1668 Subject name: Atomic and molecular spectroscopy




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Subject number: 1668

Subject name: Atomic and molecular spectroscopy I. year Master study SS extent: 2-2

Lecturer: Prof. Ing Marcel Miglierini, DrSc. number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Fundamentals of spectroscopy, classification of spectroscopic methods, optical spectroscopic methods, resonance, spectroscopic methods, separation methods and mass spectrometry, Fourier transform in spectroscopy.


Literature:

[1] Miglierini, M.: Spektroskopické metódy I, KJFT FEI STU, Bratislava 1993

[2] Miertuš, S. a kol.: Atómová a molekulová spektroskopia, Alfa, Bratislava 1991

[3] S. Svanberg: Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy, Springer, Berlin, 1997

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Subject number: 1611

Subject name: Nuclear installations II. year Bachelor´s study SS extent: 3-2

Lecturer(s): Prof. Ing. Vladimír Nečas, PhD number of credits: 6

Assoc. Prof. Ing. Ján Haščík, PhD

Prof. Ing. Vladimír Slugeň, PhD

Brief curriculum:

Basic properties of atomic nuclei and processes of radioactive transmutation (alpha, beta, gamma radiation, law of radioactive decay). Interaction of radiation with matter (particles, photons). Nuclear reactions, artificial radioactivity. Accelerators. Neutron physics. Neutron sources. Interaction of neutrons with nuclei. Spallation of heavy nuclei. Fission of heavy nucleus, energy and product released during fission. Prompt and delayed neutron and they role in the fission system. Principle of operation of a nuclear reactor (neutron balance). Multiplication coefficient. Classification and concepts of power reactors. Prospect of nuclear reactors development. Description of principal components of nuclear power installation. Nuclear reactors of the VVER-440 and EPR types. Thermonuclear fusion.


Literature:

[1] Slugeň, V. a kol.: Jadrovoenergetické zariadenia I., [Skriptum]. Bratislava: STU, 2004

[2] Hála, J.: Rádioaktivita, ionizující záření, jaderná energie. Brno: Konvoj, 1998

[3] Stacey, W. M.: Nuclear Reactor Physics. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2001

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Subject number: 1626

Subject name: Ecology III. year Bachelor´s study SS extent: 3-2

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Jozef Sitek, DrSc. number of credits: 6

Brief curriculum:

Environment and its protection. Biosphere and place of human within it. Contamination of water and air and their protection. Ecology and power industry. Radiation ecology. Ecology and materials. Waste materials and their disposal. Methods of analysing and monitoring of environment. Monitoring networks.


Literature:

[1] Tolgyessy, J., Piatrik, M.: Technológia vody, ovzdušia a tuhých odpadov. STU Bratislava, 1994

[2] Masters, G. M.: Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science. Prentice-Hall Int. Inc.,
New Jersey, 1991

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Subject number: 1650

Subject name: Nuclear electronics and detectors I. year Master study WS extent: 2-1

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Jozef Sitek, Dr.Sc. number of credits: 4


Brief curriculum:

Gas-filled ionization detectors. Scintillation detectors. Semiconductor detectors. Preamplifier and charge-sensitive preamplifier. Elementary logic, discrete circuits. Scaler. Converters, coincidence and anti-coincidence circuits. Discriminator. Single-channel analyzer, multichannel analyzer. Multiscaler. Synchronous detection.


Literature:

[1] G.F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, Second edition, John Willey & Sons, New York, 1989

[2] W. R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments (Springer-Verlag), Berlin 1994

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Subject number: 1623

Subject name: Accelerator physics and technology I I. year Master study SS extent: 2-2

Lecturer: Assoc.Prof. Ing. Márius Pavlovič, PhD. number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Physical principles of acceleration of charged particles. Ion sources. Classification of accelerators. Van de Graaf, cascade and tandem accelerator. Resonance accelerators. Betatron. Accumulation ring. Utilization in radiotherapy, in basic and material research, industry and power industry.


Literature:

[1] H. Wiedemann, Particle Accelerator Physics, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidleberg New York London Paris Tokyo Hong Kong Barcelona Budapest, 1993.

[2] Proceedings of the CERN Accelerator School (CAS), www.cern.ch

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Subject number: 1651

Subject name: Methods in nuclear physics II. year Master study WS extent 2-2

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Jozef Sitek, Dr.Sc. number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Gamma spectrometry. Neutron activation analysis. Neutron diffraction. Electron-positron annihillation spectroscopy. Mössbauer spectroscopy. Carbon method. Principle of operation of a nuclear reactor. Utilization of an experimental reactor in material research. Methods of measuring activity of radioactive sources. Utilization of nuclear physics methods for environmental protection.


Literature:

[1] M.V. Sigrist, Air Monitoring by Spectroscopic Techniques, John Willey and Sons Inc., New York, 1994

[2] G.F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, Second edition, John Willey & Sons, New York, 1989

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Subject number: 1692

Subject name: Accelerator physics and technology II II. year Master study WS extent: 2-2

Lecturer: Assoc.Prof. Ing. Márius Pavlovič, PhD. number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Particle dynamics in external electric and magnetic fields. Movement equations. Trajectory equations. Basic components of accelerators, their properties and function. Matrix formalism in ion optics. Beam transport. Dynamics of particles in ring accelerators.



Literature:

[1] H. Wiedemann, Particle Accelerator Physics, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidleberg New York London Paris Tokyo Hong Kong Barcelona Budapest, 1993

[2] Proceedings of the CERN Accelerator School (CAS), www.cern.ch

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Subject number: 1640

Subject name: Safety and reliability II. year Master study SS extent: 2-2

of power generating devices number of credits: 5

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Vladimír Slugeň, PhD

Brief curriculum:

Strategy of energy security. Risk. Theory of reliability. Parameters of reliability. Theory of failures. Intensity of failures. Probabilististic safety asessment (PSA). Safety. Deterministic and probabilistic approach to safety. Safety systems. Defence in depth system and its applications. Safety culture. Human factor. Lessons learned from the latest events and accidents. Power devices and greenhouse effect.

Syllabus:

1. Introduction. Strategy of energy security.

2. RELIABILITY. Risk. Theory of reliability. Parameters of reliability.

3. Theory of failures. Intensity of failures.

4. Systems for supplying electric power for NPP´s own consumption.

5. Probabilististic safety assessment (PSA).

6. SAFETY. Nuclear safety. Deterministic and probabilistic approach to safety. Nuclear safety evaluation based on WANO criteria.

7. Defence in depth system and its applications. Barrier system and safety levels at NPP for limitation of radiation escapes from NPP. Function of selected barriers.

8. Safety systems.

9. Safety culture.

10. Human factor.

11. Events, accidents and operational cases. Adequate level of conservativism. NPP quality assurance. Examples for determination of systems´ dependability.

12. Analyses of most important nuclear accidents (Cernobyl, TNI-II, Paks, ...). Lessons learned from the latest events and accidents. Power increase.

13. Power devices and greenhouse effect. Pollution from power devices and its impact on environment.


Literature:

[1] Slugeň, V. a kol: Bezpečnosť a spoľahlivosť jadrových elektrární. Bratislava, STU, 1995

[2] Škvarka, P.: Spoľahlivosť v jadrovej energetike. Bratislava, Alfa, 1989

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Subject number: 1660

Subject name: Dosimetry and radiation protection I. year Master study SS extent: 2-2

Lecturer(s): Prof. Ing. Vladimír Nečas, PhD number of credits: 5

Ing. Robert Hinca, PhD

Brief curriculum:

Fundamental dosimetry units. Dosimetry terminology. Influence of radiation on human organism. Nuclear reactor as a source of ionizing radiation. Exposure of population by emission from nuclear power station. Dosimeters and detectors used in nuclear power stations.

Characteristics of ionizing radiation. Interaction of ionizing radiation with matter. Dosimetric terminology and basic units: transition half-life, activity, dose, dose rate, kerma, equivalent dose, effective dose. Sources of radiation. Sealed radioactive sources. Radioactive source characteristics. Biological effects of ionizing radiation. Radiation in NPP. Radiation from nuclear reactor. Fission products. Product of activation. Radioactive waste generated in NPP. Radioactive waste disposal. Transport of radioactive materials. Radiation protection at NPP. Area monitoring. Personal dosimetry. Exposure by radioactivity emission of NPP. Radiation risk estimation. Dose detectors: film badge, electronic detectors, scintillation, TLD, RPL detectors. Dose rate meters: ionization chambers, proportional counters, Geiger-Müller tubes, semiconductor detectors. Area monitoring detectors and detectors for spectroscopy. Detectors for reactor control and protection system. Neutron self-powered detectors. Fission chambers. Compensated ionization chambers.


Literature:

[1] Šeda, J. a kol.: Dozimetrie ionizujícího záření. Praha, SNTL - Alfa 1983

[2] Faw, R. E., Shultis, J. K.: Radiological assessment: sources and doses. LaGrange Park: ANS 1999

[3] Topoľský, J.: Radiačná bezpečnosť a dozimetria. Bratislava, ES SVŠT 1986

[4] Cirák, J. a kol.: Jadrovofyzikálne metódy a zariadenia. Návody na laboratórne cvičenia. Bratislava, EF SVŠT 1990

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Subject number: 1637

Subject name: Experimental reactor technology II. year Master study WS extent: 2-2

Lecturer: Assoc.Prof. Ing. Ján Haščík, PhD. number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Perturbation theory enclosures. Point-kinetics of reactor. Neutron detection, used neutron detector types, detector operation modes. Methods of reactivity measurements. Measuring of reactor neutron power, period, start-up rate and reactivity during reactor operation. System of reactor control, efficiency of control rods.

Reactors classification, exponential and critical setup, experimental reactor. Measurement of critical state, calibration of control rods, measurement of void effect. Measurement of nuclear reactor reactivity and its operational characteristics.

Syllabus:

1. Introductory seminar.

2. Neutron detection - determination of characteristics of gas-filled, scintillation and self-powered detectors.

3. Determination of dead time of a detection system - paralyzable and non-paralyzable types of dead time.

4. Determination of temperature and thermal balance within core.

5. Seminar - achieving of critical state, method of inverse countrate, aspects of nuclear safety on starting up a reactor.

6. Determination of substantiality using an extraneous neutron source in start-up zone and position of neutron detectors on reactor start-up.

7. Seminar - Sours Jerk method of measuring reactivity; direct and integral measuring methods.

8. Seminar - Rod Drop method of measuring reactivity; direct and integral measuring methods, sources of uncertainties.

9. Seminar - determination of reactivity by measuring of positive reactor period, source multiplication method (Greenspace method).

10. Seminar - method of inverse kinetics, sources of uncertainties.

11. Seminar - Rossi alpha method.

12. Determination of boron coefficient of reactivity acb, aspects of boron burn-up.

13. Closing seminar.


Literature:

[1] Dmitriev A.B., Malyšev E.K.: Nejtronnyje ionizacionnyje kamery dlja reaktornoj techniki; Atomizdat 1979.

[2] Knoll, G. F.: Radiation Detection and Measurement. New York, JW&S 1989

[3] Ott, K. O., Neuhold, R. J.: Introductory Nuclear Reactor Dynamics. Illinois, ANS 1985

[4] Hetrick, D.L.: Dynamics of Nuclear Reactors. La Grange Park: ANS, 1993.

[5] Stacey, W.M.: Nuclear Reactor Physics. New York: John Wiley&Sons, 2001.

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Subject number: 1649

Subject name: Nuclear physics and technology I. year Master study WS extent: 2-2

Lecturer(s): Prof. Ing. Jozef Lipka, DrSc. number of credits: 5

Assoc.Prof. Ing. Andrea Šagátová, PhD

Brief curriculum:

Basic characteristics of stable nuclei. Properties and theory of bonding forces. Models of atomic nuclei. Radioactive transmutation of nuclei. Methods of date marking. Alpha and beta nuclear transmutation. Gamma radiation. Interaction of ionizing radiation with matter. Detectors of ionizing radiation. Nuclear reactions. Artificial radioactivity and transuran elements. Neutron properties. Neutron sources. Interaction of neutrons with matter. Heavy nuclei fission. Thermonuclear fusion.


Literature:

[1] Preston, M.A.: Fyzika jadra. Praha: Academia 1970. (Translation from English)

[2] Lipka J.: Jadrová a neutrónová fyzika. Bratislava, EF STU, 1986

[3] Hála, J.: Rádioaktivita, ionizující záření, jaderná energie. Brno: Konvoj, 1998.

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Subject number: 1641

Subject name: Materials for nuclear power plants I. year Master study SS extent: 2-2

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Vladimír Nečas, PhD number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Introduction to physical metallurgy. Radiation damage of materials. Radiation versus corrosion problems. Materials of nuclear fuel. Moderators and coolants. Absorption and construction materials for NPP. Coverage of fuel rods. Steels for reactor vessels. Steels for non-core components. Surveillance program of radiation damage (embrittlement) and prolonging operational lifetime of NPP pressure vessels.


Literature:

[1] Hrivňák, I.: Materiály jadrovoenergetických zariadení. Bratislava: ES SVŠT, 1988

[2] Frost, B. R. T.: Nuclear Materials. Basel-Cambridge-New York: VCH Weinheim, 1993

[3] Koutský, J., Kočík, J.: Radiation Damage of Structural Materials. Prague: Academia, 1994

[4] Nečas, V.: Materiálové aspekty JE. Bratislava: FEI STU, 2007

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Subject number: 1636

Subject name: Operation of nuclear power plants II. year Master study WS extent: 2-2

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Vladimír Slugeň, PhD number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Utilization of NPP in an electricity network system, control of NPP.

Development of heat and its conducting away in a reactor. Operation of a primary circuit.

Change of isotopic abundance of fuel, change of reactivity, effect of reactivity and reactivity coefficients. Burn-up depth and fuel reproduction. Operation on power effect. The basic and the accident modes of operation.

Operation of secondary circuit.

Commissioning of an NPP. Securing quality.

Actions needed for securing of NPP operation.

NPP checking and control systems. NPP metrology. Check and monitoring of radiation situation in NPP.

Integrating an NPP to a power transfer system.


Literature:

[1] Novák, S., Klíma P.: Prevádzka jadrových elektrární. Bratislava: SVŠT, 1991

[2] ÚJD SR: Opatrenia a doporučenia pre bezpečnú prevádzku EBO. 1993-95

[3] Vyhlášky a predpisy ÚJD SR

[4] Slugeň, V. a kol.: Jadrovoenergetické zariadenia I., [Skriptum]. Bratislava: STU, 2004

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Subject number: 1661

Subject name: Theory of nuclear reactors I. year Master study SS extent: 2-2

Lecturer: Assoc. Prof. Ing. Ján Haščík, PhD number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Fundamentals. Diffusion theory. Theory of a homogeneous and a heterogeneous reactor. Reactor kinetics. Reactivity Accumulation of fission products. Slagging the reactor. Reactor poisoning. Influence of temperature on reactivity. Temperature reactivity coefficients. Reactor control.


Literature:

[1] Heřmanský, B.: Jaderné reaktory. Praha: SNTL 1981

[2] Kameron, J.R.: Nuclear Fission Reactors. New York: Plenum Press 1983

[3] Hetrick, D.L.: Dynamics of Nuclear Reactors. La Grange Park: ANS, 1993

[4] Stacey, W.M..: Nuclear Reactor Physics. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2001

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Subject number: 1638

Subject name: Decommissioning of nuclear power plants II. year Master study WS extent: 2-2

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Vladimír Nečas, PhD number of credits: 5

Brief curriculum:

Nuclear fuel cycle and classification of RAW. Treatment and conditioning of RAW. Spent nuclear fuel (SNF). Reprocessing of SNF. Transport, storage and deep repository of RAW and SNF. Transmutation technologies and SNF. Decommissioning of nuclear installations, principal strategies and classification. Decontamination procedures. Legislation aspects of decommissioning, process of decommissioning, main technological techniques.

Decontamination NPP objects and equipment. Safety and economic aspects of decontamination.


Literature:

[1] Nečas, V. et al.: RAO a likvidácia JE. Bratislava: FEI STU, 2007

[2] Materiáls issued by IAEA, Vienna and Office of Nuclear Supervision of Slovak Republic (ÚJD SR)

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Subject number: 1625

Subject name: Sources of radiation III. year Bachelor´s study SS extent: 2-3

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Marcel Miglierini, DrSc. number of credits: 6

Brief curriculum:

Structure of atoms and nuclei, regularities of atom radiation. Selected parts of nuclear and neutron physics. Interaction of ionizing radiation with matter. Detectors of ionizing radiation and nuclear electronics. Spectrometry of ionizing radiation. Dosimetry of ionizing radiation.


Literature:

[1] W. R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments (Springer-Verlag), Berlin 1994

[2] G. F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement (John Wiley & sons) New York 1989

[3] N. Tsoulfanidis, Measurement and Detection of Radiation (Hemisphere Publishing Corporation), Washington 1983

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Subject number: 1600 Facultative subject

Subject name: Radiology and nuclear medecine II/III. year Bachelor´s study extent: 3-1

Lecturer: Prof. Ing. Marcel Miglierini, DrSc. number of credits: 6

Brief curriculum:

Overview of diagnostic and treatment methods utilizing nuclear physical processes. Fundamentals of nuclear physics, detectors of radiation. Accelerators in medicine, radiotherapy, brachytherapy, production and utilization of radionuclides. Magnetic resonance, Computer tomography (CT) and Positron emission tomography (PET).

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