeting these targets is enormous and it is proposed that the significant capacity expansions envisaged for the power sector will be driven largely by the private sector. Private capital will be attracted into the power sector by creating a deregulated and competitive electric power sector underpinned by a viable commercial framework which promotes transparency, guarantees security of investment and a reasonable rate of return on investments.
To achieve security of supply, the nation’s renewable energy resources (including wind, solar, hydro and biomass) will be utilised for power generation. This will be a key element of the strategy towards meeting the defined targets for power generation.
Strategic initiatives which will be implemented to facilitate the development of a competitive and efficient power sector include:
Факультет государственного управления, Ломоносовский пр-т, д. 27, корп. 4, Москва, Россия