Telework98. doc, August 1998




НазваниеTelework98. doc, August 1998
страница1/34
Дата конвертации28.10.2012
Размер1.81 Mb.
ТипДокументы
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   34



Status Report on

European Telework

TELEWORK 98


AC981201

Telework98.doc, August 1998

Foreword


The year 1998 marks a turning point in the development of new working practices in Europe. Although definitions are very difficult in this rapidly changing field, current best estimates indicate that about 4 million Europeans1, about 2½% of the workforce, are teleworking in one form or other. This is twice as many as 2 years ago. In addition, what we termed “telework” a couple of years ago is now considered a “normal” way of working. Telework is rapidly developing into a mainstream work practice.


The changing employment situation in Europe is driving people and organisations towards new ways of working and of organising work, and technology itself is arguably the major enabling factor. The increase in telework is a consequence of the rapid development of key technologies, such as mobile telephony (mainly GSM, currently with 85 million subscribers globally), the Internet, and the increasing use of intranets within business organisations and extranets. The technologies underpinning call centre development, for instance, have already resulted in new employment for about 400,000 Europeans.


1998 is also a turning point in terms of European support. Telework development not only benefits from support from European Research Funds, but also increasingly on contributions from the Structural Funds2. In 1998, for the first time the volume of financial support to telework deployment in European Structural Funds exceeds that for telework development from the Research Programme: another sign of maturity for telework. In RTD itself, the shift from the Fourth to the Fifth Framework Programme, and particularly to the Information Society Thematic Programme, is well on track for decision and implementation by the end of 1998. It is expected that the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament will agree to approximately 500 MECU of support for the Key Action on New Methods of Working and Electronic Commerce. This will give a significant financial boost to the development of more flexible working practices, as well as to the quality of working life for all working people. It represents a major effort to put Europe at the forefront of the next generation of technology development and support for new working practices and employment opportunities.


This publication includes updated information on the latest developments and initiatives, both those undertaken by Research Programmes and those supported by Structural Funds and the Trans European Network Framework. These activities, supported at European level, accompany a wide spectrum of policy debates, centred on the opportunities for new employment. These debates have been stimulated by the European Commission, and animated at the annual European Assemblies on “New Ways to Work”3, as well as during European Telework Week4. The views expressed are those of the numerous contributing authors, not necessarily of the Commission itself.


The continuous participation of all parties concerned in the “telework” debate is essential in an area that will affect the future working life of millions of Europeans. Your participation is vital.





Peter Johnston Maarten Botterman


Acknowledgements


The preparation of this document has involved a large number of people, both within the European Commission, and in other organisations.


Special thanks are due to the following members of the ETD team:

Jeremy Millard (Tele Danmark Consult)

Horace Mitchell (Management Technology Associates)

Ursula Huws (Analytica)


for their major contributions to the report.


Thanks for important contributions are also due to:

Christian van Asbroeck (Belgium Teleworking Association), Imogen Bertin (Cork Teleworking Centre), Fritz Betz (Zentrum fur Sozialer Innovation), Andrew Bibby, Marc Bonazountas (Epsilon), Anna Borglin, Kitty de Bruin (Netherlands Telework Platform), Riona Carroll (Telework Ireland), Rui Cartaxo (Associação Portuguesa para o Desenvolvimento do Teletrabalho), Ian Culpin (Martech International), Alan Denbigh (The Telecottage Association), Peter Rahbek Elbrønd (Tele Danmark Consult), Thomas Frovin Jensen, Yassin Gulamhussen (Telecorreio), Josef Hochgerner (Zentrum für sociale Innovation), Lilian Holloway (Swedish Telecottage Association), Chris Hudson (Communication Workers Union), Michel Ickx (Ecomail), Eberhardt Köhler (European Foundation for Living and Working Conditions), Katalin Kolosy (AEIDL), Tuula Lind (Regionet Oy), Joan Majó (Information Society Forum), Patrizio di Nicola (Micromatica), Jack Nilles, Rainer Pollman (TeleArbeit), Victor de Pous, Javier Poves (Ciberteca), Klaus Rapf (Forshungsgesellschaft für Informatik), Miguel Reynolds Brandao (TELEMANutencao), Renato Rizzo (MIRTI), Ian Simmins (Carlyle Information Services), David Skyrme (David Skyrme Associates), Lars Tollet (Taitoverkko), Nicole Turbe-Suetens (Distance Expert),


As well as to the following members of staff of the European Commission:

Michael Arentoft, Bart Arroyo, Antonio Conte, Christiane Dhyne, David Ellard, Antoinette François, Manuela Geleng, Michael Griffith, Rene Guth, Pentii Lahtinen, John Nolan, Carlos Oliveira, Vibeke Sylvest, Paul Timmers


Table of contents














Page
















1

Introduction

9




1.1

The take-off of Telework

9
















2

2. European telework in context

15




2.1

European teleworking: perspective in the network economy

15







2.2.1

European telework opportunities

18




2.3

Priorities in developing Europe’s response

26
















3

Status of European telework

27




3.1

European overview

27







3.1.1

How many teleworkers?

27




3.2

Austria

36







3.16.1

Telework in CEE

75




3.17

Major European telework activities in 1997-98

78







3.17.1

The European Telework Agenda

78







3.17.2

Second International Workshop on Telework , Amsterdam (September 1997)

78







3.17.3

The Fourth European Assembly on Telework and New Ways of Working,

Stockholm (September 1997)

80







3.17.5

Launch of the European Information Technology Observatory 1998 Yearbook – Brussels (March 1998)

84







3.17.6

The Third European Telework Festival, Serre-Chevalier (April 1998)

85




3.18

Major European consensus and dissemination activities

88







3.18.1

DIPLOMAT – the European Charter for Telework

88













4.1

European policy framework

93







4.3.1

The ACTS Programme

95




4.2

The social dimension

94







4.2.1

Work organisation

95




4.3

European RTD

97







4.3.1

The ACTS Programme

97




4.4

Trans European Telecoms Networks

100




4.5

Structural Funds

101







4.5.1

The LEADER Initiative

102




4.6

Awareness raising: ISPO

107
















5

Telework outlook - 1998 and beyond

109




5.1

Where are we going?

110







5.1.1

Price-performance, affordability and innovation

110




5.2

5th Framework Programme: status medio 1998

114







5.3.1

The Information Society Forum and the employment debate

115



Annex 1

European Telework Week 1997: summary of events and initiatives

120













Annex 2

Telework-related projects at European level

125




1

Commission contacts

125



Annex 3

Online information on telework and related topics

151




1

European Telework Online (ETO)

151



Annex 4

Definitions and glossary

157




1

Definitions

157



Annex 5

Publications and references

166




1

Publications of the European Commission

166




4

Telework Associations in Europe

171
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   34

Добавить в свой блог или на сайт

Похожие:

Telework98. doc, August 1998 icon8. Выводы по главам 6 и 7
Все названные аналитические записки входят в состав Информационной базы вп ссср, разпространяемой1 на компакт-дисках (файлы: 20050210-Нам...

Telework98. doc, August 1998 iconКурсовая doc
«Қазмұнайгаз» барлау өндіру акционерлік қоғамының қаржылық тұрақтылығын талдау. Диплом doc

Telework98. doc, August 1998 iconEducational Technology Department, San Diego State University August, 1980 to August, 1984: Assistant Professor

Telework98. doc, August 1998 iconAugust 24 Introduction Week 2 August 29 Foundations of Gender

Telework98. doc, August 1998 iconБиблиотека Пазлы Списрк книг doc
А. Осипов С. Дяченко Оккультизм в православной упаковке. Православный анализ учения Ольги Асауляк doc

Telework98. doc, August 1998 icon│ Литература к выездному семинару Становление социальных институтов. М., 2000. doc
Контексты современности II. Хрестоматия. Сост и ред. С. А. Ерофеев. Казань, 2001. doc

Telework98. doc, August 1998 icon-
А. Дикий. Неизвращенная история Украины-Руси тт. I, II diki doc, diki doc + 2 рисунка

Telework98. doc, August 1998 iconЛитература [1] R. Pyndiah, “Near-Optimum Decoding of Product Codes: Block Turbo Codes”, ieee trans. On Comm., Vol. 46, No8, August 1998
Патент us5563897 “Method for detecting information bits processed by concatenated block codes”, Pyndiah Ramesh, Glavieux Alain, France...

Telework98. doc, August 1998 iconОписание изобретения к патенту
Список документов, цитированных в отчете о поиске: Приборы и техника эксперимента, №1, 1998, с. 96-101. Ru 2091980 C1, 27. 09. 1997....

Telework98. doc, August 1998 iconОб утверждении положения по применению контрольно-кассовых машин
Постановлений Правительства РФ от 23. 10. 1995 №1028, от 06. 01. 1997 №11, от 19. 12. 1997 №1607, от 07. 08. 1998 №904, от 03. 09....


Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
lib.convdocs.org


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.convdocs.org 2012
обратиться к администрации
lib.convdocs.org
Главная страница