Design and Performance Standards




НазваниеDesign and Performance Standards
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Дата конвертации16.02.2013
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Environmental Resource Permit

Applicant’s Handbook

Volume II

(Design and Performance Standards

Including Basin Design and Criteria)


FLORIDA Department of

Environmental Protection

Volume II (including Appendices A and B) is Incorporated by Reference in Rule 62-330.010, F.A.C.,

Effective [effective date]


DRAFT 9-14-12


FOR USE BY the:

FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION fdep logo

NORTHWEST FLORIDA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT nwfwmd logo


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I – INTRODUCTION, ORGANIZATION, APPLICABILITY 5

1.0 Introduction 5

PART II — GENERAL CRITERIA 7

2.0 General Design and Performance Criteria for all Stormwater Management Systems 7

2.1 Stormwater Management Systems — General Criteria 7

2.2 Criteria for Evaluation – Reasonable Assurance 7

2.3 Professional Certification 9

2.4 Maintenance Access 9

2.5 Legal Authorization 10

2.6 Public Safety 10

2.7 Tailwater Considerations 11

2.8 Applicant Responsibility 15

2.9 Operation and Maintenance 15

2.10 Retrofits of Existing Surface Water Management Systems 16

2.11 Compensating Stormwater Treatment 16

PART III -- STORMWATER QUANTITY/FLOOD CONTROL 19

3.0 General Flood Control Requirements 19

3.1 Stormwater Management Systems That Must Meet Water Quantity Criteria 19

3.2 Standards that Apply and Relationship to Part IV 19

3.3 Stormwater Quantity: Rate and Volume Controls 21

3.4 Storage and Conveyance 29

3.5 Low Flow and Base Flow Maintenance 29

Part IV -- Stormwater Quality 30

4.0 Purpose 30

4.1 Criterion 30

4.2 Integration with the Water Resource Implementation Rule 30

4.3 State Water Quality Standards 30

4.4 Reasonable Assurance 31

4.5 Criteria to Protect Streambanks 31

4.6 Erosion and Sediment Control Criteria for Stormwater Management Systems 36

4.7 Oil and Grease Control 36

4.8 On-Line and Off-line Stormwater Systems 36

4.9 Hazardous or toxic substances 40

4.10 Runoff Coefficient and Curve Number for Stormwater Management Ponds 40

4.11 Rural Subdivisions 40

Part V -- Best Management Practices 42

5.0 Design Criteria and Guidelines for Retention Systems 42

5.1 Description 42

5.2 Treatment Volume 42

5.3 Recovery Time 45

5.4 Basin Stabilization 45

5.5 Retention Basin Construction 46

6.0 Underdrain Design and Performance Criteria 47

6.1 Description 47

6.2 Treatment Volume 47

6.3 Recovery Time 50

6.4 Safety Factor 50

6.5 Underdrain Media 50

6.6 Filter Fabric 50

6.7 Inspection and Cleanout Ports 50

6.8 Basin Stabilization 51

6.9 Base Flow 51

7.0 Exfiltration Trench Design and Performance Criteria 52

7.1 Description 52

7.2 Treatment Volume 54

7.3 Recovery Time 54

7.4 Safety Factor 55

7.5 Minimum Dimensions 55

7.6 Filter Fabric 55

7.7 Inspection and Cleanout Structures 55

7.8 Ground Water Table 56

7.9 Construction 56

8.0 Wet Detention Design and Performance Criteria 57

8.1 Description 57

8.2 Treatment Volume 57

8.3 Recovery Time 57

8.4 Outlet Structure 59

8.5 Permanent Pool 59

8.6 Littoral Zone 59

8.7 Pond Depth 64

8.8 Pond Configuration 64

8.9 Ground Water Table 64

8.10 Pre-treatment 64

8.11 Pond Side Slopes 66

8.12 Direct Discharges to Outstanding Florida Waters 66

9.0 Design Criteria for Swale Systems 68

9.1 Description 68

9.3 Soils Requirements 69

9.4 Dimensional Requirements 69

9.5 Construction and Stabilization 69

10.0 Design Criteria for Wetlands Stormwater Management Systems 71

10.1 Description 71

10.2 Types of Wetlands that may be Utilized for Stormwater Treatment 71

10.3 Treatment Volume 71

10.4 Recovery Time 71

10.5 Inlet Structures 72

10.6 Wetland Function 72

10.7 Residence Time 72

11.0 Design Criteria for Vegetated Natural Buffers 73

11.1 Description 73

11.2 Contributing Area 73

11.3 Buffer Area Vegetation 76

11.4 Buffer Width 76

11.5 Maximum Buffer Slope 76

11.6 Minimum Buffer Length 76

11.7 Runoff Flow Characteristics 76

11.8 Preservation and Maintenance Access 76

11.9 Maintenance and Inspections 77

12.0 Design Criteria for Stormwater Reuse Systems 78

12.1 Description 78

12.2 Reuse Volume 81

12.3 Permanent Pool 81

12.4 Littoral Zone 81

12.5 Pond Depth 83

12.6 Pond Configuration 83

12.7 Ground Water Table 83

13.0 Methodology and Design Examples for Retention Systems 85

13.1 Infiltration Processes 85

13.2 Water Management District Sponsored Research on Retention Systems 85

13.3 Accepted Methodologies and Design Procedures for Retention Basin Recovery 87

13.4 Recommended Field and Laboratory Tests for Aquifer Characterization 97

13.5 Design Example for Retention Basin Recovery 111

14.0 Methodology and Design Example for Wet Detention Systems 115

14.1 Calculating Permanent Pool Volumes 115

14.3 Mean Depth of the Pond 121

14.4 Design Example 121

15.0 Methodology and Design Examples for Stormwater Reuse Systems 125

15.1 Overview 125

15.2 Equivalent Impervious Area 125

15.3 Reuse Volume 126

15.4 Irrigation Withdrawal 128

128

15.6 Rate-Efficiency-Volume (REV) Curves 129

15.7 Design Examples for Stormwater Reuse Systems 134

16.0 Methodology and Design Example for Vegetated Natural Buffer Systems 138

16.1 Design Methodology for Calculating Buffer Width Based on Overland Flow 138

16.2 Design Example for Overland Flow Methodology 140

141

17.0 Special Basin Criteria: Sensitive Karst Areas 142

17.1 Background of the Sensitive Karst Area Design Criteria 142

17.2 Hydrogeology of the Sensitive Karst Areas 142

17.3 Additional Design Criteria for Sensitive Karst Areas 147

17.4 Considerations for Mining and Certain Other Excavation Activities 149

APPENDIX A 150

LOCATION DESCRIPTION OF SENSITIVE KARST AREAS 150

APPENDIX B 195

DETENTION WITH FILTRATION GUIDANCE 195

APPENDIX B-1 196

CAUTIONS CONCERNING THE USE OF 196

DETENTION WITH FILTRATION SYSTEMS 196

APPENDIX B-2 197

DETENTION WITH FILTRATION CRITERIA CHECK-LIST 197


APPENDIX B-3 197

WATER QUALITY AND QUANTITY DESIGN GUIDELINES FOR SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL PROJECTS 197




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