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Автор сценария учитель Вяльцева М.В.
Проведение конференции "Давайте спасем мир" на английском языке во время тематической недели английского языка.
Тип урока: Урок обобщения и систематизации Макроструктура урока: Организационный: 3 мин. Проверка домашнего задания:20 мин. Обобщение и систематизация знаний: 5 мин. Контроль и самоконтрольБ мин.: Информация о домашнем задании:3 мин. Подведение итогов урока:4 мин.
Основные этапы урока-конференции.
1. Организационный момент: Организовать психологическую готовность учащихся к
Приветствие и знакомство с гостями.
Цели и задачи:
Общеобразовательный аспект: Формирование навыка высказывания.
Воспитательный аспект:Формирование уважительного отношения к нормам поведения в обществе и в экстремальных ситуациях, уважиттельного отношения к различным культурам, традициям и обычаям других народов.
Развивающий аспект: Отработка речевых умений в областичтения, аудирования и диалогической речи, выполнения презентаций.
Цель урока: Формирование компетенции высказывания.
ТСО: видеоматериалы и СМАРТдоска.
4) AIR PROBLEM. 5)"GREENPEACE"
3. Темы выступления участников.
Greeting: (Teacher:) Ladies and gentlemen! Welcome to our conference. I am extremely pleased to meet you here ft out conference.
Today we are going to speak about "How we can help our planet and ourselves. Another way to say : "Lef's save our world".
You can see the plan of our discussion at the blackboard.
The people all over the world like their nature. They wish to make their country richer and nicier, to make their life happier. Now you'l I see some pictures of the beauty our Earth.
But sometimes we can see another kind of our nature: EARTHQUAKES, VOLCANOES, TSUNAMIES. WE should study our planet to predict dangerous moments.
1 pupil: We must protect our Environment.
Our country. Our environment. There are many big and small rivers, green forests, high mountains, lakes and seas in Russia.
Our Earth is our home. I think people must take care of our Motherland.
There some Laws and decisions on this important question. We have state organizations which pay attention to this problem.
The international conventions pay much attention to the control of pollution too.
Every ten minutes, one kind of animal, plant or insect disappears. If nothing is done about it, over one million species will disappear in twenty year from now.
The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste. There a lot of industrial enterprises in our country that's why we can't ignore the problem of the protection of our environment. WE have the main aim of the protection. Our environment must be clean. What must we do for it?
WE have a control atmospheric and water pollution, to study the man's influence on the climate. The pollution of the environment influences on the life of animals, plants and our human life. If we don't use chemical in proper way we'll pollute our environment.
Our plants and factories put their waste materials into water and atmosphere and pollute the environment.
Thereare many kinds of transport in our big cities, that is why we must pay attention to the protection of nature and health of the people.
2d pupil: GIANT DANGER.
Elephants need a lot of water. Grown- up drink as much water as 50 gallons (189 liters) a day. The animals use water in other ways as well.
After they have had enough to drink, they fill their trunks and spray their bodies. The showers
cool the elephants. Elephants rest only during the
Hottest part of the day and for a few hours each night. The rest of the time, they eat. In fact, elephants spend about 16 hours a day eating.
Today many elephants in Africa are dying because they do not have enough to live in.
Hunters kill thousands of elephants every year. Some kill them for meat. But most kill elephants for ivory tusks.
Most elephants have gone to national parks. There are too many animals there. As a result, the elephants do not have enough grass and leaves to eat.
All these problems have greatly reduced the number of elephants in Africa. Specialists think that only 2 million elephants live on the planet today.
Maybe some day we will help to find to save them. Every 10 minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out for ever. If nothing done about it, one million species that are alive today will have become extinct twenty years from now.
3d pupil: I'd like to add some words about animals in danger of extinction. The blue whale is the largest animal which has ever lived. Once there were over 200 000 of these creatures living in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Since the 17-th century they have been hunted for their oil and meat. In fact, so many of them were killed that by 1963 their population had been reduced to just lOOO.Today it is even less then that.
There is only one way to save wild animals and wild habitats - conversation. That means protecting animals in danger by law, opening more national pares, building fewer new roads, planting more new forests, cutting pollution. If it doesn't happen, many wild animals will soon
Have just one habitat - the ZOO.
Ecological problems have no borders. European states solve these problems together: the necessary measures are taken, congresses and conferences on these questions are organized, and these questions have already the reflection in the legislation of many countries.
The activity of many public organizations is directed to protect environment. One of the most Known organizations is " Greenpeace",
Whose purpose is prevention of environment degradation. This organization was founded in 1971 by the activists from the USA and Canada and it has
Representations in 25 countries of the world. "Greenpeace" acts against nuclear tests, radiating threat, pollution of the environment by
Waste industrial products, to protect the animal world, etc.
4-th pupil: Among the most urgent problems are the ozone layer, acid rains, global warming, toxic pollution of atmosphere, disappearance of forests, contamination of underground waters by chemical elements, distraction of soil in some areas .
I would like to say some words about our water.
The seas are in danger. They filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas.
5-th pupil: Air pollution is a very serious problem. In Cairo just breathing the air is life threatening-equivalent to smoking two packs of cigarettes a
day. The same holds true foe Mexico City and 600 cities of the former Soviet Union.
Industrial enterprises emit tons of harmful substances. These emissions have disastrous consequences for our planet. They are the main reason for greenhouse effect and acid rains.
And even greater environmental threat are nuclear power stations. We all know how Tragic
the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are. t ,,
6-th pupil: People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not somebody else's. They join and support various international organizations and green patties. If governments wake up to what is happening - perhaps we'll be able to avoid the disaster that threatens the natural world and all of us with it.
For example, the "Greenpeace" sent its boats to protect whales, and today commercial whaling is banned. In the North Sea Greenpeace swimmers
Turned back dump ship carrying chemical waste and a new laws to protect the North sea have been considered.
When I look around I realize that not all people understand the importance of nature protection. On fine summer days a lot of people go out of town
They have picnics on shores of lakes and the banks of rivers or on beautiful forest glades and they often leave behind a lot rubbish - plastic bags and bottles, tins and paper. It makes me feel sad when I see people returning to town with huge bunches of forest or meadow flowers. Many of these plants are included into the Red Book wins the names of rare plants and animals.
7-th pupil: How do people protect themselves?"
What can be done to protect nature? I believe that environment disasters can be avoided if people will have ecological education and every person understands that the beauty of nature is extremely fragile and people must obey the unwritten laws of nature. Governments must be prepared to take action against pollution. Air pollution could be reduced if plants and factories were made to fit effective filters on chimneys and car exhausts. Green zones around big cities must be protected and extended. Natural resources should be used economically because their stocks are not unlimited.
Sometimes people have more problems from themselves. I mean bad habits. And I would like to show you a presentation about harm not only nature and to a man as piece of our world.
SUMMARY. __ -1-
l)What will happen if present trends continue?
2 ) A lot of animals are dying out. But people wear fur coats, crocodile handbags, leather shoes, etc. Are you for or against hunting?
Get some information about Earth Day.
UK'S GLOBAL WARMING CHALLENGE HEATS UP
I Climate change is the greatest environmental challenge facing the world today. Rising global temperatures will Print) changes in weather patterns, rising sea levels and increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events.
Most scientists agree that temperatures will rise by between two and six degrees'Celsius this century, caused mainly by carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels for power and transport, putting millions of lives at risk from floods and famines.
Global warming is a challenge for business, government and individuals alikei
The way to reduce and reverse global warming is to cut the use of fuels that emit carbon when burned.
Ever since scientists with the British Antarctic Survey discovered the hole in the ozone layer, the United Kingdom government has taken the threat of global warming seriously. In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (СОг).
The Kyoto Protocol was signed by 141 countries in 1999, with the United States declining to join the agreement. Some developing countries, such as India and China, have ratified the protocol but are not required to reduce carbon emissions under the agreement, despite their large populations.
The UK has established a domestic goal of a 20 per cent reduction in C02 emissions below 1990 levels by 2010, and 12.5 per cent reductions in other greenhouse gases. These targets far exceed the ones set by Kyoto.
And in a new draft Climate Change Bill, the UK government has just announced world-leading plans for an ambitious 60 per cent cut in carbon emissions by 2050. The new law, if passed by parliament, would commit future governments to legally binding targets.
Any business or public body would have a "cap" for the amount of carbon dioxide it was allowed to emit and it would have to use low-carbon technology or buy carbon credits on
the open market if it wanted to use more power than its allocation.
UK Prime Minister Tony Blair said recently that there is a "tremendous opportunity" for action on climate change. Following a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Mr. Blair said that G8 leaders had a chance to create a new framework for when the Kyoto agreement ends in 2012.
The UK government commissions a wide range of scientific research on
Hot topic: the problems arising from global warming are a challenge for business, government, and individuals alike.
climate change and funds programmes on climate modelling and work on impacts and adaptation. It funds a number of programmes to encourage the reduction of emissions such as the Climate Change Levy, Climate Change Allowances and Energy Trading'■*:" Schemes, as well as the Carbon Trust and the Energy Saving Trust.
Improving energy efficiency is a vital part of the government's strategy. In April 2001, the government introduced ay-clirnate change levy on energy suppliers ;yy that aims to encourage businesses to;,v\ use energy more efficiently. Money /,.'-, from the tax is channeled into such.. measures as the development of..'.'.... renewable energy, including solar, wind and biomass production. The aim was
to provide five per cent of UK electricity supplies by the end of 2003 and 10 per cent by 2010.
London's 7.5 million people will be urged to turn off lights, switch to low-energy lightbulbs and not to leave TVs, computers and any equipment on stand-by after use. Householders will be offered big subsidies to insulate their homes that account for 40 per cent of carbon emissions.
One company that is keen to promote its green credentials is Virgin Fuels, a new branch of the Virgin group, headed by Sir Richard Branson. Branson has committed 1.6 billion pounds to tackle climate change. He is pledging all profits from his Virgin air and rail interests over the next 10 years to combating rising global temperatures. Much of the investment will focus on biofuels, an alternative to oil-based fuels and made from plants.
One UKorganisation that has been working for some time on rainfall and surface pressure monitoring projects with scientists from China and India is the Hadley Centre for Climate Change, part of the UK's Meteorological Office.. ' China is the world's second-biggest emitter of greenhouse gases after the US. This has prompted the Chinese government's growing emphasis on the trading of carbon credits.
These credits create a market for
reducing greenhouse emissions by
giving a monetary value to the cost of
polluting the air. A credit gives the owner
the right to emit one tonne of carbon
dioxide. Credits can be exchanged
between businesses or bought and
sold in international markets at. the
market price. g.,...v
China was the most popular location for projects generating carbon cred,its and took a 63 per cent share of the > market for selling credits in 2006. India generated 12 per cent of credits.
Sustainable energy is also another area that the UK excels in, as showcased by companies such as Garrad Hassan, one of the country's leading independent consultancies in grid-connected wind energy.
By Angela Singleton
21 Selezneva Street
14 October 2005 Greenpeace Canonbury Villas London N1 2PN UK
Dear Sir or Madam,
I am writing to ask for more information in connection with your "Call for help" to help Greenpeace. I am not a member of Greenpeace but I would like to know more about how I can help.
I would be grateful if you could tell me what Kftd of work is involved and whether 1 would need any special qualifications. Also, how old do volunteers need to be? I am sixteen years old and Г live in Moscow. I do not have much experience of environmental work but 1 h"ke going for walks. I recently started bird watching as a hobby.
I would also Hke to know where the workwill take place. I would like to work in rrty own area if possiWe. I believe there are a lot of ecological probfehisjh my town!
Finally, could you tell me when the work would be as I would prefer summer work? I go to school but Г have a lot of free time in the holidays.
If there is anything else I need to know, please let me know.
I look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully,
15 May 1983
When is something going to be done to protect the children of this town from me so-called "dog lovers"?
The streets areTilthy, and so are the beaches. What annoys me most though, jfire the owners who allow their dogs to foul children's playgrounds and playing fields. Dogs are carriers of several serious diseases which can affect children for life.
In theory youiban be fined for allowing your dog to foul pavements of plat$rourtds. In practice, nothing is ever done to prevent it happening. I've heard enough about "animal rights''. What aboilt children's rights?
Yours faitrifulhr, jL „ Mrs P Stephens