Урок №1 в 10 классе по умк афанасьева О. В, Михеева И. В. по теме “Religions: Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism”




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ТипУрок
Урок №1 в 10 классе

по УМК Афанасьева О.В, Михеева И.В.

по теме “Religions: Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism”


Цели урока:


презентация основных религий мира: Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism.


Задачи урока:


1. Образовательные:


1.1.Совершенсвовать навыки ознакомительного чтения.

1.2.Совершенствовать навыки устной речи на основе прочитанного

1.2. Совершенствовать навыки умения устно вести беседу.


2. Воспитательные:


2.1. Воспитывать уважение к культуре и традициям других народов.

2.2. Воспитывать любовь своей культуре и традициям.

2.3. Прививать любовь и интерес к иностранному языку.

2.4. Воспитывать умение работать в парах, группах, самостоятельно.


3. Развивающие:


3.1. Расширить культуроведческий материал о религиях

3.2. Расширить лингвистический кругозор учащихся.


Ход урока.


1.Организационный момент и сообщение цели урока.

T: Good morning, friends! Ps Good morning, teacher.

T: I’m glad to see you! Ps: We’re glad to see you too.

T: How are you today? Ps: We’re fine, thanks.


(учитель обращает внимание учащихся на доску с фотографиями)




T: What is depicted in these pictures?

P3: The procession of religious people, symbols of religions.

T: Thank you. You are quite right.


(учитель сообщает цель урока)


T: At our lesson we’ll get acquainted with world’s major religions: Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism. Firstly, could you answer me to some questions? Do all people profess religions?


P1: In my opinion, not all people profess Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism. Quite a number of people might call themselves fatalists. They believe that all events in our lives are predetermined by fate and therefore cannot be altered.


T: But what about the others?

P2: Some people profess these religions, because they find in them answers to the most difficult questions.


T: Thank you for your answers. Let’s study these religions in detail.

2.Совершенствование навыков ознакомительного чтения


(учитель делит учащихся на четыре группы по четыре учащихся

P1-P2-P3-P4 первая группа, P5-P6-P7-P8 вторая группа и т.д.,

и задаёт следующее задание)


T: Each group will be given the text about one of the world’s major religions. You task is to study these text carefully, to take all the information from the text. In your group all the students read the text one by one and some sentences that are difficult for understanding to translate.


1st group study Christianity:


Christiaпity is the world's biggest religion, with about 2.2 billоn followers worldwide. It is based оп the teachings of Jesus Christ who lived in the Holy Land I 2000 years ago. Through its missionary ас­tivity Christianity has spread to most parts of the world. The founder of Christianity is Jesus Christ (Jesus of Nazareth). Jesus was а Jew who was born in Bethlehem . Не lived fоr 33 years before being crucified bу Romans. Не саrе to earth to teach about love and fellow­ship. Christians believe that Jesus rose from the dead and appeared to his disciples (followers) to show everyone that there is another life after death. They a]so believe that there is оnе God, but it consists of three "persons" - God the Fa­ther, God the Son and the Holy Spirit. The most important Christian Festivals аге Lent, Easter and Christmas. There аге three main branches of Christianity - the Catholic Church, the Church of England and the Orthodox Church. АН Christians share соттоп beliefs that God revealed himself in Jesus Christ, that Christ was crucified and resurrected. The Christian place of worship is а Church, also а Chapel and а Cathedral. They аге often built in the shape of а cross with the altar facing east towards the rising Sun. Churches аге usually beautifully decorated. Christian worship involves praising God in music, speech, readings from scripture. The Bible, the Christian holy book, is divided into the Old and New Testaments. Parts of the writing соn­tained in the Old Testamentаrе also sacred to Jewish and Muslim people.


2nd group study Islam:


Islam is the second most popular religion in the world with over а thou­sand million followers. Islam began in Arabia and was revealed to humanity bу Muhammad (570-632), а holy man born in Месса ['mekə], to whom God told many things which are recorded in the Koran, the Holy Book of Islam, translated as "the word of God". Those who follow Islam are called Muslims. They believe that there is only one God called Allah ['ælә]). The Muslim building for worship is called а mosque. Very often mosques have а domed roof with а tall tower called а mina­ret, from which Muslims are called to prayer. Mosques have bare walls and very little furniture. Muslims take off their shoes before entering the mosque and use prayer mats to knее! оп them. Women do not pray in the same place as men. There is usually а screened off area for them. Mus­lims pray five times а day (prayer times are fixed bу the sun and change dai1y). They wash themselves before prayer and [асе the direction of Месса while praying. If it is financially possible, Muslims are required to travel to Месса at least once in their lifetime. The main Muslim Festiva1 is Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic Lunar calendar. During Ra­madan all Mus1ims across the wor1d do not eat during the hours of day1ight.


3d group study Judaism:


Judaism, which has only about 12 rnil1ion followers, is around 3500 years and is the oldest of the world's four great religions. This religion originated in Israe1. The founder of Judaism is Abraham who is regarded as the father of Jewish реор1е. Jews see Abraham as а symbo1 of trusting and obeying God. Moses [‘məuziz] is a1so an important figure of Judaism as he gave the Jews the Torah, the Jewish Holy Book, which contains the laws of God. Moses was the 1eader of Jews who freed them from slavery in Egypt. Moses protected the Jews from the anger of God and negotiated with God оn their behalf. Jews be1ieve in а sing1e God who created the universe.

Jews worship in synagogues. Men and women usually sit separately. Men аге required to соver their heads. In most cases worship takes place in Hebrew ['hi:bru:]. The Jewish spiritual 1eaders are called rabbis ['ræbaiz].

The most important day of the week is the Sabbath ['sæbәӨ] (Shabbat), which is а day made ho1y. This day starts at sunset оп Friday and continues until sunset оп Saturday. During the Sabbath, peop1e do nothing that might bе counted as work, they shou1dn't even drive or cook.

The main Jewish Festiva1 is Passover (Pesach ['peisa:h] in Hebrew). Pass­over is the time when Jewish people remember how they left Egypt. It is а major eight-day festiva1. Matzah (unleavened bread) is eaten throughout the festival. There is а great spring c1eaning in the home before the festiva1 to ensure that по trace of 1eaven is 1eft in the home during Pesach.


4th group study Buddhism:


Buddhism began in India and is based оп the teaching of the Buddha.

Тhе re1igion is 2,500 years old and is followed bу 350 million Buddhists world­wide. Buddhism is the main religion in many Asian countries. It is а religion about suffering and need to get rid of it. А key concept of Bud­dhism is Nirvana , the most en1ight­ened, blissfu1 state one сап achieve, а state without

suffering. Buddhism is not centered on the relationship between humanity and God. The founder of Buddhism is Siddhartha Gautama. Не was born around the year 580 В.с. in Nepa1. Не was born into а roya1 family and for тапу years lived within the pa1ace away from sufferings of 1ife. One day he went outside the roya1 palace and saw what rea1 1ife was like. Не was worried by what he saw. Не stopped being а prince and bе­cаmе а homeless ho1y тап. Не found the path to Enlightenment and bесаmе known as the Buddha or "awakened one". Statues of Buddha include а 10t of symbo1s. Buddha is often seen with а round mark оn his forehead which is his third eye. This is а symbo1 to show that he сап see things ordinary people cannot see.

Buddhists worship at home or at а temp1e. They mау sit оп the floor barefoot facing an image of Buddha and chanting. lt is very important that their feet face away from the image of Buddha. All Buddhist temp1es contain an image of а statue of Buddha. Every month, most Buddhists have specia1 religious days. These are often days when there is а full moon. Buddhists believe that there is а cyc1e of birth, life, death and rebirth. This goes оп and оп. But if а person саn gain Enlightenment, they саn break out of this cyc1e. Breaking out of the cyc1e is called Nirvana. It is perfect реасе, free of suffering. Buddhists try to reach Nirvana bу following the Buddha's teaching and bу meditating. Meditation means training the mind to empty it of all thoughts. When this happens what is important comes c1ear.


(в то время, как учащиеся совершенствуют навыки изучающего чтения,

учитель выступает в роли наблюдателя и помощника)


3.Совершенствование навыков устной речи основе прочитанного

T: You have got acquainted with one of the religion. Just now you should tell all the students about the religion you have read. Firstly, look at the blackboard. Some key words will help you, when answering the questions.


Christianity

Islam

Judaism

Buddhism

  • Jesus Christ

  • Holy Land

2000 years ago

  • Bethlehem

  • to be crucified

  • teach love and fellowship

  • Lent, Christmas, Easter

  • the Catholic Church, the Church of England, the Orthodox Church

  • worship

  • Church, Chapel, Cathedral

  • The Bible

  • Old and New Testament




  • Arabia

  • Muhammad(570-632)

  • Mecca

  • the Koran

  • Allah

  • a mosque

  • a minaret

  • to use prayer mats

  • Ramadan

  • 3500 years old

  • Israel

  • Abraham

  • Jewish people

  • the Torah

  • Moses

  • synagogues

  • Hebrew

  • Rabbis

  • the Sabbath

  • Passover

  • Matzah

  • Pesach

  • 2500 years old

  • Nirvana

  • Siddhartha Gautama

  • Nepal

  • Enlightenment

  • Buddha

  • Temple

  • Cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth

  • meditation


(представители групп последовательно отвечают на вопросы так, чтобы у учащихся

сложилось общее представление о каждой религии)


(предлагаются также связующие слова linking words)

  • To begin with,…

  • You see,…

  • To tell the truth,…

  • Moreover,…

  • In fact,…


T: So, you are given the card with the questions. When answering, try to use linking words.

(каждой группе раздаются вопросы про другие религии;

учащиеся работают в режиме Cl→P1, P2, P3, P4;

Cl→P5, P6, P7, P8 и т.д..)

Questions:


Christianity

1.Who is the founder of Christianity? Where was he born? How did he die? 2. Who are Christians? Why are they called like that? 3. Where do they worship and in what shape are most Christian places of worship built? 4. What parts does the Bible consist of? 5. What are the main Chris­tian holidays?


Islam

  1. What is the Muslim Holy Book called? What does this name mеаn?

  2. What is а mosque and what is а minaret? 3. How often do Muslims pray and what do they use for praying? 4. Why is Месса such аn important place for Muslims? 5. What is the main Muslim festival called?


Judaism


1. Who is Abraham and who is Moses? 2. Who created the universe ас­cording to Judaism? 3. Who are rabbis? 4. What is the Sabbath and how is it celebrated? 5. What do followers of Judaism celebrate during the festival called Passover?


Buddhism


1.How old is this religion and where did it originate? 2. Is Buddha а god? What do we know about him? 3. What саn bе seen in аll Buddhist tem­ples? 4. What is the cycle of life according to Buddhism? How саn it bе broken? 5. What is Nirvana? Why do people try to reach it?



  1. Итоги урока. Домашнее задание.

T: You know all about four major world’s religions. Be prepared to talk about all these religions.

The next lesson we’ll talk about how they help us to live in peace and come to tolerance.


Урок-обобщение №2

по УМК Афанасьева О.В, Михеева И.В.

по теме “Religion. On the road to peace”.


Цели урока:


коммуникативное-речевое развитие учащихся через обобщение знаний по теме

“Religion”.


Задачи урока:


1. Образовательные:


1.1. Обобщить лексический материал по теме “Religion”.

1.2. Совершенствовать речевые навыки и умения монологической и диалогической речи.

1.3. Практиковать использование методики прогнозирования.


2. Воспитательные:


2.1. Воспитывать уважение к культуре и традициям других народов.

2.2. Воспитывать любовь своей культуре и традициям.

2.3. Прививать любовь и интерес к иностранному языку.

2.4. Воспитывать умение работать в парах, группах, самостоятельно.

2.5. Воспитывать оценочно-эмоционального отношения к миру, внимательного

отношения друг к другу, положительного отношения к культуре народа (религиям).


3. Развивающие:


3.1. Систематизировать культуроведческий материал о религиях.

3.2. Расширить лингвистический кругозор учащихся.

3.3. Способствовать развитию творческой деятельности учащихся.

3.4. Развивать умение обобщать.


Ход урока.


1.Организационный момент и сообщение цели урока.

T: Good morning, friends! Ps (Good morning, teacher).

T: I’m glad to see you! Ps:We’re glad to see you too.

T: How are you today? Ps: We’re fine, thanks.

(учитель сообщает цель урока)

T: So, today our lesson is devoted to religions. At our lesson we’ll try to revise the main four religions, their symbols. Then we’ll try to find out what religions teach us, what is their main functions and why people believe in Gods. Have a look at our theme of the lesson .

(учитель обращает внимание на доску, где написана тема урока)


2.Совершенствование навыков устной речи по теме.

1) T: Many people all over the world are religious. During all the time people believed in Gods, Greek ones, Roman ones. Nowadays we know only four main religions. What are they?

Ps: Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism.

T: Let’s revise the symbols of these religions. First have a look at them, sacred texts and pictures of their sacred buildings. Say what religion they represent.

(на экране показаны символы, священные тексты и священные здания;

учащиеся называют к каким религиям они относятся)


Sacred symbols

Sacred texts

Sacred buildings




the crescent and star



the Koran





a mosque




the cross



the Bible




a church



the wheel of life



the Tripitaka



a pagoda




the star of David



the Torah





a synagogue


2) P1: The Bible, the cross and a church belong to Christianity.

P2: Tripi taka, the wheel of life, a pagoda belong to Buddhism.

P3: The Koran, the crescent and star, a mosque belong to Islam/

P4: The Torah, the star of David and a synagogue belong to Judaism.


3) T: Apart of sacred buildings, sacred texts they have the places of pilgrimages. What are they? Let’ look at the board with the pictures and match them: the places and their descriptions.


(учащиеся сопоставляют названия и их описания)

1.Lourdes



a) a city of Israel, which is of great historical importance to Jews, Christians and Muslims. It has many important places for all these religions, such as the Wailing Wall, the Mount of Olives and the Dome of the Rock, an ancient and very holy Muslim building. This city is regarded by Israel as its capital city, but many Arab people do not accept this.

2.Bethlehem


b) a town on the Western Bank of the River Jordan, in Israel, thought to be where Jesus Christ was born.


3.Mecca



c) a small town in south-western France where Roman Catholics believe that Saint Bernadette saw the virgin Mary appear. They consider this town a holy place, and many sick people go there because they believe that the water there is holy and has the power to cure them.



4.Jerusalem


d) a city in Saudi Arabia where the prophet Muhammad was born. It is considered the holiest city of Islam. People who are not Muslims are not allowed to go there, but every Muslim must try to make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their lifetime.


4) T: Let’s remind each other about the founder of Christianity, where he was born, where do Christians worship, what parts does the Bible consist of.


(учащийся рассказывает о Христианстве)

P5:


T: What about Islam? What is the Muslim Holy Book called? What does this name men? What is a mosque and what is a minaret? What is the main Muslim festival called?

(учащийся рассказывает об исламе)

P6:


T: Let’s revise who Abraham is and who Moses is, who created the universe according to Judaism, who are rabbis.

(учащийся рассказывает о еврейской религии)

P4:


T: Buddhism. How old is this religion and where did it originate? Is Buddha a God? What is the cycle of life according to Buddhism?

(учащийся рассказывает о буддизме)


3.Совершенствование навыков диалогической речи с опорой на лексический материал.

T: Will you tell me, please, what the main function of the religion is, what it teaches us, people.

Ps: They teach us kindness, respect each other, to be tolerant to each other. They teach us live in peace.

T: Are you tolerant to each other in the class, at school, in you company?

Ps: So, you are tolerant, but there are some groups of people aren’t tolerant. There are some ways, some ideas of how common people can help to keep peace. Which of them in your opinion are the most effective and why?




organize and participate in peace rallies




take part in anti-religion actions




propagate peace by all means




meet and make friends with people of different countries and cultures of different religions to take share and develop ideas of peace




refuse to participate in aggressive actions




teach young children tolerance and respect for human life, explain to them how to solve their problems peacefully




take part in international projects as working together is the best way to understanding



учащиеся делятся по парам как представители одной религии

и обсуждают, используя выражения

  • In my opinion...

  • To my mind...

  • In my point of view...

  • My point of view is that...

Ps: (предлагают свои варианты)


T: But there are some extraordinary actions. Look at this man.




His name is Bali. The 38-year-old Frenchman has been running for the past 16 years – across every continent, through deserts and desolate forgotten lands. All in the name of peace. He shares his experience by talking to schools, giving slide shows and publishing a diary. “I talk to the children about peace”. Do you consider this method effective?


Ps:(дают свои ответы)


4.Итоги урока.

T: What conclusion have we come to?

Ps: We are all religious people, some people believe in God, some people don’t believe. In our society, in our class, in our school there are students of all religions and we should respect each other’s choice, should be tolerant.

T: Let’s end our lesson with the song “Go down Moses”

When Israel was in Egypt’s land

Let my people go

Oppressed so hard

They couldn’t stand

Let my people go


So the Lord said

“Go down, Moses

‘way down to Egypt’s land

Tell all the Pharaohs

To let my people go”


So Moses went to Egypt’s land

He made all Pharaohs understand

Refrain:


Thus spoke the lord

Bold Moses said

“Let my people go.

If not, I’ll smite,

Your firstborn dead

Let my people go.”

Refrain:


5.Домашнее задание.

Write the composition “How to be tolerant in our society”.

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