Inks, papers, calligraphic styles




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Organization: MIT LCS guest machine


Iain writes:


> I don't suppose some kind soul could post references for where new scribal

> types interested in authenticity more than Books of Hours pages can find

> examples of period "Award of Arms"-type 'scrolls'?


Try the following:

1. Telnet (or otherwise network) into the on-line catalog of

a major research library (Harvard is probably closest for Iain).

2. Conduct a subject search on the following categories:

a. Palaeography (or Paleography);

b. Charters;

c. Diplomatics.

3. Enjoy.


There are some standard works on diplomatics (the study of the formats,

formulae and production of legal documents); you will want to look at

these, trust me, unless you want to try to reinvent the wheel while

puzzling out what the texts of facsimiles of documents mean:


H. Bresslau, _Handbuch der Urkundenlehre fuer Deutschland und Italien_

(Leipzig, 1912, 1931). 2 vols.

M. Giry, _Manuel de diplomatique_ (Paris, 1925). 2 vols.

A. De Bouard, _Manuel de diplomatique francaise et pontificale_ (Paris,

1929, 1948). 2 vols.

H.A. Hall, _A Formula Book of English Official Historical Documents_

(Cambridge, 1908, 1909). 2 vols.


For the early medieval period, A. Bruckner and R. Marichal's _Chartae

Latinae Antiquiores_ series [Olten-Lausanne, 1954-67; Zurich, 1975-],

13 vols., is invaluable, as is E.A. Lowe's _Codices Latini Antiquiores_

series (Oxford, 1934-72), 12 vols. These are facsimiles of every

extant latin charter (Bruckner and Marichal) and latin codex (Lowe)

prior to AD 800, and Lowe's introduction to vol. 2 (which covers

Great Britain and Ireland) is the best thing ever written on early

English and Irish palaeography. The _Manuscrits dates_ series, edited

by members of the Comite international de paleographie, claims to provide

facsimiles of every extant latin document, codex or fragment, from

AD 800-1600 in collections in Austria, Belgium, France, Great Britain,

Holland, Italy, Sweden, and Switzerland. The coverage isn't as broad as is

claimed (the majority of documents from AD 800-1600 have never been

cataloged, much less published), but at 20+ volumes it isn't shabby.


For a bibliography of much of the literature on palaeography and related

fields, see Fr. Leonard Boyle's _Medieval Latin Palaeography: A

Bibliographic Introduction_ (Toronto, 1984) and the bibliography in

Bernard Bischoff's _Latin Palaeography_ (Cambridge, 1990), although

both of these bibliographies are stronger on book hands than secretarial/

notarial hands.


> -Iain, possessed of 'Satiable Curiousity despite his being spread too thin

> already...


You're spread too thin? I just did the Sutton Hoo Biblio for you, and

now you want palaeography/diplomatics ?!? :-) Some people are never

satisfied :-). Maybe in a few months when I have a spare moment...


And don't call me a "kind soul" -- everyone on this net knows I'm a

curmudgeonly old bastard.


Hossein/Greg


From: greg at bronze.lcs.mit.edu (Greg Rose)

Newsgroups: rec.org.sca

Subject: Scrolls and Medieval Exemplars

Date: 6 Jul 1993 21:26:44 -0400

Organization: MIT LCS guest machine


Unto the good gentles of the Rialto does Hossein Ali Qomi send

greetings and prayers for the blessings of Allah.


I suppose that one way to boost my productivity is to really piss me

off. My irritation at the discussion of SCA scrolls and medieval

exemplars has been rising and it has reached the point where I'm in

"put up or shut up" mode. Since I've made it clear how dissatisfied

I am with the non-medieval, non-diplomatic paradigms around which SCA

documents are created, I suppose that it is incumbent on me to

suggest other paradigms and point interested parties in their

direction.


The following is a brief bibliography of works on medieval English,

Irish, Welsh, and Scottish diplomata (charters and other official

documents in either Latin or English),including diplomatics,

palaeographic studies, manuals of palaeography and facsimile

editions. In the section on diplomatics a few works pertaining to

non-English documents are cited, because of the influence of

continental models on the development of English diplomata. This

is in no fashion an exhaustive bibliography; it is simply the

product of an afternoon's thought, the sort of thing I'd give, for

example, to one of my students who expressed an interest in doing

some aspect of the palaeography and diplomatics of medieval English

diplomata as a senior thesis or preparing for Master's quals. It

also doesn't cite the quite extensive journal literature.


I shall try in a few weeks (perhaps as late as after Pennsic) to post

a similar bibliography for medieval continental diplomata.


Please, as with the Sutton Hoo Bibliography, do not reprint or

circulate this bibliography without prior permission from the author

(permission can be obtained by email from greg at bronze.lcs.mit.edu).


Hossein/Greg


************************************************************************


A SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY OF WORKS ON ENGLISH,

IRISH, WELSH, AND SCOTTISH DIPLOMATA


By Gregory F. Rose


c1993, all rights reserved

************************************************************************


DIPLOMATICS, PALAEOGRAPHIC STUDIES, AND MANUALS OF PALAEOGRAPHY


T.A.M. Bishop. _English Caroline Miniscule_. Oxford, 1971.

A. De Bouard. _Manuel de diplomatique francaise et pontificale_. 2

vols. 4 pts. Paris, 1925-52.

H. Bresslau. _Handbuch der Urkundenlehre fuer Deutschland und Italien_.

2 vols. 2nd ed. Leipzig, 1931.

P. Chaplais. _English Medieval Diplomatic Practice_. 2 vols.

London, 1975. [AD 1197-1474]

N. Denholm-Young. _Handwriting in England and Wales_. Cardiff,

1954.

A. Giry. _Manuel de diplomatique_. Paris, 1893 (reprinted, 1925).

H.A. Hall. _A Formula Book of English Official Historical Documents_.

2 vols. Cambridge, 1908-09.

L.C. Hector. _The Handwriting of English Documents_. London, 1966.

C Johnson and H. Jenkinson. _English Court Hand, AD 1066 to 1500_.

2 vols. Oxford, 1915 (reprinted, NY, 1967).

W. Keller. _Angelsaechsische Palaeographie_. 2 vols.

Berlin/Leipzig, 1906; reprinted, NY, 1970-71.

S. Keynes. _The Diplomas of Aethelred 'The Unready' (978-1016): A

Study in Their Use as Historical Evidence_. Cambridge, 1980.

W.M. Lindsay. _Early Welsh Script_. Oxford, 1912.

E.A. Lowe. _English Uncial_. Oxford, 1960.

K.C. Newton. _Medieval Local Records: A Reading Aid_. London, 1971.

M. Prou. _Manuel de paleographie latine et francaise du VIe au XVIIe

siecle_. 4th ed. Paris, 1924.

A. Rycraft. _English Medieval Handwriting_. New York, 1973. [AD

1337-1491]

G.G. Simpson. _Scottish Handwriting, 1150-1650: An Introduction to

the Reading of Documents_. Ediburgh, 1973.

G. Tessier. _Diplomatique royale francaise_. Paris, 1962.


GENERAL FACSIMILE COLLECTIONS


L.R. Dean. _An Index to Facsimiles in the Palaeography Society

Publications_. Princeton, 1914. [index to the Bond and Thompson,

1873-94, and the Thompson, et al., 1903-30 vols. below]

E.A. Bond and E.M. Thompson, eds. _Facsimiles of Manuscripts and

Inscriptions_. 2 series. 4 vols. London, 1873-94, with indices,

1901. [600 BC to AD 1500]

N.R. Ker. _Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon_. Oxford,

1957.

E.M. Thompson, et al., eds. _Facsimiles of Ancient Manuscripts_. 2

series. 4 vols. London, 1903-30. [400 BC to AD 1535]

A.G. Watson, ed. _Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-

1600 in the Department of Manuscripts, the British Library_. 2

pts. London, 1979.


ANGLO-SAXON AND ANGLO-INSULAR FACSIMILES


T.A.M. Bishop and P. Chaplais. _Facsimiles of English Royal Writs to

AD 1100_. Oxford, 1957.

E.A. Bond, ed. _Facsimiles of Ancient Charters in the British

Museum_. 4 vols. London, 1873-78. [AD 624-1023]

A. Bruckner and R. Marichal, eds. _Chartae Latinae Antiquiores_.

Olten/Lausanne, 1954-67. Vols. III (British Museum London) and IV

(Great Britain Without British Museum). [pre-AD 900]

J.T. Gilbert, ed. _Facsimiles of National Manuscripts of Ireland_.

Vol. I (AD 600-1150). Dublin, 1874.

S. Keynes, ed. _Facsimiles of Anglo-Saxon Charters_. Oxford, 1991.

E.A. Lowe, ed. _Codices Latini Antiquiores_. Oxford, 1934-72. Vol.

II (Great Britain and Ireland, 2nd ed., 1972). [pre-AD 900]

W.B. Sanders, ed. _Facsimiles of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts_. 3 vols.

Southampton, 1867-72.


ANGLO-NORMAN, ANGEVIN AND POITEVIN FACSIMILES


P. Chaplais. _English Royal Documents: King John - Henry IV, 1199-

1461_. Oxford, 1971.

L. Delisle. _Recueil des actes de Henri II roi d'Angleterre et duc

de Normanndie concernant les provinces francaises et les affaires

de France: Atlas_. Paris, 1909.

J.T. Gilbert, ed. _Facsimiles of National Manuscripts of Ireland_.

Vols. II (AD 1150-1300) and III (AD 1300-1550). London, 1878-

1879.

H.E.P. Grieve. _Examples of English Handwriting, 1150-1750_.

Chelmsford, 1959.

R.B. Patterson. _Earldom of Gloucester Charters: The Charters and

Scribes of the Earls and Countesses of Gloucester to AD 1217_.

Oxford, 1973.

H.E. Salter. _Facsimiles of Early Charters in the Oxford Muniment

Rooms_. Oxford, 1929. [AD 1097-1251]

W.B. Sanders, ed. _Facsimiles of National Manuscripts from William

the Conqueror to Queen Anne_. 4 vols. Southampton, 1865-68.

G.F. Warner and H.J. Ellis. _Facsimiles of Royal and Other Charters

in the British Museum: William I - Richard I_. London, 1903. [AD

1070-1198]


TUDOR


G.E. Dawson and L. Kennedy-Skipton. _Elizabethan Handwriting, 1500-

1650_. London/New York, 1966.

A.J. Fairbank and B. Dickens. _The Italic Hand in Tudor Cambridge_.

London, 1962.

J.T. Gilbert, ed. _Facsimiles of National Manuscripts of Ireland_.

Vol. IV.1 (AD 1550-1600). London, 1882.

H. Jenkinson. _The Later Court ahnds in ENglish from the 15th to the

17th Century_. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1927 (reprinted, New York,

1969).

C.B. Judge. _Specimens of Sixteenth-Century English Handwriting_.

Cambridge, Mass., 1935.

A. Rycraft. _Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Handwriting_. 2

series. York, 1972.

J.I. Whalley. _English Handwriting, 1540-1853: An Illustrated

Survey_. London, 1969.


Newsgroups: rec.org.sca

From: cctimar at athena.cas.vanderbilt.edu (Charles the clerk)

Subject: Re: Surprise! Surprise!

Organization: Shire of Glaedenfeld

Date: Tue, 6 Jul 1993 13:30:16 GMT


To all upon the Rialto doth Charles the clerk send his greetings!


I wrote:

> If one is not accepting the award, it

> should be sufficient to strike out the name, leaving the rest of the

> illumination to return to the scribe. The Crown may also wish to cut

> off the part with the royal seals.


I just checked Hector's book on English documents, and he does mention

this as a possible way to delete a passage of a document. It seems

that striking out one passage was not considered to void the document

however.


He lists two methods for doing this. When it is part of a longer

scroll, or a bound book, completely cover the whole document with a

lattice of crossed diagonal lines, and write "VACAT" in the margin.

This makes the document useless to the scribe, however.


A more useful idea is to fold the page in half and make a series of

cuts at a 45 degree angle into the fold. When the page is unfolded

again, it will be marked with a row of herring-bone cuts across the

middle, which was evidently recognized as voiding the document. The

royal seals also were cut off.


This approach seems to be perfect for the purpose, although the victim

of the award may still want their name struck out first. It not only

accomplishes the desired task - voiding the award, while leaving most

of the calligraphy and illumination intact to return to the scribe or

illuminator - but it is a medieval method for accomplishing this that

is no longer used today (so it has a "medieval feel" to it).

--

-- Charles, student, in Glaedenfeld, Meridies


From: willektk at ucbeh.san.uc.edu

Newsgroups: rec.org.sca

Subject: Re: Surprise! Surprise!

Date: 9 Jul 93 04:24:11 EDT

Organization: Univ of Cincinnati Academic IT Services


> Tadhg, quoting Lothar:

>> L> The king TORE UP the scroll!!!! Shame on him. He should have TW>

>> L> quietly put it aside and given it back to the scribe/calligrapher that

>> L> made it. God knows they keep little enough of their own work.

>> *sigh* A "scroll" granting an award, once it has been validated (signed or

>> sealed or whatever An Tir uses) is a LEGAL DOCUMENT within the SCA; in

>> order for its effect to be nullified, it must be invalidated. He could

>> have written "VOID" across it and signed it, but I suspect that a scribe

>> would not have been happy with that, either.

>

> How 'bout peeling off the royal and herald's seals? That oughta do it

> without seriously compromising the aesthetic aspects of the document.

> (Yes, I know some kingdoms use a rubber-stamp instead of a wax seal.

> All I can say to that is, they oughtn't.)


Well, I have seen period examples of nullified documents and that was done in a

simple way, cut off the seals (seals were ussually hung from the bottom of the

scroll, not stamped on as we do so) and then the document itself slashed with a

knife a few times.... Very simple and effective because all signs of legalness

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