Using the vocabulary we know, make a list of possible questions regarding physical appearance.
Using a group picture or members of the class, ask learners to think of someone and describe them to the class.
Have people try to figure out who it is.
Describe a Scenario: I lost my job; It is Jennifer’s birthday.
Have students describe states of being, practicing the first, second and third person. Do this exercise orally or in the form of a worksheet.
Drawing from Description:
Materials: several large pieces of paper or a portable white board.
Have learners draw a picture of a person on a large piece of paper (the image could be taken from a magazine or book as well) and place the drawing so that it is visible to everyone in the classroom except the facilitator.
Then learners describe the person in the drawing, and the facilitator tries to replicate it according to their description.
I feel ________ when _________ :
Describing Moods Ice-Breaker
With your class, brainstorm a list of adjectives that describe moods.
Ask learners to pick a word that describes their mood.
Have learners mingle as they tell each other what word describes their mood and why.
Have people share the answers they have heard.
This activity works well as a transition into a Monday class.
Nouns: Singular and Plural
(Beginning Levels Only)
Book – books; use /s/ with words that end in /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, and /th/
Apple – apples; use /z/ with words that end in voiced consonants /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /dh/, /m/, /n/, /η/, /l/, /r/
Peach – peaches; use /əz/ with words that end in /s/, /z/, /š/, /ž/, /č/, and /j/
Singular Vs. Plural
Use magazines, pick a category (e.g. food, clothing) and ask students to cut out singular and plural objects.
Make two lists on the board, one with singular and one with plural nouns.
Describe objects from the cutouts or around the classroom to practice singular/plural, ‘To be’, and adjectives.
The bananas are yellow, The pen is blue, The apples are big, The dishes are clean.
Prepositions of Place and Movement
A preposition is a word that is used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word:
Above Far On
Across Near Next to
Around In To
Below Under From
A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition, a noun, and sometimes a word that describes a noun.
TO, FROM – Use with verbs movement (e.g. go, come, drive, etc.):
Go to work
Drive to California
Come from home
Fly to Texas from Rhode Island.
AT, ON, IN – Use with static (non-movement) verbs and places (cities, countries, states, etc.)
Differentiating between at, on, and in:
In a room / in a building
In a garden / in a park
With bodies of water:
In the water
In the sea
In a river
In a row / in a line
In a queue
At the bus-stop
At the door
At the movie theater
At the end of the street
With places on a page:
At the top of the page
At the bottom of the page
In groups of people:
At the back of the class
At the front of the class
On the ceiling / on the wall / on the floor
On the table
With small islands:
On the left
On the right
(Spring 2002, Sara & Olivia)