The United States federal government should substantially increase its transportation infrastructure investment in the United States




НазваниеThe United States federal government should substantially increase its transportation infrastructure investment in the United States
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Topicality Core – Voss DDI 2012

Topicality – Dartmouth 2012

The United States federal government should substantially increase its transportation infrastructure investment in the United States.


Topicality – Dartmouth 2012 1

***“Transportation Infrastructure Investment” – Negative 2

1NC – “Transportation Infrastructure Investment” = Private Investment 3

Ext. Must Be PPP 4

1NC – “Transportation Infrastructure Investment” = Asset Networks 6

***“Transportation Infrastructure Investment” – Affirmative 7

“Transportation Infrastructure Investment” – General 8

AT//Must be PPP 9

***“Transportation Infrastructure” – Negative 10

1NC – “Transportation Infrastructure” = Not Energy/Social/Communication Infrastructure 11

Ext. “TI” Excludes Other Forms (General) 14

AT//Water 18

AT//Coastal Defense 19

AT//Farming / Agriculture 20

AT//Timber / Forests / Desalination 21

AT//Communication Infrastructure 22

AT//Space 23

AT//Satellites 24

AT//Postal Services 25

AT//Energy Infrastructure 26

AT//Electricity Generation 27

AT//Pipelines 28

AT//Social / Soft Infrastructure 30

AT//Military Infrastructure 31

***“Transportation Infrastructure” – Affirmative 33

General Inclusive Definitions of “Transportation Infrastructure” 34

Pipelines = “Transportation Infrastructure” 38

Green Infrastructure = “Transportation Infrastructure” 43

Military = “Transportation Infrastructure” 44

***“Infrastructure Investment” – Negative 45

1NC – “Infrastructure Investment” = Physical Assets / No Repairs 46

Ext. Must Be Physical Assets 47

AT//Green Projects 49

AT//Environmental Cleanup Projects 50

1NC – “Infrastructure Investment” = Sector-Specific Investment 51

Ext. Must Be a Specific Sector 52

1NC – “Infrastructure Investment” = Environmentally Friendly 53

***“Infrastructure Investment” – Affirmative 55

General Inclusive Definitions of “Infrastructure Investment” 56

***“Investment” – Negative 59

1NC “Investment” = Capital Expenditure 60

Ext. “Investment” = Capital Expenditures 61

Ext. Capital Expenditure = New Assets 63

AT//Training / R&D 64

AT//Maintenance / Repairs 65

AT//Short-Term Fixes 66

***“Investment” – Affirmative 67

Investment = Spending 68

Investment – Can Be Nonprofit 69

***Infrastructure – Definitions 70

Infrastructure – General Definitions 71

***“In the United States” – Definitions 72

“In the United States” – General Definitions 73

“United States” – General Definitions 74

“In” – Throughout 75

“In – Within 76

“The” – General Definitions 78

***“Should” – Definitions 79

Should – General Definitions 80

***“Substantially” – Definitions 82

Substantial / Substantially – General Definitions 83

***“Increase” – Definitions 85

“Increase” – General Definitions 86

***Negative Topicality Theory 88

Err Negative – 1st Line 89

Competing Interpretations Good – 2NC 90

Fairness 1st 91

Limits Good 92

Ext. Limits Good 93

Framers’ Intent Good 94

Grammar’s Good 96

AT//Aff Flexibility 98

AT//Breadth > Depth 99

AT//Literature Checks Abuse 100

AT//Clash Checks Abuse 101

AT//Disclosure Checks Abuse 102

AT//Not a Voting Issue 103

AT//Reasonability 104

AT//Critiques of Topicality 105

***Affirmative Topicality Theory 106

Err Affirmative – 1st Line 107

Competing Interpretations Bad / Reasonability Good 2AC 108

Competing Interpretations Bad / Reasonability Good 1AR 110

Competing Interpretations Bad / Reasonability Good 2AR 111

AT//Reasonability is Arbitrary 113

AT//Potential Abuse / It’s What They Justify 114

AT//Offense-Defense 120

AT//Limits 123

AT//Grammar 124



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