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|journal of product innovation management|
1、标题: Managing Innovation Champions: The Impact of Project Characteristics on the Direct Manager Role
作者: Kelley Donna; Lee Hyunsuk
来源出版物: JOURNAL OF PRODUCT INNOVATION MANAGEMENT 卷: 27 期: 7 页: 1007-1019 DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5885.2010.00767.x 出版年: DEC 2010
被引频次: 1 (来自 Web of Science)
A key challenge for organizations seeking to improve the management of innovation lies in determining when to lend direct managerial support, and how much support, to those championing such projects. This research provides insights into the connection between project characteristics and the type and frequency of direct manager involvement. As such, it addresses the following research question: how does the level of project innovativeness, strategic relatedness, and resource requirements impact the level of empowerment of innovation champions and the sponsor or supervisor role played by managers? The research method involves a survey of 89 project champions from four divisions of large, multinational Korean companies. The results show that when innovativeness was high but projects were strategically related, there was greater project champion empowerment but also a more frequent managerial sponsor role. This suggests it may be best to allow innovators, who are close to the project's markets, technologies, and industry conditions, to have greater freedom over objectives and decisions. Yet they may also need the advice and support of their managers to function optimally under the highly uncertain conditions that characterize innovative projects. This combination of empowerment and a sponsor role, though appropriate for highly innovative projects, may also require high strategic relatedness, however. On the other hand, when projects are less strategically related and when resource requirements are high, the analysis suggests managers are more likely to exert control. Managers may therefore need to become more closely involved in decision making for costly ventures representing new strategic directions for their organizations. Overall, this research suggests that both empowerment and manager roles are relevant to the management of innovation. These results offer academic value in recognizing the nature of the direct manager role under different innovation project conditions. It further reveals a need for academics to recognize both the supervisor and sponsor roles in the management of innovation. For managers, the findings suggest that for organizations to effectively develop and commercialize innovations managers need to recognize when certain projects call for different levels and types of involvement.
2、标题: Why Customers Value Self-Designed Products: The Importance of Process Effort and Enjoyment
作者: Franke Nikolaus; Schreier Martin
来源出版物: JOURNAL OF PRODUCT INNOVATION MANAGEMENT 卷: 27 期: 7 页: 1020-1031 DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5885.2010.00768.x 出版年: DEC 2010
被引频次: 0 (来自 Web of Science)
This study analyzes which factors prompt customers to attribute value to products they design themselves using mass-customization (MC) toolkits. The assumption that self-design delivers superior customer value is fundamental to the concept of MC toolkits and can be found in almost any conceptual work in this field. However, spectacular failures reinforce the practical relevance of developing a deeper understanding of why and when MC toolkits generate value for customers-and when they do not. Research to date has assumed that the closer fit between the self-designed product's characteristics and the preferences of the customer is the dominant source of value. In this research, it is asked whether the enjoyment and perceived effort of the self-design process have an additional impact on the perceived value of self-designed products. This question is interesting because one could argue that a rational actor would hardly be willing to pay ex post for an economic good already consumed. The hypotheses are tested on 186 participants designing their own scarves with an MC toolkit. After completing the process, they submitted binding bids for "their" products in Vickrey auctions. Therefore, real buying behavior, not merely stated intentions, is observed. The present study finds that the subjective value of a self-designed product (i.e., one's bid in the course of the auction) is indeed impacted not only by the preference fit the customer expects it to deliver but also by (1) the process enjoyment the customer reports, (2) the interaction of preference fit and process enjoyment, and (3) the interaction of preference fit and perceived process effort. In addition to its main effect, preference fit can be interpreted as a moderator of the value-generating effect of process evaluation: in cases where the outcome of the process is perceived as positive (high preference fit), the customer also interprets process effort as a positive accomplishment, and this positive effect adds (further) value to the product. It appears that the perception of the self-design process as a good or bad experience is partly constructed on the basis of the outcome of the process. In the opposite case (low preference fit), effort creates a negative effect that further reduces the subjective value of the product. Likewise, process enjoyment is amplified by preference fit, although enjoyment also has a significant main effect, which means that regardless of the outcome, customers attribute higher value to a self-designed product if they enjoy the process. In a way, this effect resembles of the classic story of Tom Sawyer and the fence, in which Tom manages to "frame" the tedious chore of whitewashing a fence as a rare opportunity-thus persuading his friends to pay him for letting them work. Manufacturers designing an MC system therefore are advised to designing MC toolkits in a way that they elicit positive affective reactions that make their customers value their work.
3、标题: The Role of Value-Informed Pricing in Market-Oriented Product Innovation Management
作者: Ingenbleek Paul T. M.; Frambach Ruud T.; Verhallen Theo M. M.
来源出版物: JOURNAL OF PRODUCT INNOVATION MANAGEMENT 卷: 27 期: 7 页: 1032-1046 DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5885.2010.00769.x 出版年: DEC 2010
被引频次: 0 (来自 Web of Science)
Although the positive effect of a market orientation on new product success is widely accepted and the market orientation literature has increased its understanding of how a market orientation leads to performance, the extant literature has overlooked the role of value-informed pricing in the relationship. Value-informed pricing is a pricing practice in which the decision makers base the price of the new product on the customers' perceptions of the benefits that the product offers and how these benefits are traded by customers against the price (that has yet to be determined). Considering that pricing mistakes may hit hard on the profitability of product innovations, it is important to firms to have a good understanding of its role. This study develops a framework in which value-informed pricing is integrated in the relationship between market orientation and new product performance. A distinction is made between customer and competitor orientations, and relative product advantage is also included in the conceptual model. The model is tested on data obtained from managers based on a cross sectional sample of 144 firms. The respondents were involved in a decision-making process of the pricing of a new product. The model is tested using structural equations modeling. The results show that value-informed pricing has a strong effect on new product performance. It also reveals that each component of a market orientation fulfills a specific role in a market-oriented organization. Value-informed pricing is found to have important mediating effects in the market orientation-new product performance relationship. Results show that firms with a strong customer orientation engage in value-informed pricing and develop superior benefits to customers in an advantageous product. In turn, both value-informed pricing and relative product advantage positively affect new product market performance. However, no significant effect of competitor orientation on value-informed pricing is found. Combined with the finding that competitor orientation negatively affects relative product advantage, this suggests that competitor orientation may hurt new product performance when this orientation is not balanced with a strong customer orientation. The results also portray that value-informed pricing leads to higher product advantage. Interestingly, this relation is contingent on the degree of interfunctional coordination within the firm. This suggests that the relationship between market orientation and new product performance is strongest if firms integrate value-informed pricing in the new product development process. In this sense, a market-oriented firm mirrors the customer value perception that makes a trade-off between benefits and price.
4、标题: Benefits of Aesthetic Design as an Element of New Service Development
作者: Candi Marina
来源出版物: JOURNAL OF PRODUCT INNOVATION MANAGEMENT 卷: 27 期: 7 页: 1047-1064 DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5885.2010.00770.x 出版年: DEC 2010
被引频次: 1 (来自 Web of Science)
The goal of this research is to investigate the benefits that may be gained from using aesthetic design in new service development. The research is performed in two phases. In the first phase, case research examining the use of aesthetic design in 16 new service development projects in new technology-based firms is used to determine the objectives underlying managers' decisions to use aesthetic design in new service development. The results of the case research suggest that the objectives underlying managers' decisions to use aesthetic design in new service development are attracting new customers, creating and fostering a positive image of their firm in their market, retaining existing customers, and doing so at lower cost. In the second phase, the results of the case research are used to generate hypotheses that are tested using longitudinal survey data collected in 98 new technology-based firms. The findings suggest that by and large the benefits expected by managers are realized. The practitioner implications of this research are that new technology-based firms that emphasize the use of aesthetic design in new service development can expect to have a greater proportion of sales from new customers, be less dependent on a few large customers, be more successful in entering new markets, have a more favorable firm image, and enjoy higher turnover growth from existing customers and higher profits than comparable firms not using aesthetic design. The data do not provide support for the hypothesis that firms using aesthetic design in new service development will have customers that are less inclined to switch their allegiance to competitors, whereas it does support the hypothesis that firms using aesthetic design will enjoy higher turnover growth from existing customers than others. This could indicate that, although firms cannot expect to retain customer loyalty based on aesthetic design, they can expect to earn greater revenues from customers who do remain loyal if they emphasize aesthetic design.
5、标题: Inconclusive Innovation "Returns": A Meta-Analysis of Research on Innovation in New Product Development
作者: Calantone Roger J.; Harmancioglu Nukhet; Droge Cornelia
来源出版物: JOURNAL OF PRODUCT INNOVATION MANAGEMENT 卷: 27 期: 7 页: 1065-1081 DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5885.2010.00771.x 出版年: DEC 2010
被引频次: 0 (来自 Web of Science)
This research on studies that have empirically examined the construct innovation provides a meta-analysis of the marketing, management, and new product literatures. The study extends previous meta-analytic works by drawing on 70 independent samples from 64 studies (published from 1970 to 2006) with a total sample size of 12,921. The overall objective is to propose a synthesized model that includes technological turbulence, market turbulence, customer orientation, competitor orientation, organizational structure, innovation, and new product performance. Six baseline hypotheses were developed and tested. The goal is not only to derive empirical generalizations from these literatures but also to investigate sources of inconsistencies in the findings. Four substantive and two methodological artifacts were tested to determine whether they moderate model relationships (i.e., whether the effect sizes differ for any of the six baseline hypotheses). The potential moderators were project versus program level of analysis, the nature of change required by the innovation, service versus product, country of the data's origin, continuous versus categorical measurement, and the number of scales used. From a theoretical perspective, the results corroborated the resource-based view framework regarding the determinants and the performance outcome of innovation. New product performance (the performance outcome) is a direct consequence of innovation, and this effect is stronger when the data are collected from Western countries. This relationship holds regardless of whether the level of analysis is the new product program versus project or whether the innovation is a product or a service, a robust result relevant to researchers and managers alike. As for the determinants of innovation, the results were as follows. While market turbulence is overall not a direct antecedent to innovation, technological turbulence is overall positively related (especially when market discontinuities are considered or when the data are collected from Asian countries). Customer orientation encourages new product innovation overall, but especially at the program (as opposed to project) level in Western countries. The effect of competitor orientation is also positive. The results for either orientation construct or either turbulence construct held whether the level of analysis was project versus program or whether services versus products were examined. However, the relationship of mechanistic organizational structures to innovation, although positive in the overall sample, did vary by product (positive) versus service (negative).
6、标题: Fostering Innovation in Complex Product Development Settings: The Role of Team Member Identity and Interteam Interdependence
作者: Glynn Mary Ann; Kazanjian Robert; Drazin Robert
来源出版物: JOURNAL OF PRODUCT INNOVATION MANAGEMENT 卷: